Proverbs 15:23-16:10

Wednesday, February 26th, 2014

Proverbs 15

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

A. Proverbs contrasting righteous and wicked living (10:1 - 15:33)

10:1 - 22:16 - These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. They are true as general rules (Ryrie Study Bible).

23 A man hath joy by the answer of his mouth (i.e. the appropriate answer - it is satisfying to be able to give helpful answers): and a word spoken in due season (at just the right time), how good is it!

24 The way of life is above (i.e. goes upward) to (i.e. for) the wise, that he may depart from (avoid) hell (Heb. Sheol - death and the grave) beneath. (There are "two roads and two destinies of the human race" - Believer's Bible Commentary)

25 The LORD will destroy the house (i.e. estate) of the proud (the haughty and highhanded): but he will establish the border (i.e. boundary) of the widow.

26 The thoughts of the wicked (i.e. evil thoughts) are an abomination to the LORD: but the words of the pure are pleasant words (The Lord is pleased with the pleasant words of the pure. Their words express their thoughts.).

27 He that is greedy of gain (gains unjust profit by violence - Ryrie Study Bible) troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts (i.e. bribes) shall live (i.e. enjoy life).

28 The heart of the righteous studieth (i.e. ponders) to answer (He thinks before he speaks.): but the mouth of the wicked poureth out (i.e. gushes out) evil things (without even thinking, like water bubbling out of a spring. What comes out of his mouth comes from his wicked heart.).

29 The LORD is far from the wicked (He does not hear and answer the prayers of the wicked.): but he heareth the prayer of the righteous (The believer has instant and constant access to the throne of grace.).

30 The light of the eyes (i.e. the brightness that shines in the eyes when good news comes) rejoiceth the heart: and a good report maketh the bones fat (i.e. invigorates the body).

31 The ear that heareth the reproof of life (i.e. reproof that, if heeded, prolongs life - Ryrie Study Bible. The teaching of the Bible in general and the gospel in particular is life-giving counsel - Believer's Bible Commentary) abideth among the wise (He takes his place among the wise.).

32 He that refuseth instruction (i.e. discipline or moral correction) despiseth his own soul (i.e. hates himself - to be unteachable is to despise yourself - Ryrie Study Bible): but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding.

33 The fear of the LORD is the instruction of (the discipline that leads to) wisdom (the fear of the Lord teaches wisdom); and before honour is humility.

Proverbs 16

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

10:1 - 22:16 - These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. They are true as general rules - (Ryrie Study Bible).

1 The preparations (i.e. plans) of the heart in (i.e. belong to) man, and the answer of the tongue, is from the LORD. (Man may make plans, but the execution of them, which becomes explicit in speech, fulfills God's designs - Ryrie Study Bible; man may plan but God determines what happens.)

2 All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes (Man judges himself by his own standards and pronounces himself pure); but the LORD weigheth the spirits (i.e. moral character or disposition. God sees the motives and intentions.).

3 Commit (i.e. roll) thy works unto (i.e. upon) the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established (The Lord works in us to will and do of His good pleasure. When we are completely committed to the Lord, our thoughts will actually be His thoughts.).

4 The LORD hath made all things for himself (i.e. for its and His own purpose): yea, even (i.e. including) the wicked for the day of evil (i.e. judgment). (This does not mean that God has created certain individuals so that He can send them to hell. People go to hell because of their choice not to trust Christ as their Savior, not because God wants them to go there. "This verse teaches that God has an end, object, or purpose for everything. There is a result for every cause, a reward or punishment for every act. He has ordained a day of trouble or evil for the wicked, just as He has prepared heaven for those who Love Him" - Believer's Bible Commentary

5 Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD (The LORD hates pride.): though hand join in hand (lit., hand in hand as if shaking hands to confirm something - it suggests that they have united with each other or joined forces with each other in opposition to God - see 11:21), he shall not be unpunished (Their punishment is certain.).

6 By mercy (i.e. loyal love) and truth (i.e. faithfulness) iniquity is purged (i.e. atoned for. This does not mean that someone is saved by being merciful and truthful. Mercy and truth in one's life are evidences that he has been genuinely saved.): and by the fear of the LORD men depart from evil (The fear of the Lord motivates a man to turn away from sin when he is tempted - Ryrie Study Bible).

7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him. (This is a general truth. Jesus Himself was crucified.)

8 Better is a little with righteousness than great revenues (i.e. income) without right (i.e. justice or with fraud).

9 A man's heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps (A man may make all kinds of plans, but it is the LORD who determines whether these plans will materialize.).

10 A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment (The reference is to the finality of the king's words. Because of this it is necessary that he be careful not to err in judgment - Ryrie Study Bible) Because the king is the representative of God in judgment, his edicts and decisions carry authority and finality. He must be right in what he decides).