Revelation 22:16-21

Sunday, December 6th, 2015

CONCLUDING REVELATIONS

AND EXHORTATIONS

INTRODUCTION:

In chapters 2-3 we have studied things that take place in the church age. In chapters 4-19, we have studied things which will happen in the tribulation; and in chapter 20, we have studied things which will occur in the millennium.

In chapters 21-22 we are studying things as they will be in eternity future after the end of the millennium.

We will conclude our study of Revelation with this message.

We have already seen -

I. THE RIVER OF THE WATER OF LIFE - 22:1

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

We have also seen -

II. THE TREE OF LIFE - 22:2

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

In addition, we have seen -

III. THE THRONE OF GOD - 22:3

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him.

Furthermore, we have already seen -

IV. THE BLESSEDNESS OF FELLOWSHIP - 22:4-5

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:4-5 - (4) And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads. (5) And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

We have also seen -

V. THE CERTAINTY OF THE BLESSED HOPE - 22:6-7

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:6-7 - (6) And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done. (7) Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.

In addition, we have already seen -

VI. JOHN WORSHIPS BEFORE THE ANGEL - 22:8-9

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:8-9 - (8) And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. (9) Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

Moreover, we have already seen -

VII. THE COMMAND TO PROCLAIM THE PROPHECY - 22:10-11

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:10-11 - (10) And he saith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand. (11) He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

We have also seen -

VIII. THE BLESSED HOPE AND ASSURANCE OF REWARD - 22:12

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

Finally, we are in the process of seeing -

IX. THE MAJESTY OF THE ETERNAL CHRIST - 22:13-16

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:13-16 - (13) I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. (14) Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. (15) For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. (16) I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

We have already considered verses 13-15; so, we begin with verse 16, where Jesus continues as the speaker.

I Jesus is emphatic.

Have sent is simply sent, but it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

Mine angel is my angel or my messenger where mine refers to Jesus.

To testify, which means to bear witness to, to declare, or to confirm, indicates the purpose for which Jesus has sent His angel.

Unto you is to you (plural), which refers to the seven churches to whom the Book of Revelation has been sent.

These things refers to the things contained in the Book of Revelation.

In the churches is to the churches or about the churches. Jesus has sent His angel to declare the things found in the Book of Revelation to the seven churches to whom Revelation has been addressed.

Christ identifies Himself by I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

I is Christ and is emphatic.

By the root Jesus means that He is a shoot growing out of the root of David, i.e. that He is a descendant of David. This is the second time in Revelation that Jesus has been described as the root of David. In Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:5 it was stated,

Revelation of Jesus Christ 5:5 - And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

The phrase the root of David is taken from Isaiah 11:1 and 10 which say,

Isaiah 11:1 - And there shall come forth a rod [i.e. a shoot] out of the stem of Jesse [Jesse is the father of King David], and a Branch shall grow out of his [i.e. out of Jesse's] roots.

Isaiah 11:10 - And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign [i.e. for a banner, for a signal] of the people; to it [i.e. to Him, i.e. to the Root stemming from Jesse] shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest [i.e. His resting place] shall be glorious.

The picture of the Root of David is that of a tree which has been cut down, leaving only the stump in the ground. Eventually, a shoot grows out of the stump; and, this shoot is the Lord Jesus Christ. Although the royal house of Judah was cut off in the Babylonian captivity, the Messiah, Who is also known as the Branch, will come and restore the authority of David over the people. Christ is the King of kings of the earth and is the rightful successor of David. His legal right to the throne comes through David's son Solomon down through the centuries to Joseph, Jesus' adoptive father; but His bloodline comes through David's son Nathan down through the centuries to Mary, the mother of Jesus. Jesus will reign as King over the world throughout the millennial kingdom.

He is also the offspring of David. The word translated offspring means stock. Christ is of the stock of David, which means that He is a descendant of David.

Christ also identifies Himself as the bright and morning star, i.e. the star which shines brightest just before dawn.

Bright means shining or radiant and morning means early in the morning.

After this, we see -

X. THE INVITATION OF THE SPIRIT AND THE BRIDE - 22:17

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

The Spirit and the bride say, Come.

The Spirit is the Holy Spirit.

