Romans 11:8-10

Sunday, February 9th, 2014

Text: Romans 11:8-10

SALVATION AND ISRAEL

INTRODUCTION:

As a nation Israel has had opportunities to be saved, but these opportunities have been consistently rejected. In Romans 11 we see that Israel as a whole has been temporarily set aside but will be saved as a whole at the second coming of Christ.

We have seen that -

I. GOD HAS NOT CAST AWAY ISRAEL - 11:1-6

Romans 11:1-6 - (1) I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. (2) God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, (3) Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. (4) But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal. (5) Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. (6) And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.

We are in the process of seeing that -

II. AS A NATION ISRAEL HAS BEEN TEMPORARILY SET ASIDE - 11:7-12

Romans 11:7-12 - (7) What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. (8) (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day. (9) And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: (10) Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway. (11) I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. (12) Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?

Romans 11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. (verse 8 . . . unto this day)

In verse 7 Paul draws a conclusion based upon verses 1-6 as is indicated by what then? which is used in the sense of what shall we say then? or what shall we say therefore?

The thought of verse 7 continues in verse 8 after the parenthetical statement.

Israel is the nation of Israel as a whole.

Hath not obtained is did not obtain, did not attain to, or did not reach.

That which he seeketh for. In Romans 9:31 Israel followed after the law of righteousness and did not attain to the law of righteousness, and in 9:32 it is stated that Israel sought to attain to the law of righteousness by the works of the law rather than by faith. Israel was seeking for righteousness but was seeking it in the wrong way. Consequently, Israel did not receive righteousness.

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for.

The election hath obtained it instead.

The election refers to those Israelites who have been selected or chosen on the basis of grace as is indicated in verse 5.

Hath obtained is the same word used previously in this verse in connection with Israel. It means obtained, attained, or reached; and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes its existing result.

And the rest is and the others and suggests that it refers to the rest of the Israelites in contrast to the elect from among the Israelites.

Were blinded is literally were hardened or were petrified. When used figuratively as in this verse, it suggests that they were made dull, were made obtuse, or were made blind. They were now spiritually insensitive. This condition persists unto this day (v. 8).

Romans 11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.

In verse 8 a parenthetical statement begins the verse and includes all but the last three words. The last three words, unto this day, should be connected with were blinded in verse 7. The parenthesis gives Scriptural confirmation to what Paul has been saying, i.e. that the rest were blinded.

According as is simply as or just as.

It is written is it has been written.

What has been written in the past and remains written is, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see and ears that they should not hear. This statement refers to Isaiah 29:10 .

God hath given them means that God gave something to the Israelites who were trying to attain righteousness by keeping the law. It indicates that their spiritual blindness is a judgment of God upon the nation as a whole. Why do you suppose that the United States is so spiritually insensitive today and seems to be doing such dumb things politically? Might it be a judgment of God upon our nation for turning its back on the Lord Who has so blessed our nation in past years?

What God gave them was the spirit of slumber is a spirit of stupefaction or a spirit of a stupor. It is a spirit which produces stupefaction. It is a condition in which they have an extreme mental and moral insensitivity. They are spiritually dull.

They are not responsive to spiritual things. Along with this spirit of slumber, they have been given eyes that they should not see and ears that they should not hear. Although they hear things and see things, they do not hear and understand spiritual truths. This is the intended result of God's giving these Israelites a spirit of slumber.

Unto this day is to be connected with were blinded in verse 7. This day refers to the day in which Paul was writing this epistle, even though it is still true in the day in which we live.

Romans 11:9-10 - (9) And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: (10) Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

Verses 9 and 10 are quoted from Psalms 69:22 .

And David saith indicates that David is viewed as the human author of Psalms 69 .

Let . . . be made means that something must be made or must come to be.

What must be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them is their table. Their table suggests the sum total of all the privileges and blessings which flowed through Christ. What should have been a blessing was turned into a curse. These blessings should have led them to Christ.

Their table must be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them.

A snare is a trap, and a trap is a net. Both words indicate things used to catch animals.

A stumblingblock is also a trap. In other contexts it is used as a temptation to sin or an enticement to sin. It is also used in the sense of something which gives offense, something which causes revulsion, or something which arouses opposition, anger, or disapproval. It is used in this sense where Christ became a stumblingstone. Thus, three different terms are used here which mean a snare or a trap.

A recompence is a repayment or a retribution. The point of the verse is that those who do not want God on God's terms are not going to find themselves blessed.

Romans 11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

Let their eyes be darkened is understood in the sense of their eyes must be darkened or their eyes must become darkened.

When their eyes are darkened, it suggests that they are blind and unable to see.

That they may not see may mean in order that they should not see or lest they see, or it may mean with the result that they do not see. God's purpose turns out to be God's intended result.

And bow down their back alway is a command. Bow down is bend their back or cause their back to bend. The LORD is being asked to bend their back always or to cause their back to bend always. It is the Israelites who will bow or bend their backs as retribution for the rejection of Jesus their Messiah.

Alway is always, continually, or constantly.