Romans 8:26-30

Sunday, November 24th, 2013

Text: Romans 8:26-30

Aim: To show that God guarantees glorification for all believers

GUARANTEES OF GLORIFICATION

INTRODUCTION:

In Romans 1:16-17 we have noted the theme of Romans. It is the gospel of Christ which is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth. In chapter 7 Paul deals with the conflict of the two natures, and in chapter 8 he deals with spiritual victory through the Holy Spirit.

Now many products are guaranteed by the manufacturer. We have seen some which guarantee that satisfaction is guaranteed or your money back. Some state that if you are not satisfied, they will give you double your money back. Others guarantee a product as long as you own it. They are counting on your not owning it too long. Others state that they are guaranteed for life. I like to ask if it is my life or the life of the salesman. I usually get the response that it is the life of the product; but then I wonder, "What is the life of the product?" Now, it all boils down to this: a guarantee is only as good as the one who makes it.

Our passage in this message tells us that God is guaranteeing something for us. It is that we will be glorified. Now, since God guarantees this, it must be so. Whereas unsaved men have "come short of the glory of God" (Romans 3:23 ) and are guaranteed of being punished forever and ever in the lake of fire, God guarantees that believers will someday have His glory and be completely Christlike

In Romans 8:26-30 we see that God guarantees glorification for all believers.

We see that -

I. THE ACTION OF THE HOLY SPIRIT GUARANTEES GLORY FOR THE BELIEVER - 8:26-27

Romans 8:26-27 - (26) Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. (27) And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

Likewise = in the same way or similarly = i.e. in the same way that we are enabled to endure sufferings because of the hope of glory

The Spirit is God the Holy Spirit.

Also suggests in addition to believers being helped through their present sufferings by their expectation of a future glory.

Helpeth is is coming to the aid of

Our infirmities = Our weaknesses, is referring to our spiritual weaknesses

For we know not what we should pray for as we ought indicates the reason the Holy Spirit helps our infirmities.

As we ought is as is necessary, as is fitting, or as is proper. We are limited in our thinking and insight and do not know how we should be praying about many things. God the Holy Spirit comes to our aid.

He does so by praying on our behalf

But is emphatic and introduces a statement in strong contrast to for we know not what we should pray for as we ought.

The Spirit itself does not suggest an impersonal Spirit. Spirit in the Greek language has the neuter gender, and our translators have consistently followed the Greek language by referring to the Holy Spirit as it. However, we recognize that the Holy Spirit is personal. So, we understand the Spirit itself as the Spirit Himself.

Maketh intercession is is pleading or is interceding. This means that the Holy Spirit is praying for believers all the time.

For us is used in the sense of on behalf of us, i.e. on behalf of believers.

With groanings which cannot be uttered is with unexpressed (or wordless) groanings. We sometimes cannot find words to express our true feelings, but the Holy Spirit pleads for us.

This all demonstrates that we belong to God.

Romans 8:27 And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

Verse 27 amplifies what was stated in verse 26.

And may be understood in the sense of now or in an emphatic sense as indeed. He that searcheth means the one who is searching, the one who is examining, or the one who is investigating and refers to God the Father.

What God the Father is continually examining is the hearts and refers to people deep within themselves.

Knoweth is understood in the sense of perceives or discerns.

What God the Father always knows, perceives, or discerns is the mind of the Spirit, i.e. the way of thinking, the mind set, or the aim of God the Holy Spirit. God the Father knows what the Holy Spirit will ask because the Holy Spirit is part of the Godhead, and His way of thinking is, therefore, identical with the God the Father's way of thinking.

Because introduces the reason God the Father knows the mind of the Spirit.

He maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

He is the Holy Spirit.

Maketh intercession is is making earnest request, is approaching, is appealing, or is petitioning.

For the saints is on behalf of saints or for the sake of saints, i.e. for saved people, those who have been set apart by the Holy Spirit for the Lord's use.

According to the will of God is literally according to God and means in conformity with God the Father, in accordance with God the Father, or corresponding to God the Father.

The reason that God the Father knows the mind of the Spirit is that the Holy Spirit prays in conformity with God's nature or being. The mind of God the Father and the mind of God the Holy Spirit are one and the same.

We also see -

II. THE ASSURANCE OF GOD'S PROVIDENCE: THE HUMAN SIDE - 8:28

Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

We know indicates an assurance or confidence. It suggests that there is absolutely no doubt about it.

That all things indicates the comprehensiveness of the working.

All things may be either the subject or the direct object of work together, so that it may be understood in either of the following senses: all things work together for good . . . or He works all things together for good . . . where He is God. In either case all things is all-inclusive and demands a God Who is sovereign in order to be able to fulfill the promise being made. Nothing is ever out of His control.

Work together is either are working or are cooperating or he (i.e. God the Father) is working and indicates the continuous harmony of the working.

For good is for advantage and indicates the beneficence of the working. It is the goal of the working or cooperating. It is not to everyone that all things work together for good.

To them that love God, . . . to them that are the called according to his purpose introduces a limitation of the working.

To them that love God places a limit upon those for whom all things cooperate for good. It is not true for everyone; it is true for them that love God. Love is present tense and indicates an existing situation.

To them that love God is further defined as to them who are the called according to his purpose. It is true of all those who have been called. Thus, it is true of all saved people, all of whom really do love God.

According to means in conformity with or in accordance with.

His purpose is used in the sense of God the Father's plan, God the Father's will, or God the Father's resolve.

