II Samuel 22

Sunday, November 1st, 2015



II Samuel 22 is almost identical to Psalms 18 . It celebrates the providence of God in delivering David from all his enemies. Likewise God delivered the Lord Jesus Christ from all His enemies at the cross.

II Samuel 22 is a Messianic psalm, which means that some of the things stated of David are understood as applying also to the Lord Jesus Christ.

We see -


II Samuel 22:1 - And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

The LORD is Yahweh or Jehovah. This is made clear in the King James Bible because LORD appears in all capital letters.

II Samuel 22:2 - And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;

Note that David's relationship with the LORD is very personal. He is MY rock, and MY fortress, and MY deliverer. In the next verse the LORD is One in Whom David will . . . trust: He is MY shield, and the horn of MY salvation, MY high tower, and MY refuge, and MY saviour.

My rock suggests that the LORD is David's protection, and my fortress is parallel to this idea. The fortress was the center of military strength. The people's protection was contingent upon the strength of their fortress. A weak fortress offered little or no protection. Since rocks were often used to build a fortress, these two terms are very similar in their uasge and represent God's protection.

So what do these two terms mean to me? God is the One who defends and protects me, and I must look to Him for this protection. We cannot rely on our own wisdom and ability to protect ourselves, but we must realize instead that God has a tender, watchful, and protective eye on us as His children. There is not a sparrow that falls to the ground without His knowledge (Matthew 10:29 ), and every hair on the head of each of us is numbered (Matthew 10:30 ). Therefore, He protects us. We must look to Him for this protection. Because we are in His hands (John 10:28-29 ), there is nothing that can come our way but what He allows. His protection not only includes protection from outside forces but also includes the protection from ourselves. Thankfully, God has protected us from some of our own decisions and has gracefully answered some of our prayers with a "No."

My fortress implies the same thing as my rock.

My deliverer is something that David experienced personally in ways that many others did not. As a teenager, God delivered him from the hand of Goliath as he defeated him with a slingshot and single stone. God had previously delivered David from at least one lion and one bear which were after the sheep he was guarding. For years, David found himself fleeing from Saul, but God faithfully delivered him from Saul's murderous intent. Years later, he had to flee from Absalom who sought to take his life. Again, it was the LORD Who delivered him.

The LORD is seen throughout Scripture as the God of Deliverance. He delivered the Israelites from the land of Egypt. On many occasions, God delivered them from the hands of their enemies when they turned to Him. The New Testament pictures God as the One Who delivers the world from sin and its consequences. Those who place their trust in Him experience His deliverance. God will also deliver us, if we trust Christ as our Savior. Furthermore, God delivers the righteous out of all their afflictions (Psalms 34:19 ).

II Samuel 22:3 - The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

In him will I trust

Proverbs 3:5-6 - 5 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. 6 In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

Psalms 34:8 - O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him.

Psalms 40:4 - Blessed is that man that maketh the LORD his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.

Psalms 84:12 - O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.

Jeremiah 17:7 - Blessed is the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.

John 1:12 - But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name [i.e. to those who trust in Him].

John 3:16 - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him [i.e. whoever trusts in God's Son] should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John 20:30-31 - 30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: 31 But these are written, that ye might believe [i.e. trust] that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing [i.e. trusting] ye might have life through his name.

The LORD is also my shield - Shields were hard objects, often made of metal or leather, and were used as protection from the enemies' weapons. The implication is that David is involved in a very real battle and God has protected him from his enemies and from their attacks. We remind ourselves that we are involved in a spiritual battle. It is the shield of faith that we use to quench the fiery darts of the wicked (Ephesians 6:16 ).

The LORD is also the horn of my salvation - Because horns were taken from animals, they came to symbolize power and strength. When David uses this phrase, He is saying that the LORD is the strength of his deliverance. In other words, God provided for David's deliverance. David could not deliver himself, but the LORD could and did deliver him from all his enemies, whether physical or spiritual.

We remind ourselves that Jesus said, Without me ye can do nothing (John 15:5 ). Furthermore, Paul wrote, I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me (Philippians 4:13 ). In addition, we recognize that it is only in our weakness that we experience His strength,

II Corinthians 12:9-10 - 9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. 10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

The LORD is also my high tower - Towers were tall buildings designed for defense. They were erected in various places along city walls and were secured by watchmen who guarded these towers. As a high tower, God was the shelter from the enemy. The enemy could encircle David, but God was his shelter.

Regardless of the situation and the circumstances in which we find ourselves, God is also our shelter. We must avail ourselves of this shelter and flee to Him when we are experiencing trouble. But why wait to flee to Him until we are experiencing trouble? Let's stay close to Him at all times.

The LORD is also my refuge. A refuge is another term for a shelter against harm. He is our refuge in time of trouble according to Psalms 9:9 . This refuge is always present according to Psalms 46:1 . Those who were helped by the cities of refuge had to go to the city. In order for us to experience the LORD as our refuge, we must seek Him in time of trouble.

The LORD is my savior describes the LORD as David's deliverer. Thou savest me from violence indicates that as David's Savior, God delivered him from violence. The violence was present and was no doubt very real, but so was God. As David looked to Him, God delivered Him. He will do the same for all those who look to Him.

II Samuel 22:4 - I will call on the LORD, who is

worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.

The LORD is worthy to be praised. All of God's exploits in the past and promises for the future are based on Who He is. God alone is to be glorified for Who He is. We often praise God for what He has done and fail to praise Him for Who He is. His actions come from His nature. We must praise Him, for He is worthy to be praised. As David called on Him, God delivered him from his enemies; and He will do the same for us.

Just as David praised God for hearing and answering his prayer, the same words could apply to Jesus praising God for hearing and answering His prayer while He was on the cross.

We see -


We see that -

A. God responded mercifully to David's prayer - 22:5-7

David's circumstances were so desperate that death seemed imminent.

II Samuel 22:5 - When the waves of death compassed me [i.e. encompassed me, surrounded me], the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;

II Samuel 22:6 - The sorrows of hell [i.e. the sorrows of Sheol, the sorrows of the grave] compassed me about [i.e. surrounded me]; the snares of death prevented me [i.e. the snares of death confronted me];

II Samuel 22:7 - In my distress [i.e. in my trouble, in my adversity] I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple [which was located in heaven], and my cry did enter into his ears.

Just as verses 5-7 picture death closing in on David, they also picture death closing in on the Lord Jesus Christ while He hung on the cross.

Similarly, just as verses 7-20 picture God acting on David's behalf, they likewise picture God warring against the armies of hell as they unsuccessfully seek to prevent Christ's resurrection from the dead.

We see next that -

B. God is Lord of the earth - 22:8-9

II Samuel 22:8 - Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he [i.e. the LORD] was wroth [i.e. the LORD was angry].

This suggests the LORD's power over the creation.

II Samuel 22:9 - There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

These things suggest God's wrath.

We see, furthermore, that

C. God is Lord of the heavens - 22:10-16

II Samuel 22:10 - He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

It pictures God coming to answer David's prayer.

II Samuel 22:11 - And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.

His riding upon a cherub and His flying and being upon the wings of the wind suggests the quickness of His answer.

II Samuel 22:12 - And he made darkness pavilions [i.e. He made darkness canopies, temporary shelters] round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.

The LORD veiled His approach in darkness and rain clouds.

II Samuel 22:13 - Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.

II Samuel 22:14 - The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.

It sounds like a major thunderstorm.

II Samuel 22:15 - And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning [i.e. lightning bolts], and discomfited [i.e. vanquished, routed] them [i.e. vanquished (or routed) the ungodly men in verse 5].

II Samuel 22:16 - And the channels of the sea appeared [i.e. it sounds like there was flooding], the foundations of the world were discovered [i.e. uncovered, laid bare, revealed], at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

As we continue, we see -

D. God's deliverance of David - 22:17-20

II Samuel 22:17 - He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;

Waters sometimes refers to people.

II Samuel 22:18 - He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

II Samuel 22:19 - They prevented [i.e. confronted] me in the day of my calamity [i.e. in the day of my trouble, in the day of my distress, in the day of my disaster]: but the LORD was my stay [i.e. the LORD was my support].

II Samuel 22:20 - He brought me forth also into a large [i.e. broad, spacious] place: he delivered me [i.e. rescued me], because he delighted in me [i.e. He was pleased with David].

David had been in distress in a narrow, confining place; but the LORD brought him out of that place into a wide open spot.

Just as David was delivered from death, the Lord Jesus was delivered out of death by His resurrection from the dead.


The Lord's blessings were received in this life by David's faithful perseverance in godliness.

Verses 21-30 also provide reasons why God the Father raised Christ from the dead.

II Samuel 22:21 - The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed [i.e. rewarded] me.

II Samuel 22:22 - For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

David had lived the way he was supposed to live. So did Christ.

II Samuel 22:23 - For all his judgments [i.e. ordinances, laws, regulations] were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.

David was obedient. So was Christ.

II Samuel 22:27 - I was also upright [i.e. blameless] before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity [i.e. from sin].

David was blameless before God and kept himself out of sin. Christ never sinned, not even one time.

II Samuel 22:25 - Therefore the LORD hath recompensed [i.e. rewarded] me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.

It doesn't matter what anyone else thinks. The LORD's eye sight is the only eye sight that matters.

II Samuel 22:26 - With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful [i.e. the LORD will show Himself merciful], and with the upright [i.e. blameless] man thou wilt shew thyself upright [i.e. the LORD will show Himself blameless].

II Samuel 22:27 - With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward [i.e. devious] thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury [i.e. shrewd].

Galatians 6:7-8 - 7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

II Samuel 22:28 - And the afflicted [i.e. humble] people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty [i.e. the high minded, the arrogant, the proud], that thou mayest bring them down.

II Samuel 22:29 - For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten [i.e. will enlighten, will illumine] my darkness. [It suggests the LORD will provide guidance.]

II Samuel 22:30 - For by thee I have run through a troop [i.e. a marauding band, an army]: by my God have I leaped over [i.e. scaled] a wall.

God can give us victory in every circumstance as He gave David victory in his life.


Not only do verses 31-43 picture God destroying David's enemies, but they also picture Christ's second coming in which He destroys His enemies.

II Samuel 22:31 - As for God, his way is perfect [So why do people keep trying to improve on God's ways?]; the word of the LORD is tried [i.e. proven, tested] [So why do people regard it with disdain and always want to go in a different direction?]: he is a buckler [i.e. the LORD is a shield] to all them that trust in him. [So why don't people improve their lives by trusting in Him rather than by trusting in anything but Him?]

II Samuel 22:32 - For who is God, save [i.e. except] the LORD? [No one.] and who is a rock, save [i.e. except] our God? [No one.]

II Samuel 22:33 - God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect. [It's hard to improve on perfection, but people keep trying to get along without God. They are not satisfied with having separation of church and state; they want separation of God and state.]

II Samuel 22:34 - He maketh my feet like hinds' feet [i.e. like the feet of a deer - suggesting quick and agile]: and setteth me upon my high places.

II Samuel 22:35 - He teacheth [i.e. trains] my hands to war [i.e. to battle]; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms [i.e. so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze].

II Samuel 22:36 - Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness [i.e. suggesting Your condescending gentleness] hath made me great.

II Samuel 22:37 - Thou hast enlarged my steps [i.e. my path] under me; so that my feet did not slip.

II Samuel 22:38 - I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

II Samuel 22:39 - And I have consumed [i.e. destroyed] them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

II Samuel 22:40 - For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.

II Samuel 22:41 - Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

II Samuel 22:42 - They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.

II Samuel 22:43 - Then did I beat them as small as [i.e. as fine as] the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street [i.e. I trod them like dirt in the streets], and did spread them abroad [i.e. did spread them out].

Verses 44-51 picture the glorious kingdom of David and also the glorious kingdom of the Messiah.

II Samuel 22:44 - Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings [i.e. contentions, fightings] of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen [i.e. nations]: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

II Samuel 22:45 - Strangers [i.e. foreigners] shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

II Samuel 22:46 - Strangers [i.e. foreigners] shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places [i.e. they will come trembling out of their fortresses, they come frightened from their hideouts].

II Samuel 22:47 - The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation [i.e. exalted be God, the Rock of my salvation].

II Samuel 22:48 - It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down [i.e. subdues] the people under me,

II Samuel 22:49 - And that bringeth me forth [i.e. Who delivers me] from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me [i.e. You lift me up above those who rise up against me - God enables him to have victory.]: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

II Samuel 22:50 - Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen [i.e. the nations, the Gentiles], and I will sing praises unto thy name.

II Samuel 22:51 - He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore [i.e. to David and to his descendants forever].