Proverbs 10:14-24

Wednesday, October 23rd, 2013

Proverbs 10

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - The central portion of Proverbs contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions.

Most of the verses in chapters 10-15 are contrasts . . .; so, the second line in most of these verses begins with but.

14 Wise men lay up (treasure or store up) knowledge (They recognize its worth, value it highly, and treasure it up to use it when it is appropriate. Where will they get this knowledge? In the Word of God.): but the mouth of the foolish is near destruction. (i.e. he uses no knowledge and eventually brings trouble on himself and others).

15 The rich man's wealth is his strong city (his wealth may provide protection for him): the destruction of the poor (i.e. the feeble, weak, or helpless) is their poverty (their poverty is their feebleness, their weakness, or their helplessness and will not provide protection for them).

16 The labour of the righteous (i.e. the result of righteous living - Righteous living is living in accordance with God's standards of uprightness or holiness as taught in the Bible.) tendeth to life (His work is beneficial to himself and to others): the fruit of the wicked to sin. (His work is destructive to himself and others. It results not only in his own sin, but also in the sins of others.)

17 He is in the way of life (i.e. of a meaningful life) that keepeth instruction (He listens to and follows godly instruction. Where will this godly instruction be found? In the Word of God.): but he that refuseth reproof erreth. (He neither listens to nor heeds godly instruction. He is unteachable. He goes astray and takes others with him.)

18 He that hideth hatred with lying lips (He attempts to hide his hatred by insincere words), and he that uttereth a slander, is a fool. (Is suggests that it is one person who does both things. He demonstrates his hatred by slandering or defaming others. Believers should not hate anyone. Therefore, they should speak genuinely and sincerely and never slander others.)

19 In the multitude of words there wanteth not (does not lack) sin (The more people talk the more likely it is that they will sin in what they say.): but he that refraineth his lips is wise. He is careful or guarded in what he says. He avoids lying and slander and the need for apologies afterward.

20 The tongue of the just (i.e. righteous or upright) is as choice silver (What comes out of his mouth is indicative of his character because it reveals what is in his heart. It has a high value): the heart of the wicked is little worth. (What comes out of his mouth has no value because it reveals the wickedness that is in his heart.)

21 The lips of the righteous feed many (What comes out of the mouth of righteous people will benefit and be a blessing to others because it is consistent with godliness.): but fools die for want of wisdom. (What comes out of their mouths reveals a total lack of God's wisdom. It is inconsistent with godliness, It will benefit no one including themselves, and may result in their deaths.)

22 The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich (The Lord's blessing enriches one's life), and he addeth no sorrow (or trouble) with it. (The Lord's blessing does not produce sorrow. Sorrow comes from Satan or failure on our part, which the Lord may allow as in the case of Job.)

23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief (i.e. wickedness) (He enjoys it.): but a man of understanding hath wisdom. (He conducts himself appropriately and does not do wickedness.)

24 The fear of the wicked (i.e. whatever the wicked fears), it shall come upon him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted. God will give the righteous person what the righteous person desires.