II Samuel 12:13-14, 24-31

Sunday, August 2nd, 2015



1. We have seen David's sin: he committed adultery.

2. We have also seen David's cover-up: he committed murder.

3. Furthermore, we have seen David's conviction when Nathan said to him, Thou art the man.

In today's message we see David's restoration to full fellowship with God. We see also that if God can forgive David for what he did and still consider him a man after His own heart, He can forgive you or me also.

We begin with -


We see the meaning of repentance in Matthew 21:28-30 .

Matthew 21:28-30 - (28) But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard. (29) He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went. (30) And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.

Repentance is a change of mind which is so thorough it leads to a change of direction or change of course.

Repentance is a necessary prerequisite to salvation. An individual changes his mind about his sin not being bad enough to keep him out of God's heaven. He changes his mind about the direction his life is taking him. He changes his mind about what he thought he was doing to enable him to go to heaven and realizes that he is lost, hopeless, and helpless and that there is nothing he can do to earn his salvation because he stands condemned before God because of his sin. As a result, he places his trust in Jesus Christ's death on the cross and subsequent resurrection from the dead, thereby accepting God's offer of salvation. Without repentance, there is no salvation.

Repentance also takes place when an individual changes his mind about something he has done (or has not done) because he realizes it is sin. As a result, he confesses and forsakes his sin.

We see -


II Samuel 12:13 a - And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord. . . .

Proverbs 28:13 - He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.

I John 1:9 - If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

I Corinthians 11:31-32 - (31) For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. (32) But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

We also see -


II Samuel 12:13 b - . . . And Nathan said unto David, The Lord also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

Psalms 51 shows the successive steps in the experience of a sinning believer coming back to full fellowship and service. The title of Psalms 51 reads, To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.

1. Sin thoroughly judged before God - Psalms 51:1-6

Psalms 51:1-6 - (1) Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. [David recognized that he did not deserve forgiveness and that His forgiveness was by grace alone. This is consistent with Ephesians 2:8-9 , For by grace are ye saved through faith, and that not of yourselves. It is the gift of God, lest any man should boast.] (2) Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. (3) For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me. (4) Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest [It means that God is always right in whatever He says.], and be clear when thou judgest [It means that God's judgment is always correct. For this reason David will accept God's judgment, whatever it is.]. (5) Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me [It means that an individual has an old sin nature from the time of his conception. This is because he inherited a sin nature from his father. He is born a sinner]. (6) Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts [You, God, desire truth deep in your heart]: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom [You, God, will teach me wisdom deep in my heart.].

2. Forgiveness and cleansing through the blood - Psalms 51:7 a

Psalms 51:7 a - Purge me [i.e. cleanse me] with hyssop, and I shall be clean. . . . [Hyssop was a common plant of the mint family. It had stiff branches and hairy leaves and was used for sprinkling blood on the altar. When David requests to be cleansed with hyssop, he is alluding to the use of hyssop at the religious ceremonies to sprinkle sacrificial blood on the altar. Cleansing with hyssop represents the removal of sin through the shedding of blood. The result of being cleansed through the shedding of blood is being clean, i.e. the sins are removed.]

I John 1:7 - But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

3. Cleansing - Psalms 51:7 b-10

Psalms 51:7 b-10 - (7b) . . . Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow [It is another way of saying Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean.]. (8) Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice [David desires to experience again the joy of a right relationship with God the Father. He has apparently experienced emotional anguish instead. The bones which thou hast broken likely refer to emotional anguish as in Psalms 6:2 , Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.]. (9) Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities [David is requesting that God remove all of his sins so that they are no longer a barrier between him and God.]. (10) Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me [As a corrective for his old sin nature, David wants a clean heart and a right spirit. He wants his entire life to be right with God].

4. Spirit-filled joy and power - Psalms 51:11-12

Psalms 51:11-12 - (11) Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. [Saul had the Holy Spirit taken away from him, and David did not want this to happen to him. In the Old Testament era, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit was only temporary. The Spirit might come and go, but in the New Testament, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit is permanent for believers. The Holy Spirit never leaves a believer.] (12) Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit [Sin had resulted in the removal of David's joy in his salvation. He wanted it back. He also wanted the Holy Spirit to sustain him so that he might not fall back into his sinful ways.].

5. Service - Psalms 51:13

Psalms 51:13 - Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

God's forgiveness and restoration for David would enable him to teach God's ways to others, with the result that they will also turn to God.

6. Worship - Psalms 51:14-17

Psalms 51:14-17 - (14) Deliver me from bloodguiltiness [i.e. from the guilt of bloodshed], O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. (15) O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise [Deliverance from guilt would enable David to praise God again.]. (16) For thou desirest not sacrifice [David knew that God did not desire simply an animal sacrifice from him. He needed to find forgiveness before he could sacrifice a peace offering to God. Bible Knowledge Commentary]; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering. (17) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise [A broken spirit and a broken and contrite {i.e. crushed} heart are the sacrifices God desired. It speaks of someone who has been completely humbled before God. There is no pride whatsoever in him.].

7. The restored believer in fellowship with God - Psalms 51:18-19

Psalms 51:18-19 - (18) Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem [As a king, David's sins have been a detriment to the nation of Israel even though the people may not have known about them. May Israel prosper because it's king is now right with God. Similarly, a father's sin is a detriment to his wife and children; and a wife's sin is a detriment to her husband and children. Likewise, a pastor's sin would be a detriment to his congregation. Don't let sin in your life be a detriment to others.]. (19) Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar. [A right relationship with God will result in God's being pleased with the worship of God. David had to be right with the Lord before the Lord would be pleased any burnt offerings.]

Returning to II Samuel 12 , we also see -


II Samuel 12:14 - Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.

In spite of David's confession of sin, there was still chastisement for the sin. Although the sin has been forgiven, scars will remain. It will be a reminder of what David has done so that he may learn from his experiences.

The child will die because David gave great occasion for the Lord's enemies to blaspheme.


Psalms 32 is instructive.

Psalms 32 - 1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. 2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity [i.e. does not set sin down in his account], and in whose spirit there is no guile [i.e. deceit]. 3 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old [i.e. grew old] through my roaring [i.e. groaning] all the day long. [It means that David experienced emotional anguish.] 4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture [i.e. my vitality] is turned into the drought of summer. Selah. 5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah. 6 For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him. 7 Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass [i.e. surround] me about with songs of deliverance. Selah. 8 I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye. 9 Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee. 10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusteth in the LORD, mercy shall compass him about [i.e. surround him]. 11 Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.

David's restoration is shown in -


II Samuel 12:24-25 - (24) And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the Lord loved him. (25) And he [i.e. the Lord] sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he [i.e. Nathan] called his name Jedidiah [i.e. loved by the LORD], because of the Lord.

David's restoration is also seen in the -


God gives victory to those who are right with Him.

II Samuel 12:26-31 - (26) And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city. (27) And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters. (28) Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name. (29) And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it. (30) And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold [i.e. a talent is about 75 pounds] with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance. (31) And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. [It seems best understood as meaning that David put the survivors under slave labor using saws, iron picks, and axes and working at brickmaking.] So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.

David's being right with the Lord resulted in victory over his enemies.


Confess sin immediately. Stay in complete fellowship with the Lord. David was out of fellowship with the Lord for at least a year. Don't stay out of fellowship with the Lord for as much as a single day.