Micah 5:2-15

Wednesday, October 21st, 2015

I remind you of some dates with which you should be familiar.

1445 B.C. - The Exodus from Egypt

1050 B.C. - Saul became king of Israel

1010 B.C. - David became king of Israel

970 B.C. - Solomon became king of Israel

931 B.C. - The beginning of the divided kingdom

740-700 B.C. - The ministry of Micah

722 B.C. - The fall of Samaria and the northern kingdom

605 B.C. - First invasion of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar - Daniel taken into captivity

597 B.C. - Second invasion of Jerusalem - Ezekiel taken into captivity

586 B.C. - Destruction of Jerusalem - King Zedekiah captured.

539 B.C. - Fall of Babylon to the Medes and Persians

535 B.C. - Permission granted by Cyrus, King of Persia, for the Jews to return to Jerusalem

We have already seen Micah's first message regarding Samaria and Jerusalem announcing that judgment will come in Micah 1-2 .

We are in the process of studying -

II. Micah's second Message: blessing will follow judgment - 3:1 - 5:15

We have already seen that there will be -

A. Judgment on the nation's leaders - 3:1-12

We are in the process of seeing that there will be -

B. Kingdom blessings for the nation - 4:1 - 5:15

We have seen -

1. Characteristics of the kingdom - 4:1-8

We have also seen -

2. Events preceding the kingdom, 4:9 - 5:1

We have seen that -

a. Israel will be exiled to Babylon - 4:9-10a

b. Israel will be rescued from Babylon - 4:10b

c. Nations will gather against the nation of Israel - 4:11-13

This will occur in the tribulation.

We have also seen that -

d. The ruler of Israel will be humiliated - 5:1

This occurred when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C. The king's name was Zedekiah.

We move on to -

3. The ruler of the Kingdom - 5:2-15

We see -

a. The birth of Israel's Ruler - 5:2

Micah 5:2 - But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah [This was the ancient name for Bethlehem and also apparently the name of the district in which Bethlehem was located (cf. Gen. 35:19 - And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.). The names of both Bethlehem and of Ephratah indicate the fertility of the area. Bethlehem means "House of Bread" and Ephratah means "fruitful." Bethlehem, which was located about 5 miles from Jerusalem, was the birthplace of King David as well as the birthplace of Jesus Christ, the Messiah.] But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little [i.e. although you are small] among the thousands of Judah [among the thousands of clans or, perhaps, among the thousands of administrative districts of Judah], yet out of thee [i.e. out of you, Bethlehem Ephratah] shall he come forth unto me [i.e. will he come forth for Me, meaning on behalf of Yahweh (or on behalf of Jehovah)] shall he come forth . . . that is to be ruler in Israel [i.e. will the One Who is to be ruler in Israel come forth. Christ, the Messiah, will accomplish His Father's will.]; whose goings forth [i.e. whose origins] have been from of old [It refers primarily to Christ's preincarnate appearances as the angel of the Lord, which affirm the existence of Christ before His birth in Bethlehem.], from everlasting [May mean "from days of old;" or it may mean "from eternity," indicating the eternal existence of the Messiah].

Next, we see -

b. The work of Israel's Ruler - 5:3

(1) He [i.e. the Messiah] will reunite and restore the nation - 5:3

The scene skips to the second coming.

Micah 5:3 - Therefore will he give them up [i.e. The Messiah will give the Israelites up, which means that Israel will be abandoned (or dispersed). This will come as a rejection of Israel's rejection of Him at His first coming.] Therefore, will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth [i.e. until the time when she (i.e. Israel), who is in labor, has given birth - it speaks of Israel's time of going through the tribulation]: then the remnant of his brethren [i.e. the remnant of the Messiah's brothers, i.e. of His fellow Israelites] shall return unto the children of Israel [i.e. will return to join the Israelites - As a result of Israel's rejection of Him at His first coming, the Lord will give the Israelites up to their enemies until she (i.e. until Israel) is regathered. The Lord will reunite Israel in connection with His second coming.].

Not only will the Messiah reunite and restore the nation of Israel, but, in addition -

(2) He will care for His people and give them security - 5:4

Micah 5:4 - And he [i.e. the Messiah] shall stand and feed [i.e. He will feed (His flock) or He will shepherd (His flock), something the Israelite leaders in Micah's day were unwilling to do. This will be done] in the strength of the LORD [i.e. Christ's caring, feeding, and protecting of Israel will be accomplished in the strength of the LORD, Who is omnipotent.], [i.e. It will be done] in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God [here, Yahweh (or Jehovah) is the God of the Messiah - i.e. Yahweh is God the Father. Christ's caring, feeding, and protecting Israel will bring glory to God the Father in that it results in the Father's exaltation.]; and they shall abide [i.e. His flock, the Israelites, His people will remain]: for now [i.e. then, at that time, referring to the millennium after the Messiah's second coming.] for now shall he [i.e. At that time will the Messiah] be great unto the ends of the earth [As a result of the Messiah's greatness extending throughout the earth, Israel's safety will be guaranteed.].

The Messiah will reunite and restore Israel. He will also care for the Israelites and give them security. In addition -

(3) He will destroy Israel's enemies - 5:5-9

Micah 5:5 - And this man [i.e. this One, the Messiah] shall be the peace [this is because He will subdue the nations hostile to Israel], when the Assyrian [representing Israel's enemies - In Micah's day, the Assyrians were Israel's enemy and threatened and attacked Jerusalem. In the future, "Assyria" represents any nation which will threaten and attack Israel as Assyria in Micah's day had done.] . . . when the Assyrian [i.e. when the enemy] shall come into our land [i.e. when the Assyrian (or enemy) will invade the land of Israel]: and when he [i.e. the "Assyrian"] shall tread in [i.e. when the "Assyrian" (or enemy) tramples on] our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men (suggesting more than enough shepherds and leading men to defeat the enemy).

Micah 5:6 - And they [i.e. the shepherds and leading men] shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod [a synonym for Assyria] in the entrances thereof [i.e. and the land of Nimrod at its entrances]: thus shall he [i.e. the Messiah] deliver us from the Assyrian [referring to whatever enemy would seek to rule over Israel], when he cometh into [i.e. when the "Assyrian" or other enemy attacks or invades] our land, and when he treadeth within our borders [i.e. when the "Assyrian" or other enemy marches into (or tramples) Israel's territory].

Micah 5:7 - And the remnant of Jacob [i.e. of Israel] shall be in the midst of many people as a dew [i.e. like dew] from the LORD, as [i.e. like] the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man [i.e. which does not wait for man - it will be in the LORD's timing rather than on man's schedule], nor waiteth for the sons of men [i.e. nor delay for mankind].

The remnant of believing Israel will be refreshing and influential to the nations around them like the dew and like the showers upon the grass. God will use the believing Israelites to refresh the nations in His own timing. It will have nothing to do with man's timing.

Micah 5:8 - And the remnant of Jacob [i.e. the remnant of Israel] shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep [Israel will be dominant and powerful over other nations of the world like a ferocious lion dominates over other animals.]: who, if he [i.e. who if a lion] go through, both treadeth down [i.e. tramples], and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.

Where does a young, ferocious lion go? Wherever he wants to go. Likewise, Israel will be dominant over other nations of the world.

Micah 5:9 - Thine hand shall be lifted up upon thine adversaries [i.e. The Messiah's hand will be lifted up against His adversaries (or enemies).], and all thine enemies shall be cut off [i.e. all Your enemies = all the Messiah's enemies (or foes) will be cut off, wiped out, or destroyed].

The Messiah will reunite and restore Israel. He will also care for the Israelites, give them security, and destroy their enemies. In addition -

(4) He will purge Israel of her reliance on military power - 5:10-11

Micah 5:10 - And it shall come to pass in that day [i.e. it will happen (or come about) in the millennium], saith the LORD, that I will cut off thy horses out of the midst of thee, and I will destroy thy chariots [i.e. The LORD will put an end to Israel's reliance on military power in which she trusted. Israel will rely on the LORD rather than on her horses and chariots, which are representative of her military might.]:

Micah 5:11 - And I will cut off the cities of thy land, and throw down all thy strong holds [The LORD will also demolish the cities in which Israel built strongholds for protection. He is the One in Whom they need to place their trust.]:

It's like this for us today also. We put our trust in all kinds of things for our own protection, but the only real protection we have is the LORD. It is all right to take appropriate precautions, e.g. to drive in a safe manner, to fix things which need to be repaired, to lock our doors, to have smoke detectors, etc.; but our real trust must be in the LORD rather than in other things.

The Messiah will reunite and restore Israel. He will also care for the Israelites, give them security, and destroy their enemies. He will also purge Israel of her reliance on military power. In addition -

(5) He will destroy false worship from within Israel - 5:12-14

Micah 5:12 - And I will cut off witchcrafts [i.e. sorceries] out of thine hand; and thou shalt have no more soothsayers [i.e. There will be no fortune tellers - those who seek information from demonic sources - in the land of Israel. The LORD will put an end to all idolatrous practices within the nation of Israel.]:

Micah 5:13 - Thy graven images [i.e. your carved images or idols] also will I cut off, and thy standing images [i.e. your sacred pillars] out of the midst of thee [i.e. out of the midst of Israel]; and thou shalt no more worship the work of thine hands [Idol worship will no longer be practiced in Israel. You will no longer worship the gods (or idols) you can make with your own hands. Instead, Israel will worship the LORD.].

Micah 5:14 - And I will pluck up [i.e. root out] thy groves out of the midst of thee: [i.e. Lit., Asherah poles, representing the female consort of Baal, were often used by Israel in idolatrous worship. The LORD will remove them.] so will I destroy thy cities [i.e. All the cities where Israel practiced idolatry or relied on her military might will be demolished.].

The Messiah will reunite and restore Israel. He will also care for the Israelites, give them security, and destroy their enemies. He will also purge Israel of her reliance on military power and will destroy false worship within Israel. In addition -

(6) He will judge the nations who oppose Him - 5:15

Micah 5:15 - And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury upon the heathen [i.e. the Messiah will take vengeance on the nations], such as they have not heard [i.e. of the sort of vengeance in anger and fury that the nations have never even heard of].

The Lord will judge the nations who oppose Him. He will rule with firmness, strength, and justice.

The notes on Micah 5 found in the Bible Knowledge Commentary were especially helpful in preparing this lesson.


This sermon is the 6th part of the series, Study of Micah. Other sermons in this series are: