Proverbs 19:20-20:1

Wednesday, April 30th, 2014

Proverbs 19

III. The Proverbs of Solomon (10:1 - 22:16)

B. Proverbs exalting righteous living (16:1 - 22:16)

10:1 - 22:16 - (RSB) The discourses concerning wisdom and folly (chaps. 1-9) constitute a preface to the central portion of the book, which contains 375 of Solomon's proverbs. These proverbs are general principles and guidelines that may have exceptions. Any exception is not a problem of inerrancy, but a matter of the nature of proverbs. They are true as general rules.

1 Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

2 Also, that the soul (i.e. person) be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth. (i.e. makes haste with his feet = proceeds without caution and direction. Stevenson = He acts without knowing his goal. He hurries into mindless activity with no end in mind. BBC = He knows what he wants to do but doesn't know how to do it. Haste only adds to his misery. He is in too much of a hurry to ask for directions or to follow them if given, so he misses the way and goes around in circles. He sinneth = he misses the mark.)

3 The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart fretteth against (i.e. rages against) the LORD. (He blames the Lord for things he has brought upon himself.)

4 Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour. People chase after the rich hoping to enjoy the riches of the rich people. The poor don't have this problem. No one chases after them hoping to share their poverty.

5 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.

6 Many will intreat the favour of the prince (i.e. a generous person): and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts. (They want to be recipients of the gifts the prince or generous person gives.)

7 All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him. (They are nowhere to be found around him.)

8 He that getteth wisdom loveth his own soul (repeated from verse 5 - Stevenson = One who has this delight in wisdom brings great benefit to himself. His love for understanding shows love for himself.): he that keepeth understanding shall find good. BBC - Holding on to understanding and insight is a sure road to success.

9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.

10 Delight (i.e. luxury, comfort) is not seemly (comely, fitting, appropriate) for a fool (it would tend to confirm him in his foolishness); much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

11 The discretion (i.e. prudence, insight, understanding) of a man deferreth his anger (makes him slow to anger); and it is his glory to pass over (i.e. overlook) a transgression. (He is able to graciously overlook it when someone wrongs him.

12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

13 A foolish son is the calamity (i.e. ruin, destruction) of his father: and the contentions (i.e. bitter arguments, strifes) of a wife (i.e. a quarrelsome wife) are a continual dropping (dripping, like constant rain that won't stop - it would be annoying).

14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife (i.e. an understanding wife, a wife with good sense, a wife who is wise) is from the LORD. (A man may inherit a house and wealth from his father, but he gets a prudent wife from the LORD. - So, if my wife or your wife happens to think she is God's gift to me or to you, she may be absolutely right. She will be right if she is prudent or wise. The wife needs to be careful that she acts prudently or wisely.)

15 Slothfulness (i.e. laziness) casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

16 He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; but he that despiseth (is careless of) his (i.e. his own) ways shall die. (Ryrie Study Bible = Premature death is the lot of those who disregard the law and are careless with respect to proper living.)

17 He that hath pity upon (i.e. is gracious to) the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again. (Ryrie Study Bible = The Lord will recompense a lender for his kindness to the poor.)

18 Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying. - Do not neglect child discipline and thereby bring on your son's death. If not corrected, his wicked ways may eventually bring on a premature death.

19 A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again. (There is no reason to keep rescuing a hot-tempered individual because he will just keep getting in trouble because of his temper. Let him learn his lessons the hard way.)

Proverbs 20

1Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging (i.e. is a brawler): and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. (Wine is made from grapes; strong drink is made from grain.)