Micah 7

Wednesday, November 4th, 2015



We have seen Micah's first message in chapters 1-2 in which he declared that Judgment Will Come. We have also seen his second message in chapters 3-5, in which he declared that Blessing Will Follow Judgment. We have moved on to his third and final message in chapters 6-7 in which He indicts Israel for sin but promises a future blessing which will come as a result of God's goodness.

Once again we see that God's intent in this message is to motivate His people to change their lives and to live for Him.

We are in the process of studying -

III. Micah's third message: An indictment of sin and a promise of blessing - 6:1 - 7:17

We have already seen -

A. An Indictment by the Lord - 6:1-5

We have also already seen -

B. The response of Micah for the nation - 6:6-8

Furthermore, we have seen -

C. The Lord's judgment because of sin - 6:9-16

We have seen -

1. The sins - 6:9-12

And we have seen -

2. The punishment - 6:13-16

We continue with -

D. Micah's pleading with the Lord - 7:1-17

In verses 1-10 Micah bemoans the sinfulness of Israel. It is universal (v. 1), unrestrained (vv. 2-3), involves the leaders (v. 3), and exhibits itself in perverse (v. 4) and unnatural (vv. 5-6) ways. But God is merciful, and in Him there is hope (vv. 7-10).

We see -

1. Micah's bemoaning of the nation's sins - 7:1-6

Micah 7:1 - Woe is me! [Micah is bemoaning his situation of being alone as a godly man in a nation comprised of godless people.] for I am as when they [i.e. I am like those who] have gathered the summer fruits, as the grapegleanings of the vintage [i.e. I am like those who glean grapes from a year's crop of grapes. After the grapes have been picked, gleaners are those who are permitted to go through the vineyard and pick any grapes left behind by the ones who have harvested the grapes from the vineyard.]: there is no cluster to eat [there are no grapes to be found.]: my soul desired the firstripe fruit [i.e. These would be figs, but there is no first ripe fig which my soul desires].

Just as Micah could find no grapes to glean or early figs to eat, godly and righteous people were also difficult to find in Israel. Violence toward others, however, abounded.

Micah 7:2 - The good man [i.e. the godly person, the faithful person] is perished out of the earth: and there is none [i.e. no one] upright [i.e. righteous] among men [i.e. among human beings]: they all lie in wait for blood [i.e. they are all murderous]; they hunt every man his brother [i.e. every man hunts his brother] with a net [implying, in order to kill him].

Micah 7:3 - That they may do evil with both hands earnestly [i.e. in order that they may successfully do evil with both hands], the prince asketh [the ruler was asking for gifts (i.e. gifts in the sense of bribes) and ruling in favor of those who gave him gifts (or bribes)], and the judge asketh for a reward [i.e. the judge accepts (or seeks) bribes]; and the great man [i.e. the powerful person, the rich and influential person], he uttereth his mischievous [i.e. his evil] desire [i.e. he lets his evil desire be known]: so they wrap it up [i.e. so they scheme (or conspire) together to get what they want - but justice is not served.].

Micah 7:4 - The best of them [i.e. the best of the princes (or rulers), the best of the judges, and the best of the great (or powerful or rich and famous) persons] is as [i.e. is like] a brier [i.e. is like a thorn]: the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge [A thorn hedge would entangle and injure anyone who in some way got into it - and the worst of them were far worse than the thorn hedge]: the day of thy watchmen [i.e. the day when you post a watchman] and thy visitation [i.e. the day of your punishment when God visits you] cometh; now shall be their perplexity [i.e. now they will have confusion in that they will not know what to do].

The situation is so bad that you can't trust anyone, even those closest to you.

Micah 7:5 - Trust ye not in a friend [i.e. do not trust a friend], put ye not confidence in a guide [i.e. put no confidence in a companion]: keep the doors of thy mouth [i.e. guard your lips] from her that lieth in thy bosom [suggesting, don't even trust your wife].

Micah 7:6 - For the son dishonoureth the father [i.e. the son treats his father contemptuously], the daughter riseth up against her mother, the daughter in law [rises up] against her mother in law; a man's [i.e. a person's] enemies are the men [i.e. the persons] of his own house.