In addition we see -

III. THE ASSURANCE OF GOD'S PROVIDENCE: THE DIVINE SIDE - 8:29-30

Romans 8:29-30 - (29) For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. (30) Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

For is the word ordinarily translated because and should be understood in this sense in this verse. It introduces two verses which provide Paul's reasons why all things work together for good to them that love God.

They also provide a picture of salvation from beginning to end. While foreknown and predestinated occurred in the counsels of God in eternity past, called and justified occur during the lifetime of the believer, and glorified will occur in the future at the rapture.

Whom He did foreknow functions as the direct object of predestinate. This means that He predestinated the ones whom He foreknew.

He is God the Father.

Did foreknow means knew beforehand, knew in advance, had knowledge of, or, possibly, chose beforehand. There are those who teach that this means that God knew in advance which ones would believe and that He, therefore, predestined them. It does not say this, however.

Foreknow is also used in Romans 11:2 , God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. In the light of Romans 11:2 it seems best to understand did foreknow as chose beforehand or selected in advance.

It is not in the scope of this message to enter into the Calvinist-Arminian debate. The Bible clearly and consistently teaches that whosoever will may come. It means that all those who trust Christ as Savior will be saved regardless of election. God has set up no barriers to keep them from coming, and whoever comes to Chris will not be cast out (John 6:37 ). Election is not a requirement for salvation, but believing the gospel is a requirement.

However, it also teaches that God in His sovereignty and infinite wisdom has selected some whom He will, therefore, bring to complete conformity to Christ. They had absolutely no merit in themselves for which He chose them. They, like all the rest of mankind, would have found themselves in Gehenna, the lake of fire, except that God selected them and saved them. Although theoretically they could have chosen to come to God on their own, they would not have done so because of the hostility of their old sin natures toward God.

However, God will work in their hearts and minds and give them a desire to trust Christ, and they will choose to trust Christ as their Savior. At the same time, He does not force them to come. To assume that this implies contradiction in God is to imply that God in His infinite wisdom must necessarily function on the same finite level as mankind. God is not limited, however, and He can do as He pleases. Furthermore, whatever He does is right because He is God and is characterized by absolute holiness and complete righteousness.

The word translated did foreknow is also found in Acts 2:23 , I Peter 1:2 , and I Peter 1:20 .

Acts 2:23 - Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

I Peter 1:2 - Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

I Peter 1:20 - Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

Also suggests in addition to foreknowing some.

He . . . did predestinate means he decided upon beforehand or predestined.

Again, he is God the Father.

To be conformed to the image of his Son is what God decided upon beforehand.

To be conformed to is literally having the same form (as) or similar in form (to).

The image of his Son means the likeness of His Son and specifically refers to the Lord Jesus Christ. God has predestined all believers to complete conformity to Christ or to complete Christlikeness. Their final end has been determined by God.

That he might be the firstborn among many brethren

That is in order that or for the purpose that.

He is God's Son, i.e. the Lord Jesus Christ.

Might be the firstborn is might be firstborn. The emphasis is upon His position as firstborn. It in no way means that He was born before His brethren as if He were a created being. Christ holds the position as firstborn.

Psalms 89:27 - Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.

The many brethren are saved persons.

I John 3:1-3 - (1) Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. (2) Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. (3) And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Not only did God foreknow these and predestine them to conformity to Christ, He also called them.

Them is used for emphasis.

Called cannot mean invited to be saved. It is God's effectual call to salvation whereby He draws them to Himself as is made clear by them he also justified. It is not just some of them He called that He justified; it is all of them. By contrast many who have been invited to be saved have rejected the invitation and have, therefore, not been justified. It is an effectual call whereby God the Father draws them to himself.

John 6:44 - No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

Justified is a judicial declaration of righteousness. It pictures the sinner in a courtroom standing before God the Father, awaiting a judicial decision. God then renders His decision. It is not a guilty verdict in spite of the fact that he is guilty. It is also not a not guilty verdict. It is a declaration that the sinner is righteous, and from that time on God treats him as righteous even though he is not really righteous. God took the sinner's sin and placed it on Christ and has given him the righteousness of Jesus Christ. So, Jesus paid for the sinner's sin and was given Jesus' righteousness instead. What a bargain for the sinner!

Not only did God the Father call and justify those whom He had previously foreknown and predestined to conformity to Christ, but He also glorified them.

It means that God clothed the believer in splendor. Its reference is to the completion of the believer's salvation when he will be made completely Christlike. He will be forever rid of his old sin nature and absolutely holy.

Philippians 1:6 - Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

All five verbs in verses 29 and 30 view the action of the verb as complete as a whole. However, all of them have not yet been completed in actual practice. The glorification has not yet taken place, but it is so certain of fulfillment that God can speak of it as if it has already been completed. It is only a matter of time before it is completed. The actual glorification will occur at the rapture. It is at that time also that believers will be finally and completely Christlike. One must carefully note that God does not lose anyone along the way, nor does He gain anyone. Those whom He foreknew He predestined to conformity to Christ. Then He called them, justified them, and glorified them.

CONCLUSION:

Believers thus have a guarantee of glory, a guarantee of complete Christlikeness. God is guaranteeing what He will do for those who have been saved.

Those who have not trusted Christ as Savior also have a guarantee regarding the future. They are guaranteed that they will die in their sins and spend eternity in hell, and God is the One Who is guaranteeing this. However, they can change from this group to the group which is guaranteed spending in heaven by placing their trust in Christ as their personal Savior by believing that He died on the cross in payment for their sins and rose again from the dead.