Proverbs 11:16-25

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

Proverbs 11

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - The central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions.

16 A gracious (i.e. kindhearted) woman retaineth (i.e. obtains, attains) honour (i.e. respect): and strong men (i.e. ruthless men - those who strike terror or terrorize people because of their wickedness) retain (obtain, attain) riches (i.e. material possessions) (by brute force).

17 The merciful (i.e. kind) man doeth good to his own soul (i.e. to himself): but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh (i.e. himself).

18 The wicked worketh a deceitful work (i.e. does deceptive work and, thereby, earns deceptive wages): but to him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure (i.e. true) reward (rather than a deceptive reward).

19 As righteousness tendeth to (i.e. ends in) life: so he that pursueth evil pursueth it to his own death.

20 They that are of a froward (i.e. twisted, perverted, warped) heart are abomination (i.e. a detestable thing, a disgusting thing) to the LORD: but such as are upright (i.e. blameless) in their way are his (i.e. the LORD's) delight (i.e. pleasure, favor).

21 Though hand join in hand (lit., hand to hand as if shaking hands to confirm something - it suggests that they have united with each other or joined forces with each other in opposition to God), the wicked shall not be unpunished (i.e. exempt from punishment, the wicked will still be punished): but the seed (i.e. offspring, posterity, descendants, children) of the righteous shall be delivered (i.e. saved).

22 As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout (i.e. in a pig's nose - it's totally out of place), so is a fair (i.e. beautiful) woman which is without discretion (i.e. without moral perception).

23 The desire of the righteous is only good (what the righteous long for ends in good (or is good) - Bible Knowledge Commentary): but the expectation of the wicked is wrath (What the wicked hope for is wrath. This means either that God's wrath comes on the wicked and thwarts their desires or that the wicked desire only to vent their wrath - Bible Knowledge Commentary).

24 There is that scattereth (i.e. he is generous), and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet (i.e. right, i.e. what he ought to give - He is not generous.), but it tendeth to poverty.

25 The liberal (i.e. generous) soul shall be made fat (i.e. prosperous): and he that watereth shall be watered also himself (i.e. he will be treated the same way he has treated others).