I Samuel 13:15 - 14:23

Sunday, December 7th, 2014

Text: I Samuel 13:15-14:23

VICTORY AND DEFEAT

INTRODUCTION:

Joshua 1:8 - This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

When is it that we will have good success? It is when we are doing what the Scriptures say. When we are not doing what the Scriptures say, it is clear that we will not have good success.

In our personal experience, as we conduct our lives in our own strength, we find that we experience defeat in our Christian lives. However, as we live our lives in the power of God the Holy Spirit, we find that we have victory.

Something I have seen repeatedly in my own life and in the lives of others is that the Lord puts us in situations where we have no choice but to trust Him. This is undoubtedly done in order to teach us to trust Him more fully.

As believers, as you know, we all have a problem with our old sin natures.

Romans 7:15-8:4 - (15) For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. (16) If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good [This means that the problem is not with the law.]. (17) Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. [It's not my new sinless nature; it's my old sin nature.] (18) For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. (19) For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. (20) Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me [It shows that I have an old sin nature which is always in rebellion against God.]. (21) I find then a law [i.e. a principle], that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. (22) For I delight in the law of God after the inward man [i.e. in my new sinless nature]: (23) But I see another law [i.e. principle] in my members, warring against the law [i.e. principle] of my mind [i.e. of my new sinless nature], and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members [i.e. It's intent is to enslave me once again to my old sin nature. The old sin nature never gives up.]. (24) O wretched man that I am! [What am I going to do? I need to get past this in my life.] who shall deliver me from the body of this death? (25) I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord [i.e. I thank God that deliverance comes through Jesus Christ our Lord]. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. (1) There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit [i.e. All genuine believers live their lives in accordance with God the Holy Spirit and do not live their lives in accordance with their old sin natures.]. (2) For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus [i.e. the principle of the Spirit Who gives eternal life in Jesus the Messiah] hath made me free from the law of sin and death [i.e. has set me free from the principle of sin which produces death]. (3) For what the law [i.e. the Mosaic Law] could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, [did. He] condemned sin in the flesh: (4) That the righteousness of the law [i.e. the righteousness demanded by the law] might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit [i.e. in us who are saved persons - This means that the righteousness demanded by the law will be produced by God the Holy Spirit in all of those who are believers in Christ.].

As believers, we see that as we live our lives in the power of God the Holy Spirit, we have victory over sin.

Galatians 5:16-23 - (16) This I say then, Walk [i.e. live or conduct your lives] in [i.e. by means of] the Spirit, and ye shall not [i.e. you absolutely will not] fulfil the lust of the flesh [i.e. the desire (or the craving) of the old sin nature]. (17) For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (18) But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law [This is because you are saved.]. (19) Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these - [It means that an unsaved person's attempt to keep the law in order to produce righteousness will not work. Instead, his old sin nature will produce the following sins regardless of what the law says.]; Adultery, fornication [a term which is used of every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, including things such as prostitution, premarital sex, bestiality, incest, and adultery], uncleanness [i.e. immorality or viciousness, especially of sexual sins], lasciviousness [i.e. licentiousness, debauchery, or sensuality, used especially of sexual excesses], (20) Idolatry, witchcraft [i.e. sorcery or magic], hatred [i.e. enmities or hostilities], variance [i.e. strifes, discords, contentions, or quarrels], emulations [i.e. jealousies or envies], wrath [i.e. outbursts of anger or rages], strife, seditions [i.e. dissensions], heresies [i.e. factions], (21) Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings [i.e. carousings], and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God [This is because they are unsaved people.]. (22) But the fruit of the Spirit [i.e. the fruit which is produced by God the Holy Spirit in the lives of believers] is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness [i.e. goodness, kindness, or generosity], goodness [i.e. generosity or uprightness], faith, (23) Meekness [i.e. gentleness, humility, courtesy, or considerateness], temperance [i.e. self control]: against such there is no law. [No laws are passed against these qualities, which are produced by the Holy Spirit in the lives of believers. They amount to Christlikeness.]

Now, how can I as a believer live in the power of the Holy Spirit? By submitting my heart and mind to the Scriptures, seeking always to obey them. As I do this, God the Holy Spirit will produce the fruit of the Spirit in me. He also produces the mind of Christ in me.

So, I must master the Word of God and allow It to master me. I must recognize that the Word of God represents the mind of God for me and allow Him to guide my thinking so that my mind becomes one with His mind.

