Romans 1:16-17, 18-19

Sunday, May 19th, 2013

Text: Romans 1:16-17

AN INTRODUCTION TO ROMANS: THE THEME

INTRODUCTION:

In A.D. 56 the Apostle Paul visited Corinth for the third time, and at that time Paul wrote a letter to the Romans. He had never been to Rome; but he knew of the believers in Rome; and he desired to go to Rome and preach the gospel there also. He viewed Rome as a stopping-off point for his proposed journey to Spain.

In this message we wish to continue a study of the introduction of Book of Romans as we consider the theme of Romans.

I. PAUL'S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE GOSPEL - 1:1A

Romans 1:16 a - For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ. . . .

I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ provides the reason why Paul was ready to go to Rome to preach the gospel.

The good news is that Christ died on the cross in payment for the sins of all humanity, that He was buried, and that He rose again from the dead on the third day. By resurrecting Him from the dead, God the Father demonstrated that He had accepted Christ's offering of Himself on the cross on behalf of sinners.

John 3:16 - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

I Corinthians 15:3-4 - 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:.

II. THE NATURE OF THE GOSPEL - 1:16B

Romans 1:16 B - . . . For it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

A. It is the power of God, i.e. God's power, God's only power.

B. Unto salvation - it delivers from the power and consequences of sin.

C. To everyone that believeth - the atonement is not limited in its intent.

D. to the Jew first (in time) and also to the Greek (i.e., non-Jew, later on).

III. THE CONTENT OF THE GOSPEL - 1:17

Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

A. Therein - in it or by means of it

B. The righteousness of God = God's righteousness

1. The words translated righteous, righteousness, just, and justify are used approximately 66 times in the epistle of Romans.

2. The problem is that man lacks righteousness and can do nothing to earn it. God has provided righteousness for man; it is by faith in Christ as Savior.

C. Revealed (i.e. uncovered) - God has made it known to man who could not know it otherwise.

D. From faith to faith

From faith is by means of faith or out of faith. Faith is the means by which the gospel is revealed.

To faith - the attitude of the sinner toward God's righteousness. He is not trying to earn salvation by his good works because he realizes that he cannot possibly do that. He believes God and accepts Christ as his Savior by faith. God's righteousness is revealed by faith and is applied to the individual when he exercises his faith in it.

E. The just shall live by faith (quoted from Hab. 2:4) - The just by faith shall live. This implies that all others will not live.

CONCLUSION:

Are you saved as the Roman believers were?

Is your attitude toward the gospel that of Paul? - I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ.

Are you seeking opportunities for witness?

Text: Romans 1:18-19

THE WRATH OF GOD

INTRODUCTION:

In Romans 1:1-7 we have noted the author of Romans, in verses 8-15, the occasion, and in verses 16-17 the theme. That theme is the gospel of Christ which is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth.

In this message we want to show that man lacks the righteousness of God and, therefore, that he needs to be saved.

Verse 18 begins a new section of Romans. In Romans 1:1-17 we have the introduction. In Romans 1:18-3:20 we see man's lack of righteousness. In Romans 3:21-5:21 we will see God's provision for righteousness. It is justification by faith.

I. GOD'S WRATH IS AGAINST SIN - 1:18

It is a settled condition -

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness.

For is now.

The wrath of God is God's wrath. It suggests a settled and abiding state of mind, often with revenge in view rather than a mere sudden outburst of anger as in a temper tantrum. Wrath is the reaction of God's holiness toward all that is evil.

Is revealed (i.e. is being continuously revealed) from heaven.

Against all ungodliness and unrighteousness (i.e. injustice) of men (i.e. of humanity).

Who hold (i.e. are holding down or suppressing rather than hanging on to) the truth in (i.e. by means of) unrighteousness.

II. GOD'S REVELATION GIVES HUMANITY AN ADEQUATE OPPORTUNITY - 1:19

Romans 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.

Because introduces the reason why God's wrath is being revealed against these people who were suppressing the truth.

Someone might wonder how they can be suppressing the truth when they really do not know it. The problem is that they really do know it.

That which may be known (i.e. is capable of being known or is intelligible) of (or about) God

Is manifest (i.e. is visible, is clear, is plainly to be seen, is open, is plain, is evident) in them (i.e. inside of them).

Inherent within each individual is some concept of right and wrong, a conscience which bothers him when he does wrong.

The reason that it is known in them is for God hath shewed it unto them. It means that God has revealed it to them (or has made it known to them).

1. He has revealed it to humanity in the creation - Acts 14:15-17 ; Psalms 19:1

Acts 14:15-17 - 15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein: 16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways. 17 Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.

Psalms 19:1 - The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

2. He has shown it to them in the laws written in their hearts - Romans 2:14-15

Romans 2:14-15 - 14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: 15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)

To Be Continued