Proverbs 12:5-20

Wednesday, November 27th, 2013

Proverbs 12

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - This central portion of the book contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. . . . They are true as general rules." - Ryrie Study Bible

5 The thoughts (i.e. plans, purposes, or desires) of the righteous are right (or just or honest. His thoughts can be trusted.): but the counsels (i.e. advice or guidance) of the wicked are deceit (i.e. warped, deceitful, or treacherous. His advice cannot be trusted.). A man's aims reveal his character.

6 The words of the wicked are to lie in wait (i.e. destroy, ambush, or lurk - they try to destroy others) for blood: but the mouth of (i.e. the words spoken by or the speech of) the upright shall deliver (i.e. rescue) them (Them could refer to the righteous who are delivered from evil by their speech but most likely refers to the ones who are verbally attacked by the wicked in an attempt to destroy them.).

7 The wicked are overthrown, (i.e. in death) and are not (i.e. they are no more - they are dead and cease to exist): but the house (i.e. household or family) of the righteous shall stand (i.e. shall endure or is secure).

8 A man shall be commended (i.e. praised) according to his wisdom (i.e. prudence or sound judgment): but he that is of a perverse (i.e. warped, twisted, bent) heart (i.e. mind) shall be despised (i.e. an object of contempt).

9 He that is despised (i.e. He that is lightly esteemed, he that is looked down on, he that is a nobody), and hath a servant, is better than he that honoureth himself (thinks very highly of himself, boasts that he is someone special, or pretends to be somebody special), and lacketh bread (i.e. doesn't have enough to eat).

10 A righteous man regardeth (i.e. considers, is concerned for, has thought for, cares for) the life of his beast (i.e. animal, pet, livestock): but the tender mercies (i.e. compassions) of the wicked are cruel (even in their most tender moments, the wicked are still cruel. They have no compassion for their animals and do not know how to treat them properly.).

11 He that tilleth his land (diligently looks after his crops) shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth (i.e. pursues, runs after, aims eagerly to secure) vain (i.e. worthless) persons (or things) is void of (i.e. is lacking or is in need of) understanding (i.e. sense, judgment).

12 The wicked desireth the net (the booty, plunder, or catch) of evil men (Whatever the wicked catch, gain, or acquire by their deceitful means is desired by other wicked people): but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit. The wicked covets the booty of other evil men in order to strengthen his own position. The righteous, however, depends upon his integrity and endures (Ryrie Study Bible).

13 The wicked is snared (i.e. trapped) by the transgression of his lips (i.e. by the sin of what his says): but the just (i.e. righteous or upright) shall come out of trouble. (He will not be entangled with his speech and will avoid or escape trouble.)

14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth (i.e. by his words or by what he says - What he says will benefit himself and others): and the recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered (i.e. returned) unto him. (He will be rewarded not only for his words or speech but also for things he does.)

15 The way of a fool (he is hardened and thick-headed) is right (i.e. correct) in his own eyes (The fool is someone who does not fear the Lord. He is someone who is morally bad. In his own thinking he does not need advice from others, but he is not wise.): but he that hearkeneth unto (i.e. he listens and then obeys, he heeds) counsel (i.e. advice) is wise.

16 A fool's (The fool is someone who does not fear the Lord. He is someone who is morally bad.)

wrath (i.e. anger, vexation) is presently known (i.e. is known at once): but a prudent (i.e. sensible) man covereth (i.e. conceals, hides, overlooks) shame (i.e. dishonor, disgrace, insult - "A fool loses his temper when offended, but a prudent man ignores an insult." Ryrie Study Bible).

17 He that speaketh truth sheweth forth (i.e. declares, proclaims) righteousness (i.e. declares what is right): but a false (i.e. lying) witness (i.e. declares, proclaims) deceit (treachery, craftiness).

18 There is that speaketh like the piercings (i.e. thrusts) of a sword (his words are sharp and hurtful whether intentionally or unintentionally): but the tongue of the wise is health (his words heal rather than hurt).

19 The lip of truth (i.e. the lip which speaks truth) shall be established (i.e. true words endure) for ever: but a lying tongue is but for a moment (literally, the blinking of the eyes; i.e. false words will not endure) .

20 Deceit (i.e. treachery, craftiness) is in the heart of them that imagine (i.e. plot, devise) evil: but to the counsellors of peace (i.e. those who promote peace) is joy.