II Samuel 10

Sunday, July 5th, 2015



In II Samuel 9 David is seen showing kindness to Mephibosheth. We noted that it pictured God dealing in grace with sinners. We saw how David had taken the initiative out of the kindness of his heart to show kindness to Mephibosheth, and we saw how gratefully Mephibosheth responded.

In II Samuel 10 we see David again desiring to show kindness to someone. This time it was to Hanum, the king of the children of Ammon; but instead of deeply appreciating it, Hanum resented it.

In II Samuel 10 , we see a parallel between David's attempt to show kindness to Hanum and God's attempt to show kindness to those who reject the gospel.

We as believers realize that we are to be witnessing regarding the truth of the gospel message.

Matthew 28:18-20 - 18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

Mark 16:15 - And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

We note that whenever the gospel message is preached, there are two different responses to it. Some people accept it and trust Christ as their personal Savior; and some people reject it. In addition, some of those who reject it get really mad about it.

Acts 5:41-42 - (41) And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name. (42) And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.

Acts 6:7-13 - (7) And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith. (8) And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people. (9) Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. (10) And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. (11) Then they suborned men [i.e. they secretly induced men or they secretly persuaded men], which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God. (12) And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon him, and caught him, and brought him to the council [i.e. to the Sanhedrin], (13) And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law.

Acts 8:3-4 - (3) As for Saul, he made havock of [i.e. he ravaged] the church, entering into every house, and haling [i.e. dragging off] men and women committed them to prison. (4) Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.

Acts 17:32-34 - (32) And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of this matter. (33) So Paul departed from among them. (34) Howbeit certain men clave unto him [i.e. certain men joined him], and believed: among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and others with them.

Acts 28:23-24 - (23) And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. (24) And some believed the things which were spoken, and some believed not.

Let's examine this picture God has painted for us in II Samuel 10 of the shameful rejection of David's kindness.

We see that -


II Samuel 10:1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.

Just as the death of the king of Ammon provides us with the background for David's display of kindness, so spiritual death provides us with the background for the gospel invitation.

Genesis 2:15-17 - (15) And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. (16) And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: (17) But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Genesis 3:1-6 - 1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

In spite of Adam and Eve's sin, God promised to provide salvation from sin and its consequences. Speaking to the serpent, God said -

Genesis 3:15 - And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

The seed of the woman is the Lord Jesus Christ, and He totally destroyed Satan when He died on the cross for the sins of all humanity.

Yet, sin passed upon all humanity -

Romans 5:12 - Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.

Ephesians 2:1-3 - (1) And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; (2) Wherein in time past ye walked [i.e. you conducted your lives] according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: (3) Among whom also we all had our conversation [i.e. our manner of life] in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Ephesians 4:17-19 - (17) This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, (18) Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: (19) Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness [i.e. unto sensuality or lewdness], to work all uncleanness with greediness.

II Corinthians 4:3-4 - (3) But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: (4) In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

Next, we see that -


II Samuel 10:2 a - Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. . . .

Similarly, God sent Christ into the world in order that all the world through Christ might be saved from sin and its consequences.

John 3:16-17 - (16) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. (17) For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

Luke 19:10 - For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

In spite of God's provision of salvation for everyone, some choose to reject His offer of salvation with dire consequences -

II Peter 2:1 - But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.

We also see that -


II Samuel 10:2 b - . . . And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. . . .

God made many attempts to save the people of Israel.

Matthew 23:37-39 - 37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! 38 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. 39 For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

God has also sent His servants to proclaim the gospel to those who are lost.

Luke 24:46-47 - (46) And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: (47) And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

Acts 1:8 - But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

We see that -


II Samuel 10:2 c - . . . And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon. . . .

Similarly, believers have gone into the world to proclaim the gospel message.

Acts 5:42 - And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.

Acts 8:4 - Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.

II Corinthians 5:20-21 - (20) Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. (21) For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

We see that -


II Samuel 10:3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

Witnessing believers are sometimes considered self-seekers and trouble makers. Don't be surprised if it happens to you or to someone you know.

I Peter 2:11-12 - (11) Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul; (12) Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

As a result, we see that -


II Samuel 10:4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Witnessing believers are often mocked, insulted, sent away in shame, falsely accused, and slandered. Don't be surprised if it happens to you.

We also see that -


II Samuel 10:5 When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

Finally, we see that -


II Samuel 10:6-19 - (6) And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. (7) And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. (8) And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field. (9) When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians: (10) And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon. (11) And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee. (12) Be of good courage, and let us play the men [i.e. let us show ourselves courageous or let us be strong] for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the Lord do that which seemeth him good [It sounds very much like, let's do our best and leave the result up to God.]. (13) And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him. (14) And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem. (15) And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together. (16) And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river [i.e. the Euphrates River]: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. (17) And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him. (18) And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there. (19) And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

Remember the words of Christ in Luke 10:16

Luke 10:16 - He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.

We see a similar situation when the Jews rejected Christ at His first coming.

Matthew 21:33-46 - 33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country: 34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it. 35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. 36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise. 37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son. 38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance. 39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him. 40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen? 41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons. 42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? 43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you [i.e. from you Jews], and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof [i.e. to believers comprising the church]. 44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken [a reference to the Jews rejecting Christ at His first coming]: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder [a reference to Christ's second coming in judgment when He will scatter His enemies as dust]. 45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them. 46 But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet [i.e. they considered Him a prophet, they viewed Him as a prophet, or they looked upon Him as a prophet].


Now we can learn a number of lessons for servants of Christ.

1. Obey the Lord Jesus Christ, no matter what, just as David's servants obeyed him.

2. Be prepared for your best intentions and kindest actions to be misunderstood and misrepresented.

3. Do not be surprised if you receive ingratitude, contempt, and even abuse, whether mental or physical.

4. Remember that you are privileged to be a servant of Christ.

5. Do not be discouraged because Christ will plead your cause just as David pleaded the cause of his servants.

6. Do not attempt to avenge yourselves. It is tempting to do so, but we must follow Christ's example.

Romans 12:17-21 - (17) Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. (18) If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. (19) Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. (20) Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. (21) Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

I Peter 2:21-23 - (21) For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: (22) Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: (23) Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously.

I Peter 3:14-17 - (14) But and if [i.e. even if] ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror [i.e. don't begin to be intimidated by them], neither be troubled; (15) But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts [i.e. set God apart as Lord in your hearts, recognize God's sovereignty in the matter]: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: (16) Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ. (17) For it is better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.

I Peter 4:12-16 - (12) Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: (13) But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. (14) If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. (15) But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters. (16) Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.

7. If you must retire from the public eye for a while, remember that it is the Lord who orders your isolated seclusion.