Romans 3:27-31

Sunday, August 18th, 2013

Text: Romans 3:27-31



In Romans 1:16-17 we have noted the theme of Romans. It is the gospel of Christ which is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth. The one who is made righteous by faith in Christ's finished work on the Cross at Calvary is the one who will have eternal life.

The first major section of Romans deals with man's lack of righteousness. It shows the need for the righteousness of God. All humanity lacks the righteousness of God, and, therefore, stands condemned before God and deserving of spending eternity in hell. In Romans 3:21 we enter into our second major division of the book of Romans. It deals with God's provision of righteousness: justification by faith and extends from Romans 3:21 through 5:21. In Romans 3:21-31 we see God's righteousness provided by faith.

We have seen the method of salvation presented - Romans 3:21-26 .

Romans 3:21-26 - 21 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; 22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

We have seen -

1. Its threefold nature

It is by faith - v. 22

(which is) by faith of Jesus Christ, i.e. faith placed in Jesus Christ

It is adapted to all humanity - v. 22

. . . Unto all and upon all them that believe

It is free - v. 24

Being justified (i.e. declared righteous) freely (i.e. without cost to the believer) by his (i.e. God the Father's) grace (i.e. unmerited or undeserved favor)

We have seen -

2. Its ground is the redemption in Christ, Who is the propitiation for sins - v. 25

This means that God's wrath for our sins was poured out upon Christ on the cross at Calvary. His death by crucifixion, which involved the shedding of His blood, appeased God's wrath, and, consequently, provided for the removal of God's wrath from us who believe by placing our trust in Christ for the forgiveness of our sins.

We have seen -

3. Its twofold object

To declare God's righteousness - v. 25-26

To declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past. It demonstrated God's uprightness, thereby vindicating Him.

To reconcile God's justice and mercy - v. 26

That he (i.e. God the Father) might be just (i.e. righteous), and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus (i.e. the One Who declares the one who believes in Jesus to be righteous)

In Romans 3:27-31 we see the results of righteousness by faith.


Romans 3:27-28 - (27) Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. (28) Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.

Some people feel that they must still do their part in order to be saved, but this is unscriptural.

Romans 3:27 Where is boasting (i.e. bragging or pride) then? It is excluded (i.e. eliminated). By what law (i.e. principle)? (By the principle) of works (i.e. of things we might do in order ti accomplish our own salvation)? Nay (or no): but by the law (i.e. principle) of faith. (Boasting, bragging, or pride in our earning our own salvation by anything we can do is eliminated by salvation by faith, i.e. by believing or trusting in what Christ has done for us on the cross - We didn't do anything to earn this forgiveness for our sins and our ultimate home in heaven. Christ did it all for us. The only legitimate boast we can have is in what Christ has done for us.)

Romans 3:28 (28) Therefore we conclude that a man is justified (i.e. declared righteous by God the Father) by faith (i.e. by believing or trusting) without (i.e. apart from) the deeds of the law. There is nothing anyone can do to earn salvation. It is received by faith, or it is not received at all.

We are reminded of

Romans 3:24 - Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

We are also reminded of

Ephesians 2:8-10 - (8) For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: (9) Not of works, lest any man should boast. (10) For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

Righteousness results in doing good works, but righteousness does not come because of doing them.

Some people feel that they mature in Christ on the basis of their works, but this is unscriptural.

Galatians 3:1-3 - (1) O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? (2) This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? (3) Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

Galatians 5:1 - Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

It is the Holy Spirit Who produces spiritual maturity in believers as we submit our hearts and minds to the study of and obedience to the Word of God.

Galatians 5:16-26 - (16) This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. (17) For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (18) But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. (19) Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, (20) Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, (21) Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. (22) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, (23) Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. (24) And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. (25) If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. (26) Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.


Romans 3:29-30 - (29) Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: (30) Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

Romans 3:29-30 - (29) Is he (i.e. God the Father) the God of the Jews only? (No, He is not the God of the Jews exclusively.) is he not also (the God) of the Gentiles? Yes, (He is the God) of the Gentiles also:

Romans 3:30 (30) Seeing (i.e. since indeed) it is one God (literally, God is one), which (referring to God the Father means Who) shall justify (i.e. declare righteous) the circumcision (i.e. the Jews) by faith, and uncircumcision (i.e. the Gentiles) through faith.

By faith and through faith mean the same thing.

Faith is the means by which both the circumcision (i.e. the Jews) and the uncircumcision (i.e. the Gentiles) shall be justified. There are not two Gods involved who might justify differently. There is only one God, and He will justify both Jews and Gentiles in exactly the same way. This way is by faith.

All need righteousness by faith

Romans 3:10 - As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

Romans 3:23 - For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

The condition of believing the gospel message is the same for all persons

Romans 1:16 - For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

Romans 10:13 - For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

John 1:12 - But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

John 3:16 - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 3:20 - Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.


Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

Then is therefore, consequently, accordingly, or so.

Do we . . . make void the law? is, Are we making the law ineffective?, Are we making the law powerless?, or Are we making the law idle?

Through faith suggests, Does salvation by faith (i.e. believing or trusting in the gospel message that Christ died on the cross in payment for our sins, that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day) undo the effects of the law?

God forbid is a paraphrase of a very strong negative reply to Paul's question, Do we then make void the law through faith? Literally translated God forbid is may it never be; and it is used in the sense of absolutely not, by no means, perish the thought, or no way! It expresses abhorrence at the very idea.

Yea is emphatic and is understood in the sense of rather.

We establish is we confirm (i.e. make valid or validate) the law.

The sinner establishes the law in its right use by acknowledging that he is justly condemned and deserving of spending eternity in hell.

Christ established the law by keeping it during His life and by enduring its penalty on behalf of us.


The conclusion of the matter is that righteousness by faith excludes boasting.

Everyone needs to be saved. No one will go to heaven who has not been saved. We all stand condemned before a holy God and deserve to spend eternity in hell.

God has made righteousness in His sight available for us if we will place our trust in Christ as our own personal Savior. Have you had a genuine heart experience with God and entrusted yourself to Him?

Out of gratitude for what He did for you, have you dedicated your life to live for Him?