Proverbs 16:27-17:9

Wednesday, March 12th, 2014

Proverbs 16

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

27 An ungodly man diggeth up evil (He puts forth effort to dig a pit to trap others. He digs up difficulty for others - Peter A. Stevenson): and in his lips there is as a burning fire (He is a troublemaker. What he says scorches and burns. He consumes the individual with his words - Peter A. Stevenson, A Commentary on Proverbs.).

28 A froward man soweth strife (He is perverse. He distorts the truth, lies, and withholds facts. It results in strife being sown. He stirs up dissension.): and a whisperer (i.e. backbiter) separateth chief (i.e. close) friends (He causes them to mistrust each other.).

29 A violent man (i.e. an aggressive man, an oppressive man) enticeth his neighbour (by his forcefulness), and leadeth him into the way that is not good (He causes his neighbor to involve himself in some kind of sin.).

30 He shutteth his eyes (i.e. winks his eyes, a familiar sign of deception) to devise froward (i.e. perverse) things: moving his lips he bringeth evil to pass (i.e., conveys an expression of malice without words. Much evil and perversity can be disseminated without a word being spoken - Ryrie Study Bible. He compresses or purses his lips as if contemplating the evil he is about to do - Peter A. Stevenson, A Commentary on Proverbs.).

31 The hoary (i.e. gray) head is a crown of glory, if it be (i.e. it is) found in the way of righteousness (It is looked upon as a reward for a righteous life - Believer's Bible Commentary.).

32 He that is slow to anger (i.e. is able to control his temper) is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city (Conquering oneself is of greater virtue than conquering a city - Bible Knowledge Commentary.).

33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof (its every decision) is of the LORD (What appears to be chance is really part of God's sovereign design - Ryrie Study Bible; In Old Testament times people cast lots to determine the will of God. Although it seemed a matter of chance, the LORD overruled to reveal His guidance - Believer's Bible Commentary).

Proverbs 17

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

10:1 - 22:16 - (Ryrie Study Bible) The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules.

1 Better is a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than an house full of sacrifices with strife. [(Ryrie Study Bible) sacrifices. i.e., feasting provided by the family's portion of a peace offering.]

2 A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame (acts shamefully), and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren.

3 The fining (i.e. refining) pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts. (Tests or trials are allowed by God for our spiritual benefit. Compare James 1:2-4 and I Peter 1:6-7 )

4 A wicked doer (i.e. an evildoer) giveth heed to false lips; and a liar giveth ear to a naughty (i.e. destructive) tongue.

5 Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.

6 Children's children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers.

7 Excellent speech becometh not (i.e. is not fitting for or is not appropriate for) a fool: much less do lying lips a prince.

8 A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth. (The gift is a bribe. It may cause one to prosper, but its practice is to be condemned (17:23).

9 He that covereth a transgression seeketh love (He overlooks the transgression); but he that repeateth a matter (commits the same transgression a second time) separateth very friends (It will cause their friendship to be broken).