Revelation 13:11-18

Sunday, July 5th, 2015

THE BEAST OUT OF THE EARTH: THE FALSE PROPHET

INTRODUCTION:

In Revelation of Jesus Christ 11:15 the seventh trumpet is sounded. However, the contents of this seventh trumpet are not revealed until Revelation of Jesus Christ 15 and 16 where we find the seven bowl or vial judgments.

In Revelation of Jesus Christ 12-14 the great actors of the tribulation are introduced in a parenthetical section.

1. The woman, representing Israel

2. The dragon, representing Satan

3. The man-child, referring to Christ

4. Michael, representing the angels

5. Israel, the remnant of the seed of the woman

6. The beast out of the sea, the world dictator

7. The beast out of the earth, the false prophet and religious leader of the world

In our last message we looked at -

THE BEAST OUT OF THE SEA:

THE ANTICHRIST

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:1-10

We saw -

I. THE EMERGENCE OF THE BEAST OUT OF THE SEA - 13:1-2

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:1-2 - (1) And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. (2) And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.

We also saw -

II. THE DEADLY WOUND OF THE BEAST - 13:3

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:3 And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.

Then we saw -

III. THE WORSHIP OF SATAN BY ALL THE WORLD - 13:4

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:4 And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?

Next, we saw -

IV. THE BLASPHEMOUS CHARACTER OF THE BEAST AS WORLD RULER - 13:5-6

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:5-6 - (5) And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. (6) And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.

We furthermore saw -

V. THE UNIVERSAL DOMINION OF THE BEAST - 13:7

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.

In addition, we saw -

VI. THE UNIVERSAL WORSHIP OF THE BEAST - 13:8

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Finally, we saw -

VII. THE EXHORTATION TO HEAR - 13:9-10

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:9-10 - (9) If any man have an ear, let him hear. (10) He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

We move on to --

THE BEAST OUT OF THE EARTH:

THE FALSE PROPHET

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:11-18

We see -

VIII. THE SECOND BEAST - 13:11-12

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:11-12 - (11) And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. (12) And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

In verse 11 a second beast is seen arising out of the earth. His appearance is deceptive, but his true character is revealed by his speech.

I beheld is the same term translated I saw in verse 1.

Another beast is another beast of the same sort.

This second beast is seen coming up out of the earth.

Coming up is ascending. It is the same word used to describe the first beast in verse 1. Whereas the first beast was seen coming up out of the sea, this second beast is seen coming up out of the earth. He had been in the earth and was seen coming out of it.

The earth or the land suggests that this lamb is earthly rather than heavenly like the Lamb of God. Although some believe that this means he must be a Jew, I don't believe that this is necessarily so.

This beast out of the earth is also known as the false prophet. He is described by the phrase which follows: and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.

The tense of he had indicates continuing action in past time.

What this second beast, the beast out of the earth or the false prophet, had was two horns like a lamb, which means that he resembled a lamb. The fact that he has only two horns suggests that he has less power than the first beast, the beast out of the sea; and the context indicates that he will indeed play a role that is secondary to the first beast, the antichrist.

Like is similar to, and lamb is sheep. As a lamb, he would appear innocent and non-threatening.

However, he did not speak like a lamb as and he spake as a dragon clearly indicates.

And may continue the narrative, or it may introduce a contrast and be understood in the sense of but. Both are true, and both fit the context.

The tense of he spake indicates ongoing action in past time and is understood in the sense of he was speaking.

As a dragon suggests as a dragon speaks.

This second beast is none other than the false prophet who has characteristics of two of the main characters in Revelation, the Lamb of God, i.e. the Lord Jesus Christ, and the dragon, i.e. Satan. His true character is represented by what he says or by what comes out of his mouth rather than by his general appearance. He is a wicked religious leader who appears as if he were innocent and non-threatening. He may well appear to be a kind, grandfatherly type who would never harm anyone. However, his actions will speak for themselves. He speaks like the devil.

He is the false prophet who, along with the beast out of the sea, the antichrist, is cast into the lake of fire in Revelation of Jesus Christ 19:20 . Both of them are seen to be still in the lake of fire in Revelation of Jesus Christ 20:10 when Satan is cast in with them one thousand years later.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 19:20 - And the beast was taken [i.e. the antichrist] and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 20:10 - And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast [i.e. the antichrist] and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

In verse 12 the false prophet, in exercising the power of the antichrist, causes the earth and its inhabitants to worship the antichrist.

He, i.e. the false prophet, exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, which suggests that the antichrist grants or allows the false prophet unlimited authority to do what he does.

All the power suggests that none is excluded.

The power is the same word translated authority in verse 2 and power in verses 4, 5, and 7. In verse 7 the first beast exercised authority over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.

Of the first beast refers to the antichrist, i.e. to the beast out of the sea.

Before him suggests by the authority of the first beast or on behalf of the first beast. The same word translated before in this verse is translated in the sight of in verse 14.

What this second beast, i.e. the false prophet, does is indicated by and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast.

Causeth is he makes, and its tense indicates ongoing or repeated action.