Next, we see -

2. Micah's confidence in the Lord - 7:7-13

Regardless of what those closest to you might do, you can always trust the LORD.

Micah 7:7 - Therefore I [i.e. Micah] will look unto [i.e. I will look to] the LORD [i.e. I will watch expectantly for the LORD]; I [i.e. Micah] will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me.

Regardless of what lay ahead for himself and the nation, Micah and the godly people in Israel would continue to depend on the LORD. He realized that, although the LORD's judgment was definitely coming on Israel and Judah, salvation would also eventually come. He also knew that the LORD heard his prayers.

Micah 7:8 - Rejoice not [i.e. gloat not] against me, O mine enemy: when I [i.e. Micah] fall, I [i.e. Micah] shall arise; when I [i.e. Micah] sit in darkness, the LORD shall be a light unto me.

Micah, speaking for his nation, indicates that his enemy (i.e. Israel's enemy) has no cause to rejoice against him because, unlike the enemy, he (referring both to Micah and Israel) will be all right. The LORD will take care of him and the nation. Although captivity is coming, the LORD will not totally forsake the nation. Although the situation was dark, the LORD would be Israel's light and would bring her out of her circumstances. Those today who would annihilate Israel will never be successful.

Micah 7:9 - I [i.e. Micah, speaking for Israel] will bear the indignation [i.e. I will bear the wrath] of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause [i.e. until He pleads my case], and execute judgment [i.e. and executes justice] for me: he will bring me forth to the light, and I [i.e. Micah, speaking for Israel] shall behold his righteousness.

Micah, speaking for Israel, knows that Israel will go into captivity because of their sin against the LORD, but he also knows that the LORD will eventually defeat Israel's pagan enemies and bring Israel out of the darkness into the light. Israel will eventually see the LORD's righteousness. Israel will realize all that the LORD is and all that He has done in chastising Israel is characteristic of His righteousness.

Micah 7:10 - Then she that is mine enemy [i.e. the pagan nations of the world] shall see it [i.e. the pagan nations of the world will likewise see the LORD's righteousness], and shame shall cover her which [i.e. shame will cover the nation who] said unto me, Where is the LORD thy God? [i.e. those who were saying, Where is the LORD thy God? will be ashamed] mine eyes shall behold her [my eyes will see her downfall]: now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets [i.e. she will be trampled down like mud in the streets].

Israel's enemies will be defeated and humiliated.

In verses 11-20 we see that the promised millennial blessing for Israel will include her restoration (vv. 11-13), her blessing (vv. 14-15), her exaltation over the other nations (vv. 16-17), and forgiveness (vv. 18-20) - all on the basis of the covenant God made with Abraham in Gen. 12:1-3 and 15:18-21.

Genesis 12:1-3 - 1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee: 2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: 3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Genesis 15:18-21 - 18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

In the millennial kingdom, Israel will be restored.

Micah 7:11 - In the day that thy walls [i.e. In the day when your walls, specifically the walls around a vineyard, not the walls around your city - there will be no need for a protective wall around the city] [In the day when your walls] are to be built [i.e. when Israel will be restored to her land in the millennium], in that day shall the decree be far removed [i.e. your boundary will go far and wide - your boundaries will be extended].

Micah 7:12 - In that day also he shall come even to thee [i.e. they (i.e. people from many lands) will come to Israel] from Assyria, and from the fortified cities [i.e. the term translated "fortified" is a name for Egypt], and from the fortress [i.e. from Egypt - the same word translated "fortified" in the previous phrase] even to the river [i.e. to the Euphrates River], and from sea to sea, and from mountain to mountain.

People from all over the world will come to Jerusalem to learn about the LORD and to worship Him.

Micah 7:13 - Notwithstanding [i.e. Yet] the land shall be desolate because of them that dwell therein [i.e. because of those who dwell in it], [and] for the fruit of their doings [i.e. and because of their sinful deeds].

