II Samuel 7

Sunday, June 7th, 2015

THE DAVIDIC COVENANT

INTRODUCTION:

While David was waiting to become king over all Israel, we noted the importance of God's timing regarding His will. God is the One Who determines the right timing for something to be done. It was God Who determined that David be king only of Judah for 7 1/2 years before he would become king of all Israel. Just because it is God's will for you to do something, doesn't necessarily mean it is God's will for you to do it today.

At the same time, some things are timeless. It is always God's will for children to obey their parents or for us to study and obey the Scriptures.

However, just because it was God's will for me to marry Donna, it was not God's will for to marry her at 4 years of age. And, just because it was God's will for me to be a pastor beginning in the 1960s, does not mean that it was God's will for me to be the pastor of the Central Baptist Church in Fort Walton Beach, Florida before 2012 when I was called as pastor of this church.

Then as the Ark of the Covenant was being moved, we noted that things needed to be done in God's way. Although moving the Ark was a good thing, doing it in the wrong way resulted in a disastrous consequence. God's work needs to be done in God's way as well as in God's time. Although some pastors have said that it is not God's will for them to feed the flock of God, i.e. to teach the Bible to their local churches, because the people can study the Bible on their own, this is not what God has instructed them to do in the Scriptures. The work of God must be done in God's way.

In II Samuel 7 , we see another principal regarding the will of God: God's will is specific for us as individuals. Although something may be good for someone to do, it may not be God's will for me to be the one to do it. Certainly, some things are God's will for every believer; but other things are God's will only for specific persons. It is generally God's will that believers marry, but it was not God's will for me to be married to every godly woman. God had one person for me to marry within His will. So, we must ask ourselves if something is God's will for me. Good things may not necessarily be God's will for me. There may be many nice places for me to live, but God has only one place for me to be living at the present time.

Today, as we study II Samuel 7 , we see how David really desired to please the Lord and how the Lord rewarded him.

We see -

I. DAVID'S DESIRE TO BUILD A TEMPLE FOR THE LORD - 7:1-3

II Samuel 7:1-3 - 1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies. 2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar [i.e. It was a permanent, but elaborate home], but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains [i.e. in a tent. This apparently bothered David.]. 3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the Lord is with thee [It sounded like a good idea to Nathan. This was a preliminary response which the Lord would correct that night. Likewise some of our thoughts may seem like good ideas to us, but the Lord may readjust our thinking in accordance with His will.].

God granted David a time of rest, and David begins reflecting on some things. He observed the beautiful palace in which he was living. It was a palace that was made from the best materials. The walls were lined with cedar. Yet, as David thought about it, it bothered him; and he expressed his thoughts to Nathan. David was enjoying a luxurious palace, but God, whose presence is symbolized by the Ark of the Covenant, was dwelling in a makeshift tent. The contrast bothered him, and David discussed his desire with Nathan.

David desired to build a temple for God. His desire was proper and had no hidden agenda or ulterior motive. He was not trying to make a name for himself as the first temple builder. He was seeking rather for give God something which God deserved. His desire was worthy. David's desire was commendable. His motive was honorable. He simply desired to give something to God and to give Him the place He deserved. David's goal was also attainable. Of all the people in Israel, David was most likely the only one who had the resources or could acquire the resources to accomplish this task. Everything about David's desire and dream seemed good. As he expressed his idea to Nathan, the prophet, Nathan encouraged him to pursue it.

However, in spite of all this, we see that -

III. GOD HAD A DIFFERENT PLAN - 7:4-17

At this time, David did not understand what God was doing or why He was doing it. No explanation is given in our text. Rather, God simply said, No; and God does not owe an explanation to anyone. Later on, David acknowledged that it was because he was a "man of war" and had shed blood.

I Chronicles 28:3 - But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.

It is not clear when this explanation was given. Simply put, it was not God's will for David to build a temple for the Lord. This does not mean that it is not God's will that a temple be built; it was simply not His will for David to build it. It is in moments like these that we may struggle with the acceptance of God's answer. We have a desire to honor God and to do His will. A good idea is suddenly turned down with no explanation.

It is in times like these times that we must acknowledge the sovereignty of God. God is the One in charge; He alone knows what is best. I don't have to understand. I must simply trust Him and resolve to be faithful. It must be not my will, but thine be done.

We note that -

1. God had walked with Israel but had never demanded a permanent house to dwell in - 7:4-7

II Samuel 7:4-7 - (4) And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying, (5) Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? (6) Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked [i.e. I have moved about] in a tent and [i.e. even] in a tabernacle. (7) In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?

God reminds Nathan that He has never dwelt in a house. Instead, He has been in tent and in the tabernacle. The Ark of the Covenant, which represented the presence of the Lord, had been moved from place to place every time the Israelites had moved from one location to another. God never requested that a permanent dwelling be built. God has not rebuked them for not building a temple either; rather, since Israel was constantly moving, it was fitting and proper that God move with them. However, now that Israel is going to be given a permanent dwelling, it is fitting that God also be given a permanent place.

Although we have a very nice church building, an elaborate building is not necessary for an effective ministry. This building, lovely as it is, did not really enhance the ministry of this church. I am sure that it is more comfortable and spacious than the former sanctuary, but I am also sure that building this building changed the financial picture of this church for quite a few years. However, the effectiveness of the ministry of Central Baptist Church is not the result of this nice building in which we meet. I am not saying that it was not God's will for the church to build this current structure, but I believe that this church had an effective ministry before this building was ever built.

The effectiveness of this church and all other New Testament churches is found in the faithful proclamation of the Word of God and the submission of the members' hearts and minds to the truths of the Word of God. As long as these two elements are present, the church will be effective in God's sight regardless of the facility in which the congregation meets.

We also note that -

2. The Lord had done many great things for David - 7:8-9

II Samuel 7:8-9 - (8) Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote [i.e. from the sheepfold or from the pasture for sheep], from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: (9) And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

God took David from being a shepherd in a pasture to being the king in the palace. All of this was done by God. We must likewise remember that all that we have and all that we are is from God. Were it not for God, we would not be where we are today. God has blessed us abundantly. God can do amazing things with those who choose to be faithful. God took a shepherd boy, the youngest in the family who was overlooked, even by his own family, and made him the king of Israel. None of this was something that David did; instead, it was God Who took David from where he was and made him who he was, the king of Israel. God had also always been present in his life whether David realized it or not. As believers, we do not face our darkest trials alone.

Psalms 23:4 - Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

Hebrews 13:5 - Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

Furthermore, God has given David peace. He has cut off all his enemies and established his throne. As God has established David, He has also given him a great name. David was well-known throughout the nation of Israel and other nations. Even today, David is one of the great forefathers of Israel. He is well-known because God established Him.

Next, we see that -

3. Israel will have a happy future - 7:10

II Samuel 7:10 - Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime.

The Lord is going to appoint a place for them, planting them in a place all their own. Man cannot uproot and destroy what God plants. God is going to permanently establish Israel. They will be able to dwell in a place all their own. This promise is in keeping with the promise God gave to Abraham in Genesis 15 . Their dwelling will also be a peaceful dwelling in which they will not be afflicted by others. These promises go well beyond the immediate and include what God is going to do in the future. Neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime [i.e. as previously] clearly speaks of the future because it has never been true in the past; and it is also not true in the present.

We see furthermore that -

4. The Lord will bestow rich blessings upon David's family - 7:11-17

The covenant into which God enters with David is an unconditional covenant. Its fulfillment does not depend upon any action of David. It rests instead on the very character of God. It amounts to a promise that God is committed to keeping.

We see that -

(1) The Lord will make a royal dynasty for David - 7:11

II Samuel 7:11 - And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the Lord telleth thee that he will make thee an house [i.e. a royal dynasty].

Next we see that -

(2) When David dies and is buried, the Lord will set up David's son, Solomon, as king after him and will establish his kingdom - 7:12

II Samuel 7:12 - And when thy days be fulfilled [i.e. when you, David, come to the end of your life], and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers [i.e. when you, David, die], I will set up thy seed [i.e. I will set up Solomon] after thee, which [i.e. who] shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom [i.e. I will establish Solomon's kingdom].

In addition we see that -

(3) Solomon will build a house [i.e. temple] for the Lord's name - 7:13

II Samuel 7:13 - He [i.e. Solomon] shall build an house for my name, and I [i.e. the Lord] will stablish [i.e. will establish] the throne of his kingdom for ever [i.e. Solomon's royal authority will endure forever].

Furthermore, we see that -

(4) The Lord will be Solomon's father, and Solomon will be the Lord's son - 7:14a

II Samuel 7:14 a - I will be his father, and he shall be my son.

Moreover, we see that -

(5) If Solomon sins, the Lord will chasten him - 7:14b

II Samuel 7:14 b - If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men [i.e. I will use people to chasten him]:

But, we also see that -

(6) If Solomon sins, the Lord's mercy will not depart from him as it did from Saul - 7:15

II Samuel 7:15 - But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away [i.e. removed or deposed] before thee.

Finally, we see that -

(7) David's house, kingdom, and throne would be established forever - 7:16-17

II Samuel 7:16-17 - (16) And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever. (17) According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

Verses 8-17 contain what is known as the Davidic Covenant upon which the future kingdom of Christ, of the seed of David according to the flesh was to be founded.

Romans 1:1-3 - 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which [i.e. who] was made of the seed of David according to the flesh.

In summary, the Davidic Covenant provides -

(1) the promise of posterity in the Davidic house;

(2) a throne symbolic of royal authority;

(3) a kingdom, or rule on earth;

and (4) certainty of fulfillment, for the promises to David shall be established forever.

Solomon, whose birth God predicted in verse 12, was not promised a perpetual seed, but was only assured that:

(1) Solomon would build a house for the Lord's name (v. 13);

(2) David's kingdom would be established (v. 12);

(3) David's throne, i.e. David's royal authority, would endure forever;

and (4) if Solomon sinned, he would be chastised but not deposed like Saul was.

The continuance of Solomon's throne, but not Solomon's seed, shows the accuracy of the prediction. Israel, the Northern Kingdom, had nine dynasties; Judah, the Southern Kingdom, had only one.

Through His mother, Christ was a descendant of Nathan, another son of David, and was not descended from Solomon.

Joseph, the husband of Mary, was descended from Solomon, and through him the throne legally passed to Christ. Thus, the throne, but not the seed, came through Solomon, which is in precise fulfillment of the LORD'S promise to David. The seed of David came through Nathan and was passed to Christ through Mary.

The promise of perpetual fulfillment made to David was irrevocable. By contrast, Solomon illustrates the conditional character of the Davidic Covenant as applied to the kings who followed David. Disobedience on the part of David's descendants would result in chastisement, but not in annulment of the covenant. So chastisement fell, first in the division of the kingdom under Rehoboam, and finally in the captivities.

The Davidic Covenant was given to David by the oath of the LORD and was later confirmed to Mary by the Angel Gabriel.

Luke 1:26-32 - 26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. 29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. 30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David.

The Davidic Covenant is unchangeable; and it remains unfulfilled today. However, the LORD will one day give to Christ the throne of His father David.

The Davidic Covenant did not guarantee uninterrupted rule by David's family (and, in fact, the Babylonian Exile interrupted it), but it did promise that the right to rule would always remain with David's dynasty. Jesus Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of these promises and, although at this present time He is not ruling from the throne of David, at His second coming He will assume this throne (Ryrie Study Bible).

You might wonder why the Davidic Covenant is important for us today. I'm glad you asked. A proper understanding of the Davidic Covenant will help us have a proper understanding of the timing of future events such as the rapture.

It is important that we recognize that God has a distinct program for Israel, His chosen people and that He also has a distinct program for believers in this age. God's program for Israel will be fulfilled in the nation of Israel and not in the church. Also, God's program for the church will be fulfilled in the church and not in Israel.

Do not make the mistake of blending Israel with the church. The promises made to Israel will not be fulfilled in the church. The church is not the fulfillment of Old Testament Israel. If you keep Israel and the church separate and distinct in your thinking, you will turn out to be a believer in the pre-tribulation rapture of believers. You will also be a pre-millennialist, believing that the second coming of Christ will occur before the Millennium.

If, in your thinking, you allow some of the promises made to Israel to be fulfilled in the church, you will end up believing in a mid-tribulation rapture, a pre-wrath rapture, or a post-tribulation rapture.

Finally, we note -

IV. DAVID'S RESPONSE TO GOD'S REVEALED WILL - 7:18-29

David's prayer exemplifies the proper response of a believer to God's revealed will. Rather than mourn the loss of the privilege of building the temple, David rejoiced in the promise of future blessing and acknowledged God's sovereignty. As Christ would later say, Not my will but Thine be done.

II Samuel 7:18-21 - 18 Then went king David in, and sat [i.e. sat back on his heels in a position of prayer] before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto [i.e. that You have brought me this far]? 19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant. 21 For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.

Similarly, God has done great things for us. He has met our need for salvation and has also met all our need for living for Him.

II Samuel 7:22-29 - 22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible [i.e. awesome], for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods? 24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God. 25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said. 26 And let thy name be magnified for ever [i.e. That Your name may be magnified forever], saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee. 27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house [i.e. a royal dynasty]: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. 28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: 29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.

CONCLUSION:

In chapter 7 we see David's desire to build a house for God. We also see God's desire to build David's house, i.e. David's royal dynasty. We also see David's response to God's revealed will for him. In effect, he said as Christ would later say, Not my will, but thy will be done.

Let's make up our minds to live for the Lord and then watch and see what God will do for us and our families. Let's accept His will for our lives, whatever it is, and seek always to live our lives in the center of His will for us, never going ahead of him and never lagging behind.

Most of God's will for us has already been made clear to us in the Bible. So, let's keep studying it and live our lives according to it. When we do, God at the right time will also make the rest of His will clear for us as we go through life.