The bride is the church and is comprised of believers from the church age.

Say indicates continuing or ongoing action and is understood in the sense of are saying.

What the Holy Spirit and the bride are saying is, Come. It is a command, inviting and encouraging those who are unsaved to come to Christ and to trust Him as Savior, believing that He died on the cross, shedding His precious blood in payment for their sins, that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day, thereby demonstrating God's seal of approval on His atoning sacrifice.

Let him that heareth say, Come means that the one who hears (or the one who is listening) is commanded to say, Come.

Him that heareth refers to all saved people, all of whom are to be encouraging others to come to Christ.

Let him say means that he must certainly say.

What he must say is, Come; and the tense of come indicates that it is a one-time, never-to-be-repeated action. Once he comes, he does not need to come again. At the same time, he is not forced to come against his will. Hence, come is an invitation and an encouragement to come.

Let him that is athirst come says the same thing in another way. It means that the one who is athirst is commanded or encouraged to come.

Him that is athirst is the one who is thirsty or the one who is suffering from thirst, meaning that he is thirsty for the water of life. Whether he realizes it or not, every unsaved person is thirsty for the water of life; so, him that is athirst refers to every unsaved person.

Again, let him . . . come means that he must certainly come; and its tense also implies that it is a one-time, never-to-be-repeated, action. Once he comes, he does not need to come again; but he is not forced to come. Therefore, it is regarded as an encouragement to come.

Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

Whosoever will is the one who wishes, the one who desires, or the one who wills.

Let him take means let him receive and suggests he must certainly take or he must certainly receive.

What he is to take is the water of life, i.e. the water which produces life.

Freely indicates how he who wills is to take of the water of life. It means as a gift, without payment, or gratis. Salvation is available to all, but it is never forced upon any. All sinners may receive salvation without cost to themselves.

As we approach the end of the Book of Revelation, we see -

XI. THE FINAL TESTIMONY OF CHRIST - 22:18-20

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:18-20 - (18) For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: (19) And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. (20) He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

The point of verses 18-19 is that a child of God who reveres God will recognize at once that this Book of Revelation is the Word of God.

This passage assumes that a child of God will not tamper with these Scriptures.

For is explanatory and is to be understood in the sense of now.

I testify is I [i.e. John] confirm. Its tense indicates that it is to be understood in the sense of I am testifying or I am confirming.

Unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book indicates the ones to whom John is testifying.

Unto every man is simply to all or to each, whether female or male.

That heareth limits the meaning of every man and means who hears.

What he hears are the words of the prophecy of this book, i.e. the words or sayings of the Book of Revelation. The word translated words is the same word translated sayings in verses 7 and 10, and the phrase the words of the prophecy of this book is also repeated from verses 7 and 10 where it was translated the sayings of the prophecy of this book.

Of the prophecy of this book refers to the Book of Revelation whose words have come by prophecy, i.e. by direct revelation from God through Christ. Hence, these words constitute divine revelation; and they are to be heeded by the readers.

One should remember that the individual books comprising the New Testament were at first circulated as individual documents. Later they were combined with each other. This means that the statements in verses 18-19 refer to the Book of Revelation and not to the entire Bible even though it appears at the end of our Bibles. At the same time, no one should add to, or take away from, the words of the entire Bible.

There follow two conditional statements, one in verse 18 and one in verse 19, which refer to the content of what John is testifying. The first one concerns adding to the words of this Book of Revelation. The second one is found in verse 19 and concerns taking away from the words of this Book of Revelation.

If any man shall add unto these things is a condition about which no assumption is made. Someone may indeed add to these things, but he had better not.

Any man is anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody.

Shall add is adds or should add. Its tense denotes potential action which might go on or which might be repeated.

Unto these things is simply to these things and suggests the things found in the Book of Revelation.

If this condition is met, then the following will occur: God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book.

God is the God of heaven, the God of the Bible, and refers to God the Father.

Shall add is predictive of a future event which is definitely going to happen on the condition that someone adds unto the things found in the Book of Revelation.

Unto him is to him and refers to the one who adds to the things found in the Book of Revelation.

What God will add to the one who would add to the things found in this book are the plagues that are written in this book.

The plagues is the misfortunes.

