II Samuel 8

Sunday, June 14th, 2015

THE ENLARGEMENT OF DAVID'S KINGDOM

INTRODUCTION:

In II Samuel 7:1-3 , David expressed a desire to build God's house.

In II Samuel 7:4-17 , God expressed His intent to build David's house (i.e. David's royal dynasty) with the result that the throne of David's kingdom will be established forever.

II Samuel 7:4-11 - (4) And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying, (5) Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? (6) Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked [i.e. I have moved about] in a tent and in a tabernacle [i.e. even in a tabernacle]. (7) In all the places wherein I have walked [i.e. in which I have moved about] with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar? (8) Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote [i.e. from the sheepfold or from the pasture for sheep], from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: (9) And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest [i.e. wherever you went], and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. (10) Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime [i.e. as formerly or as previously], (11) And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the Lord telleth thee that he will make thee an house [i.e. a royal dynasty].

In II Samuel 8 , we see that God, in keeping with His Word, blessed David's kingdom by enlarging and extending it.

Before we get into this, however, we remind ourselves that God's word is always good. He always keeps His word. There has never been a promise made by God which has not already been fulfilled or which will not be fulfilled in the future.

Titus 1:1-2 - (1) Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; (2) In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began.

I John 2:27 - But the anointing [i.e. a reference to God the Holy Spirit] which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

I John 4:6 - We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.

I John 5:6 - This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.

I John 5:20 - And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true [i.e. God the Father], and we are in him that is true [i.e. God the Father], even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God [i.e. a reference to Jesus Christ], and eternal life.

Because truth characterizes God, because God cannot lie, then the promises He has made to us will be fulfilled also. As we study God's word, we realize the preciousness of His promises to us and to other believers. They are indeed a source of real comfort to us.

I. DAVID'S VICTORY OVER THE PHILISTINES - 8:1

II Samuel 8:1 - (1) And after this it came to pass that David smote [i.e. attacked] the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

The Philistines had been Israel's perennial enemies for more than 125 years. Based on a comparison with I Chronicles 18:1 , Methegammah is Gath, one of the major cities of the Philistines. Gath was located in a southeasterly direction from Jerusalem and was about half way to the Mediterranean Sea.

I Chronicles 18:1 - Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.

II. DAVID'S VICTORY OVER MOAB - 8:2

II Samuel 8:2 - (2) And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. [The verse may be understood to mean that David spared the young Moabites (whose heights were equal to that of one measuring line) and executed the adults (whose heights were equal to two lines). Or it may mean that one out of three rows of soldiers was spared (Ryrie Study Bible) and the other two lines were executed.] And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts [i.e. tribute].

Moab was on the southeast side of the Dead Sea.

III. DAVID'S VICTORY OVER HADADEZER, KING OF ZOBAH - 8:3-4, 7-8

II Samuel 8:3-4 - (3) David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah [Zobah was an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom north of Damascus. (Ryrie Study Bible)], as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. (4) And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed [i.e. hamstrung] all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots. [Although II Samuel 8:4 reads seven hundred horsemen, I Chronicles 18:4, speaking of the same episode, reads seven thousand horsemen {cf. I Chron. 18:4 - And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed [i.e. hamstrung] all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.} Everybody understands that there are some problems in Kings and Chronicles with numbers, and this is one of them.]

Zobah was an area located just north of Damascus. Apparently Hadadezer had just gone on a campaign to the Euphrates River to recover some territory, and David, in his absence attacked.

Houghed means hamstrung. When a horse was hamstrung, a tendon in the back of the leg was cut. This made the horse unfit for warfare.

II Samuel 8:7-8 - (7) And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. (8) And from Betah [called Tibhath in I Chronicles 18:8], and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

IV. DAVID'S VICTORY OVER THE SYRIANS - 8:5-6A

II Samuel 8:5-6 a - (5) And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour [i.e. to help] Hadadezer king of Zobah [a Syrian kingdom north of Damascus], David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. (6) Then David put garrisons [i.e. stationed armed forces] in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts [i.e. tribute].

V. THE LORD PRESERVED DAVID WHEREVER HE WENT - 8:6B

II Samuel 8:6 b - And the Lord preserved David whithersoever [i.e. wherever] he went.

VI. TOI, KING OF HAMATH, CONGRATULATES DAVID AND APPARENTLY SUBMITS TO DAVID AS A RESULT OF DAVID'S VICTORY OVER HADADEZER - 8:9-10

II Samuel 8:9-10 - (9) When Toi king of Hamath [Hamath was another Syrian state located about 100 mi (160 km) north of Damascus (Ryrie Study Bible)] heard that David had smitten [i.e. defeated] all the host [i.e. all the army] of Hadadezer, (10) Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute [i.e. to greet] him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels [i.e. articles] of silver, and vessels [i.e. articles] of gold, and vessels [i.e. articles] of brass.

VII. DAVID DEDICATED THE SPOILS OF WAR UNTO THE LORD - 8:11-12

II Samuel 8:11-12 - (11) Which also king David did dedicate unto the Lord, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; (12) Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

VIII. DAVID SMOTE THE SYRIANS (EDOMITES) IN THE VALLEY OF SALT - 8:13

II Samuel 8:13 - And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians [Probably a reference to Edom rather than Aram (cf. I Chronicles 18:12 ; Psalms 60 , title)] in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

I Chronicles 18:12 - Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.

The title in Psalms 60 reads, To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand.

IX. DAVID SUBDUED EDOM - 8:14A

II Samuel 8:14 a - And he put garrisons [i.e. stationed armed forces] in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons [i.e. stationed armed forces], and all they of Edom became David's servants. . . .

X. THE LORD PRESERVED DAVID WHEREVER HE WENT - 8:14B

II Samuel 8:14 b - . . . And the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.

This is the second time this statement is made in this chapter (cf. verse 6). Whenever a statement is repeated within short space in the Scripture, we can rest assured that God has placed it there for emphasis.

XI. DAVID'S REIGN WAS OVER ALL ISRAEL AND CHARACTERIZED BY JUSTICE AND RIGHTEOUSNESS UNTO ALL PEOPLE - 8:15

II Samuel 8:15 - And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

XII. A LIST OF DAVID'S OFFICIALS - 8:16-18

II Samuel 8:16-18 - (16) And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host [i.e. the army]; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder [i.e. the royal historian, the keeper of the records, the chronicler]; (17) And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests [The priestly line of Zadok, a descendant of Aaron through Eleazar, eventually replaced that of Abiathar, which Samuel predicted would come to an end (Ryrie Study Bible)]; and Seraiah was the scribe [i.e. the secretary]; (18) And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites [i.e. in charge of David's bodyguards]; and David's sons were chief rulers [i.e. chief ministers or royal advisors].

CONCLUSION:

God cannot lie. He promised that He would build David's house, and He did as we have seen in II Samuel 8 .

God has also made many promises to us, and He will keep His word.

John 3:16 - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

Romans 10:9 - That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.

Romans 10:13 - For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Matthew 28:19-20 - 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

Hebrews 13:5 - Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

John 5:24 - Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

Matthew 10:27-30 - 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: 28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. 29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. 30 I and my Father are one.

Jeremiah 33:3 - Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and shew thee great and mighty things, which thou knowest not.

Psalms 32:8 - I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.

Proverbs 3:5-6 - 5 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. 6 In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

James 1:5 - If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

Philippians 1:6 - Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.

Galatians 6:7-9 - 7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. 9 And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.