The earth and them which dwell therein suggests the entire unsaved population of the earth. Inasmuch as the physical earth is not capable of literally bowing or worshiping, it is viewed as representing the people, as is indicated by them which dwell therein, i.e. the ones who are dwelling in the earth or the ones who are living in the earth.

What this second beast, i.e. the false prophet, causes the inhabitants of the earth to do is to worship the first beast i.e. to worship the antichrist, i.e. to bow down and worship the antichrist, to prostate themselves before the antichrist, to do obeisance to the antichrist, or to reverence the antichrist.

The first beast is the one described in verses 1-10 who ascended out of the sea, also known as the antichrist.

Whose deadly wound was healed provides some explanation of verse 3 which says,

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:3 - And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.

Next, we see -

IX. THE DECEPTIVE MIRACLES OF THE FALSE PROPHET - 13:13-14

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:13-14 - (13) And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, (14) And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

In verse 13 the beast arising from the earth works miracles making fire come down from heaven to the earth as people watch.

He doeth is the false prophet performs.

What he makes, does, or performs is great wonders, i.e. great signs or miracles. He is using miraculous powers to show signs that he is telling the truth in encouraging people to bow down and worship the first beast, even though he is lying and is actually deceiving them. Hence, the miracles he performs are actually lying wonders.

So that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men introduces the result of his performing miracles.

So that shows that this second beast, the false prophet, performs, causes, or brings about miracles with the result that or in that he maketh fire come down from heaven.

He maketh is he makes or he causes.

Fire come down from heaven is fire to come down out of heaven and indicates the source out of which the fire comes.

On the earth is into the earth or unto the earth and indicates the direction of this fire.

In the sight of men is in the presence of men or before men and indicates the audience before whom this miracle was repeatedly performed. Men is the generic term for humanity and includes females as well as males.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

In verse 14 the beast arising from the earth, i.e. the false prophet, deceives people by the miracles he does and encourages people to make an image to the beast out of the sea, i.e. to the antichrist.

Deceiveth is he deceives or he misleads where he refers to the false prophet, the beast ascending out of the earth or out of the land.

Them that dwell on the earth is the ones who are dwelling on the earth or the ones who are living upon the earth. It refers to the unsaved people who are still alive during the tribulation era.

By the signs is because of the signs or on account of the signs, where signs means miracles or wonders and refers to the miracles performed by this second beast, the false prophet.

Which he had power to do is literally which were given to him to do.

In the sight of the beast means in the presence of (or before) the antichrist. Here, as in verse 12, although it may mean that the beast was actually and always present whenever the false prophet performed these miracles, it seems better to understand it in the sense of by the authority of (or on behalf of) the antichrist.

Saying to them that dwell on the earth refers to the unsaved people who are still alive during the tribulation era.

Saying to them that dwell on the earth that they should make an image to the beast is telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image (or a likeness) to the antichrist. It means that the image (or likeness) they are to make is to look like (or to look similar to) the beast which ascended out of the sea, i.e. to look like the antichrist.

Which had the wound by a sword, and did live further identifies the beast to whom the image is to be made as being the first beast. Here, an additional fact about the beast's (or antichrist's) wound is revealed. It was a wound or plague by a sword. It has been revealed previously that it was a deadly wound. Here it is seen to be inflicted by a sword which implies that it is inflicted as the result of having been defeated in war.

What he had was the wound by a sword, which indicates that the beast suffered a violent wound; yet, it did live.

I remind you that the beast is both the ruler and the empire. The wound refers to the decline of the historic Roman empire.

Did live refers to the revival of the Roman Empire by the man who serves as its head, i.e. the antichrist.

Then we learn that -

X. ALL ARE REQUIRED TO WORSHIP THE BEAST OUT OF THE SEA - 13:15-17

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:15-17 - (15) And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. (16) And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: (17) And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

In verse 15 the beast arising out of the earth, i.e. the false prophet, gives spirit unto the image of the beast out of the sea, i.e. the antichrist, enabling the image both to speak and to cause those who refuse to worship this image of the antichrist to be killed.

He [i.e. the false prophet] had power to give life unto the image of the beast, which means to give spirit to the image of the beast was given to him.

Someone enables the false prophet to give life to the image of the beast, and this someone appears to be Satan himself. Of course, even Satan cannot do this without God's permission.

What was given to the false prophet was to give life, i.e. to give spirit or to give breath, unto the image of the beast. It suggests that the image did not actually come to life but only appeared to come to life in that it was able to speak. It may have been animated.

Unto the image of the beast indicates where he was able to give life or spirit. It is to the first beast's (i.e. the antichrist's) image or likeness.

That the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed indicates the purpose or intended result for which this false prophet was enabled to give life or spirit to the image of the antichrist.

If showing purpose, that is in order that or for the purpose that. If showing intended result, that is so that or with the result that.

The image of the beast should speak (or the image of the beast {or antichrist} might speak) indicates that somehow the image of the antichrist made by the false prophet, was enabled to speak.

