Revelation 5

Sunday, March 22nd, 2015

Text: Revelation of Jesus Christ 5

THE LAMB AND THE SCROLL

INTRODUCTION:

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5 is a continuation of the narrative begun in chapter 4. The scene in Revelation of Jesus Christ 4 and 5 takes place in heaven.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 4 - (1) After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.

(2) And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.

(3) And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

(4) And round about the throne were four and twenty seats (i.e. thrones): and upon the seats (i.e. thrones) I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

(5) And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

(6) And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts (i.e. four living beings or four living creatures) full of eyes before and behind.

(7) And the first beast (i.e. the first living being or the first living creature) was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

(8) And the four beasts (i.e. the four living beings or the four living creatures) had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

(9) And when those beasts (i.e. living beings or living creatures) give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

(10) The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

(11) Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

We have identified the One sitting on the throne as God the Father.

We have identified the seven Spirits of God as God the Holy Spirit.

We have identified the twenty-four elders as representatives of believers in the church age.

We have identified the four beasts (living beings or living creatures) as high-ranking angels similar to seraphim and cherubim.

As we move into chapter 5, we see -

I. THE SEVEN-SEALED SCROLL IN GOD'S RIGHT HAND - 5:1-4

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:1-4 - (1) And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. (2) And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? (3) And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. (4) And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.

We know that God is a spirit and does not actually have a right hand, nor does a spirit sit; but it is a figure of speech known as an anthropomorphism where human terms or forms are ascribed to God so that we humans might understand what is meant.

The book John saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne (i.e. in the right hand of God the Father) is a scroll rather than a bound book such as we would be accustomed to seeing today.

It was written within and on the backside.

Within suggests on the inside of the scroll.

The backside is the opposite of within. The scroll was written on both sides, the front as well as the back, and then the front side was rolled inside the scroll. The scroll had writing on both the inside and the outside.

The scroll was also sealed with seven seals. The seals were put on the document to prevent its being opened by someone other than the one for whom it was intended. The fact that there are seven seals indicates that it was perfectly or completely sealed to prevent any unauthorized person from gaining access to the contents of this scroll and possibly changing its contents.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:2 - And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?

John saw a strong angel (i.e. a mighty angel or a powerful angel). This angel is not named and speculation regarding which angel this was is useless. Had God wanted us to know the identity of this angel, He would have told us.

This angel was proclaiming something with a loud voice.

Proclaiming is announcing by a herald, making known by a herald, or heralding.

The implication of with a loud voice is that it was sufficiently loud so that everyone could hear.

What he was proclaiming is, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?

Worthy implies that there are some qualifications needed by the one who will both open this book and loose its seals.

To open implies that the book or scroll cannot be read until it has been unrolled.

To loose the seals suggests to break the seven seals with which this scroll has been sealed, so that the contents of the book or scroll can be read.

Thereof is of it and suggests of the scroll, implying that the statement means, Who is worthy to loose the scroll's seals?

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:3 - And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.

No man is no one or nobody and is not limited to human beings as is indicated by in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth.

Although heaven, earth, and under the earth were searched, no one anywhere was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. It required more than anyone could do to be capable of opening the book or scroll.

To look thereon is to look at it, i.e. to look at the book or scroll.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:4 - And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.

Verse 4 indicates John's reaction to the fact that no one was found who was worthy to open the book or to look at it.

I refers to John and is emphatic.

The tense of wept indicates continuous or ongoing action in past time in the sense of I was weeping.

Much indicates that John was weeping a great deal.

The reason John was weeping much is because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.

No man is no one or nobody.

Was found worthy indicates the result of the search for someone worthy to open the book and to loose the seals.

Worthy is to be connected with to open, to read, and to look. No one was qualified to open the book, to read the book, or to look at the book.

As in verse 2, to open implies that the book or scroll could not be read until it had been unrolled.

And to read indicates the purpose of opening the book.

As in verse 3, to look thereon is to look at it, i.e. to look at the book (or scroll).

Next, we see -

II. THE LAMB DECLARED WORTHY TO OPEN THE BOOK - 5:5-7

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:5-7 - (5) And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. (6) And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. (7) And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.

One of the elders saith unto me refers to one of the twenty-four elders from chapter 4.

What this elder said is: Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Weep not implies stop weeping or stop crying.

Behold is used to heighten or gain John's attention to what this elder was about to say.

The Lion of the tribe of Juda and the Root of David are two references to Christ.

The Lion of the tribe of Judah is taken from Genesis 49:9-10 .

Genesis 49:9-10 - (9) Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? (10) The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

The Root of David is taken from Isaiah 11:1 and 11:10.

Isaiah 11:1 - And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.

Isaiah 11:10 - And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

Isaiah predicted that a rod, a root or shoot, would come out of the stem of Jesse, the father of David. Inasmuch as Isaiah prophesied approximately three hundred years after David, this prophecy could not have been fulfilled by King David.

The appears before root in the Greek text, making it very clear that the reference in Revelation is to the fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy. This elder, however, in speaking to John, makes it very clear that the Lion of the tribe of Juda mentioned in Genesis and the Root of David mentioned in Isaiah are one and the same person, the Lord Jesus Christ. They are two ways of saying the same thing.

Hath prevailed = has conquered or has overcome

It suggests that He has conquered and implies that He has been victorious. As a result, He is qualified to open the book, i.e. to open the scroll by unrolling it in order to be able to read its contents.

And to loose the seven seals thereof suggests and to break the seven seals of it (i.e. the seven seals of the scroll) and refers to the seals with which this scroll has been perfectly or completely sealed. They would also have to be loosed or broken before the contents of this book (or scroll) could be read.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:6 - And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

And I beheld is and I looked.

And lo (or and behold) is used to heighten or gain the reader's attention so that he does not miss something important.

In the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders describe stood, indicating where this took place. In chapter four John had seen this throne encircled by twenty-four other seats or thrones. He had also seen the four beasts or four living beings in the midst of the throne (i.e. in the middle of the throne) and around the throne.

Stood a lamb

By the time John saw this Lamb, the Lamb was already standing.

As it had been slain is literally as having been slaughtered or as having been murdered. The term employed by John speaks of the killing of someone by violence.

The reader cannot help but be reminded of John 1:29 where John the Baptist referred to Jesus as the Lamb of God,

John 1:29 - The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

The reader is also reminded of Isaiah 53:5-12 ,

Isaiah 53:5-12 - (5) But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

(6) All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

(7) He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

(8) He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

(9) And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

(10) Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.

(11) He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

(12) Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Whereas John 1:29 and Isaiah 53:5-12 anticipated the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ as the Lamb of God, Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:6 looks backward to it. The Lamb had already been slain. Furthermore, in view of the fact that the Lamb was standing, He was alive again; and in view of the fact that He is seen in heaven, the ascension had also taken place.

Horns are symbolical of a king - cf. Dan. 8:20-21

Daniel 8:20-21 - (20) The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. (21) And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

Seven suggests completion, i.e. He is the King of kings. The seven horns suggest that Christ has complete or perfect strength or is omnipotent.

Seven eyes is reminiscent of Seven spirits of God, i.e. the Holy Spirit. It suggests that Christ is all-seeing or all knowing, i.e. that He is omniscient.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:7 - And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.

He is the Lamb.

He came suggests that He approached God the Father.

He also took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.

The book is the scroll with the seven seals.

Out of the right hand of him that sat on the throne is out of the right hand of the One sitting upon the throne, which suggests out of the right hand of God the Father. This verse indicates that the One seated on the throne in chapters 4 and 5 is God the Father and differentiates Him from the Lamb, i.e. from Christ.

In verses 8-10 we see -

III. THE LIVING CREATURES AND THE ELDERS WORSHIPING THE LAMB - 5:8-10

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:8-10 - (8) And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. (9) And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; (10) And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

And when he had taken the book indicates when the action of fell down took place.

He is the Lamb, i.e. Christ.

Had taken is took, and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

It pictures the Lamb as taking the book or scroll out of the hand of God the Father and as holding it in His own hand.

The four beasts are the four living beings spoken of repeatedly in chapters 4 and 5.

And (the) four and twenty elders are the twenty-four elders, the representatives of church-age saints, also spoken of throughout chapters 4 and 5.

Fell down before the Lamb suggests that their response to the Lamb was one of submission and humility. It was an act of worship by which they acknowledged that the Lamb is God. It would have been wrong for them to have worshiped anyone other than God as John himself was admonished in Revelation of Jesus Christ 19:10 and 22:8-9.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 19:10 - And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:8-9 - 8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. 9 Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

Having every one of them is literally each (one) having. It appears that every one of them is limited to the twenty-four elders and does not include the four living beings because the words of the song or the words accompanying the song are the words of the twenty-four elders and cannot be the words of the four living beings.

What each one had was harps and golden vials full of odours.

Harps are lyres. They are stringed, musical instruments.

Golden vials are golden bowls. This means they were either made of gold or adorned with gold.

These bowls are full of odours or full of incense.

We are not left to guess what these odours or incense represent because John writes, Which are the prayers of saints.

Which refers to the odours or the incense.

The prayers of the saints are thus kept by God because they are precious to Him. They are never forgotten. The appears before prayers in the Greek text and implies that it is the sum total of all the prayers the saints (i.e. the believers) have prayed.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:9 - And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation.

The content of the words of the song make it clear that they is limited to the twenty-four elders and does not include the four living beings.

Sung a new song. It seems best to view the words which follow as being the words of the song.

Saying is understood in the sense of while they were saying or while saying.

The words, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof, are addressed to the Lamb.

Thou art is you are and refers to the Lamb.

Worthy is emphasized in the Greek text which reads literally, Worthy art thou. It indicates that the Lord Jesus was both qualified and able.

What He was worthy to do was to take the book, and to open the seals thereof.

The book is the seven-sealed scroll which He had received from the right hand of God the Father.

He was also worthy to open the seals thereof (i.e. of it), which is a new way of saying to loose the scroll's seals.

The reason that the Lamb is worthy is stated by for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation. This reason is continued in the next verse.

For is the word ordinarily translated because and is to be understood in this sense here as well.

Thou wast slain, is you were slaughtered or you were murdered where thou refers to Christ as the Lamb of God and wast slain speaks of killing a person by violence.

And continues what was being sung or said.

Hast redeemed is bought or purchased; and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

Us is the twenty-four elders representing believers of the church age and does not include the four living beings because the four living beings were not purchased by the Lamb's blood. They were not sinners, but the elders had been sinners who needed to be purchased out of their sin.

To God is understood in the sense of for God, i.e. for God the Father.

By thy blood indicates the means by which the Lamb purchased believers and may be understood either in the sense of with your blood or by means of your blood.

Out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation indicates that these people have been redeemed from all over the world.

Every kindred means every tribe, every nation, or every people.

(Every) tongue is (every) language and suggests that the twenty-four elders and the believers they represent have come from all kinds of different languages.

(Every) people and (every) nation speak of people from all over the world and overlap in meaning with the word translated kindred.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:10 - And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

And hast made [i.e. and has made] us unto our God kings and priests.

Us refers to the twenty-four elders. They are representatives of believers from the church age.

Unto our God is understood in the sense of for our God.

What the Lamb has made us is kings and priests. At one time the twenty-four elders were not kings and priests, but the Lamb of God has now made them all both kings and priests.

Kings speaks of believers reigning with Christ.

Priests speaks of their being individual priests before God, needing to go through no one other than the Lord Jesus Christ to get to God the Father. We have immediate access into the very presence of God by faith in Christ. This is reminiscent of what Peter wrote in I Peter 2:9 regarding believers being a royal priesthood.

I Peter 2:9 - But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.

And we shall reign on the earth.

We is the twenty-four elders who are representative of believers from the church age.

Shall reign is predictive of a future event which will definitely happen.

On the earth tells where this reign will take place. The idea is that we shall reign as kings. It is reminiscent of what we have already seen in Revelation of Jesus Christ 3:21 ,

Revelation of Jesus Christ 3:21 - To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

It is also reminiscent of what we have seen in Revelation of Jesus Christ 2:26-27 .

Revelation of Jesus Christ 2:26-27 - (26) And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:

(27) And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 20:6 is also applicable here as well.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 20:6 - Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

In verses 11-12 we see -

IV. THE WORSHIP OF THE ANGELS - 5:11-12

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:11-12 - (11) And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; (12) Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, honour, and glory, and blessing.

I beheld, which refers to John, is I saw.

And I heard indicates that something was being said, and what John heard was the voice of many angels.

Voice is singular and refers to the collective voice or sound of what the angels were saying. They were all saying the same thing at the same time, apparently in unison. The content of what they were saying is found in the next verse.

The voice speaking in unison was the voice of many angels.

The angels are described by round about the throne and the beasts and the elders. The picture is of the throne on which God the Father is sitting, in the midst of which the Lamb is standing. This throne is surrounded by four beasts. The four beasts in turn are encircled by the twenty-four elders, and the twenty-four elders are encircled by an innumerable group of angels.

Ten thousand times ten thousand is literally ten thousands of ten thousands or myriads of myriads. Each ten thousand of ten thousand is one hundred million, and we have no idea how many ten thousands of ten thousands there were. It is not an exact number but represents a very large number.

And indicates that in addition there were thousands of thousands. Each thousand of thousand is equivalent to one million, and we are not told how many thousands of thousands there were. It is obviously a very large and incalculable number.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:12 - Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, honour, and glory, and blessing.

Saying with a loud voice indicates what John heard this group of angels doing.

With a loud voice is literally with a great voice. If each one of the millions and millions of angels all spoke in unison in just a normal conversational volume, the loud voice would be very loud indeed; but if each one of this very large group lifted up his voice and spoke loudly, consider how loud this collective voice John heard might be.

What they were all saying in one voice was, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, honour, and glory, and blessing.

Worthy, which suggests that He was qualified, capable, and able, is placed in a position of emphasis. This emphasis has been retained in the King James translation.

The tense of is indicates that He always has been, and always will be, worthy to receive these things.

In case anyone were to wonder who is worthy, he is specified as the Lamb that was slain, i.e. the Lamb, the One Who has been slain, i.e. the One Who was slaughtered, the One Who was murdered, or the One Who was butchered in the sense of the One Who was brutally murdered, but not butchered in the sense of a lamb whose meat was being processed for eating. It refers to the fact that the Lamb, although innocent and completely undeserving of His treatment, had been crucified on the cross at Calvary.

Worthy is to be connected with to receive which implies to accept. The worship ascribed to the Lamb is only properly ascribed to deity. Jesus was worthy in that He was God the Son, the Second Person of the Trinity. He was also worthy in that He had given His life as a ransom for sin.

What the Lamb was worthy to receive was power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, honour, and glory, and blessing. The appears before power in the Greek text, and the structure of the sentence indicates that it is also understood with riches, wisdom, strength, honour, glory, and blessing as well. It implies that Christ is entitled to receive the sum total of all the power, of all the riches, of all the wisdom, of all the strength, of all the honour, of all the glory, and of all the blessing there is.

Power is strength, might, or force and speaks of His omnipotence.

Riches is wealth.

Wisdom speaks of His omniscience.

Strength is power or might and speaks of His omnipotence.

Honour suggests the fixing of a price or value on someone or something after evaluating it. After evaluating Christ, He is seen to be worthy of all the honor or reverence there is.

Glory speaks of His magnificence.

Blessing speaks of His praise and sums up all the good and wonderful things that can be said about Him.

Finally, in verses 13-14 we see -

V. THE WORSHIP OF ALL THE CREATION - 5:13-14

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:13-14 - (13) And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. (14) And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

Every creature refers to every created being. Would this include Satan and the fallen angels at this point in time? Would it refer to the animal creation? While it is the same principle as Philippians 2:9-11 , is this verse referring to the same event; or does the Philippians passage occur later, or perhaps individually rather than collectively? It is not clear.

Philippians 2:9-11 - (9) Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

(10) That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

(11) And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Every creature is described by the clause which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them.

Which is in heaven suggests all the redeemed who are in heaven and also all the angels.

Which is . . . on the earth suggests all humanity which is still alive and may well include the animal creation.

Which is . . . under the earth suggests the unsaved dead and, perhaps, the fallen angels, possibly including Satan Himself.

Such as are in the sea is literally what things are upon the sea and suggests living beings in the water.

All that are in them suggests every being in heaven, on earth, under the earth, and in the sea.

Heard I saying indicates that every created being is saying in unison and that John heard them in this heavenly scene.

What they were all saying in unison is, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.

The words for blessing, honour, and glory were all used of Christ in the previous verse.

The word translated power is a different word, but it means the same thing as the two used in verse 12.

In this verse the appears before blessing, before honour, before glory, and before power indicating that in each case it is the sum total of all the blessing that exists, the sum total of all the honor that exists, the sum total of all the glory that exists, and the sum total of all the power that exists are being ascribed to God the Father and to the Lamb for ever and ever.

Blessing speaks of praise and sums up all the good and wonderful things that can be said about God the Father and the Lamb.

Honour suggests the fixing of a price or value on someone after evaluating both God the Father and the Lamb and giving Them the reverence They deserve.

Glory speaks of magnificence or splendor.

Power is used in the sense of rule or sovereignty.

Be has been supplied to aid the English reader's understanding.

Unto him that sitteth upon the throne is literally to the One Who is sitting upon the throne and refers to God the Father.

And unto the Lamb (or and to the Lamb) Who is the Lord Jesus Christ.

For ever and ever is literally unto the ages of the ages and indicates throughout all eternity.

Amen, which means truly or so be it, expresses their approval of, and agreement with, what has been said by every creature in verse 13.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:14 - And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

And continues John's glimpse of the heavenly scene.

The four beasts are the four living creatures or beings in chapters 4 and 5 who are around the throne.

Said is were saying, and its tense indicates repeated action in past time. Thus, what they said was not said only once. It was repeated a number of times. It likely allowed an interval of time between each time they said it.

What they said is Amen which means truly or so be it. This expresses their approval of, and agreement with, what has been said by every creature in verse 13.

And continues the thought.

The four and twenty elders are the twenty-four representatives of the church.

Fell down and worshipped suggests that they prostrated themselves before or did obeisance to.

The One they worshiped is him that liveth for ever and ever, i.e. the One living unto the end of the ages. Although it is also true of Christ, this is a reference to God the Father. It was similarly stated in Revelation of Jesus Christ 4:9-11 ,

Revelation of Jesus Christ 4:9-11 - (9) And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

(10) The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

(11) Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

CONCLUSION:

What a glorious scene we can look forward to seeing and participating in when we get to heaven.