Philippians 1:18-30

Wednesday, April 15th, 2015

We have already seen -

I. PAUL'S OPENING GREETING - 1:1-2

We have also seen -

II. PAUL'S THANKSGIVING AND PRAYER - 1:3-11

We are in the process of seeing -

III. PAUL'S CIRCUMSTANCES AND DESIRES - 1:12-26

Philippians 1:12 But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel.

Philippians 1:13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places.

Philippians 1:14 And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear.

Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will.

Philippians 1:16 The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds.

Philippians 1:17 But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.

We continue with -

Philippians 1:18 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

In verse 18 Paul indicates his attitude toward the preaching of the gospel, particularly the gospel that is preached of contention (verse 16).

What? seems to be used in the sense of so what?, what is the result?, or, what is the case?

Then is used emphatically in the sense of in fact.

Notwithstanding means except that. It indicates that Paul was more concerned with the fact that Christ was being proclaimed than he was with the impure motives of some who were proclaiming the gospel.

In every way suggests in every way possible.

Whether in pretence, or in truth indicates that all the preaching of Christ is under consideration. Some of it is in pretence, which refers to those who preach Christ of contention, who are not preaching Him sincerely, but who are supposing to add affliction to Paul's bonds (verse 16). They are the same ones who preach Christ even of envy and strife.

In pretence suggests with a false motive.

The other group preaches Christ in truth, which means that they are preaching Christ genuinely and out of sincere motives rather than with a false motive. This is the group that preached Christ of good will (according to verse 15) and of love (according to verse 17).

Whatever the real motive, Paul is pleased with one thing: Christ is preached, i.e. is being proclaimed, is being announced, is being declared, or is being made known. Christ refers to the Lord Jesus Christ and means that His person and work are being preached or proclaimed. It is equivalent to the gospel being preached. It is the good news about Christ that is being solemnly proclaimed, that He died on the cross where He paid for the sins of all humanity, that He was buried, and that He rose again from the dead.

And I therein do rejoice is and in this I am rejoicing.

Yea is used in the emphatic sense of in fact or certainly.

And will rejoice indicates that Paul is confident that he is not only rejoicing now, but that he is also going to be rejoicing in the future.

Although Paul would have preferred pure motives for the proclamation of the gospel, the fact is that the gospel was being preached; and this pleased him. Although an impure motive will affect the reward of the one proclaiming the gospel, the fact that the gospel is being preached enables people to be saved when they hear it. Furthermore, the person hearing the gospel preached may not perceive the hidden motive of the preacher; and consequently, he may be saved regardless of whether the speaker's motive is pure. God honors His Word. At the same time, those who proclaim the gospel ought to have pure motives.

Philippians 1:19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.

For I know that this is understood as for I see that this, for I perceive that this, or for I recognize that this.

What Paul knows is the rest of this verse.

The content of this is that Christ is preached or is being proclaimed (verse 18).

Shall turn is used in the sense of shall turn out or shall lead, and its tense and mood indicate that it will actually happen in the future.

To my salvation is unto my salvation or unto salvation for me, where salvation does not mean salvation from sin and its consequences. Paul is already a saved man. Here, salvation, which means deliverance or preservation, is deliverance from prison, deliverance from execution, or deliverance from the situation in which he finds himself. It is not an eternal salvation, but it is a physical deliverance from prison and his ultimate execution. At this time Paul was anticipating release from prison rather than execution.

Through your prayer and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ suggests the two means by which Paul expects to be delivered from prison.

Through your prayer indicates that the Philippian believers were praying for Paul's deliverance, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ is the support of the Spirit of Jesus Christ or the support provided by the Spirit of Jesus Christ, i.e. by the support provided by God the Holy Spirit.

Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death.

According to my earnest expectation and my hope is in accordance with (or in relation to) Paul's earnest expectation and his hope.

Paul's earnest expectation means his eager expectation. It is something Paul eagerly desires and hopes.

And my hope is used in the New Testament of something that is definitely going to happen in the sense of expectation. Paul's earnest expectation and Paul's hope are two different ways of saying the same thing.

The content of Paul's earnest expectation and hope is that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death.

In nothing I shall be ashamed indicates that Paul does not wish to be put to shame or to be disgraced in anything. Paul has a hope, and he does not wish to be disappointed in obtaining this hope. One thing which would cause Paul to be put to shame would be if Christ were not magnified in his body.

But introduces a strong contrast.

With all boldness is with every confidence or with all openness.

As always indicates that this has at all times been Paul's practice.

So now also is literally also now or also at this time.

Christ shall be magnified is Christ shall be exalted, Christ shall be glorified, Christ shall be praised, or Christ shall be extolled.

In my body, where body is used to represent Paul, is equivalent to saying in me or in my life. It is an example of a part being used to represent the whole.

Whether . . . or introduces two different ways Paul wished Christ to be glorified in his body: 1) by life or 2) by death.

By life is through life and implies by means of my continued living.

By death is through death and implies in Paul's dying on behalf of the gospel of Christ.

Through death and through life sum up all the possibilities there are. Paul was either going to die in prison, perhaps, as a result of execution; or Paul was going to live and eventually be released from prison. There were no other alternatives.

Philippians 1:21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.

For may be explanatory. It may instead be causal and understood in the sense of because or emphatic and understood as indeed, in fact, or certainly.

To me suggests for Paul

To live is Christ, i.e. to be living (is) Christ or to continue living (is) Christ. It implies that the sum total of Paul's life is the Lord Jesus Christ. He is the only thing Paul lives for, and He is the only reason for Paul's existence. I am reminded of similar statements in Galatians 2:20 and Colossians 3:4 .

Galatians 2:20 - I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

Colossians 3:4 - When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory (emphasis added).

And to die is gain indicates that Paul regarded death (as the means by which he would go to be with Christ forever) to be superior (or more desirable) than continuing to live here upon the earth. It is not surprising that believers who have lived for the Lord for some period of time would desire to continue to live for Him; yet, at the same time they would regard death as an improvement because they know they will be going to heaven where they will be with the Lord and forever rid of their old sin natures and all of the accompanying difficulties. They know that at death they will be able to enjoy all eternity with the Lord Jesus.

II Corinthians 5:6-8 - (6) Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord: (7) (For we walk by faith, not by sight:) (8) We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord (emphasis added).