Jude 13-16

Wednesday, March 11th, 2015

APOSTATE TEACHERS

In verses 1-4 we saw the -

INTRODUCTION to the epistle of Jude.

In verse 4 we saw the reason Jude wrote this letter -

Jude 4 - For there are certain men crept in unawares [i.e. sneaked in stealthily into the local churches], who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness [i.e. into licentiousness, sensuality, or debauchery - it speaks of sexual excesses], and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

In verses 5-7 we also saw that -

I. THESE FALSE TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREPT INTO THE CHURCHES ARE REMINISCENT OF HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF UNBELIEF

By referring to these three historical examples of unbelief, Jude is showing that, just as the ones in these examples did not get away with their sin and were (or would eventually be) judged for their sin, so these false teachers in Jude's day will not get away with their sin either. Judgment for them is inevitable.

The first Old Testament example of unbelief Jude cites is -

1. The unbelievers in Exodus - v. 5

The second Old Testament example of unbelief Jude cites is -

2. The angels which kept not their first estate - v. 6

The third Old Testament example of unbelief Jude cites is -

3. Sodom and Gomorrah - v. 7

We are in the process of seeing some characteristics of these false teachers -

According to verse 8, they are dreamers, they defile the flesh, they do not recognize authority, and they blaspheme glorious angelic beings.

According to verse 10, they are ruining themselves in things about which they have no spiritual perception.

According to verse 11a, they are attempting to approach God on their own terms apart from the blood of Christ rather than on God's terms through the blood of Christ.

We have seen that -

VIII. THESE FALSE TEACHERS HAVE RUN GREEDILY AFTER THE ERROR OF BALAAM FOR REWARD - Jude 11

We have also seen that -

IX. THESE FALSE TEACHERS HAVE PERISHED IN THE REBELLION OF CORE - Jude 11

We have seen that -

X. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE SPOTS IN YOUR FEASTS OF CHARITY - Jude 12

We have also seen that -

XI. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE CLOUDS WITHOUT WATER - Jude 12

Finally, we have seen that -

XII. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE TREES WITHOUT FRUIT - Jude 12

Next we see that -

XIII. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE RAGING WAVES OF THE SEA, FOAMING OUT THEIR OWN SHAME - Jude 13

Jude 13 - Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame. . . .

Raging means wild, fierce, or untamed.

Waves of the sea when driven by the wind cause a great deal of foam. Here the false teachers are likened to wild waves of the sea which are producing a great deal of foam.

Foaming out their own shame is foaming out their own shameless deeds. These false teachers are producing their own shameful deeds like wild waves of the sea produce foam.

These false teachers are impelled by their restless passions. They unblushingly exhibit their true character in word and in deed.

XIV. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE WANDERING STARS TO WHOM IS RESERVED THE BLACKNESS OF DARKNESS FOR EVER - Jude 13

Jude 13 - . . . Wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

Wandering stars (or roaming stars) is used mostly of planets. They were wandering in the sense that to the ancients they did not appear to have a true orbit as other stars did. It was not realized that they were not real stars but planets going around the sun whose course was different from the course of the stars.

They may instead refer to comets or meteors which shine for a while and then pass into darkness. They do not belong to the system. They stray at random and apparently without law and eventually are seen no more.

As navigational aids, comets or meteors were useless, and ancient mariners could not use them. Anyone who followed them would be led astray.

To whom is reserved is to whom has been kept, to whom has been held, to whom has been reserved, or to whom has been preserved. Inasmuch as these false teachers had strayed from the true paths of Christianity, they can look forward to spending eternity in hell forever.

The blackness of darkness is a combination of two words which are identical in meaning. Together they mean the gloom of darkness or the darkness of gloom.

For ever means for all eternity.

These false teachers are unable to provide any spiritual guidance. Whatever they teach is false and worthless. Their teaching will not provide proper spiritual direction for anyone. They themselves will end up spending eternity in hell, and so will all who follow their false teaching or bad advice.

XV. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE THE SUBJECT OF ENOCH'S PROPHECY - Jude 14-15

Jude 14-15 - 14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, 15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

Enoch is an Old Testament character mentioned in Genesis 5 .

Enoch was the seventh from Adam. According to Genesis 5 this includes Adam. Enoch was the father of Methuselah and the great grandfather of Noah. He lived 365 years, but he did not die. The Lord took him. He walked with God, and he was not, for God took him. God took him 69 years before Noah was born.

Nothing is recorded in Genesis which sounds at all like what Jude is writing. What was written apparently came from a true episode recorded in the apocryphal Book of Enoch. By including this quotation from the apocryphal Book of Enoch, the Holy Spirit is verifying the accuracy of this particular statement but not of the Book of Enoch as a whole.

Prophesied means spoke beforehand and is understood in the sense of foretold the future.

He prophesied of these means that he prophesied of these false teachers in Jude's day. What he prophesied is recorded in the rest of the verse 14 and in all of verse 15.

Behold is look or you see. It serves to gain the reader's attention.

The Lord cometh is literally the Lord came and means the Lord is coming.

With ten thousands of his saints indicates that the Lord will be accompanied by myriads of His saints when He comes.

Saints are believers. Here it refers to believers who are with Christ and returning with Him at the end of the tribulation, i.e. at the second coming.

Jude 15 - To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

Verse 15 indicates Christ's twofold purpose in coming. It is to execute judgment and to convince all of sin.

To execute judgment upon all is to make judgment against all (persons).

And to convince all that are ungodly.

To convince means to convict. It is an intensive form of a word which means to convict and carries with it the sense of bringing shame to the person convicted. This word was used in John 8:46 where Jesus asked, Which of you convinceth me of sin? It was also used in John 16:8 where the Holy Spirit will reprove the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment. As an intensive form, this term used by Jude suggests to convict thoroughly.

All is qualified by that are ungodly among them, i.e. all of them that are godless, all of them that are impious, or all of them that are irreverent.

Enoch proceeded to specify the areas in which the Lord would thoroughly bring conviction upon all the godless. These areas are all their ungodly deeds and all their hard speeches

Of is a word ordinarily translated concerning or about and is used in this sense here.

All implies that none will be omitted or forgotten, and their makes it personal.

Ungodly is godless, impious, or irreverent; and deeds is works, actions, or accomplishments. Their ungodly deeds speaks of all the sins they have committed.

Which they have ungodly committed describes the works or deeds they have done.

Have ungodly committed suggests which they have committed in a godless (or ungodly) manner.

And of all their hard speeches indicates that the Lord will not only bring thorough conviction concerning the things they have done, but He will also bring a thorough conviction concerning the things they have said.

Once again, of is the word ordinarily translated concerning or about and is to be understood in this sense here.

Again, all again indicates thoroughness, and their makes it personal.

Hard literally means hard to the touch or rough. When used figuratively of words as in this context, it is used in the sense of harsh or unpleasant.

As indicated by the italics, speeches does not appear in the Greek text. Something had to be supplied in the mind of the reader, such as speeches or things. The King James translators supplied speeches because of the word spoken in the next phrase.

Which refers to the hard things or harsh speeches.

Ungodly sinners are godless sinners, impious sinners, or irreverent sinners.

Have spoken is have said or have uttered. It has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action due to the nature of speech. Once a thing has been said, it cannot be taken back; and it remains said with its result continuing on.

Against him means against the Lord. These irreverent individuals said some harsh things against the Lord. They will be thoroughly convicted of what they have said.

XV. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE MURMURERS - Jude 16

Jude 16 - These are murmurers. . . .

Murmurers are grumblers, those who discontentedly complain. Here, their complaint is against God. It refers to an undertone muttering, rather than to a loud, outspoken dissatisfaction.

XVI. THESE FALSE TEACHERS ARE COMPLAINERS - Jude 16

Jude 16 - These are . . . complainers. . . .

Complainers are faultfinders, people who are dissatisfied or discontented with their lot in life.

XVII. THESE FALSE TEACHERS WALK AFTER THEIR OWN LUSTS - Jude 16

Jude 16 - These are . . . walking after their own lusts. . . .

Walking is literally proceeding or going. However, when used figuratively as it is in this verse, it means conducting their lives or living.

After is according to, and lusts is desires or cravings with an evil connotation. They are not good (or healthy) desires; they are wicked ones.

Their own suggests that these lusts are personal. They are not merely following someone else's lead. They live this way because they want to live this way.

XVIII. THESE FALSE TEACHERS SPEAK GREAT SWELLING WORDS - Jude 16

Jude 16 - . . . Their mouth speaketh great swelling words. . . .

Their makes it personal. They cannot blame someone else because they are individually responsible for saying these things.

Although their is plural, mouth is singular. This would indicate a collective mouth which is used by each one of them to say the same thing. Thus, they all do the same thing but are all individually responsible for doing it. A mouth is an organ of speech and is not the problem. It can be used for good or evil. The source of the words spoken by the mouth is the heart, and what is spoken by the mouth is indicative of what is in the heart.

Speaketh is says, speaks, or utters; and its tense indicates action that is habitual or customary. It indicates what these persons can normally be expected to be doing.

What they are speaking is indicated by great swelling words which are things of excessive size, things that are puffed up, or haughty things. They are not speaking the truth. The things they say suggest flattery and ill motives.

Great swelling words are immoderate, extravagant words expressive of arrogance.

XIX. THESE FALSE TEACHERS HAVE MEN'S PERSONS IN ADMIRATION BECAUSE OF ADVANTAGE - Jude 16

Jude 16 - These are . . . having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

Their motive is expressed by having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.

Men's persons is literally faces but is a case where the part is used to represent the whole. Hence, it is persons. Men's does not appear in the Greek text but was used by the translators to indicate that these were faces of human beings rather than some other kinds of faces.

In admiration is while admiring persons.

Because of advantage supplies their motive.

Because of is used in the sense of on account of or for the sake of.

Advantage suggests use or gain, and the context leaves no doubt that it is because of their own advantage rather than someone else's advantage that they speak these great swelling words while admiring persons.

CONCLUSION:

We have been warned much in Scripture concerning false teachers.

Romans 16:17 - (17) Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

II Corinthians 6:14 - (14) Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

II Corinthians 6:17 - (17) Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.

Titus 3:10-11 - (10) A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; (11) Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

II John 10-11 - (10) If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house [i.e. welcome him not into your local church], neither bid him God speed [i.e. do not welcome him, do not greet him, or do not give him any kind of encouragement]: (11) For he that biddeth him God speed [i.e. greets him or welcomes him] is partaker of his evil deeds.

Scriptures
Series

This sermon is the 6th part of the series, Study of Jude. Other sermons in this series are: