Proverbs 11:5-15

Wednesday, November 6th, 2013

Proverbs 11

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - The central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions.

5 The righteousness of the perfect (i.e. the morally upright, the blameless) shall direct his way (i.e. lead or guide him - it will direct him through all kinds of obstacles and troubles in life): but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness (He has no righteousness to direct, lead, or guide him, and he will experience the logical consequences of his choices.).

6 The righteousness of the upright shall deliver (or rescue) them (from all kinds of troubles): but transgressors shall be taken (i.e. captured, seized, or trapped) in their own naughtiness (i.e. evil desires, craving, greed, lust - their own evil desires will lead them into more and more sin and trouble from which they will not escape.).

7 When a wicked man dieth, his expectation (i.e. hope) shall perish (his death puts an end to whatever he had hoped to accomplish in his life): and the hope of unjust men perisheth. (These are two ways of saying the same thing.)

8 The righteous is delivered (i.e. saved) out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead (i.e. takes his place - The wicked takes the place of the righteous in trouble, but he is not delivered out of trouble.).

9 An hypocrite (i.e. a godless person) with his mouth (i.e. the things he says) destroyeth (i.e. corrupts, perverts, or ruins) his neighbour (i.e. companion, friend): but through knowledge shall the just (i.e. righteous) be delivered (i.e. saved). (Perhaps because he knows the truth, perhaps because he knows not to place much trust in whatever a godless persons says, or perhaps because he stays away from godless persons and doesn't hear what they say.)

10 When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth (a city is blessed by having righteous people in it. When God blesses them, it also brings blessings on those around them. They don't bring sin into the city.): and when the wicked perish, there is shouting (i.e. jubilation, rejoicing, singing) (When wicked people die, their deaths remove sin and sinful things from the city, thereby improving the city. People are glad to be rid of them.).

11 By the blessing of the upright (i.e. the righteous) the city is exalted (i.e. uplifted): but it is overthrown (i.e. overturned, destroyed, torn down, thrown down) by the mouth of the wicked (i.e. by what the wicked say with their mouths).

12 He that is void of wisdom (that is lacking wisdom, that lacks sense) despiseth (shows despite for, holds in contempt, belittles, shows contempt for, or derides) his neighbour (i.e. friend, companion) by what he says: but a man of understanding (i.e. intelligence, insight) holdeth his peace (i.e. keeps quiet or keeps silent).

13 A talebearer (i.e. a malicious slanderer, a malicious gossip) revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit (i.e. he who is trustworthy) concealeth the matter.

14 Where no counsel (i.e. wise direction, guidance, good advice) is, the people fall: but in the multitude (i.e. abundance) of counsellors there is safety (i.e. deliverance) It pays to seek good advice.

15 He that is surety (i.e. guarantor, co-signer, he that puts up security) for a stranger shall smart (suffer harm) for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure. (i.e. secure - because he will not sign as a guarantor for someone else)