Proverbs 17:23-18:14

Wednesday, April 9th, 2014

Proverbs 17

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

10:1 - 22:16 - (Ryrie Study Bible) The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules.

23 A wicked man taketh a gift out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judgment.

24 Wisdom is before him that hath understanding (Wisdom is readily accessible to someone who has discernment); but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth. (The fool keeps looking to other things that interest him and never finds wisdom.)

25 A foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him.

26 Also to punish (i.e. to fine) the just (i.e. righteous) is not good, nor to strike (i.e. to hit, beat) princes (i.e. noble people) for equity (i.e. what is right).

27 He that hath knowledge spareth (i.e. restrains) his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent (i.e. composed) spirit.

28 Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.

Proverbs 18

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

10:1 - 22:16 - (RSB) The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules.

1 Through (his own) desire a man, having separated (i.e. isolated) himself (from conventioinal wisdom), seeketh and intermeddleth with (i.e. breaks out against, quarrels with, or rages against) all wisdom (i.e. all sound wisdom or wise judgment). This verse is a warning against self-centered decisions. It is opposite the thought that in the multitude of counselors there is wisdom.

2 A fool hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself (i.e. express itself, i.e. revealing his own mind).

3 When the wicked (i.e. a wicked man or wickedness) cometh, then cometh also contempt, and with ignominy (i.e. shame, dishonor) reproach (i.e. disgrace).

4 The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters (i.e. obscure, hidden), and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook (i.e. clear). [Although some men's words may be obscure, others are sources of wisdom and convey the clear truth.]

5 It is not good to accept the person of (i.e. show partiality to) the wicked, to overthrow (i.e. to turn aside, thrust aside, wrong, deprive) the righteous in judgment.

6 A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calleth for strokes.

7 A fool's mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.

8 The words of a talebearer (i.e. gossip) are as wounds (i.e. tasty trifles, choice morsels, dainty morsels), and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly. [Ryrie Study Bible - Hearing gossip, like eating a delicacy, gives you something others do not have, and it is remembered in the innermost parts.] The talebearer has an insatiable desire to hear gossip.

9 He also that is slothful (i.e. slack or indolent) in his work is brother to him that is a great waster (i.e. destroyer).

10 The name of the LORD (refers to the LORD Himself) is a strong tower (a place of safety to which the righteous people may flee for safety): the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.

11 The rich man's wealth is his strong city, and as an high wall (i.e. as an unscalable wall) in his own conceit (i.e. imagination). (The rich imagine that their wealth can protect them.)

12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty (proud; haughtiness or pride results in destruction or downfall), and before honour is humility (humility results in honor).

13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.

14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity (him in his sickness - it will get him through a most difficult time); but a wounded (i.e. broken or crushed) spirit who can bear? A wounded spirit will not sustain him.