Proverbs 9:7-18,10:1-5

Wednesday, October 9th, 2013

Proverbs 9

II. The Words of Solomon on Wisdom's Values (1:8 - 9:18)

P. The value of wisdom summarized by contrasting her invitation with folly's invitation (9:1-18)

In verses 1-6 wisdom is pictured or personified as a woman inviting people to a banquet to partake of her benefits.

Verses 7-12 contrast the ways of the scoffer and the wise.

7 He that reproveth (i.e. instructs or admonishes) a scorner (i.e. a scoffer or mocker) getteth to himself shame: and he that rebuketh (translated reprove in verse 8) a wicked man getteth himself a blot (Lit. his blemish i.e. an insult - Not only will the wicked man pay no attention to the individual trying to help him, but the man will attack the one trying to help him by insulting him).

8 Reprove (it is the same word translated rebuketh in the previous verse and rebuke in the next phrase) not a scorner (i.e. a scoffer or mocker), lest he (i.e. a scoffer or mocker) hate thee (he will not appreciate it.): rebuke (it is the same word translated reprove in the previous phrase) a wise man, and he will love thee (he will appreciate it). (You can tell the difference between a wise man and a scoffer by his reaction to being reproved.)

9 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser: teach a just (i.e. righteous) man, and he will increase in learning.

10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy (i.e. the Holy One = God) is understanding.

Compare Proverbs 1:7 - The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

11 For by me (i.e. wisdom) thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased.

12 If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself: but if thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear it.

The individual may choose to be wise and will benefit from his choice. He may instead choose to be a scoffer, scorner, or mocker and experience the consequences of his choice.

In verses 13-18 folly is pictured or personified as a woman inviting people to a banquet to partake of her benefits.

13 A foolish woman is clamorous (i.e. loud, boisterous - the opposite of a meek and quiet spirit, which is, according to I Peter 3:4 , in the sight of God of great price): she is simple, and knoweth nothing.

14 For she (i.e. the foolish, clamorous woman) sitteth at the door of her house, on a seat in the high places of the city,

15 To call passengers (i.e. people who pass by her home) who go right on their ways (i.e. who go straight on their ways; i.e., who are living in an upright manner - Ryrie Study Bible):

She is pictured as inviting everyone to her home.

16 Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither (i.e. into her home): and as for him that wanteth (i.e. lacks) understanding, she (i.e. the foolish, clamorous woman) saith to him,

17 Stolen waters (i.e. sex with someone else's wife) are sweet, and bread eaten in secret (i.e. eating bread which does not belong to him, meaning having sex with someone who is not his wife) is pleasant.

It is a reminder of Proverbs 5:15-17 - 15 Drink waters out of thine own cistern, and running waters out of thine own well. 16 Let thy fountains be dispersed abroad, and rivers of waters in the streets. 17 Let them be only thine own, and not strangers' with thee.

18 But he knoweth not that the dead are there; and that her (i.e. the foolish, clamorous woman's) guests are in the depths of hell (i.e. Sheol = the grave). (Eventually, things will not turn out as pleasant as he first thought they might be.)

Proverbs 10

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - "The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules." (Ryrie Study Bible)

"Most of the verses in chapters 10-15 are contrasts . . .; the second line in most of the verses begins with 'but.' Only a few of the verses in 16:1 - 22:16 are contrasts; most of the verses are either comparisons . . . or completions . . ., with the connection 'and' introducing the second line in many of the verses." (Bible Knowledge Commentary)

1 The proverbs of Solomon (Solomon, writing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, wrote most of the Book of Proverbs, an estimated 84%.). A wise son (i.e. a son who fears and obeys God and pursues after God's wisdom as found in the Scriptures. He has paid attention to his godly parents' instruction and advice.) maketh a glad father: but a foolish son (a son who does not fear or obey God and does not pursue after God's wisdom as found in the Scriptures but chooses to go his own way. He has not paid attention to his godly parents' instruction and advice.) is the heaviness (i.e. grief) of his mother. A wise son makes both parents glad; and a foolish son makes both parents sad.

2 Treasures of wickedness (i.e. wealth obtained through wickedness) profit nothing (They do not result in long-term satisfaction.): but righteousness delivereth from death (not only from physical death which might come upon some because of their sins but also from the second death, being cast into the lake of fire, because the righteousness of Christ has been given to them by God).

3 The LORD will not suffer (i.e.  permit or allow) the soul of the righteous (i.e. the righteous person) to famish (i.e. to be hungry): but he casteth away the substance (i.e. the desires or craving) of the wicked. (This is a general truth. It is ordinarily true that the godly do not starve and that the wicked do not get all they desire.)

4 He becometh poor that dealeth (i.e. works) with a slack (i.e. lax, lazy, slothful, idle, negligent) hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.

5 He that gathereth in summer (summertime is harvest time) is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest (i.e. when he ought to be harvesting) is a son that causeth shame.