Ezra 1-2

Wednesday, September 28th, 2016

The book is named after its main character, Ezra.

Ezra the priest is traditionally regarded as the human author.

Ezra is devoted to the events occurring in the land of Israel at the time of the return from the captivity and continues that history for about one hundred years. Thus, the events described begin around 538 B.C. and end around 440 B.C. The emphasis of Ezra is on the rebuilding of the Temple.

    I. The First Return of the Exiles Under Zerubbabel, 1:1 - 2:70

           A.  The decree of Cyrus, 1:1-11

           B.  The register of the returning exiles, 2:1-70

   II. The Restoration of the Worship of the Lord, 3:1 - 6:22

           A.  The Temple rebuilt, 3:1 - 6:15

           B.  The Temple dedicated, 6:16-22

  III. Reforms Under Ezra, 7:1 - 10:44

           A.  The second return of exiles, 7:1 - 8:36

           B.  The abolition of heathen marriages, 9:1 - 10:44

Ezra 1


    I.     The First Return of the Exiles Under Zerubbabel, 1:1 - 2:70

            A.  The decree of Cyrus, 1:1-11


The proclamation of Cyrus (1:1-4) (BKC)

Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,


1:1 – (RSB) first year of Cyrus’s reign over Babylon (538 B.C.). Cyrus had reigned over Persia from 559 and had captured Babylon in Oct. 538 (Dan. 5:30-31). The action of Cyrus, predicted about 200 years earlier . . ., fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah (25:12).


Daniel 5:30-3130 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. 31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.


Jeremiah 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

Ezra 1:2 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house [i.e. a temple] at Jerusalem, which is in Judah.


1:2 – (RSB) This acknowledgment (cf. vv. 3, 4) of Yahweh provides no clear proof that Cyrus was a believer (see note on Isa. 45:5), but it is evidence of his policy to conciliate captive peoples and their religion, as described in the Cyrus Cylinder. This decree was discovered by Darius I some 20 years later (6:2).


Ryrie note on Isaiah 45:5 thou hast not known me. Though used to carry out God’s plan, Cyrus did not personally know God, as evidenced in his ascribing his victories to “the great gods” and his defeat of the Babylonians especially to Marduk, head god of the Babylonian pantheon.


As is evidenced from Cyrus’ attitude concerning the God of Israel (whom he did not worship), he was not a true believer in Yahweh. Cyrus’ concern was to establish strong buffer states around his empire which would be loyal to him. Also by having his subject peoples resettled in their own countries, he hoped to have the gods in various parts of his empire praying for him to his gods Bel and Nebo. The famous Cyrus Cylinder (538 B.C.) which records his capture of Babylon and his program of repatriating his subject peoples in their homelands, includes this statement, “May all the gods whom I have resettled in their sacred cities daily ask Bel and Nebo for a long life for me” (Bible Knowledge Commentary).

Cyrus’ statement continues –

Ezra 1:3 Who is there among you of all his people? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel, (he is the God,) which is in Jerusalem.


God had promised the Jewish remnant that He would raise up Cyrus as His servant to restore the fortunes of His people. . . . Under the Holy Spirit’s guidance, the Prophet Isaiah referred to Cyrus by name about 150 years before the king made his decree (BKC).


Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.


Isaiah 45:1 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings [i.e. I will paralyze the kings with fear], to open before him the two leaved gates [i.e. the two gates of Babylon]; and the gates shall not be shut.


Isaiah 45:13 I [i.e. the LORD] have raised him [i.e. Cyrus] up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.

Cyrus’ statement continues –

Ezra 1:4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth [i.e. dwells, lives], let the men of his place help him [i.e. provide him, support him] with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts [i.e. with cattle, with livestock], beside the freewill offering for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.


1:4 – (RSB) let the men. i.e., Gentile neighbors in Persia were to help by their donations (v. 6).


This is reminiscent of the Exodus from Egypt when God miraculously took the nation out of bondage and had the Egyptians aid them with gifts of silver, gold, and clothing. . . . Now God was effecting a new “Exodus,” again bringing His people who had been in bondage back into the land of promise, much as He had done under Moses and Joshua. The people had been in bondage to Babylon because of their failure to keep their covenantal obligations, which Moses had given them during the first Exodus. Once more God was miraculously working in the life of the nation (BKC).


The reaction of the Israelites (1:5-11) (BKC)

Ezra 1:5 Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house [i.e. to build the temple] of the LORD which is in Jerusalem.


1:5 – (RSB) Although 49,897 chose to go (2:64-65), many remained in Babylon.


Ezra 2:64-6564 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore [i.e. 42,360], 65 Beside their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven [i.e. 7,337]: and there were among them two hundred [i.e. 200] singing men and singing women.

Ezra 1:6 And all they that were about them [i.e. all their neighbors as suggested in Cyrus’ proclamation] strengthened their hands [i.e. encouraged them, assisted them] with vessels [i.e. with articles] of silver, with gold, with goods, and with beasts [i.e. with cattle, with livestock], and with precious things, beside all that was willingly offered.

Ezra 1:7 Also Cyrus the king brought forth the vessels [i.e. the articles] of the house of the LORD [i.e. of the temple of the LORD], which Nebuchadnezzar had brought forth out of Jerusalem [i.e. which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from Jerusalem], and had put them in the house of his gods;


1:7 – (RSB) Some of these vessels had been looted and taken to Babylon in 605 (Dan. 1:2), others in 597 (II Kings 24:13 ), and the rest in 586 B.C. (II Kings 25:14-15 ; Jer. 27:16-22). The Temple furniture had been destroyed in 586 (2 Kings 25:13; Jer. 3:16).


In 605 B.C. –

Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand [i.e. into Nebuchadnezzar’s hand], with part of the vessels [i.e. the articles] of the house of God: which he [i.e. Nebuchadnezzar] carried into the land of Shinar [i.e. into the land of Babylon] to the house of his god; and he [i.e. Nebuchadnezzar] brought the vessels [i.e. the articles] into the treasure house of his god.


In 597 B.C.

II Kings 24:13 And he [i.e. Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon] carried out thence [i.e. from there] all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.


In 586 B.C.

II Kings 25:14-1514 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers [i.e. the wick trimmers], and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they [i.e. the Babylonians] away. 15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away.


In 586 B.C.

Jeremiah 27:16-2216 Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets [i.e. your false prophets] that prophesy unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD’S house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you. 17 Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste? 18 But if they be prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon. 19 For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea [i.e. the bronze basin called “the sea”], and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city, 20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem; 21 Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem; 22 They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.


In 586 B.C.

II Kings 25:13 13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon.


In 586 B.C.

Jeremiah 3:16-1716 And it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith the LORD, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the LORD: neither shall it come to mind: neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit it; neither shall that be done any more. 17 At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the LORD; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.


The ark of the covenant, which was lost after Babylon destroyed Judah in 586 B.C., would not be missed, and another ark would not be made. In place of the ark will be The Throne of the LORD, a title by which the city of Jerusalem will be known (Bible Knowledge Commentary on Jeremiah 3:16-17 ).

Ezra 1:8 Even those [i.e. the articles of the temple of the LORD which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from Jerusalem] did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them [i.e. counted them out] unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.


1:8 – (RSB) Sheshbazzar. Likely Zerubbabel’s Babylonian name (cf. 5:16 with Zech. 4:9). He was the godly grandson of wicked King Jeconiah (l Chron. 3:17-19; cf. Hag. 2:23). Others suggest that Sheshbazzar was the official leader and Zerubbabel the popular one. He has also been identified with Shenazzar (1 Chron. 3:18), which would make him Zerubbabel’s uncle.


Ezra 5:16 Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished.


Zechariah 4:9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.


I Chronicles 3:17-1917 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel [i.e. the Greek form of Shealtiel] his son, 18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. 19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:


Haggai 2:23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel [i.e. Salathiel], saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet [i.e. as a signet ring (for my finger) – a signet ring is a seal of royal authority]: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.


Whereas I Chronicles 3:17 indicates that Zerubbabel was the son of Pedaiah, Haggai 2:23 indicates that he was the son of Pedaiah’s brother Shealtiel (Salathiel). Ryrie’s comment is helpful:


Ryrie’s comment on Ezra 5:2 (RSB) Zerubbabel. Designated as the son of both Shealtiel and Shealtiel’s brother Pedaiah (1 Chron. 3:17-19), suggesting a case of levirate marriage.


1:9-11 – (RSB) The vessels totaled 5,400, of which the 2,499 listed in verses 9-10 were evidently the largest or most important.

Ezra 1:9 And this is the number of them: thirty chargers of gold [i.e. 30 gold platters], a thousand chargers of silver [i.e. 1,000 silver platters], nine and twenty knives [i.e. 29 knives],

Ezra 1:10 Thirty basons of gold [i.e. 30 gold basins (or bowls)], silver basons of a second sort four hundred and ten [i.e. 410 silver basins (or bowls (or bowls)], and other vessels [i.e. articles] a thousand.

Ezra 1:11 All the vessels [i.e. articles] of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred. All these did Sheshbazzar [i.e. Zerubbabel] bring up with them of the captivity [i.e. with the captives, with the exiles] that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem.

Ezra 2


    I.     The First Return of the Exiles Under Zerubbabel (continued), 1:1 - 2:70

            B.  The register of the returning exiles, 2:1-70


The list of people who returned (chap. 2) (BKC)


The list recorded (2:1-63) (BKC)

Ezra 2:1 Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city [i.e. unto his hometown];

Ezra 2:2 Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:


Ezra first recorded the 11 civil and religious leaders who were prominent (v. 2) (BKC).


Jeshua was the high priest (3:2); his name is spelled Joshua in the Books of Haggai and Zechariah. He was a grandson of Seraiah (cf. 1 Chron. 6:14 with Hag. 1:1), a priest whom Nebuchadnezzar had killed at Riblah (II Kings 25:18-21 ).


I Chronicles 6:14-1514 And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah begat Jehozadak, 15 And Jehozadak went into captivity, when the LORD carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.


Haggai 1:1 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech [i.e. Jehozadak], the high priest, saying,


II Kings 25:18-2118 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: 19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king’s presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city: 20 And Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took these, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah: 21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.


2:2 – (RSB) Jeshua. The high priest (3:2) = Joshua in Haggai and Zechariah. Nehemiah. Not the famous governor who went 80 years later. Mordecai. Not the one in the book of Esther who remained in Persia.


(In verses 3-20) Ezra listed people by their 18 families and clans (BKC).


2:3-19 – (RSB) These are apparently names of families, some members of which returned with Zerubbabel in 536 B.C. and others later with Ezra (cf. Ezra 8 , 10; Neh. 10).

Ezra 2:3 The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.

Ezra 2:4 The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.

Ezra 2:5 The children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.

Ezra 2:6 The children of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.

Ezra 2:7 The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

Ezra 2:8 The children of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five.

Ezra 2:9 The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.

Ezra 2:10 The children of Bani, six hundred forty and two.

Ezra 2:11 The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three.

Ezra 2:12 The children of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty and two.

Ezra 2:13 The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.

Ezra 2:14 The children of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six.

Ezra 2:15 The children of Adin, four hundred fifty and four.

Ezra 2:16 The children of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.

Ezra 2:17 The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and three.

Ezra 2:18 The children of Jorah, an hundred and twelve.

Ezra 2:19 The children of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three.

Ezra 2:20 The children of Gibbar, ninety and five.


(In verses 21-35 Ezra listed inhabitants) . . . from 21 towns and villages (BKC).

Ezra 2:21 The children of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three.

Ezra 2:22 The men of Netophah, fifty and six.

Ezra 2:23 The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.

Ezra 2:24 The children of Azmaveth, forty and two.

Ezra 2:25 The children of Kirjatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three.

Ezra 2:26 The children of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one.

Ezra 2:27 The men of Michmas, an hundred twenty and two.

Ezra 2:28 The men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred twenty and three.

Ezra 2:29 The children of Nebo, fifty and two.

Ezra 2:30 The children of Magbish, an hundred fifty and six.

Ezra 2:31 The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

Ezra 2:32 The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.

Ezra 2:33 The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five.

Ezra 2:34 The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.

Ezra 2:35 The children of Senaah, three thousand and six hundred and thirty.


In verses 36-39 Ezra listed the priests (BKC).

Ezra 2:36 The priests: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.

Ezra 2:37 The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.

Ezra 2:38 The children of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.

Ezra 2:39 The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.


(In verses 40-42 Ezra listed the) Levites which included singers and gatekeepers (BKC)

Ezra 2:40 The Levites: the children of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and four.


2:40 – (RSB) Only 74 Levites had chosen to return, in contrast to 4,289 priests (vv. 36-39). Ezra found the same reluctance on the part of the Levites in his day (8:15), probably due to their inferior status in comparison to ministering priests.

Ezra 2:41 The singers: the children of Asaph, an hundred twenty and eight.


2:41 – (RSB) Asaph. An outstanding musician in the time of King David who was appointed minister of music in the Temple (1 Chron. 15:19; 16:5) and whose descendants were also official musicians. Pss. 50, 73-83 are attributed to Asaph.

Ezra 2:42 The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all an hundred thirty and nine.


2:42 – (RSB) porters. . . . Doorkeepers, who kept unauthorized people from entering forbidden areas in the Temple.


(In verses 43-54 Ezra listed) the temple servants (BKC).

Ezra 2:43 The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth,


2:43 – (RSB) The Nethinims. Temple servants, descendants of the Gibeonites (Josh. 9).

Ezra 2:44 The children of Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon,

Ezra 2:45 The children of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub,

Ezra 2:46 The children of Hagab, the children of Shalmai, the children of Hanan,

Ezra 2:47 The children of Giddel, the children of Gahar, the children of Reaiah,

Ezra 2:48 The children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, the children of Gazzam,

Ezra 2:49 The children of Uzza, the children of Paseah, the children of Besai,

Ezra 2:50 The children of Asnah, the children of Mehunim, the children of Nephusim,

Ezra 2:51 The children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur,

Ezra 2:52 The children of Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha,

Ezra 2:53 The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Thamah,

Ezra 2:54 The children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha.


(In verses 55-58 Ezra listed) the descendants of the royal servants (BKC).

Ezra 2:55 The children of Solomon’s servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda,

Ezra 2:56 The children of Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel,

Ezra 2:57 The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth of Zebaim, the children of Ami.

Ezra 2:58 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon’s servants, were three hundred ninety and two.


2:58 – (RSB) Solomon’s servants. His prisoners of war.


(In verses 59-63 Ezra listed) the returnees who could not clearly trace their ancestry (BKC).

Ezra 2:59 And these were they which went up from Telmelah, Telharsa, Cherub, Addan, and Immer: but they could not shew their father’s house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel:

Ezra 2:60 The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.

Ezra 2:61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name:

Ezra 2:62 These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.

Ezra 2:63 And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.


2:63 – (RSB) Urim and Thummim. See note on Ex. 28:30.


Ryrie note on Exodus 28:30 (RSB) Urim and Thummim. Possibly two precious stones, which were put inside the pouch. They may have been used, like lots, to determine God’s will.


The priests who could not delineate their genealogies were not allowed by the governor . . . to eat . . . the most sacred food till a priest was ministering with the Urim and Thummin. The Urim and Thummin were parts of the high priest’s breastplate, probably two stones used in some way in determining God’s will . . . (BKC).


(In verses 64-67 Ezra gives) the total number (of returnees) (BKC)


When added together the numbers in verses 2-42, 58, and 60 which list the returnees come to 29,829 (including the 11 prominent men listed in verse 2). However, the total in verses 64-65 – the whole company – is 49,897. The larger number may include women and children. It may also include Jews from the 10 Northern tribes who might have joined the remnant of the two Southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin (cf. 1:5). It may also have included the priests who could not delineate their genealogies (2:61-62) (BKC).

Ezra 2:64 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Ezra 2:65 Beside their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women.

Ezra 2:66 Their horses were seven hundred thirty and six; their mules, two hundred forty and five;

Ezra 2:67 Their camels, four hundred thirty and five; their asses, six thousand seven hundred and twenty.


The journey from Babylon to Israel was about 900 miles and took about four months (cf. 7:8-9).


Ezra 7:8-98 And he came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king. 9 For upon the first day of the first month began he to go up from Babylon, and on the first day of the fifth month came he to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him.


(In verses 68-70 Ezra indicates that) the restoration (was) begun (BKC)


To begin the temple-building project, the people gave large amounts of money and material (BKC).

Ezra 2:68 And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in his place:

Ezra 2:69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pound of silver, and one hundred priests’ garments.


2:69 – (RSB) drams (lit., darics). Thick, gold Persian coins, each weighing 46 oz (130 gm). Thus the gifts amounted to 18,125 oz (1,133 lb . . .) of gold. pound. Lit., minas, each equivalent to 1.25 lb, making a total of 100,000 oz (6,250 lb), or about three tons . . . of silver.

Ezra 2:70 So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities.


This sermon is the 1st part of the series, Study of Ezra. Other sermons in this series are: