Matthew 6:9-13

Sunday, May 29th, 2016

THE MODEL PRAYER

INTRODUCTION:

 

In Matthew 6 Jesus deals with the subject of loving God above all else.

 

Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

 

In Matthew 6:1-18 Jesus demands the sincere devotion of the heart to God the Father; while in Matthew 6:19-34 Jesus demands undivided trust in God the Father, no matter what the circumstances.

 

In Matthew 6:5-8 we have seen how believers are not to be praying.

 

            1.   They are not to be praying as the hypocrites do in order to gain the attention and admiration of men.

 

            2.   They are also not to be praying using vain repetition as the pagans do who think that they will be heard by their much speaking.

 

In Matthew 6:9-13 we see how a believer is to be praying.

 

All those who really love the Lord certainly desire that their prayers be answered. Wouldn’t it be nice if we could take steps to see that our prayers get answered.

 

Well, we can.

 

If believers want their prayers answered, they need to learn how to pray in a Biblical manner.

 

In Matthew 6:9-13 Jesus provides a model prayer or pattern for prayer for His listeners. Prayer should be addressed to God the Father Who should then be praised for Who He is and for what He has done. Jesus also teaches that prayer should be made for God’s will to be accomplished. In addition, Jesus teaches that prayer should be made for one’s daily needs. Jesus goes on to teach that His listeners should ask God to forgive their sins as they, in turn, forgive those who have sinned against them. Finally, Jesus instructs His listeners to ask God never to lead them into temptation but to deliver them from the evil one while praising God for Who He is and for all that He has done.

 

We should remind ourselves that God’s answers may sometimes be, Yes; sometimes, Not right now; and sometimes, No. But, He does answer believer’s prayers even though the answer He gives may not always be what they are hoping for.

 

After instructing His listeners how not to pray in verses 5-8, Jesus instructs them how to pray beginning in verse 9.

We see that –

    I.     OUR PRAYERS SHOULD BE “AFTER THIS MANNER” – 6:9A

 

Matthew 6:9 a – After this manner therefore pray ye. . . .

 

After this manner suggests in this way or as follows.

 

Thus, it means that this is a model prayer or a pattern for praying rather than a prayer to be prayed.

 

Although it is not sin to recite this prayer, it is not Christ’s intent for you to do so; so why recite prayers of any kind?

 

Therefore, introduces an inference from what precedes and is understood in the sense of consequently or accordingly.

 

Pray ye, where ye is you and is emphatic, is, Be praying. Its tense indicates that its action is to be normal, customary, or habitual. In other words, this is the normal pattern for prayer.

We also see that –

  II.     OUR PRAYERS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO GOD THE FATHER – 6:9B

 

Matthew 6:9 b – . . . Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

 

It is immediately clear that prayer is the privilege of the child of God, and believers are God’s children.

 

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

 

Romans 8:14-17 – (14) For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. (15) For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. (16) The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: (17) And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

 

Our Father which art in heaven is, Our Father, the One Who is in heaven.

 

Our makes it personal. Prayer is properly addressed to God the Father. We see that God is our Father and that we are God’s children.

 

As God’s children, believers have immediate access into the very presence of God. He is near to all of us.

 

In addition, as God’s children, we have equal access into God the Father’s presence. There is no favoritism or prejudice with God.

 

As God’s children, we may approach Him with confidence and make all our wishes known to Him.

 

As God’s children, we may also expect our heavenly Father to grant our requests which are consistent with His revealed will.

 

We also realize that, as God the Father’s children, we should approach Him with reverence.

 

Not only should prayer be addressed to God the Father, but in addition, we see that –

 III.     WE SHOULD PRAISE GOD THE FATHER FOR WHO HE IS – 6:9C

 

Matthew 6:9 c – . . . Hallowed be thy name.

 

In the Greek text, hallowed be thy name is a third person command for which English has no equivalent. It suggests, Let Your name be treated as holy (or reverenced) or, Your name must be treated as holy (or reverenced). God the Father’s name represents God the Father Himself and everything He stands for. Thus, He must be reverenced or treated as holy.

 

To hallow God’s name means to hold His name in reverence, i.e. to hold Him in reverence, to honor Him, to glorify Him, or to exalt Him.

Furthermore, we see that –

 IV.     WE SHOULD PRAY FOR GOD’S WILL TO BE ACCOMPLISHED – 6:10

 

Matthew 6:10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.

 

Thy kingdom come is another third person command in Greek for which English has no equivalent. It means, Your kingdom must come. It speaks of God the Father’s reign in our own hearts as well as in the salvation of those who are unsaved. It is also a prayer for the coming reign or rule of Christ on the earth during the Millennial Kingdom.

 

Thy will be done is yet another third person imperative in the Greek text for which English has no equivalent.

 

Thy is Your and refers to God the Father. God the Father’s will refers to what God wants to be done, i.e. to be performed or to be brought to pass.

 

In earth, as it is in heaven is literally, As in heaven also upon the earth. God’s will is done in heaven where there is never any opposition. Jesus is teaching that prayer should be made for God’s will to be accomplished on the earth.

 

So, how is God’s will done in heaven? The answer is perfectly and completely.

 

Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven is not only asking God to complete His program of the ages on the earth, but also to complete His plan for each one of us as individuals.

 

Now, God will accomplish His plan for the ages, and it is interesting to study; but other than living for Him in the time He gives us, there is not much we can do with His plan for the ages.

 

Our main concern must be with God’s plan or God’s will for us and our lives. So, what is God’s will for our lives?

 

Many times we have heard the question, How can I know the will of God for my life?

 

It is a good question, but it reveals a basic lack of understanding because it places the emphasis upon what I should do rather than upon what I should be. However, God is more concerned with what we are than with what we do. Although what we do is important, the fact is that the person who is what he ought to be will do what he ought to do, even when only he and God know the difference; whereas, the man who is overly concerned with doing rather than with being what he is supposed to be, may tend to do what ought to be done only when someone is watching him.

 

                              1.   It is God’s will that I be saved by placing my trust in the gospel message, that Christ died on the cross in order to pay for my sins, that He was buried, and that He was raised again the third day from the dead. I have already believed this and been saved. How about you?

 

                              2.   It is God’s will that I surrender my life to Him to live for Him.

 

Romans 12:1-21 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

 

I have already done this. How about you?

 

                              3.   It is God’s will that I seriously study the Bible and do what it says. It is a lifelong thing. I am doing this. How about you? Are you taking advantage of the time God has given you for personal Bible study?

 

Are you also taking advantage of the Bible instruction readily available to you in the church services? We make instruction in the Bible readily available to you in Sunday School, the Sunday Morning Service, the Sunday Evening service, and Prayer Meeting fifty-two weeks out of the year. There is no cost or obligation for this instruction other than to be here and pay attention. People actually hurt themselves spiritually when they neglect attending all the services available to them in a Bible-preaching, Bible-teaching local church.

 

                              4.   When you are saved, surrendered, and studying the Word of God diligently, i.e. when you are what you are supposed to be spiritually, God will make the rest of His will clear to you at the time of His choosing.

Moreover, we see that –

   V.     WE SHOULD PRAY FOR OUR DAILY NEEDS – 6:11

 

Matthew 6:11 Give us this day our daily bread. In verse 11 Jesus teaches that people should depend on God rather than on themselves for their daily needs.

 

Give us this day is, Give to us today.

 

Our daily bread is, Our bread, the daily (bread). It reminds believers that they are always dependent upon God to supply their needs on a daily basis. Although He sometimes does, God does not necessarily provide their needs months or years in advance. Believers need to learn to trust God to meet their needs each and every day of their lives.

 

It is interesting that believers are taught to ask for bread rather than for luxuries. It is for things we really need rather than for desires which we would consume on ourselves.

 

God has not promised to make us wealthy, and wealth is not a sign of spirituality. We must seek godliness rather than wealth. If God grants wealth, that’s fine. If He withholds wealth, that’s also fine.

 

Bread represents whatever is necessary to sustain physical life. It is representative of all temporal needs. It is our daily sustenance, whatever is needed. The believer is hereby taught to trust His Heavenly Father.

 

Trusting in God to meet our needs is not in any way condemning wise provision for the future.

 

We remind ourselves of –

Proverbs 6:6-8 – (6) Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: (7) Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, (8) Provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food in the harvest.

 

Furthermore, trusting God for our daily needs is condemning anxiety or worry about the future as if there were no heavenly Father to meet our needs.

 

Matthew 6:25-26 – (25) Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? (26) Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?

In addition, we see that –

 VI.     WE SHOULD ASK GOD TO FORGIVE OUR SINS AS WE, IN TURN, FORGIVE THOSE WHO HAVE SINNED AGAINST US – 6:12

 

Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.

 

In verse 12 Jesus tells His listeners to ask God to forgive their sins in the same way they forgive those who have sinned against them.

 

And continues Jesus’ instruction on prayer.

 

Forgive suggests cancel, remit, or pardon and implies release from legal or moral obligation or consequence. Its tense indicates that this should be done at once and without delay.

 

Us refers to Jesus’ listeners.

 

Our debts is literally the debts of us and implies the sum total of all of them.

 

Debts suggests sins, i.e. our moral obligations. In a parallel passage in Luke 11:4 Jesus taught,

 

Luke 11:4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.

 

Back to Matthew 6:12

As suggests like. In this verse it suggests in the (same) way that or in the (same) manner that.

 

We is emphatic and refers to Jesus’ listeners or to the readers of the Sermon on the Mount.

 

Forgive indicates ongoing action that is normal, habitual, or customary. It is understood in the sense of are forgiving, are canceling, are remitting, or are pardoning.

 

Our debtors suggests those who are guilty of sin against us. The appears before debtors in the Greek text, which indicates that it refers to the sum total of all those who are guilty of sin against us.

 

Along this line, Jesus taught in Matthew 5:7 ,

 

Matthew 5:7 Blessed (are) the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

 

Jesus also said in Matthew 18:21-35 ,

 

Matthew 18:21-35 – (21) Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? (22) Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven. (23) Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants. (24) And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents. (25) But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. (26) The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. (27) Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. (28) But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. (29) And his fellowservant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. (30) And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. (31) So when his fellowservants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done. (32) Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me: (33) Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? (34) And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. (35) So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.

 

Furthermore, in Mark 11:25-26 Jesus said,

 

Mark 11:25-26 – (25) And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. (26) But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.

 

It does not mean that they will forfeit their salvation. It means instead that they will not be right with God until they forgive others.

 

Paul instructs believers of the necessity of forgiving others in Ephesians 4:31-32 ,

 

Ephesians 4:31-32 – (31) Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour [i.e. shouting, harsh words], and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: (32) And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you.

We also see that –

VII.     WE SHOULD PRAY THAT GOD NEVER LEAD US INTO TEMPTATION – 6:13A

 

Matthew 6:13 a – And lead us not into temptation. . . .

 

Verse 13 concludes the model prayer taught by Jesus.

 

And lead us not into temptation is and do not begin to lead us into temptation or and never lead us into temptation. The tense and mood of lead us not forbids its action in its very beginning or from ever occurring.

 

Temptation in this context is an enticement (to commit sin). Of course, God will never tempt us to do evil, but He will allow Satan to do this. It is asking God not to put us into situations where we will be tempted by Satan, by self, or by the world to commit sin.

Next, we see that –

VIII.   WE SHOULD PRAY THAT GOD DELIVER US FROM EVIL – 6:13B

 

Matthew 6:13 b – . . . But deliver us from evil . . . .

 

But introduces a statement in strong contrast to lead us not into temptation.

 

Rather than God leading people into sin, they are supposed to pray, Deliver us from evil.

 

Deliver suggests rescue, save, or preserve. The tense of deliver implies that its action should be done at once and without delay.

 

Us refers to those who hear or read Jesus’ comments in the Sermon on the Mount.

 

From evil is literally from the evil. It has been translated as indicating evil in general. It may instead mean the evil one (i.e. Satan) or the evil thing (i.e. some specific evil with which the people are being tempted).

Finally, we see that –

 IX.     WE SHOULD CONCLUDE OUR PRAYERS BY PRAISING GOD FOR WHO HE IS – 6:13C

 

Matthew 6:13 c – . . . For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

 

For introduces the reason for praying to be delivered from evil. It is the word ordinarily translated because and is to be understood in this sense in this verse.

 

Thine is Yours and refers to God the Father. It is also emphatic and suggests Yours and no one else’s or Yours and Yours alone.

 

Is suggests that it is a timeless truth, something which is always true.

 

The kingdom suggests the kingdom of heaven or the kingdom of God. It is something which belongs to God the Father forever.

 

And the power suggests and all the power that exists. It indicates that God the Father is omnipotent or all powerful. There is nothing He cannot do which is consistent with His nature. He may choose not to do something, but He could do it if it is consistent with His nature and if He chooses to do it.

 

And the glory suggests all the magnificence or all the splendor. The sum total of all the glory there is will always belong to God the Father.

 

For ever indicates that the kingdom, the power, and the glory will all completely belong to God throughout eternity.

 

Amen indicates that Christ affirms what He has just stated.

CONCLUSION:

 

Are you really sure that you have been saved? Are you really on you way to heaven? The Bible says that you can really be sure of this.

 

Are you really a child of God? Do you remember John 1:12 ?

 

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.

 

Similarly, John 3:16 says, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

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