II Samuel 11:1-5

Sunday, July 12th, 2015



It is important that we recognize that we have all sinned and come short of the glory of God. As a result of having sinned, we recognize that we all deserve to spend eternity in hell paying for our sins. It is also important to recognize that in spite of our sin, God loved us and provided a way by which we could be forgiven for our sins and spend eternity in heaven rather than in hell. He sent His Son, Jesus, to die on the cross, where He shed His blood in paying for all the sins of all of us. It is most important that we recognize for us to be forgiven for our sins, we must receive Jesus Christ as our personal Savior by faith.

John 3:16 - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

If you have never received Jesus Christ as your personal Savior from sin and its consequences, you can do so right now. Call upon God, tell Him that you know that you are a sinner, tell Him that you know that you deserve to spend eternity in hell as a punishment for your sins, tell Him that you believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross to pay for your sins, and ask Him to forgive you and save you from your sins and from the consequences of your sins. He has promised that He will do so. Do it now. Don't delay.

Unfortunately, saved people can still commit terrible sins.

The Bible is a most unusual book in that it allows us to see the sins of its characters. As a matter of fact, this is one of the most convincing arguments for the inspiration of Scripture.

II Timothy 3:15-17 - (15) And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. (16) All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: (17) That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

Romans 15:4 - For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

I Corinthians 10:11-12 - (11) Now all these things happened unto them [i.e. unto the Jewish people] for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. (12) Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

In II Samuel 11:1-5 , we see David's sin with Bathsheba and its progression.

We note -


II Samuel 11:1-2 - (1) And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah [the only Ammonite city mentioned in Scripture]. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. (2) And it came to pass in an eveningtide [i.e. one evening], that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.

1. He neglected his duty - v. 1

It was normal for kings to lead their armies into battle. He should have been with his men. Had he been where he belonged, he would not have fallen into this sin.

2. He had taken off his armor - v. 2

Ephesians 6:11-17 - (11) Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. (12) For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. (13) Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. (14) Stand therefore, having your loins [i.e. your waist] girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; (15) And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; (16) Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. (17) And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

3. He had a wandering eye; or he allowed himself to be set up; or both - v. 2

The possibility exists that David did not intend to commit this sin but fell into sin when the temptation was sprung upon him. It is also possible that he went looking for what he saw.

James 1:12-15 - (12) Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. (13) Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: (14) But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. (15) Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

I Corinthians 10:13 - There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

If a temptation is sprung upon you, look for a way to escape. God has promised that there will be one.

Also, don't put yourself into some situation where you can reasonably expect to be tempted. If you can avoid the temptation, you may very well avoid committing the sin.

When temptation comes, flee from it. Get away where you won't be tempted.

The possibility also exists, however, that David knew what he was doing and intentionally went looking for what he found.

If we go looking to get involved in sin, unless God gets in our way and stops us, we will very likely find ourselves involved in the sin we went looking for.

Proverbs 6:20-29 - (20) My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: (21) Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck. (22) When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. (23) For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life: (24) To keep thee from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman. (25) Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids. (26) For by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life. (27) Can a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned? (28) Can one go upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned? (29) So he that goeth in to his neighbour's wife; whosoever toucheth her shall not be innocent.

Matthew 5:28 - But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust [i.e. for the purpose of lusting] after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

The possibility also exists that Bathsheba knew very well what she was doing and was not at all innocent. Perhaps she found David attractive. Perhaps, she thought that she could live in a bigger and better home with David than with Uriah. We don't know her thought process, but we do know that women know how to get men's attentions. We also know that women know very well what is modest and what is not.

Proverbs 6:26 - For by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life.

Next, we note -


II Samuel 11:3-5 - (3) And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? (4) And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. (5) And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.

1. David purposed to satisfy his lust.

If he had not purposed to satisfy his lust, he might have avoided the sin.

2. David sent and inquired after the woman - v. 3

No one forced this inquiry after Bathsheba. David did it of his own free will.

3. David sent messengers and took her - v. 4

No one forced David to send messengers to her and to take her.

4. She came in unto him - v. 4

No one apparently forced her. She had to have understood the king's intentions, especially when it is very possible that she had set him up.

5. He lay with her - v. 4

David knew what adultery was, and he knew that it was forbidden in the Ten Commandments.

Exodus 20:14 - Thou shalt not commit adultery.

We likewise know the truth of -

Hebrews 13:4 - Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.

Finally, we note -


1. David was about 50 years old when this happened. He knew better. He was not some naive teenager.

2. David had his own wives. He did not need a physical relationship with someone else's wife.

3. David had sons who were nearly full grown. He set a bad example for them.

4. David was the king. He set a poor example for his people.

5. Uriah was hazarding his life in David's service. This was Uriah's wife. What a way for David to say thank you to Uriah for Uriah's faithfulness and devotion to his king - by seducing Uriah's wife in his absence (if he actually seduced her) and by committing adultery with her (which definitely happened).

6. David was a child of God, and this sin gave opportunity for the enemies of God to blaspheme God.


There are a number of lessons we can learn.

Realize that -

1. You are going to be tempted to sin.

Satan desires to destroy you.

I Peter 5:8 - Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.

Realize that you don't need Satan's help to get involved in sin because -

2. Your old sin nature is wicked.

Genesis 6:5 - And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Genesis 8:21 - And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.

Jeremiah 17:9 - The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

Romans 7:18 - For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.

3. Victory over temptation is possible.

Galatians 5:16 - This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.

4. You must stay strong spiritually.

You are not able to have victory over sin in your own strength.

Ephesians 6:11-13 - 11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. 13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.

5. You must not expose yourself to things that are sinful.

Romans 13:14 - But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

Realize that -

6. Realize that even the most godly can fall into terrible sin.

I Corinthians 10:12 - Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

Realize that if/when you sin -

7. With God, there is forgiveness upon confession and forsaking of sin.

I John 1:9 - If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

Proverbs 28:13 - He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.

I Corinthians 11:31-32 - (31) For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. (32) But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.