As we continue our study in I Samuel 13:15 , we see that -

I. WE ARE HELPLESS BEFORE THE ENEMY IN OUR OWN STRENGTH - 13:15-23

Note the circumstances in which the Israelites found themselves -

I Samuel 13:3-7 - 3And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba (most likely under the direction of King Saul - See verse 4.), and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear. 4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal. 5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven. 6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait [i.e. in a dangerous situation], (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits. 7 And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

I Samuel 13:15-23 - (15) And Samuel arose, and gat him up [i.e. went up] from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men. (16) And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash. (17) And the spoilers [i.e. marauding bands] came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual [i.e. northward]: (18) And another company turned the way to Bethhoron [i.e. westward]: and another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness [i.e. eastward]. (19) Now there was no smith [i.e. blacksmith] found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears: (20) But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share [i.e. plowshare], and his coulter [i.e. mattock], and his axe, and his mattock [i.e. sickle]. (21) Yet they had a file for the mattocks [i.e. sickles], and for the coulters [i.e. mattocks], and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads. (22) So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found [What a situation! No swords or spears except with Saul and with Jonathan, and they are up against a huge number of Philistine soldiers who are well armed with chariots, swords, and spears. It looks like God has them right where He wants them.]. (23) And the garrison of the Philistines [i.e. a detachment of the Philistine soldiers] went out to the passage of Michmash [i.e. the pass at Michmash, which was apparently held by the Israelites].

The Israelites were vastly outnumbered by the Philistines, and their weapons were drastically inferior to the weapons of the Philistines. Humanly speaking, they didn't have a chance. No matter how bleak their chances of survival appeared from a human standpoint, God was still in control of this situation.

Similarly, we are involved in warfare, but our warfare is spiritual; and humanly speaking, we don't stand a chance against the demonic forces which are warring against us. However, we have the Lord on our side.

Ephesians 6:10-18 - (10) Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. (11) Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. (12) For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. (13) Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. (14) Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; (15) And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; (16) Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. (17) And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: (18) Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints.

II Corinthians 10:3-5 - (3) For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (4) (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds [yet, believers often employ carnal weapons in an effort to achieve spiritual victories, e.g. sales tactics in witnessing];) (5) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ.

Do you remember the purpose of Paul's thorn in the flesh? -

II Corinthians 12:9-10 - (9) And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. (10) Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

Although we will not have spiritual victory in our own strength -

II. WE ALWAYS HAVE VICTORY OVER THE ENEMY IN THE LORD'S STRENGTH - 14:1-23

I Samuel 14:1-23 - (1) Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father. (2) And Saul tarried [i.e. was staying or was waiting] in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men; (3) And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the Lord's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone. (4) And between the passages [i.e. between the passes or on each side of the pass], by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. (5) The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash [i.e. one rock rose on the north in front of Michmash], and the other southward over against Gibeah [i.e. the other rock rose on the south in front of Gibeah]. (6) And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour [who was carrying his armour], Come, and let us go over unto the garrison [i.e. to the outpost] of these uncircumcised: it may be that the Lord will work for us: for there is no restraint to the Lord to save by many or by few. (7) And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart. (8) Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves [i.e. reveal or show ourselves] unto them. (9) If they say thus unto us, Tarry [i.e. wait] until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them. (10) But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the Lord hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us. (11) And both of them discovered [i.e. revealed or showed] themselves unto the garrison [i.e. outpost] of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves. (12) And the men of the garrison [i.e. outpost] answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing [It's like our we'll show you a thing or two.]. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the Lord hath delivered them into the hand of Israel. (13) And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer slew after him. (14) And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow. (15) And there was trembling in the host [i.e. in the (Philistine) army], in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling. [An earthquake! How timely! It had nothing to with being fortunate! God caused it.] (16) And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another [i.e. the Philistine soldiers were fighting each other]. (17) Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there. (18) And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel. (19) And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand. (20) And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture [i.e. confusion (among the Philistines)]. (21) Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan. (22) Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle. (23) So the Lord saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.

Believers who live their lives according to the Bible are promised success.

Joshua 1:8 - This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

Psalms 1:1-3 - (1) Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. (2) But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night. (3) And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Following the crossing of the Red Sea, Miriam was praising the Lord for His great victory over the Egyptians-

Exodus 15:13-21 - (13) Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation. (14) The people shall hear, And be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. (15) Then the dukes [i.e. chiefs] of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away. (16) Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O Lord, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased. (17) Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O Lord, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O Lord, which thy hands have established [i.e. in the promised land]. (18) The Lord shall reign for ever and ever. (19) For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the Lord brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea. (20) And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. (21) And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

CONCLUSION:

How are you doing in your life. Keep studying the Word of God, and keep obeying it. Each day seek to do what the Lord would have you do for that day. Master the Word of God and allow It to master you. God will give you spiritual victory.