Another purpose (or intended result) for which the false prophet was enabled to give life or spirit to the image of the antichrist is indicated by and cause, which means and the image of the beast might cause or and the image of the antichrist might make. It is the image of the beast (or the image of the antichrist) which causes those who refuse to worship the image of the beast [i.e. the image of the antichrist] to be killed. Perhaps it is by the words the image of the beast speaks. These words may be programmed into the image by the false prophet.

As many as would not worship is all those who would not bow down and worship, all those who would not prostrate themselves before, or all those who would not reverence. What these would not worship is the image of the beast. Obviously, many will worship the image of the antichrist; but some will not. Those who refuse will be condemned to death as is made clear by should be killed. The second beast, i.e. the false prophet, will take the lead in the martyrdom of all persons who refuse to bow down and worship the image of the beast, i.e. the image of the antichrist.

It is reminiscent of II Thessalonians 2:3-4 .

II Thessalonians 2:3-4 - (3) Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; (4) Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

It is also reminiscent of Matthew 24:15 .

Matthew 24:15 - When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:).

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads.

According to verse 16, the beast arising out of the earth, i.e. the false prophet, causes all people to receive a mark in their right hands or on their foreheads.

He causeth, i.e. the false prophet causes (or makes); and its tense indicates ongoing or continuing activity.

All means all persons.

These persons are described as both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond.

Small and great may refer to their age or to their status in life. If it refers to their age, then it is understood in the sense of young and old. If it refers to their social status in life, then it is understood in the sense of unimportant or important. The appears in the Greek text before small as well as before great. This indicates that the entire class of small ones as well as the entire class of great ones is included. It represents the sum total of all persons who are small as well as the sum total of all persons who are great. No one is excluded either by his age or by his social status.

Rich and poor indicates that none are excluded by their financial means. Likewise, the appears in the Greek text before rich as well as before poor. This indicates that the entire class of rich ones as well as the entire class of poor ones is included. It represents the sum total of all persons who are rich as well as the sum total of all persons who are poor. None are excluded either by their wealth or by their lack of wealth.

Free and bond includes all those who are not slaves as well as all those who are slaves. As with small, great, rich, and poor, the appears in the Greek text before free as well as before bond. This indicates that the entire class of free ones as well as the entire class of slaves is included. It represents the sum total of all persons who are free as well as the sum total of all persons who are slaves. None are excluded either by their status as free or by their status as slaves. In other words, all persons are included and no persons are excluded throughout the entire world.

Some, however, will not comply with the mandate.

What the beast forces all persons to do is to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads.

To receive is that he might give them. What he would cause them to receive or what he would give them is a mark, i.e. a mark or stamp engraved, etched, branded, cut, or imprinted. With the technology available today, it might even be implanted.

In (or upon) their right hand, or in (or upon) their foreheads indicates where the mark will be made or placed on each person.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

The mark of the beast is in contrast to the seal of God the Father on the foreheads of the 144,000.

According to verse 17 only those who have the mark of the beast out of the sea, i.e. the mark of the antichrist, his name, or his number, will be able to buy or sell.

The false prophet not only causes that everyone receive the mark on his right hand or on his forehead, but he also causes that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

No man is no one or nobody and includes females as well as males.

Might buy or sell is might be able to buy or to sell. By prohibiting all purchasing and/or selling without the mark of the beast, all people will theoretically be controlled.

Save he that had is except the one who has or except the one having.

What one must have in order to buy and sell is the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. By having the mark, or the name of the first beast, i.e. the antichrist, or the number of this first beast's name, one signifies that he belongs to this beast, i.e. that he belongs to the antichrist, in the same way that one who takes upon himself the name of Jesus Christ indicates that he belongs to Christ. It will only be unsaved people who will receive this mark. It is clear from the next verse what the number of this first beast is, but its significance is not clear.

Finally, we learn -

XI. THE NUMBER OF THE BEAST OUT OF THE SEA - 13:18

Revelation of Jesus Christ 13:18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.

There is great speculation as to who the antichrist is, but no one really knows who he is.

In verse 18 the number of the beast out of the sea is revealed as being 666.

Here suggests in this case rather than in this place.

Wisdom is in being able to identify the beast or the antichrist by his number which is 666. Although it is not clear today what the significance of this number is, as is evidenced by the many attempts to identify the antichrist historically, it will become clear when it needs to be; and believers should content themselves with this understanding.

Him that hath understanding is literally the one who has the mind. It implies the one who has the mind as the faculty for understanding and refers to saved people, all of whom have this understanding. It is something God will give to believers which will enable them to perceive what is happening during the tribulation period. Knowing the number of the beast should enable them to figure out his identity.

Let him . . . count is a third person imperative for which English has no equivalent. It means that he must certainly count, he must certainly calculate, or he must certainly reckon.

What he is to count, calculate, or reckon is the number of the beast.

For introduces an explanation as to why he should calculate the number of the beast.

It is the number of a man is literally it is a number of man or it is a human number.

His number means the first beast's number, i.e. the antichrist's number.

Six hundred threescore and six is six hundred sixty-six (or 666). Its significance is unclear. It may in some way indicate the actual identity of the beast, or it may indicate that he is human rather than God, i.e. that he stops short of divine perfection.