Daniel 10:1-11:4

Sunday, September 14th, 2014

Text: Daniel 10:1-11:4



Before we begin our study in Daniel 10 , I want to remind you of two facts that you know very well.

1. God is in control of everything which happens in the entire creation.

Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

2. God knows what He is doing.

Romans 11:33-36 - 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! 34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? 35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? 36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.


Daniel 10:1 1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia [i.e. 536 B.C.] a thing [i.e. a message] was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing [i.e. the message] was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.

By 536 B.C. exiles had already returned from Babylon and had begun rebuilding the temple.

This vision indicated that Israel would not experience peace for long. God had revealed that Israel would experience much warfare.

Daniel 10:2 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks [i.e. 21 days].

Daniel 10:3 I [i.e. Daniel] ate no pleasant bread [i.e. pleasant food, tasty food], neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I [i.e. Daniel] anoint myself at all [i.e. I did not use any ointment at all, I put no lotion on my skin], till three whole weeks were fulfilled.

Daniel 10:4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I [i.e. Daniel] was by the side [i.e. by the bank] of the great river, which is Hiddekel [i.e. The Tigris River];

Daniel 10:5 Then I [i.e. Daniel] lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz [i.e. with a belt of gold from Uphaz around his waist]:

This "man clothed in linen" was an angel. Although the angel is not named, many believe it was Gabriel who had previously appeared to Daniel in 8:16.

Although some believe that this "man" was a pre-incarnate appearance of Christ because of his description in verse 6 compared with the description of Christ in Revelation of Jesus Christ 1 , it is unlikely because this "man" was hindered in coming to Daniel by a prince (demon) of Persia (10:13) and needed help from the angel Michael.

Daniel 10:6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire [i.e. flaming torches], and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass [i.e. smoothed and polished bronze or burnished bronze], and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude [it suggests that it was very loud and powerful].

Daniel 10:7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking [i.e. terror, dread, trembling, shaking] fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves.

Daniel 10:8 Therefore I [i.e. Daniel] was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption [i.e. my natural color turned deathly pale], and I [i.e. Daniel] retained no strength.

Daniel 10:9 Yet heard I [i.e. Daniel] the voice of his words: and when I [i.e. Daniel] heard the voice of his words, then was I [i.e. Daniel] in [i.e. I fell into] a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground.


Daniel 10:10 And, behold, an hand touched me [i.e. Daniel], which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands [i.e. which made me tremble on my hands and knees].

Daniel 10:11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I [i.e. the angel] speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I [i.e. the angel] now sent. And when he [i.e. the angel] had spoken this word unto me, I [i.e. Daniel] stood trembling.

Daniel 10:12 Then said he [i.e. the angel] unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten [i.e. to humble] thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I [i.e. the angel] am come for [i.e. because of or in response to] thy words.

Daniel's prayer was heard on the first day of the three-week period.

Daniel 10:13 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me [i.e. resisted me, put himself against me] one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I [i.e. the angel] remained there [i.e. I had been left alone there] with the kings of Persia.

The answer to Daniel's prayer was delayed because of angelic warfare.

The prince of the kingdom of Persia was a supernatural creature who tried to direct the human rulers of Persia to oppose God's plan. Evil angels seek to influence the affairs of nations.

Michael, which means "who is like God?", is the special guardian of the affairs of Israel and is designated the archangel.

One of the chief princes shows a hierarchy among the angels.

I remained there with the kings of Persia. The good angel, with Michael's help, was left in a place of preeminence in influencing Persia. But the battle, between good and evil angels over the control of nations continues.

Ephesians 6:10-13 - 10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. 11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. 13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

Daniel 10:14 Now I [i.e. the angel] am come to make thee [i.e. Daniel] understand what shall befall [i.e. happen to] thy people [i.e. the Jews] in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days.

The latter days refers to the future of Israel, culminating in the events surrounding the second coming of Christ.

Daniel 10:15 And when he [i.e. the angel] had spoken such words unto me, I [i.e. Daniel] set [i.e. turned] my face toward the ground, and I [i.e. Daniel] became dumb [i.e. speechless].

Daniel 10:16 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men [i.e. one who looked like a human being] touched my lips: then I [i.e. Daniel] opened my mouth, and spake [i.e. spoke], and said unto him [i.e. the angel] that stood before me, O my lord (used as a title of respect = e.g. sir), by [i.e. as a result of or because of] the vision my sorrows are turned upon me [i.e. my sorrows have overwhelmed me], and I [i.e. Daniel] have retained no strength.

Daniel 10:17 For how can the servant [i.e. Daniel] of this my lord [i.e. the angel] talk with this my lord [i.e. how can this your servant talk with you, my lord]? for as for me [i.e. Daniel], straightway there remained [i.e. now there remains] no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.

Daniel 10:18 Then there came again and touched me [i.e. Daniel] one like the appearance of a man [i.e. who had a human appearance], and he [i.e. the angel] strengthened me [i.e. Daniel],

Daniel 10:19 And said, O man greatly beloved [i.e. Daniel], fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea [i.e. yes], be strong. And when he [i.e. the angel] had spoken unto me, I [i.e. Daniel] was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.

Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I [i.e. the angel] come [i.e. why I have come] unto thee? and now will I [i.e. the angel] return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I [i.e. the angel] am gone forth, lo [i.e. indeed], the prince of Grecia shall come.

The prince of Grecia is another demon.

Daniel 10:21 But I [i.e. the angel] will shew thee that which is noted [i.e. written] in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me [i.e. the angel] in these things [i.e. no one upholds me with these, no one stands firmly with me against these (forces)], but Michael your prince.

Daniel 11:1 Also I [i.e. the angel] in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I [i.e. the angel], stood to confirm and to strengthen him [i.e. Darius the Mede].

Here begins a remarkable section of detailed prophecy, first about Persia (v. 2), then Alexander the Great (vv. 3-4), the Ptolemies and Seleucids until Antiochus Epiphanes (vv. 5-20), and Antiochus Epiphanes (vv. 21-35). All the details of these predictions have since been fulfilled accurately. Next Daniel gives a prophecy about Antichrist yet to be fulfilled (vv. 36-45). Although the prophecies of chapter 11 were still future at the time Daniel wrote them, verses 1-35 have now been fulfilled historically while verses 36-45 are still future. In chapter 12 Daniel's prophecy deals with the nation of Israel.


Daniel 11:2 And now will I [i.e. the angel] shew thee [i.e. Daniel] the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia [i.e. Greece].

Yet three kings in Persia refers to Cambyses (530-522 B.C.), Pseudo-Smerdis (522-521), Darius I Hystaspes (also called Darius the Great, 521-486 B.C.).

The fourth king of Persia is Xerxes (486-465 B.C.), also known as Ahasuerus in the book of Esther. He was opposed to Greece.


Daniel 11:3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.

A mighty king who shall stand up, who shall rule with great dominion and do according to his will is Alexander the Great. His kingdom was represented by the bronze belly and thighs in Nebuchadnezzar's image and by the winged leopard in Daniel 7:6 . Alexander the Great was also the notable horn of the he goat in Daniel 8:6-8 .

Daniel 7:6 - After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.

Daniel 8:5-8 - 5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. 6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. 7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler [i.e. anger] against him, and smote [i.e. struck or attacked] the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand. 8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

Daniel 8:20-21 - 20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. 21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia [i.e. Greece]: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

Daniel 11:4 And when he [i.e. the mighty king - Alexander the Great] shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up [i.e. uprooted], even for others beside those [i.e. and given to others].

Alexander died at age 32 from malaria and complications of alcoholism. After Alexander's death, his kingdom was divided among his four generals. Cassander ruled over Macedonia and Greece, Lysimacus ruled over Thrace and portions of Asia Minor. Ptolemy ruled over Egypt, and Seleucus ruled over Syria and Mesopotamia. These four represent the four heads of the leopard in 7:6 and the four notable horns on the he goat in 8:8


Verses 5-35 describe warfare between the Ptolemies and Seleucids lasting about 200 years.

Verses 21-35 describe the career of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164 B.C.), who came to the throne by intrigue (v. 21), made several expeditions into Egypt (vv. 24-27), then turned his hatred on Israel (v. 28).

Verses 36-45 give details of Antichrist's future career.

In chapter 12 Daniel's prophecy deals with the nation of Israel.