Romans 3:9-20

Sunday, August 4th, 2013

Text: Romans 3:9-20

THE VERDICT OF SCRIPTURE

INTRODUCTION:

In Romans 1:16-17 we have noted the theme of Romans. It is the gospel of Christ which is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth. The one who is made righteous by faith in Christ's finished work on the cross at Calvary is the one who will have eternal life.

The first major section of Romans deals with man's lack of righteousness. It shows the need for the righteousness of God. In Romans 1:18-32 we have seen that the pagan Gentile lacks the righteousness of God. In Romans 2:1-16 we see that the moralizer, whether Jew or Gentile, lacks the righteousness of God. In Romans 2:17-3:8 we see that the Jew lacks the righteousness of God. In Romans 3:9-20 we see the verdict of Scripture that all mankind lacks the righteousness of God and, therefore, needs to be saved.

I. THE CHARGE - 3:9

Romans 3:9 What then? are we (i.e. the Jews) better than they (i.e. the Gentiles)? No, in no wise: for we have (i.e. Paul has) before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin.

Jews and Gentiles are all under sin.

Under sin means under the power of sin, under the sovereignty of sin, under the rule of sin. All are controlled by their sin nature.

II. THE PROOF - 3:10-18

A. There is sin in human character - vv. 10-12. Verses 10-12 are quoted from Psalms 14:1-3 or from Psalms 53:1-3 . They are practically identical.

1. negative - vv.10-12c

Romans 3:10-12 - (10) As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: (11) There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. (12) They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

a. There is none righteous, no, not one. None can be found anywhere (v. 10).

b. There is none that understandeth. They do not understand God, spiritual things, spiritual matters, things of God, etc. (v.11).

c. There is none that seeketh after God. Seeketh after - seeks for or searches out. No one is sufficiently interested in God to seek for Him (v.11).

d. There is none that doeth good, no not one. Not even one can be found whose life is characterized as doing good, i.e. by goodness or uprightness (v.12c).

2. Positive - v. 12 a, b

a. They are all gone out of the way. All are turned away or aside from God. The implication is that they have turned aside unto other things.

b. They are together become unprofitable (i.e. depraved, worthless, useless).

B. There is sin in human conduct - vv. 13-17

Romans 3:13-17 - (13) Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: (14) Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: (15) Their feet are swift to shed blood: (16) Destruction and misery are in their ways: (17) And the way of peace have they not known.

1. There is sin in word - vv. 13-14

a. Their throat is an open sepulchre. Quoted from Psalms 5:9 . Sepulchre is a grave or tomb. What they say, thereby revealing their character, is so evil that it puts people in their graves (v. 13).

b. With their tongues they have used deceit. Quoted from Psalms 5:9 . Deceit is lying. Psalms 5:9 says, They flatter with their tongues.

c. The poison of asps is under their lips is quoted from Psalms 140:3 where it is translated, Adder's poison is under their lips. The implication is that they will put others to death with their lips.

d. Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness is quoted from Psalms 10:7 . Bitterness means animosity, anger, or harshness. Cursing and bitterness characterize the speech of all mankind. This suggests that the individual is full of animosity and hatred on the inside. Therefore, it comes out of his mouth (v.14).

2. There is sin in deed - v. 15-17.

a. Their feet are swift to shed blood. Quoted from Isaiah 59:7 . To shed blood means to commit murder. Their feet run quickly taking them along wherever their feet go. They are swift to commit murder (v.15).

b. Destruction and misery are in their ways. Quoted from Isaiah 59:7 . Destruction means ruin and misery means wretchedness, distress, or trouble. Wherever they go, they leave a trail of destruction and misery (v.16).

c. And the way of peace have they not known. Quoted from Isaiah 59:8 . They have no acquaintance with the way which brings peace. They are quarrelsome (v. 17).

3. There is sin in attitude. The cause of it all is that there is no fear of God before their eyes. Quoted from Psalms 36:1 . It means that they do not fear God (v.18).

III. THE APPLICATION - 3:19-20

Romans 3:19-20 - 19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. 20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

One purpose of the Law is that every mouth may be stopped, i.e. shut or closed (v.19).

A second purpose of the Law is that all the world may become guilty before God.

Guilty is liable to judgment or punishment, answerable, or accountable. This means that the Law makes people aware of their guilt and answerable to God for it (v.19)

Therefore is because and introduces the reason why every mouth must be stopped and all the world become guilty before God (v. 20).

By the deeds of the law is by means of the deeds (works) or the Law (v.20).

There shall no flesh be justified is all flesh shall not be justified (v.20).

In his sight is before Him (i.e. God the Father) (v.20).

For by the law is the knowledge of sin is the reason why none will be justified before God by the deeds of the Law. The Law does not justify; it merely shows what sin is. The Law has shown and still continues to show that all mankind is guilty of sin before God, and therefore, lacks righteousness. As a consequence, mans stands condemned before God (v.20).

CONCLUSION:

The conclusion of the matter is that everyone needs to be saved. No one will go to heaven who has not been saved. We all stand condemned before a holy God and deserve to spend eternity in hell.

Have you had a genuine heart experience with God and entrusted yourself to Him?

Realizing what He did for you, have you dedicated your life to Him?