Micah 2

Wednesday, September 16th, 2015


Micah's message which he began in chapter 1 continues through the end of chapter 2 -

I. The First Message: Judgment will come, 1:1 - 2:13

We have already seen -

A. An introduction - 1:1

B. A prediction of coming judgment - 1:2-7

C. Lament over the people - 1:8-16

1. Micah's lament - 1:8-9

2. Micah's call for others to mourn - 1:10-16

We move on to -

D. The sins of Judah - 2:1-11

First, we see -

1. The sins of the people - 2:1-5

In verses 1-2 Micah describes the wealthy as lying awake at night on their beds planning the evil deeds they will do on the next day.

Micah 2:1 - Woe to them that devise [i.e. that scheme, that plan] iniquity [i.e. wickedness], and work evil [i.e. work out evil plans, who plot evil plans] upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it [i.e. when it gets light (the next morning) they do it, they carry it out], because it is in the power of their hand [i.e. because they have the power to do it, because they can do it].

Does it not remind you of Jezebel plotting to steal Naboth's vineyard?

When Micah says woe to these sinful people, he is announcing guilt and coming judgment on them.

Micah 2:2 - And they covet fields, and take them by violence [i.e. they seize them]; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage [i.e. a man and his inheritance, by which Micah means a man and his land].

The wealthy were unjustly taking away the fields, the houses, and the land of the poor people because they wanted them; and they were able to get away with it.

In verses 3-5 we see that God will punish Judah by allowing foreigners to take away their land.

Micah 2:3 - Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family [which suggests against these wealthy people who are taking away the houses and lands of poor people who are unable to stop them] do I devise an evil [i.e. I the LORD am devising (or planning) a disaster (or calamity)], from which ye shall not remove your necks [suggesting, from which you wealthy people who are taking people's homes and lands will not be able to deliver yourselves]; neither shall ye go haughtily [i.e. proudly - it suggests that they had been going proudly but will not be able to do this any longer - they will be humbled]: for this time is evil [i.e. for this is an evil time or because this is a time of disaster or calamity].

Micah 2:4 - In that day [i.e. in the day that I the LORD bring this calamity upon you] shall one take up a parable [i.e. will someone take up a proverb] against you, and lament [i.e. wail] with a doleful [i.e. bitter] lamentation [i.e. a bitter wailing], and say, We be utterly spoiled [i.e. we the wealth ones who have stolen the houses and lands of the poor are utterly destroyed, we are completely destroyed]: he [i.e. the enemy] hath changed the portion [i.e. the heritage] of my people [the portion of the land allotted to the family]: how hath he [i.e. the enemy] removed it from me [i.e. the one who has stolen it from the poor]! turning away he hath divided our fields [i.e. to the turncoat, to the traitor, or to the apostate, the enemy has apportioned or assigned our fields, i.e. the fields which became ours because we stole them from the poor!]

Micah 2:5 - Therefore thou [i.e. Israel, the people of Israel] shalt have none [i.e. will have no one or nobody] that shall cast a cord by lot [i.e. who will measure, as a piece of property, which suggests, will have no one to determine boundaries by lot] in the congregation [i.e. assembly] of the LORD.

Not only do we see the sins of the people, but we also see -

2. The sins of the false prophets - 2:6-11

Verse 6 appears to be a listener's enraged reply to Micah and other prophets like Micah.

Micah 2:6 - Prophesy ye not [i.e. do not prophesy, don't say such things], say they [i.e. the people] to them that prophesy [i.e. to the true prophets who were telling the people what God wanted them to say]: they shall not prophesy to them, that they shall not take shame [The prophets are being told to stop saying things to the people that the people do not want to hear. They want to hear positive rather than negative things. They do not want to hear that judgment is coming. They want to hear that all will be well and that God will not judge them. They do not want to hear that their judgment will bring shame upon them even though it will.].

It's like people today who do not want to be told that they are sinners and that they cannot go to heaven unless they trust in the shed blood and subsequent resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. They do not want to be told that they have to repent of their sins. They want to be told that they are good and can earn their way to heaven. They don't want to hear that they are on their way to hell.

Verse 7 contains Micah's answer to the enraged listener's statement in verse 6.

Micah 2:7 - O thou that art named the house of Jacob [i.e. O Israel], is the spirit of the LORD [i.e. the Holy Spirit] straitened [i.e. restricted, in the sense of impatient? Is His patience exhausted? Is He angry?]? are these his doings? [Does He do such things as these things that prophets like Micah are saying? These were the statements of the false prophets who were questioning whether God would ever be angry with His people or would ever do such things to them. Micah answers,] Do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?

