Hosea 1:10-3:5

Wednesday, August 10th, 2016


I remind you of some things we learned last week.

Hosea prophesied to the Northern Kingdom of Israel. He was a contemporary of Amos in Israel and of Isaiah and Micah in Judah.


An important date you need to remember in Old Testament history is 722 B.C. It is the year that Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom fell to the Assyrians. Hosea’s ministry, which lasted forty or more years, began at least 31 or 32 years before the fall of Samaria; and it continued for at least 7 or 8 years after the fall of Samaria.


Throughout its 200-year history, the Northern Kingdom had been characterized by idolatry. As a result God was going to judge the nation and send it into captivity. During Hosea’s ministry, God’s judgment would come; and it would result in the deaths of many Israelites and the dispersal of the survivors in various parts of the Assyrian Empire.


The Northern Kingdom of Israel was characterized by much sin. Hosea predicts the judgment God will bring on Israel in the Assyrian conquest and captivity. This then blends into God’s judgment on the nation of Israel and of the whole world in the yet-future tribulation. Hosea also predicts the future deliverance of Israel and its blessing during the millennium.

We have begun looking at –

    I.     The Training of the Prophet, 1:1 - 3:5


We are in the process of observing that –

            A.  Hosea’s home life was symbolic for the nation: it showed punishment and restoration, 1:1 - 2:1


Five different judgment-salvation cycles are seen in Hosea. The first one is seen in Hosea 1:2-2:1 . Although judgment on Israel is predicted in 1:2-9, salvation is predicted for Israel in 1:10 - 2:1. In our last message in Hosea, we looked at this first prediction of judgment on Israel in 1:2-9.


We have seen –

                        1.   Hosea’s marriage with Gomer, a potential adulteress, 1:2


Hosea 1:2 The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms [i.e. a wife of harlotry] and children of whoredoms [i.e. children of harlotry]: for the land hath committed great whoredom [i.e. great harlotry], departing from the LORD.


Whether his wife was a known prostitute before Hosea married her or whether she would become a prostitute after they were married is not clear. In either case, the marriage was providentially ordained in order to illustrate vividly the infidelity of the people of Israel.


We have already seen –

                        2.   The children of Hosea and Gomer: Jezreel, Lo-Ruhamah; Lo-Ammi, 1:3-9


There was Jezreel. God stated the significance of the name, I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.


God furthermore stated in verse 5, I will break the military might of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.


After Jezreel, Hosea’s wife gave birth to a daughter whom Hosea named Loruhamah, whose name means not pitied. The reason for her being given this name is that God said, For I will no more have mercy upon [i.e. I will no longer have pity on] the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.


Loruhamah symbolized the plight of Israel.


A third child was born who was named Loammi, whose name means not my people. For God said regarding Israel, For ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.


I have already said that five different judgment-salvation cycles are seen in Hosea. The first one is seen in Hosea 1:2-2:1 . We have seen the judgment phase. It is followed by the salvation phase.


So, we move on to –

                        3.   The final triumph of grace, 1:10 - 2:1


Although judgment on Israel is predicted in 1:1-9, salvation is predicted for Israel in 1:10 - 2:1.


(Bible Knowledge Commentary) – . . . Hosea 1:10-2:1 contains a marvelous prophecy of Israel’s future restoration, in which the effects of the Lord’s judgment will be totally reversed. The nation that suffered defeat at Jezreel and was called “not loved” and “not My people” will take part in the great “day of Jezreel” and hear the Lord say, “My people” and “[My] loved one.” The covenant promises to Abraham (of numerous descendants) and David (of eternal kingship) will be fulfilled when the covenant ideal predicted by Moses will be realized.


Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.


Hosea 1:11 Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.


1:10-11 – (RSB) Having predicted judgment, Hosea assured the people of their ultimate restoration, numerically and spiritually. Jezreel, a place of judgment in verse 4, is viewed in verse 11 as a place where God will bless Israel during the kingdom age (i.e. during the millennium).


Hosea 2:1 Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah.


Loammi in 1:9 means not my people and Loruhamah in 1:6 means not pitied. Lo, which appears at the beginning of the term Loammi and which appears again at the beginning of the term Loruhamah means not in Hebrew. Thus, in 2:1 Ammi means my people, and Ruhamah means pitied.


            B.  Hosea’s domestic tragedy reveals God’s redeeming love, 2:2-23


Five different judgment-salvation cycles are seen in Hosea. We have seen the first one in Hosea 1:2-2:1 . The second one is seen in Hosea 2:2-3:5 . Although judgment on Israel is predicted in 2:2-13, salvation is predicted for Israel in 2:14 - 3:5.


Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother [i.e. contend with your mother, bring charges against your mother], plead [i.e. contend, bring charges against]: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms [i.e. her harlotries] out of her sight [i.e. she should not make her face up to look like a harlot], and (she should put away) her adulteries from between her breasts [i.e. she should not expose herself like a harlot];


2:1-2 – (RSB) brethren ... sisters refer to individual Israelites and mother refers to the nation. Gomer’s adultery is used as an illustration of Israel’s unfaithfulness. . . . The punishment of Gomer represents the punishment of Israel, and the restoration of Gomer represents the restoration of Israel.


Hosea 2:3 Lest I [i.e. in order that I not] strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness [i.e. make her like a desert], and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.


Hosea 2:4 And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms [i.e. they are children of harlotry].


2:3-4 – (RSB) Gomer is threatened with public exposure, infertility (making her a dry land), and rejection of her children.


Hosea 2:5 For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully [i.e. she has acted shamefully, she has behaved shamefully]: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink [In reality, God had given all these things to Israel.].


2:5 – (RSB) my lovers. Just as Gomer went after her paramours [i.e. illicit partners of married persons], so Israel worshiped Baal and other Canaanite gods.


Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I [i.e. God] will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall [i.e. wall her in], that she shall not find her paths [i.e. to make her lose her way].


Hosea 2:7 And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return [i.e. I will go back] to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now.


God will put roadblocks in her way to return to her lovers. God does this with believers who insist on getting involved in sin. He puts up roadblocks of one sort or another to stop believers from becoming involved in sin. It might be by something as simple as a telephone ringing to stop you from committing some sin.


2:7 – (RSB) Neither Gomer nor God’s people could find satisfaction in unfaithfulness.


Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I [i.e. God] gave her corn [i.e. grain], and wine, and oil [i.e. olive oil], and multiplied her silver and gold, which they [i.e. the Israelites] prepared for Baal.


Hosea 2:9 Therefore will I [i.e. God] return, and take away my corn in the time thereof [i.e. take back my grain at harvest time], and my wine in the season thereof [i.e. and my new wine in its seasonwhen it’s ready], and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness [i.e. intended to cover her nakedness].


Hosea 2:10 And now will I [i.e. God] discover [i.e. uncover] her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her [i.e. rescue her] out of mine hand.


2:10 – (RSB) discover her lewdness. Lit., uncover her lewdness; i.e., reveal her to her lovers as the shameful creature she was.


Hosea 2:11 I [i.e. God] will also cause all her mirth [i.e. all her gaity, all her celebrations] to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.


Hosea 2:12 And I [i.e. God] will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said [i.e. about which she said], These are my rewards [i.e. my wages] that my lovers have given me: and I [i.e. God] will make them [i.e. I will make her vines and her fig trees] a forest [i.e. a jungle], and the beasts of the field shall eat them [i.e. where only wild animals of the field will eat them].


Hosea 2:13 And I [i.e. God] will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them [i.e. and I will punish her for the days she burned incense to Baals], and she decked herself [i.e. and she adorned herself] with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers [i.e. the Baals], and [or but] forgat me, saith the LORD.


2:13 – (RSB) days of Baalim. The whole period of the Worship of Baal (the chief Canaanite deity) by Israel.


Although judgment on Israel is predicted in 2:2-13, salvation is predicted for Israel in 2:14 - 3:5. This will occur during the millennium.


Hosea 2:14 Therefore, behold, I [i.e. God] will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably [i.e. kindly, tenderly] unto her [i.e. speak to her heart].


Hosea 2:15 And I [i.e. God] will give her her vineyards from thence [i.e. and I will give her back her vineyards from there], and the valley of Achor for a door of hope [i.e. and will make the valley of Achor a door of hope]: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.


2:15 – (RSB) valley of Achor. The “valley of trouble,” SW of Jericho, where Achan died (Josh. 7:26). Only through trouble would Israel have hope of restoration.


Joshua 7:24-2624 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor. 25 And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. 26 And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.


Hosea 2:16 And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou shalt call me Ishi [i.e. my husband]; and shalt call me no more Baali [i.e. my owner].


Hosea 2:17 For I [i.e. God] will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name.


Hosea 2:18 And in that day will I [i.e. God] make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I [i.e. God] will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.


2:18 – (RSB) With the beasts of the field. In the millennial age even the beasts will be tamed (Isa. 11:6-9).


Hosea 2:19 And I [i.e. God] will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I [i.e. God] will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment [i.e. in justice], and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.


2:19 – (RSB) lovingkindness. The Hebrew word is hesed, used about 250 times in the OT. It means loyal, steadfast, or faithful love and stresses the idea of a belonging together of those involved in the love relationship. Here it connotes God’s faithful love for His unfaithful people. . . . In the OT, communion, deliverance, enabling, enlightenment, guidance, forgiveness, hope, praise, preservation are all based on God’s hesed (i.e. lovingkindness).


Hosea 2:20 I [i.e. God] will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.


2:19-20 – (RSB) The word betroth describes the restoration God promised. A betrothed couple were considered as though legally married.


Hosea 2:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I [i.e. God] will hear, saith the LORD, I [i.e. God] will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth;


Hosea 2:22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel [i.e. Israel].


Jezreel, which represents the nation of Israel, is pictured here as calling on the corn (or grain), the wine (which comes from the grapes), and the oil (or olive oil); and the corn (or grain), the wine, and the oil are pictured as calling on the earth; and the earth is pictured as calling on the heavens; and the heavens are pictured as calling on the LORD Who will respond by sending rain.


Hosea 2:23 And I [i.e. God] will sow her unto me in the earth; and I [i.e. God] will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I [i.e. God] will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.


2:22-23 – (RSB) Jezreel. God will sow restored Israel in fertile soil, and she will flourish.


            C.  Hosea’s dealing with Gomer: a command and a revelation, 3:1-5


Hosea 3:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend [i.e. loved by her lover], yet an adulteress [i.e. who is committing adultery], according to [i.e. just like] the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine [i.e. who love (the) raisin cakes (of the pagans)].


3:1 – (RSB) beloved of her friend. . . . Loved by another (i.e., loved by her paramour = her illicit sexual partner).


(RSB) flagons of wine. . . . Cakes of raisins, an offering used in Baal rites.


Hosea 3:2 So I [i.e. Hosea] bought her to me [i.e. I bought her for myself] for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley [i.e. a homer and a half of barley]:


3:2 – (RSB) I bought her. Gomer, no longer considered Hosea’s wife, had to be restored to that position through the customary practice of purchase. The price of a slave was 30 shekels of silver. Hosea apparently paid half in money and half in grain.


(RSB) fifteen pieces. About six oz. A homer and a half = nine bushels.


Hosea 3:3 And I [i.e. Hosea] said unto her, Thou shalt abide for me many days; thou shalt not play the harlot, and thou shalt not be for another man: so will I [i.e. Hosea] also be for thee.


Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image [i.e. without a sacred pillar], and without an ephod, and without teraphim [i.e. without household gods]:


3:4 – (RSB) ephod. Part of the high priest’s attire, but here associated with idol worship.


Verse 4 speaks of Israel’s present situation. Israel is without a king, without a prince, without sacrifice, without an image, without an ephod, and without teraphim.


Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king [i.e. a reference to Israel’s recognition of the authority of the Davidic monarchy which Israel had rejected since the days of the division of the nation of Israel following the death of Solomon]; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness in the latter days.


3:3-5 – (RSB) Gomer was placed in forced seclusion for some days, symbolizing Israel’s exile.


Verse 5 speaks of Israel’s future during the millennial kingdom.


This sermon is the 2nd part of the series, Study of Hosea. Other sermons in this series are: