Daniel 9:1-27

Sunday, September 7th, 2014

Text: Daniel 9

DANIEL'S PROPHECY

OF THE SEVENTY WEEKS

INTRODUCTION:

Something we see in Daniel 9 is that God's word is good and can be relied upon. His word is true whether it comes to salvation from sin and its consequences or His judgment against sin. Israel had been told on numerous occasions what would happen to her if she involved herself in sin but paid no attention to the warnings.

Well, one day God's judgment came; and it continues to this day and beyond. Israel was taken into captivity. Israel has been experiencing persecution ever since during this period which is called the times of the Gentiles, and it will continue until the second coming of Christ. It is during this period of time that God is dealing with Israel because of her sins. The prophecy in chapter 9 is dealing with the history of Israel and the city of Jerusalem.

As a country, the United States should be pursuing after the Lord with all its heart, soul, mind, and strength; but it is not. In fact, it seems that America is bent on sinning as much as possible. As a result, God's judgment on our beloved country is inevitable. Unless there is a reversal in the direction our country is heading, God's judgment on America is only a matter of when His judgment will fall. As we look at things which have taken place in recent years, it appears that His judgment is already taking place; but America is not listening.

I. HISTORICAL DATA - 9:1-2

Daniel 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm [i.e. kingdom] of the Chaldeans;

In the first year of Darius = 538 B.C., 67 years after Daniel had been taken from Palestine. This is the same Darius as in chap. 6.

Daniel 9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

By books. Daniel understood, from his knowledge of Jeremiah 25:11-12 , that it was about time for the desolations of Jerusalem to be finished.

Jeremiah 25:11-12 - 11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

II. DANIEL'S PRAYER - 9:3-19

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face unto [i.e. turned toward, gave my attention to] the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Daniel 9:4 And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful [i.e. awesome] God, keeping the covenant and mercy [i.e. loving kindness] to them that love him, and to them that keep [i.e. obey] his commandments;

In this prayer of confession, Daniel associated himself with the sins of his people 32 times (Ryrie Study Bible).

Daniel approaches God on the basis of His love in His covenant with Israel.

Daniel 9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing [i.e. and turned aside (or away)] from thy precepts [i.e. commandments] and from thy judgments [i.e. ordinances, laws]:

In verses 5-10, Daniel confesses Israel's sins.

Daniel 9:6 Neither have we hearkened unto [i.e. heeded, listened to] thy servants the prophets, which spake [i.e. who spoke] in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

Daniel 9:7 O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces [i.e. open shame, shame of face], as at [i.e. as it is] this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near [i.e. nearby], and that are far off [i.e. far away], through all the countries whither [i.e. where, to which] thou hast driven them, because of their trespass [i.e. unfaithfulness] that they have trespassed [i.e. committed] against thee.

Daniel 9:8 O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face [i.e. open shame, shame of face], to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee.

Daniel 9:9 To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;

Daniel 9:10 Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets.

Daniel 9:11 Yea [i.e. Indeed], all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing [i.e. and turned aside], that they might not obey [i.e. not obeying] thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and [i.e. along with] the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him [i.e. the Lord our God].

In verses 11-14, Daniel acknowledges that Israel deserved God's judgment for their sins.

Daniel 9:12 And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil [i.e. disaster, calamity]: for under the whole heaven hath not been done [such] as hath been done upon Jerusalem.

Daniel 9:13 As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil [i.e. disaster, calamity] is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy [i.e. the LORD our God's] truth.

Daniel 9:14 Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil [i.e. has kept the disaster (or calamity) in mind (or in store)], and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice.

God is always righteous in whatever He does.

Floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, unexpected deaths, accidents, terminal illnesses, other calamities, financial disasters, etc.

Daniel 9:15 And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten thee renown [i.e. made a name for Yourself], as at [i.e. as it is] this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.

In verses 15-19, Daniel asks God for mercy.

Daniel 9:16 O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach [i.e. an object of scorn] to all that are about us.

Daniel 9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant [i.e. Daniel], and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary [i.e. the Temple] that is desolate, for the Lord's sake [i.e. for Thy sake].

Daniel 9:18 O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses [i.e. because there are none], but for thy great mercies.

Daniel 9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken [i.e. listen] and do [i.e. act, take action]; defer [i.e. delay] not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.

III. THE PROPHECY - 9:20-27

Daniel 9:20 20 And whiles [i.e. now while] I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain [i.e. for Jerusalem] of my God;

Daniel 9:21 Yea, whiles [i.e. indeed, while] I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched [i.e. reached] me about the time of the evening oblation.

About the time of the evening oblation is about 3 P.M.

Exodus 29:39 - The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even.

Daniel 9:22 And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and [i.e. insight with] understanding.

Daniel 9:23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved [i.e. highly esteemed]: therefore understand [i.e. heed, consider] the matter, and consider [i.e. gain understanding of, understand] the vision.

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined [i.e. decreed] upon [i.e. for] thy people and upon [i.e. for] thy holy city, to finish the transgression [i.e. to bring to an end Israel's sin of disobedience], and to make an end of sins [i.e. to put an end to sin], and to make reconciliation for iniquity [i.e. to atone for wickedness, to make atonement for iniquity], and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy [place].

Seventy weeks. Lit., 70 sevens. Obviously years are meant, for Daniel had been thinking of the years of the captivity (9:2). 490 days is 16 months, and 490 weeks is 9 1/2 years, both too short to accommodate the events of the prophecy: Furthermore, weeks of days are so specified in 10:2-3, where the Hebrew adds "days." This period of 490 years concerns thy people (the Jews) and thy holy City (Jerusalem).

To finish the transgression. To end the apostasy of the Jews.

To make an end of sins. May mean either to atone for sin or to seal up sin in the sense of judging it finally.

To make reconciliation for iniquity. Refers to the death of Christ on the cross, which is the basis for Israel's future forgiveness (Zech. 12:10; Rom. 11:26-27).

Zechariah 12:10 - And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

Romans 11:26-27 - 26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: 27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

To bring in everlasting righteousness. In the millennial kingdom of Messiah (Jer. 23:5-6).

Jeremiah 23:5-6 - 5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

To seal up the vision and prophecy. To set God's seal of fulfillment on all the prophecies concerning the Jewish people and Jerusalem.

To anoint the most Holy [i.e. Holy Place]. The anointing of the Holy of Holies in the millennial Temple.

Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem [i.e. 445 B.C.] unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall [i.e. trench, moat, ditch], even in troublous times [i.e. times of trouble, times of distress].

The street ... and the wall. The public square and moat were rebuilt by the time the first seven weeks (49 years) were completed.

The 70 sevens begin with the commandment to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem, the commandment of Artaxerxes Longimanus given in 445 B.C. (Neh. 2:5). Earlier, Cyrus had authorized the rebuilding of the Temple (in 538; 2 Chron. 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4 ).

Nehemiah 2:1-7 - 1 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king [i.e. 445 B.C.], that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence. 2 Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. Then I was very sore afraid, 3 And said unto the king, Let the king live for ever: why should not my countenance be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' sepulchres, lieth waste, and the gates thereof are consumed with fire? 4 Then the king said unto me, For what dost thou make request? So I prayed to the God of heaven. 5 And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may build it. 6 And the king said unto me, (the queen also sitting by him,) For how long shall thy journey be? and when wilt thou return? So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a time. 7 Moreover I said unto the king, If it please the king, let letters be given me to the governors beyond the river, that they may convey me over till I come into Judah;

II Chronicles 36:22-23 - 22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia [i.e. 538 B.C.], that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, 23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.

Ezra 1:1-4 - 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia [538 B.C.], that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, 2 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Who is there among you of all his people? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel, (he is the God,) which is in Jerusalem. 4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.

Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come [i.e. the Romans] shall destroy the city [i.e. Jerusalem] and the sanctuary [i.e. in A.D. 70]; and the end thereof shall be with a flood [i.e. like a flood, as if with a flood], and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

Certain important events were to happen after the 62 weeks (plus the seven weeks, or a total of 69 weeks):

1. the crucifixion of Messiah

2. the destruction of Jerusalem occurred in A.D. 70 by the Romans under the leadership of Titus. They are described as the people of the prince that shall come, but it is not the prince that shall come who destroyed Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The prince that shall come is the antichrist, also known as the little horn. He is the head of the Revived Roman Empire. His people are, therefore, Romans, but not the same individuals led by Titus.

3. The end thereof shall be with a flood - Jerusalem will be leveled as if by a flood.

Because these events [i.e. the crucifixion of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70] were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the seventieth week began, there must be a space of time between the conclusion of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth. This is the church age - between the end of the 69th week and beginning of the 70th week.

Daniel 9:27 And he [i.e. the prince that shall come (the Antichrist)] shall confirm the covenant with many for one week [i.e. 7 years]: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation [i.e. offering] to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

He is the prince of verse 26, the Antichrist previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26, who will make a pact (or treaty) with many (i.e. many of the Jewish people) at the beginning of the tribulation period.

But in the midst of the week (i.e., 3 1/2 years later) Antichrist will break his covenant and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it.

Matthew 24:15 - When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

II Thessalonians 2:4 - Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

For the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate seems to mean that the prince (or ruler) who shall come will place abominations on a wing of the temple, i.e. in the temple. Christ referred to this, When you see the abomination of desolation stand in the holy place. It is when you see the abomination that causes desolation stand in the holy place. It will be appalling.

He shall make it desolate means that as a result of the abominations the antichrist places in the temple, the antichrist will make the temple desolate.

Even until the consummation, and that [i.e. the end which is] determined [i.e. decreed by God] shall be poured upon the desolate indicates that the antichrist will continue to persecute the Jews until the end that God has decreed is poured out upon him at the second coming of Christ.

At Christ's second coming, Antichrist and his false prophet will be cast into the lake of fire.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 19:20 - And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

CONCLUSION:

Like Israel, America has been a blessed nation; but unless there is a complete change of direction, America can expect that God's judgment will continue until America repents of her sins.