Matthew 3:13-17

Sunday, January 10th, 2016

THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST

INTRODUCTION:

 

We are in the process of studying the introduction to the Gospel of Matthew. It extends from Matthew 1:1-4:11 .

 

In Matthew 1 we have seen the genealogy of Christ which shows that He is the legal heir to the throne of David. We have also seen the virgin birth of Christ, which indicates that Jesus is God, that He did not have an old sin nature, that He would save His people from their sins, and that He did not come under the curse of Jeconiah.

 

In Matthew 2 we have seen the visit of the wise men, Joseph’s flight into Egypt with Mary and Jesus, and Herod’s attempt to murder Jesus. Following Herod’s death, we have seen Joseph’s return to Israel where he dwelt with Mary and Jesus in Nazareth of Galilee.

 

In Matthew 3:1-12 we have seen the ministry of John the Baptist as he introduced Jesus as the Messiah.

 

We see some additional things about John the Baptist’s ministry in John 1:6-8 .

 

John 1:6-86 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 The same [i.e. This (man), he] came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light [i.e. to bear witness of Jesus, the Light of the world], that all men through him [i.e. through John the Baptist] might believe. 8 He was not that Light [i.e. He was not the Light of the world], but was sent to bear witness of that Light [i.e. of the One Who was the Light of the world].

 

John 1:15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.

 

John 1:18-3718 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. 19 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? 20 And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ [i.e. the Messiah]. 21 And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias [i.e. Elijah]? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet?

 

[This is the prophet from Deuteronomy 18:15-1915 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me [i.e. like Moses]; unto him ye shall hearken [i.e. to Him you will listen, you will hear Him]; 16 According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly [i.e. when the law was given on Mount Sinai], saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. 17 And the LORD said unto me [i.e. unto Moses], They have well spoken that which they have spoken [i.e. what they have spoken]. 18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee {i.e. like Moses}, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.” This Prophet is the Lord Jesus Christ.]

 

Back to John 1:21

Art thou that prophet [i.e. John the Baptist, are you this prophet?]? And he answered, No. 22 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself? 23 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias [i.e. Isaiah] [John the Baptist is claiming to be the one mentioned in Isaiah 40:3 , the one who was the forerunner of the Messiah.]. 24 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. 25 And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ [i.e. that Messiah], nor Elias [i.e. Elijah], neither that prophet [i.e. the Prophet referred to in Deuteronomy 18:15-19 ]? 26 John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not; 27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose [i.e. whose sandal’s strap I am not worthy to untie]. 28 These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing. 29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. 30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. 31 And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest [i.e. but that He should be revealed] to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water. 32 And John bare record [i.e. testified], saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. 33 And I knew him not [i.e. I did not recognize Him]: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. 34 And I saw, and bare record [i.e. testified] that this [i.e. Jesus] is the Son of God. 35 Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples [i.e. Andrew was one of the two. Although we are not told who the other one was, it was likely John, the son of Zebedee.]; 36 And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he [i.e. John the Baptist] saith, Behold the Lamb of God! 37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.

 

We have seen that John’s baptism signified:

 

1.confession of sin - Matthew 3:6

 

Matthew 3:6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing [i.e. admitting, acknowledging] their sins.

            2.   repentance - Matthew 3:11

 

Matthew 3:11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance [i.e. because of repentance]: but he that cometh after me [i.e. Jesus the Messiah] is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear [i.e. carry]: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire [Jesus will baptize saved people with the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost, and Jesus will baptize unsaved people in the lake of fire following the great white throne judgment in Revelation of Jesus Christ 20:11-15 .].

Back to Matthew 3:13

    I.     THE BAPTISM OF JESUS - 3:13-17

 

            1.   Jesus’ baptism was in the Jordan River - 3:13

 

Matthew 3:13 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan [i.e. to the Jordan River] unto John, to be baptized of him [i.e. by him].

 

            2.   Jesus’ baptism was by immersion - 3:13

 

Matthew 3:13 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him.

 

The Greek word translated baptized means immersed.

 

            3.   Jesus’ baptism was performed by John the Baptist - 3:13-15

 

Matthew 3:13-1513 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him [i.e. by him, by John the Baptist]. 14 But John forbad him [i.e. tried to prevent Jesus from being baptized], saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it [i.e. permit it, allow it] to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him [i.e. permitted him (to be baptized), allowed him (to be baptized)].

 

            4.   Jesus’ baptism was necessary to fulfill all righteousness - 3:15

 

Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

 

It was proper for all devout Jews to be baptized. Therefore, it was proper for Jesus to be baptized. Likewise, it was proper for all Jewish boys to be circumcised. Therefore, Jesus was circumcised. Furthermore, it was proper for all devout Jews to pay the temple tax. Therefore, it was proper for Jesus to pay the temple tax.

 

            5.   Jesus’ baptism was followed by the opening of the heavens unto Jesus - 3:16a

 

Matthew 3:16 a – And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway [i.e. immediately] out of the water: and, lo [i.e. behold], the heavens were opened unto him [i.e. to Him, i.e. to Jesus]. . . .

 

            6.   Jesus’ baptism was followed by the Holy Spirit descending like a dove and lighting upon Him - 3:16b

 

Matthew 3:16 b – . . . And he [i.e. John the Baptist or He, i.e. Jesus – It undoubtedly refers to both John the Baptist and to Jesus.] saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him [i.e. coming upon Him, i.e. coming upon Jesus]:

 

Jesus would have seen the Holy Spirit descending upon Himself. In addition, John the Baptist who was standing right there also saw the Holy Spirit descending on Jesus.

 

We have already seen this in –

John 1:33-3433 And I [i.e. John] knew him not [i.e. did not recognize Him]: but he that sent me to baptize with water [i.e. God the Father], the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost [i.e. He is the One Who is baptizing with the Holy Spirit]. 34 And I [i.e. John the Baptist] saw, and bare record [i.e. testified] that this [i.e. that this One, that He] is the Son of God.

 

Luke 3:21-22 – (21) Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, (22) And the Holy Ghost [i.e. the Holy Spirit] descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

 

It should be noted that all three members of the Godhead, i.e. God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, are all present at the same time in the same place.

 

            7.   Jesus’ baptism was followed by God the Father’s voice from heaven approving of His Son - 3:17

 

Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

 

            8.   Jesus’ baptism signified His introduction as the Messiah - 3:17

 

Matthew 3:17 . . . This [i.e. This One, He] is my beloved Son. . . .

 

            9.   Although Jesus was not a sinner, He identified Himself with sinners in His baptism

 

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

 

II Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

 

            10. Jesus’ baptism looked forward to His death, burial, and resurrection.

 

It pictured Him as dead, buried, and raised again from the dead.

We move on to –

  II.     THE BAPTISM OF BELIEVERS

 

            1.   Baptism is always by immersion

 

                  (1) Baptism means immersion

 

                  (2) The New Testament practice was always immersion.

 

            2.   Baptism signifies a believer’s union with Christ in His death, burial, and resurrection

 

Romans 6:3-5 – (3) Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? (4) Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. (5) For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.

 

 

                  3.   Baptism signifies a believer’s death to sin to live a life of holiness

 

Romans 6:4-14 – (4) Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. (5) For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: (6) Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth [i.e. from the time of our salvation] we should not serve sin. (7) For he that is dead is freed from sin. (8) Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: (9) Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. (10) For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God. (11) Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. (12) Let not sin therefore reign [i.e. continue reigning] in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. (13) Neither yield ye [i.e. do not begin to yield or never yield] your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves [i.e. once and for all] unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. (14) For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

 

                  4.   Baptism places a believer into the membership of the local church

 

Acts 2:41-47 – (41) Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. (42) And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. (43) And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. (44) And all that believed were together, and had all things common; (45) And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. (46) And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house [This is not speaking of door-to-door visitation. Churches met in homes, and the Lord’s supper was observed from one home to another.], did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, (47) Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

 

                  5.   Baptism is commanded of every believer

 

Matthew 28:19-20 – (19) Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: (20) Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

 

Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins [i.e. because your sins have been forgiven], and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

CONCLUSION:

 

Have you been saved?

 

Have you been baptized since you were saved?

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