That are written is which have been written, and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action. Since they have been written in this book in the past, they are still written there now.

In this book is in this scroll and means in the Book of Revelation. Adding unto someone the plagues that are written in this book means that he will not be delivered from the tribulation at the rapture; but together with the rest of the unsaved, he will experience the plagues God sends upon the world in the tribulation in the form of the seal judgments, the trumpet judgments, and the bowl judgments. He is someone who has never experienced salvation, and his adding to God's words in this Book of Revelation clearly demonstrates this.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

If any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy is a conditional statement about which no assumption is made. Someone may indeed take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, but woe to him if he does.

Any man is anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody.

Shall take away from is takes away from or should take away from. Its tense denotes action which is ongoing or repeated and is descriptive of an existing situation.

The words of the book of this prophecy is very similar to the words of the prophecy of this book found in verses 7, 10, and 18, and the meaning is identical.

The words was translated the sayings in verses 7 and 10.

Of this prophecy refers to the Book of Revelation. The fact that it is prophecy indicates that it was divinely inspired, i.e. given by God directly to John. Although some refer to the Book of Revelation as apocalyptic literature, John, writing under the direction of the Holy Spirit, calls it prophecy.

If the condition is met, then the result will follow: God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

God is God the Father.

Shall take away is predictive of a future event which is definitely going to happen.

What God will take away is his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

His part is his share.

His refers to anyone who shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy.

Out of the book of life is away from the book of life. It seems to be equivalent to saying that his name will never again be found in the book of life. What could have been his, will never be his. It is not saying that God will remove his salvation. The fact is that he has never been saved in the first place and never will be. This view is consistent with the understanding that because Christ's death was intended for all humanity, everyone's name was originally written in the book of life; but as people reach a settled conclusion to reject Christ as Savior rather than to trust in Him, their names are forever removed from the book of life.

And out of the holy city suggests that he will never be permitted to enter into the holy city, i.e. into the new Jerusalem. Again, it is not that he has lost his salvation; but it illustrates his unsaved character and the fact that he does not belong in the new Jerusalem.

And from the things which are written in this book suggests that he will not be able to participate in the blessings written in this Book of Revelation which the saved will all experience. He will, however, experience the same things in the lake of fire that the unbelievers will experience because he is an unbeliever.

This book is this scroll.

Similar statements are made in Deuteronomy 4:2 , Deuteronomy 12:32 , and Proverbs 30:6 .

Deuteronomy 4:2 - Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

Deuteronomy 12:32 - What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

Proverbs 30:5-6 - 5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. 6 Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

He which testifieth these things is the One Who testifies or the One Who witnesses and refers to the Lord Jesus Christ. This can be determined by what He says.

These things refers specifically to the things stated in verses 12-19 but generally to all that is written in the Book of Revelation.

Saith is says.

What Christ says is, Surely I come quickly.

Surely is emphatic and is to be understood in the sense of yes or indeed. It is a statement of solemn assurance.

I come quickly is I [i.e. I Jesus] am coming quickly or I am coming soon.

Amen means truly or so be it and affirms what He has just stated. Inasmuch as Christ is omniscient and cannot lie, His statement that He is coming quickly amounts to a commitment or promise to do so.

John testifies, Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

Even so is the same word translated surely. It is used here as a declaration of agreement with Christ's statement, I come quickly, and means certainly, indeed, or quite so.

Come is an imperative of entreaty. Out of respect for Him, John would never command Christ to do anything; but he urges or entreats Him to do so. Christ has promised that He is coming soon, and John urges Him to do it.

John addresses Christ as Lord Jesus.

Finally, we see -

XII. THE CLOSING BENEDICTION - 22:21

Revelation of Jesus Christ 22:21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

The grace is the unmerited favor or the undeserved favor.

Of our Lord Jesus Christ indicates that this grace, this unmerited favor, is Christ's and comes from Him to His people.

As indicated by the italics, be has been supplied by the translators. It expresses a wish from John for the readers.

With you all suggests that John wants all of his readers to enjoy the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ's grace or favor even though they do not deserve it.

John concludes with amen by which he affirms not only his concluding statements but also all that he has written in the Book of Revelation. It means truly or so be it.