Just before the beginning of the millennium, God will remove the unbelievers still alive. None of them will be permitted to enter the millennium. Therefore, the land will not have nearly as many people living in it as were living in it at the time of the second coming of Christ.

Matthew 25:31-40 - 31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: 32 And before him shall be gathered all nations [i.e. all Gentiles]: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: 33 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: 35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: 36 Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. 37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? 38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? 39 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? 40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.

Their treatment of the Jews during the tribulation by these Gentiles demonstrates that these Gentiles had been genuinely saved.

Matthew 25:46 - And these [i.e. the goats, the unsaved Gentiles] shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.

Their treatment of the Jews during the tribulation by these Gentiles demonstrates that these Gentiles were genuinely unsaved.

Isaiah 24:1 - Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.

We also see that -

3. Micah's prayer that God would again shepherd His flock - 7:14

In verse 14 Micah asks God to be the Shepherd of His flock (i.e. the Shepherd of Israel) in the kingdom.

Micah 7:14 - [God,] Feed thy people [i.e. God, shepherd Your people] with thy rod [i.e. with Your staff], the flock of thine heritage [i.e. Israel], which dwell solitarily in the wood [i.e. which, in Micah's day, lives by itself (i.e. is isolated by itself) in a woodland or forest], in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old. [Let them enjoy peace and prosperity as they had formerly in Bashan and Gilead. These were fertile grazing grounds for sheep and cattle before being overrun by the Assyrians under Tiglath-Pileser III, in 734 B.C. Samaria would fall to the Assyrians just 12 years later.]

In addition, we see -

4. The Lord's promise to show miraculous things to His people - 7:15-17

Micah 7:15 - According to [i.e. as in] the days of thy coming [i.e. as in the days when Israel came] out of the land of Egypt will I shew unto him marvellous things [i.e. I will show Israel wonders].

The LORD is telling Israel through Micah that a time will come in the future when the LORD will again be known as a miraculous God like He was at the time of the Exodus from Egypt.

Micah 7:16 - The nations shall see [the LORD's miraculous movement of the Israelites into their land] and be confounded at all their might [suggesting, their own might] [i.e. they will be ashamed because the LORD's power will be greater than theirs]: they shall lay their hand upon their mouth [i.e. they will be speechless], their ears shall be [i.e. their ears will become] deaf [i.e. they will refuse to hear about Israel's victories].

Micah 7:17 - [In humiliation] They shall lick the dust like a serpent [i.e. they will lick the dust like snakes], they shall move out of [i.e. they will crawl from] their holes like worms of the earth: they shall be afraid of the LORD our God [i.e. they will surrender to the LORD], and shall fear because of thee [i.e. because of you, Israel)].

Finally, we see -

5. Micah's affirmation that God is unique - 7:18-20

Micah 7:18 - Who is a God like unto thee [i.e. Who is a God like You - no god is like God], [Who is a God like You] that pardoneth iniquity [i.e. Who pardons sin], and passeth by [i.e. passes over] the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? [There is no other god like You.] he retaineth not his anger for ever [i.e. God does not stay angry forever], because he delighteth in mercy.

Micah 7:19 - He [i.e. God] will turn again, he will have compassion upon us [i.e. upon Israel]; he [i.e. God] will subdue our iniquities [i.e. treading them underfoot, subduing our sins as if they were enemies]; and thou [i.e. God] wilt cast all their [i.e. all of Israel's] sins into the depths of the sea [i.e. He will completely forgive Israel's sins and permanently remove them].

Micah 7:20 - Thou [i.e. God] wilt perform the truth to Jacob [i.e. to Israel], and the mercy to Abraham [i.e. the father of the Jewish nation, representing Israel itself], which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.

God made promises to Abraham that He would bless Abraham's descendants. He will keep His word to Abraham.

Micah believed these promises God made to Abraham. They will be fulfilled when Christ reigns on the earth during the millennium. This gave confidence to Micah just like it gives confidence to believers today.

The notes on Micah 7 found in the Bible Knowledge Commentary were especially helpful in preparing this lesson.


This sermon is the 8th part of the series, Study of Micah. Other sermons in this series are: