Proverbs 10:6-13

Wednesday, October 16th, 2013

Proverbs 10

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - "The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules." (Ryrie Study Bible)

"Most of the verses in chapters 10-15 are contrasts . . .; the second line in most of the verses begins with 'but.' Only a few of the verses in 16:1 - 22:16 are contrasts; most of the verses are either comparisons . . . or completions . . ., with the connection 'and' introducing the second line in many of the verses." (Bible Knowledge Commentary)

6 Blessings are upon the head of the just: but violence covereth (i.e. overwhelms, covers over, or conceals) the mouth of the wicked. (Violence characterizes what a wicked man says.) This verse is identical to the second half of verse 11.

7 The memory (or remembrance) of the just (or righteous) is blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot (i.e. decay) People want to remember righteous people of the past and want to forget the names of the wicked. Many children are named after others whose lives have been a blessing to the parents, but most children are not named Judas in remembrance of Judas Iscariot.

8 The wise in heart will receive commandments (receive commands or take orders in the sense that he listens to sound wisdom or to wise advice. He is teachable.): but a prating (i.e. babbling, chattering, or talkative) fool (one who blabs incessantly but does not stop talking long enough to take orders or listen to sound wisdom or to wise advice) shall fall (shall be thrown down or shall be cast away. It won't take long for people to discover what he is really like.).

9 He that walketh (i.e. lives) uprightly (i.e. in integrity - he consistently does what is right.) walketh surely (i.e. securely) (It doesn't matter if people find out what he has been doing because he has been doing what is right.): but he that perverteth his ways (i.e. twists his ways or takes crooked paths - he does the opposite of living in integrity, perhaps he acts out of convenience or thinks that the end justifies the means.) shall be known (i.e. found out). (He covers up things he doesn't want people to find out, but they will find them out anyhow in spite of his efforts to conceal them.)

10 He that winketh with the eye (He is sending messages by winking his eye. Would you want some man flirting by winking his eye at your wife or some woman flirting by winking her eye at your husband?) causeth sorrow (i.e. grief or trouble) (The wink of his eye may convey the impression that what he is saying is not true.): but a prating (i.e. babbling, chattering, talkative) fool shall fall (i.e. shall be thrown down, shall be thrust away, shall be cast aside). (Both the one who winks with his eye and the prating fool will get themselves into trouble.)

11 The mouth (i.e. the speech) of a righteous man is a well (i.e. fountain) of life (i.e. a source of spiritual vitality. His words are refreshing.): but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked (i.e. the mouth {i.e. the speech} of the wicked covers up, conceals, or hides violence). He puts on a good act and attempts to hide what is in his heart. What comes out of someone's mouth indicates what kind of person he is. The second half of this verse is identical to the second half of verse 11.

12 Hatred stirreth up (i.e. rouses, incites) strifes (i.e. contentions, dissensions): but love covereth (i.e. covers over, conceals by forgiving) all sins. (I Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.)

13 In the lips (a reference to a person's speech, it is in the words) of him that hath understanding wisdom is found (What's in a person will come out of his mouth. The talk of the one who has understanding will be helpful to others.): but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding (What's in his heart will also be revealed by what comes out of his mouth, and he will deserve to be beaten for what he says. It is because he doesn't have wisdom or understanding. His talk brings punishment on him.)