I Samuel 19:1-24

Sunday, February 1st, 2015

Text: I Samuel 19

GOD'S DIVINE PROTECTION

INTRODUCTION:

1. In our last message we saw Saul's insecurity

Saul knew that he would one day be replaced as king. The fact is that one of these days we'll all be replaced. We recognize that one of these days, we won't be here to continue whatever we are doing.

I Samuel 15:28-29 - (28) And Samuel said unto him, The Lord hath rent [i.e. has torn] the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou. (29) And also the Strength of Israel [i.e. God] will not lie nor repent [i.e. He will not change His mind]: for he is not a man, that he should repent [i.e. that he should change His mind].

I Samuel 15:35 - And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death [i.e. until the day of his own death - this means that throughout the rest of Samuel's life Samuel never again came to see Saul.]: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the Lord repented [i.e. regretted] that he had made Saul king over Israel.

2. Women sang "Saul has slain his thousands and David his ten thousands" - I Sam. 18:6-8

3. Saul's imagination ran wild regarding David - I Sam. 18:8-9 - Saul said, What can he have more but the kingdom? And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

4. Saul became suspicious - I Sam. 18:10 - An evil [or distressing] spirit from the Lord was upon Saul.

5. Saul twice attempted to destroy his supposed enemy with a javelin (or spear) - I Sam. 18:10-11.

6. Saul did several things hoping that the Philistines would kill David.

Saul made David captain over a thousand men - v. 13.

Saul promised his daughter Michal to David as his wife, hoping that she would be a snare unto him and that the Philistines might be against him - v. 21.

Saul required a dowry of 100 foreskins of the Philistines, hoping that David would die in the process of acquiring them. David actually acquired 200 of them - vv. 25-27.

7. Saul concealed his true motives pretending that all was well - I Sam. 18:12-27

8. Saul was afraid of David - I Sam. 18:15

9. Saul became David's constant enemy - I Sam. 18:29

We also saw in our last message that people will try to cover up their true feelings, but sooner or later these repressed feelings will come out; and the individual's insecurity will be apparent to everyone. Regardless of what it is, whether insecurity or some other problem, people have a tendency to eventually expose what they really are to those around them. Because of this, some people move around a good deal. When people get them figured out, they back up the old U-Haul truck and leave town; or they transfer their membership to another church. Of course, one must be certain that whenever or wherever he moves, he is doing what God really wants him to do. It might be better to stay and solve the problems rather than to run from them because, when they involve us personally, we only take our biggest problems with us. Besides, moving is expensive.

Unfortunately, the ones closest to the insecure person will be hurt the most because they pose the biggest threat to his security.

We also saw the cure for insecurity.

1. Be completely surrendered to the Lord.

2. Admit the problem.

3. Recognize its symptoms.

4. Confess as sin those occasions of insecurity and lashing out.

5. Realize that you are what the Lord made you and live 100% for Him. The truth is that you really don't have anything about which you should be insecure.

Suppose the cure isn't taken. Then the person will become worse and worse and will bring about his own ruin both physically and mentally. He will gradually lose those closest to him. He will be unable to keep close friends because they will tire of being hurt by him and will gradually drift away from him.

Consider also the security of David.

Psalms 34:7 - The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.

On four different occasions in I Samuel 19 , Saul seeks to destroy David. On each one of these four occasions God delivers David. We see that in spite of Saul's attempts to kill David, David was divinely protected and delivered. Now we can learn a real lesson from this. God can and will protect us in accordance with His will. No one and nothing can harm us apart from God's divine permission or direction. We do not have to fear what man, what Satan, or what demons can do unto us.

I Corinthians 10:13 - There hath no temptation [or testing] taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer [i.e. permit or allow] you to be tempted [or tested] above that ye are able; but will with the temptation [or with the trial or with the testing] also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

We see -

I. EPISODE #1 - 19:1-7

Saul is so blinded that he does not see the way things really are.

We also may have blind spots and not see things as they really are.

Have you ever had a friend try to tell you something and it made you angry?

Perhaps this friend saw something in your life that you could not see. We call them blind spots. Now, he may instead have been totally wrong; but we must at least consider the possibility that he could be right, at least partially right. There have been many things over the years which I have shared with people, and I have sometimes been able to help them. On other occasions I have attempted to help people, but it seems that I became their enemy because I told them the truth as I saw it. At the same time we must realize that we are not omniscient and that we do not always see clearly what someone else is doing or why.

Jonathan reminds Saul that David is not really Saul's enemy but that he has actually laid his life on the line on Saul's behalf.

Note that the insecure person may seek to eliminate his competition - 19:1

Saul ordered his servants to kill David - 19:1.

I Samuel 19:1 - And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.

Note that the insecure person may assume that everyone else feels just like he does - 19:1-2 - They love the ones he loves and hate the ones he hates; but if they don't do this, they are not loyal to him.

Saul doesn't seem to realize that not everyone wants David to be killed. In fact, Jonathan disagrees with his father.

I Samuel 19:1-2 - (1) And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. (2) But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself [i.e. be on your guard] until the morning, and abide [i.e. stay] in a secret place, and hide thyself.

Note that David was divinely protected - 19:2-3

God used Jonathan to warn David of Saul's intent.

I Samuel 19:2-3 - (2) But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself [i.e. be on your guard] until the morning, and abide [i.e. stay] in a secret place, and hide thyself: (3) And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see [i.e. what I observe], that I will tell thee.

Jonathan interceded on behalf of David. Note that the insecure person may tend to forget things that are not consistent with his warped thinking - 19:4-5

Jonathan reminded Saul that David had brought about a great victory over the Philistines by killing Goliath.

I Samuel 19:4-5 - (4) And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward [i.e. toward you] very good: (5) For he did put his life in his hand, and slew [i.e. killed] the Philistine [i.e. Goliath], and the Lord wrought a great salvation [i.e. brought about a great deliverance] for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay [i.e. to kill] David without a cause?

David had done much good for Saul, including the slaying of Goliath.

Note that the insecure person may sometimes be reasoned with - 19:5

Jonathan attempted to reason with Saul.

I Samuel 19:5 - For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought a great salvation [i.e. deliverance] for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?

Sometimes he may not be reasoned with.

Jonathan's realized that his attempt to reason with his father was not going as well as he desired when Saul threw a javelin at him.

I Samuel 20:33 - And Saul cast a javelin at him [i.e. at Jonathan] to smite [i.e. to kill] him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

Note that the insecure one may convince himself that everything will be all right in the future - 19:6

In spite of Saul's angry reaction in hurling a javelin at Jonathan, he promised not to kill David.

I Samuel 19:6 - And Saul hearkened unto [i.e. heeded] the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware [i.e. swore], As the Lord liveth, he shall not be slain [i.e. he will not be killed].

Note that all goes well temporarily, but Saul's insecurity never really goes away as the following episodes will demonstrate - 19:7

I Samuel 19:7 - And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as in times past. And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware, As the Lord liveth, he shall not be slain.

After this experience with Saul, how much do you suppose David trusted Saul? If Saul had happened to throw a spear at you twice, wouldn't you be very careful when you were around him after that?

Next, we see -

II. EPISODE #2 - 19:8-10

Note that stress may bring out the problem once again - 19:8-10.

This is the third time Saul attempted to kill David with a javelin.

I Samuel 19:8-10 a - (8) And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him. (9) And the evil [i.e. distressing] spirit from the Lord was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin [i.e. spear] in his hand: and David played [music] with his hand. (10a) And Saul sought to smite [i.e. to pin] David even to the wall with the javelin [i.e. with the spear]. . . .

Note that David was divinely protected - 19:10b

I Samuel 19:10 b - . . . but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he [i.e. Saul] smote the javelin into the wall [i.e. he drove the spear into the wall]: and David fled, and escaped that night.

Then, we see -

III. EPISODE #3 - 19:11-17

1. Note that Saul ordered David's death - 19:11a

I Samuel 19:11 a - Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay [i.e. to kill] him in the morning. . . .

2. This is not Saul's first attempt to kill David. Similarly, note that the insecure person may lash out again and again.

3. Note that David was divinely protected - 19:11b-16

I Samuel 19:11 b-16 - (11b) . . . and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain [i.e. killed]. (12) So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped. (13) And Michal took an image (i.e. she took an idol), and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow [i.e. a cover] of goats' hair for his bolster [i.e. for his head], and covered it with a cloth [i.e. with clothes]. (14) And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick. (15) And Saul sent the messengers again [i.e. (back)] to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him [i.e. that I may kill him]. (16) And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image (i.e. an idol) in the bed, with a pillow [i.e. with a cover] of goats' hair for his bolster [i.e. for his head].

What was a godly man's wife doing with an idol? Does this give possible insight regarding why Saul gave Michal to David, hoping that she would be a snare unto him?

4. Note that the insecure one may cast such terror that, when he lashes out, some will lie to protect themselves from his wrath - 19:17

I Samuel 19:17 - And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?

5. Note that David was driven closer to the Lord

Psalms 59:1-5 , 16-17 - To the chief Musician, Altashheth, Michtam of David, when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him. (1) Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me. (2) Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody [i.e. bloodthirsty] men. (3) For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul [i.e. they lie in wait for my life]: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Lord. (4) They run and prepare themselves without my fault [i.e. through no fault of mine]: awake to help me, and behold [i.e. see]. (5) Thou therefore, O Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen [i.e. to punish all the nations]: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.

(16) But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble. (17) Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing [i.e. will I sing praises]: for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy.

David realized that his only real defense and safety was the Lord.

Finally, we see -

IV. EPISODE #4 - 19:18-24

1. Note that Saul again seeks David's life - 19:18-20a. Similarly, the insecure one may lash out again and again.

I Samuel 19:18-20 a - (18) So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. (19) And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. (20) And Saul sent messengers to take [i.e. capture] David. . . .

2. Note that David was divinely protected - 19:20b-24. God protected David in a way that David would never have imagined.

I Samuel 19:20 b-24 - (20b) . . . and when they [i.e. those whom Saul sent to capture David] saw the company [i.e. saw the group] of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed [i.e. as leader] over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul [i.e. the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul], and they also prophesied.

Prophesied means that they fell into a trance or that they fell into an ecstatic state, thus immobilizing them from pursuing after David to kill him.

(21) And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also. (22) Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. (23) And he went thither [i.e. he went there] to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also [i.e. came upon Saul also], and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. (24) And he stripped off his clothes also [i.e. he took off his outer garments, the symbol of his royalty], and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?

In this context, naked does not mean nude. That Saul stripped off his clothes means that he removed his outer garments, the symbol of his royalty.

CONCLUSION:

What should you do if you are insecure like Saul?

1. Be completely surrendered to the Lord.

2. Admit the problem.

3. Recognize its symptoms.

4. Confess as sin those occasions of insecurity and lashing out.

5. Realize that you are what the Lord made you to be and live 100% for Him. You have absolutely no Scriptural reason for any inferiority feelings or insecurity feelings.

What should you do if persecuted like David?

1. Make certain you are right with the Lord.

2. Make certain that his complaint is not legitimate. If it is legitimate, or if any portion of it is legitimate, seek to straighten it out with him.

3. Remember the Scriptural teachings. The Scripture is always true. Your experiences may or may not be true or even clearly understood by you, regardless of your opinion.

Your experiences, therefore, must be interpreted in the light of Scripture.

Remember that Satan may be involved in some of your experiences, and he masquerades as an angel of light. Might Satan or one of his demons be seeking to trick you or to confuse you?

Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

I Corinthians 10:13 - There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

4. Live as close to the Lord as possible, and let the Lord take care of the situation.