Proverbs 13:12-23

Wednesday, December 18th, 2013

Proverbs 13

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. . . .They are true as general rules (Ryrie Study Bible).

12 Hope deferred (i.e. hope long drawn out, hope not fulfilled for a long time) maketh the heart sick (i.e. brings disappointment - It is disheartening.): but when the desire cometh (i.e. when the desire is fulfilled), it is a tree of life (i.e. a life-giving tree, a source of life - It is refreshing and satisfying.).

13 Whoso despiseth (i.e. holds in contempt, ridicules) the word (i.e. the Word of God) shall be destroyed: but he that feareth (i.e. reverences, stands in awe of) the commandment shall be rewarded (i.e. abundantly rewarded - He will be at peace.).

14 The law (i.e. instruction) of the wise is a fountain of life (i.e. a source of spiritual vitality), to depart from the snares of death (instructing the wise will deliver them from deadly snares along life's journey).

15 Good understanding (i.e. good sense) giveth favour (He is appreciated.): but the way of transgressors (i.e. the unfaithful or the treacherous) is hard (i.e. enduring or constant. - They find it difficult to turn from their wicked ways - Bible Knowledge Commentary).

16 Every prudent man dealeth (i.e. acts) with knowledge: but a fool layeth open (i.e. displays or exposes) his folly (for everyone to see it).

17 A wicked (i.e. unreliable) messenger falleth into mischief (i.e. evil or trouble): but a faithful ambassador (i.e. envoy) is health (i.e. a source of health or healing - he brings healing.).

18 Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth (i.e. disdains, ignores) instruction (i.e. discipline): but he that regardeth reproof (He is teachable and takes advice.) shall be honoured.

19 The desire accomplished (i.e. gained) is sweet to the soul (It is pleasing and satisfying to good men when their goals are achieved. For example, graduation from high school or college, completing a project, paying off a mortgage, etc.): but it is abomination to fools to depart from evil (i.e. fools won't leave their evil ways to accomplish a desire. Their desires are not accomplished.).

20 He that walketh with wise men shall be wise (It is wise to seek companionship with wise persons. Their wisdom will rub off on us. We should learn all we can from them.): but a companion of fools shall be destroyed (i.e. shall suffer harm - I Corinthians 15:33 - Be not deceived: evil communications (i.e. bad associations, bad companions) corrupt (i.e. ruin, spoil) good manners (habits). Both good and bad associations have their consequences. Be careful of your associations of the associations of your children.

21 Evil pursueth sinners (Sinners have all kinds of problems in life): but to the righteous good shall be repayed (i.e. he will reward with prosperity - The prospect of just recompense for good or evil is a general rule, but there are exceptions, as in the case of Job - Ryrie Study Bible).

22 A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just (i.e. the righteous. Good men leave their wealth to their grandchildren, but sinners lose it to more righteous persons - Ryrie Study Bible).

23 Much food is in the tillage (i.e. fallow ground) of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment (i.e. but it is swept away for lack of justice - Ryrie Study Bible).