To one living uprightly God's words are good, but the one not living uprightly does not want to hear God's words. God blesses the people who live righteous lives.

Is it not similar to people today who don't want to hear that God sends hurricanes and tornadoes and fires and floods and drought in order to draw people to Himself. They do not want to hear that sometimes God even takes loved ones as a result of sin. They don't want to hear that if you put something ahead of the Lord, He might take it away from you.

Micah 2:8 - Even of late [i.e. lately, recently] my people is risen up [i.e. God's people the Israelites have risen up] as an enemy [by prophesying falsely, the false prophets were actually treating God's people as if they were their enemies]: ye [i.e. you false prophets] pull off the robe with the garment from them that pass by securely [i.e. from those who trust you - you do this by not telling the truth to the people regarding their impending judgment. As a result, the false prophets were actually consigning the Israelites to God's judgment and the loss of everything] as men averse from war [i.e. as if the false prophets were men returning from war with much spoil they had taken from those whom they had defeated in battle. In effect, the false prophets were spoiling their own people.].

Micah 2:9 - The women of my people have ye [i.e. you false prophets by your false prophesyings] cast out [i.e. you have driven them out, you have evicted them] from their pleasant houses; from their children have ye taken away my glory for ever.

By not telling the people to repent of their sins and thereby avoid God's coming judgment on them, the false prophets were in effect opening the way for the people's captivity.

My glory, which has been taken away from their children forever, refers to their children's ever being able to enjoy their share in God's beautiful heritage, i.e. in their land. This is seen in Jeremiah 3:19 .

Jeremiah 3:19 - But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage [i.e. a glorious heritage or a heritage of glory] of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.

Micah 2:10 - Arise ye [i.e. Arise, O people of Israel], and depart [go away into exile]; for this [i.e. this land] is not your rest: because it [i.e. because this land] is polluted [i.e. is defiled], it [i.e. this land] shall destroy you, even with a sore [i.e. with an utter or painful] destruction [The people will be exiled.].

According to verse 11, false prophets gain a hearing by preaching prosperity and luxurious living rather than by preaching judgment and exile.

Micah 2:11 - If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood [i.e. walk in a false spirit] do lie, saying, I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink [i.e. I will prophesy that you will have plenty of wine and intoxicating drink, e.g. beer, suggesting, I will prophesy that you will have continued prosperity]; he shall even be the prophet of this people [i.e. This people will accept him as a their prophet.].

The people want someone who will tell them what they want to hear. It sounds like the same problem Paul warned believers about today.

II Timothy 4:1-4 - 1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; 2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. 3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; 4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

Now that we have seen the sins of Judah both of the people and of the false prophets, we conclude our section on Judgment will Come with -

E. A prediction of a future regathering - 2:12-13

In verses 12-13, Micah predicts the regathering and deliverance of Israel in connection with the second coming of the Messiah, Who is called the Breaker (i.e., the One Who goes ahead to remove obstacles in the path). It pictures God blessing and directing Israel in the millennium.

1. The Lord will regather and renew His people as their Shepherd - 2:12-13a

Micah 2:12-13 a - 12 I will surely assemble, O Jacob [Jacob and Israel are used synonymously for the entire nation], all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; [The Lord will be like a Shepherd leading His entire flock.] I will put them [i.e. the remnant of Israel] together as the sheep of Bozrah [i.e. I will put them together in the pen, I will put them together in the fold], as the flock in the midst of their fold [i.e. as the flock in the midst of their pasture]: they [i.e. the great number of people comprising the remnant] shall make great noise by reason of the multitude of men [i.e. because of there being so many people]. 13a The breaker [i.e. the one who breaks open, the one who clears the way] is come up before them: they have broken up [i.e. they will break out, they have cleared the way], and have passed [i.e. they will pass] through the gate, and are gone [i.e. and they will go] out by it [i.e. they will go out through the gate to pastures]. [It means that in the future the Lord will remove all obstacles to blessing His people Israel.]

2. The Lord will lead His people as their King - 2:13b

Micah 2:13 b - . . . And their king [i.e. Israel's king] shall pass before them [i.e. the remnant of Israel], and the LORD on the head of them [i.e. The LORD will be at their head leading the remnant of Israel.].

The notes on Micah 2 found in the Bible Knowledge Commentary were especially helpful in preparing this lesson.


This sermon is the 2nd part of the series, Study of Micah. Other sermons in this series are: