Matthew 8:5-17

Sunday, August 21st, 2016

VARIOUS HEALINGS PERFORMED BY JESUS

INTRODUCTION:

 

The narrative about Jesus in Matthew 8 and 9 includes His cleansing of a leper, His healing of the centurion’s servant, His healing of Peter’s mother-in-law, His test for discipleship, His stilling of the winds and waves, His casting out demons at Gadara, His healing of a paralytic man, His call of Matthew, His answer to the Pharisees about eating with tax collectors and sinners, His answer to the Pharisees about fasting, His healing of Jairus’ daughter and the woman with the issue of blood, His healing of two blind men, His casting out a demon from a dumb man, and His compassion for the multitudes.

 

The miracles which Jesus performed demonstrated that He was the Messiah and that everything He said was to be believed.

We have already seen –

    I.     JESUS’ CLEANSING OF A LEPER – 8:1-4

We move on to –

  II.     JESUS’ HEALING OF THE CENTURION’S SERVANT – 8:5-13

 

The healing of the centurion’s servant took place when Jesus was in Capernaum. The centurion told Jesus that his servant was paralyzed and in great discomfort. Jesus volunteered to come to the centurion’s home and heal his servant, but the centurion told Jesus that he was unworthy for Jesus to come into his home and that Jesus should just speak the word and his servant would be healed. The centurion then explained that he was used to receiving orders from his superiors and giving orders to those under his command. Jesus thereupon stated that He had not found faith like the centurion’s in Israel. Many will come from outside of Israel and sit down with the Jewish patriarchs in the kingdom of heaven, but those Jews who thought they would automatically gain entrance into the kingdom will find themselves excluded from it. Jesus then told the centurion to go his way, that his servant was healed.

 

Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him.

 

And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum suggests at the time that Jesus entered into Capernaum.

 

There came unto him a centurion is a centurion came to Him (or a centurion approached Him).

 

A centurion is a Roman officer commanding about one hundred men. He was a captain.

 

Beseeching him indicates how the centurion approached Jesus. It suggests imploring Jesus.

 

Matthew 8:6 And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.

 

In verse 6 the centurion told Jesus that his servant was paralyzed and in great discomfort.

 

And saying is understood in the sense of while saying, by saying, or and was saying.

 

The centurion addresses Jesus as Lord, thereby demonstrating a submissive spirit to Jesus.

 

My servant means my slave.

 

Lieth at home sick of the palsy suggests is lying (on a sickbed) in the house, a paralytic (or paralyzed).

 

He further describes his servant as grievously tormented, which suggests terribly tortured. The tense of tormented indicates that it is constant.

 

Matthew 8:7 And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him.

 

In verse 7 Jesus offered to come to the centurion’s home and heal his slave.

 

And Jesus saith unto him means that Jesus says to the centurion.

 

What Jesus says is, I will come and heal him (i.e. I will come and heal your slave). The mood of (will) heal indicates that it something Jesus will definitely do if He comes.

 

Matthew 8:8 The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.

 

In verse 8, the centurion protested that he was unworthy for Jesus to come into his home and that Jesus should just say so and his slave would be healed.

 

The centurion answered and said Lord, I am not worthy, which suggests Lord, I am not good enough.

 

That thou shouldest come under my roof suggests for you to come under my roof, further suggesting into my home.

 

But introduces a statement in strong contrast to Jesus’ thought of coming to the centurion’s home to heal the paralyzed servant.

 

Speak the word only is only speak a word.

 

And my servant shall be healed. By this, the centurion demonstrated his belief that Jesus had the ability to heal his servant.

 

Matthew 8:9 For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.

 

In verse 9 the centurion explains that he is used to both receiving orders from his superiors and giving orders to his subordinates.

 

For I is for I also. It is emphatic and refers to the centurion.

 

I am a man under authority means that as a soldier, he has superiors who give orders to him which he carries out.

 

Man is the generic term for human being and suggests person.

 

Having soldiers under me means that the centurion has soldiers under his authority. As a soldier with both superiors and subordinates, he is used to both receiving and giving orders. He is also used to his orders being carried out.

 

And I say to this man, Go, and he goeth. He tells one of his subordinates to go, and the subordinate goes.

 

And to another, Come, and he cometh means that he tells another of his soldiers to come, and the soldier comes.

 

And to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it, which indicates that he tells his slave to do something, and his slave does it.

 

Matthew 8:10 When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.

 

When Jesus heard it is simply Jesus having heard the statement of the centurion in verse 9.

 

Jesus marvelled means that Jesus was astonished.

 

And said to them that followed suggests and said to the ones who were following Him.

 

What Jesus said is, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.

 

Verily is truly.

 

I (i.e. Jesus) say to you is, I am saying to you by which He is referring to those who were following Him.

 

I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel is not even in Israel have I found so great faith.

 

So great faith suggests so strong faith (i.e. so strong belief or so strong trust) and implies so great faith, belief, or trust as the centurion has demonstrated.

 

Matthew 8:11 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.

 

In verse 11 Jesus states that many will come from outside of Israel and sit down with the Jewish patriarchs in the kingdom of heaven.

 

And I say unto you is I (i.e. Jesus) am saying to you, I am declaring to you, or I am asserting to you. What Jesus is saying comprises the rest of verse 11 and all of verse 12.

 

That many suggests that many people. It is a large, but indeterminate, number.

 

Shall come suggests will have come or will be present.

 

From the east and west indicates that these many will come from all over the world.

 

And shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven indicates what these many will do.

 

Shall sit down is will be caused to recline at a meal or will be placed as guests at a meal.

 

It pictures them dining with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.

 

Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

 

In verse 12 Jesus states that those Jews who thought that they would automatically gain entrance into the kingdom will find themselves excluded from it and will forever suffer the consequences of their sins in the lake of fire.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to what Jesus stated in verse 11.

 

The children of the kingdom refers to those who think that the kingdom of heaven belongs to them and that they will share in it. It refers to those who consider themselves to be worthy of the kingdom of heaven. They are the ones who have not received Jesus Christ as their personal Lord and Savior. They think that they will be automatically included in the kingdom of heaven because they are Jews.

 

However, they are in for quite a surprise in that they shall be cast out (thrown out or driven out) into outer darkness, which suggests into eternal hell in the lake of fire where there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

 

Matthew 13:40-42 states similarly,

 

Matthew 13:40-42 – (40) As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. (41) The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; (42) And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

 

Matthew 8:13 And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, so be it done unto thee. And his servant was healed in the selfsame hour.

 

And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go thy way, i.e. Go or go away. And as thou hast believed is and as you believed and functions as the subject of the verb translated let it be done. It is literally let as you have believed be done or As you have believed must be done (i.e. must happen or must take place) for you. The centurion had believed that Jesus could heal his slave, and Jesus healed his slave in accordance with the centurion’s faith. It suggests because you have believed.

 

And his servant was healed in the selfsame hour is and his servant was healed in that hour, i.e. in the same hour that Jesus told the centurion to go his way.

 

In healing the centurion’s slave Jesus demonstrated that He could heal someone without being present with him.

Next, we see –

 III.     JESUS’ HEALING OF PETER’S MOTHER-IN-LAW – 8:14-15

 

Matthew 8:14-17 indicates that Peter was a married man. Jesus came to Peter’s house and found Peter’s mother-in-law sick with a fever. Jesus healed her, and she got up and served them. That evening many demon-possessed individuals were brought to Jesus, and He cast out the demons and healed all that were sick. This was done in fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy.

 

Matthew 8:14 And when Jesus was come into Peter’s house, he saw his wife’s mother laid, and sick of a fever.

 

And when Jesus was come into Peter’s house is understood in the sense of after Jesus came into Peter’s house.

 

He (i.e. Jesus) saw his (i.e. Peter’s) wife’s mother (i.e. Peter’s mother-in-law).

 

Laid shows her situation. She had been laid on a sickbed. Laid is a passive voice, which means that someone else, perhaps Peter, had previously picked her up and laid her down on this sickbed. This implies that she was so weak that she was not even able to lay herself on the sickbed.

 

And sick of a fever further describes her situation. She was sick with a fever.

 

Matthew 8:15 And he touched her hand, and the fever left her: and she arose, and ministered unto them.

 

In verse 15 Jesus heals Peter’s mother-in-law, and she gets up and serves them.

 

And he touched her hand is and Jesus touched the hand of Peter’s mother-in-law.

 

The result of this is that the fever left her (or departed from her). It shows that sickness was subject to Jesus. The proof that the healing was instantaneous is that immediately she arose, and ministered unto them. This is in contrast to her having been so weak before the fever left her that she had been unable even to lay herself on the bed.

 

She arose means that Peter’s mother-in-law got up and ministered unto them, i.e. was serving them.

 

 IV.     THOSE POSSESSED WITH DEMONS AND ALL THAT WERE SICK – 8:16-17

 

Matthew 8:16 When the even was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils: and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick.

 

When the even was come suggests when it was evening.

 

They brought unto him many that were possessed with devils, i.e. they brought to Him (i.e. to Jesus) many demon-possessed or many possessed by demons.

 

It is not clear who they were but suggests people.

 

Many is an indeterminate, but large, number.

 

And he (i.e. Jesus) cast out (i.e. drove out or expelled) the spirits with his word (i.e. with a word). The appears before spirits in the Greek text, suggesting that Jesus cast out the sum total of all the demonic spirits who were possessing these people.

 

Jesus told these demons to get out, and they obeyed Him and got out of the people they were possessing. It shows that demons were subject to Jesus.

 

Mark’s gospel indicates that, in addition to people bringing all that were demon-possessed to Jesus, they also brought unto him all that were diseased (Mark 1:32 ).

 

And healed all that were sick indicates what Jesus did that evening in addition to casting out all the demons. The fact that Jesus healed all (who were present) that were sick suggests that none of them left that evening still sick. His rate of success was perfect.

 

Matthew 8:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.

 

According to verse 17 what Jesus did on this evening was done intentionally in order to fulfill a prophecy from Isaiah.

 

That is in order that.

 

It might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet is the thing spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled.

 

By Esaias indicates an intermediate agency in the sense of through Isaiah. Isaiah indeed spoke the words; but they were the words spoken by the Direct Agent, i.e. by God, through him, i.e. through Isaiah.

 

Saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses is quoted from Isaiah 53:4 ,

 

Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

 

Himself is He Himself.

 

Took suggests took away or removed.

 

Our infirmities is our sicknesses or our diseases.

 

And bare our sicknesses completes the quotation from Isaiah.

 

And bare means and carried away or and removed.

 

Our sicknesses is our illnesses or our diseases.

 

Although this verse has been used by some to promote the idea that there is healing in the atonement, this verse shows that this prophecy refers to Christ’s earthly healing ministry rather than to the atonement.

CONCLUSION:

 

By Jesus’ cleansing a leper, by His healing the centurion’s slave, by His healing Peter’s mother in law, by His casting out many demons, and by healing many others who were sick, Jesus demonstrated that He was the promised Messiah and that people should believe in Him.

 

Remember what John 3:16 says.

 

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

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