Matthew 10:7-20

Sunday, October 9th, 2016

THE COMMISSION TO THE TWELVE

INTRODUCTION:

 

The deeds of the King include the narrative about Jesus (8:1 - 9:38) and the commission of the twelve (10:1-42) followed by the concluding statement, And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence (11:1).

 

We have already seen –

    I.     THE CALL OF THE TWELVE DISCIPLES – 10:1-4

 

Matthew 10:1-4 – (1) And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. (2) Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; (3) Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; (4) Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

We have also already begun considering –

  II.     THE MISSION OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES TO ISRAEL – 10:5-20

 

Matthew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not.

 

Matthew 10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

We continue with –

 III.     THEIR MESSAGE – 10:7

 

Matthew 10:7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.

 

And as ye go continues the thought of verse 6.

 

The tense of preach indicates ongoing or repeated action in the sense of be preaching or be proclaiming.

 

Saying introduces the content of what they are to be preaching or proclaiming.

 

The kingdom of heaven is at hand suggests that the rule (or the reign) of the God of heaven has come near, has drawn near, or is approaching. The message the twelve apostles were to proclaim to the Israelites is that the kingdom of heaven had come near. It was the same message John the Baptist had been proclaiming and that Jesus Himself had been proclaiming. It means that the Messiah is about to set up His kingdom.

Next, we see –

 IV.     THEIR RESPONSIBILITY – 10:8

 

Matthew 10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.

 

Verse 8 details what the twelve apostles were to do and how they were to do it.

 

Heal, cleanse, raise, and cast out are understood in the sense of be healing, be cleansing, be raising, and be casting out.

 

The sick are to be healed.

 

The lepers are to be cleansed.

 

The dead are to be raised.

 

The devils are the demons, and they are to be cast out.

 

Freely suggests as a gift, without payment, or gratis.

 

Ye (i.e. you twelve apostles) have received. They had paid nothing for what they had received, and they were to give to others freely. It indicates that they were not to charge for their services. Their ministry of healing the sick, cleansing lepers, raising the dead, and casting out demons was to be carried out without charging anyone anything.

We also see –

   V.     THEIR DEPENDENCE ON THE LORD TO MEET THEIR NEEDS – 10:9-10

 

Matthew 10:9-10 – Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, 10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

 

According to verse 9, the twelve apostles were not to take money in their money belts.

 

Provide neither . . . nor . . . nor indicates that they were not even to begin to provide the things specified in this verse and in the following verse.

 

Provide suggests procure for yourselves, acquire, or get.

 

Gold, silver, and brass suggest coined gold (or money), silver money or money made of silver, and copper coin, small change or money.

 

In your purses is in your belts which are intended to hold money, i.e. in your money belts.

 

It suggests do not begin to procure gold, silver, or copper in order to put it into your money belts and means that they were not to take money with them.

 

Matthew 10:10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

 

According to verse 10, the twelve apostles were not to provide or procure a traveler’s bag, two coats, shoes, or staffs for their trip. As a workman, each was worthy of his food.

 

Nor scrip for your journey is nor (are you to take) a traveler’s bag (or knapsack) for (your) trip.

 

Neither two coats is nor two tunics (or shirts), i.e. two garments worn next to the skin. It suggests that the one coat, tunic, or shirt each disciple already had and was wearing would be enough.

 

Neither shoes is nor sandals. Once again, it suggests that the pair each already had and was wearing would be sufficient.

 

Nor yet staves is nor staffs (or sticks). They were apparently traveler’s staffs. Although Mark 6:8 indicates that they were permitted to take a staff (which they already had), here in Matthew 10:10 they are not permitted to procure another one for their trip.

 

For introduces an explanation of why they were not to procure the various items listed in verses 9 and 10 for this trip.

 

The workman is the worker or the laborer.

 

Is indicates that this statement is a timeless truth, i.e. something which is always true.

 

Is worthy of suggests is deserving of or is entitled to.

 

His meat is his food or his nourishment.

 

It suggests that each disciple was to trust the Lord to meet his needs on a daily basis.

In addition, we see that the apostles are to –

 VI.     DWELL WITH THOSE WHO ARE DESERVING – 10:11-13A

 

Matthew 10:11-13 a – 11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence. 12 And when ye come into an house, salute it. 13a And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it. . . .

 

The twelve are to stay in homes with those who are worthy.

 

And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter is into whatever city or village (i.e. small town) you enter.

 

Enquire suggests using careful methods, try to find out in the sense of scrutinize, examine, or inquire.

 

What they are to try to discern is who in it (i.e. who in the city or who in the village they enter) is worthy and suggests who in the city or village is deserving.

 

And there abide is and there stay, and dwell there, or and lodge there.

 

Till ye go thence is until you go out, which suggests until you leave.

 

Matthew 10:12 And when ye come into an house, salute it.

 

Upon entering a house, the apostles are to greet its occupants.

 

And when ye come into an house is understood in the sense of when you are entering the house.

 

House suggests the home, the household, or the family.

 

Salute it is greet it, i.e. greet the household or family.

 

Matthew 10:13 a – And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it. . . .

 

The apostles’ peace should only come upon the households or families which are worthy (or deserving).

 

And introduces the first of two conditions.

 

If the house be worthy is the condition in a conditional statement, and its conclusion is let your peace come upon it. A house may be worthy, or it may not be worthy. Some will be worthy; but others will not be worthy.

 

Again the house suggests the home, the household, or the family.

 

Be worthy suggests is deserving.

 

What will make the house or family deserving is its reception of the message the twelve apostles are proclaiming.

 

If the condition is true, i.e. if the house is worthy, the conclusion will follow.

 

Let your peace come upon it means your peace must come upon it (i.e. upon this household or upon this family). It suggests that the apostle is to ask God to bless this household with peace by means of a benediction.

Furthermore, we see that the apostles are to –

VII.     REJECT THOSE WHO REJECT THE MESSAGE – 10:13B-15

 

Matthew 10:13 b-15 – 13b . . . But if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet. 15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.

 

But, which suggests but on the other hand, introduces a second conditional statement.

 

The condition is if it be not worthy, and the conclusion is let your peace return to you.

 

If it be not worthy suggests on the condition that the household (or family) is not worthy (or deserving) because of its rejection of the message you apostles are proclaiming. Again, the condition may be true, or it may not be true. It will be true with some homes, but it will be false with other homes.

 

Let your peace return to you means that your peace must return to you or your peace must come back to you. The apostles are not obligated to ask God to bless this unworthy family with peace by means of a benediction. In fact, if they have already done so, it suggests that they are to take it back.

 

Matthew 10:14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.

 

When leaving a household or city where the apostles were not welcomed or where their words were rejected, rather than pronouncing a benediction of peace on the household, they were to shake off the dust of their feet.

 

And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words is and whoever will not receive you and will not listen to your words.

 

It is the equivalent of saying if someone will not receive you and will not listen to your words.

 

When ye depart out of that house or city is understood in the sense of while you are going out of that house or city.

 

Shake off the dust of your feet means that you apostles are to remove the dust collected on your feet from that house or city with rapid movements. It is a symbolical way of stating or showing that you have no connection or association with that family or city.

 

Matthew 10:15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.

 

As bad as Sodom and Gomorrah were, it will be better for them at the great white throne judgment than for the city in Christ’s day which rejects the message brought by the apostles.

 

Verily, which means truly, introduces a solemn declaration in the sense of I assure you that or I solemnly tell you.

 

I say unto you is I (i.e. Jesus) am saying (i.e. asserting or declaring) to you (i.e. to you twelve apostles). Jesus’ statement takes up the rest of this verse.

 

It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha suggests it will be more bearable (or more endurable) for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha. It indicates that, for the unsaved people in the city which rejects the apostles and their message, the degree of suffering they will experience in eternal hell will actually be greater than the suffering the people from Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities surrounding them will receive.

 

In the day of judgment refers to the judgment at the great white throne when they will be cast into the lake of fire. It will begin their sentence which will be carried out throughout all eternity.

 

Than for that city indicates the city which refuses to receive the twelve apostles and to listen to (or heed) the message they are proclaiming.

 

Although the suffering of Sodom and Gomorrah will be terrible, the suffering of any city rejecting the message of the apostles will be even worse because they are rejecting greater spiritual light than the spiritual light which Sodom and Gomorrah had available to them.

Moreover, we see that the apostles are to –

VIII.   BE WISE BUT HARMLESS – 10:16

 

Matthew 10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

 

The apostles were being sent into places which were dangerous; so, they were to be wise but harmless.

 

Behold is used to gain the apostles’ attention.

 

I is Jesus and is emphatic.

 

Send you forth is am sending you out. It is the verb from which the word apostle comes. After Jesus sent them out, the twelve disciples were known as the twelve apostles.

 

As sheep in the midst of wolves indicates how Jesus is sending the twelve apostles out on this missionary venture.

 

Sheep are basically defenseless, and wolves are savage and enjoy devouring sheep.

 

Therefore introduces an inference drawn from the fact that Christ is sending the apostles out as sheep in the midst of wolves.

 

Be ye . . . wise as serpents is understood in the sense of be thoughtful (i.e. be sensible or be prudent) as (or like) the snakes. Snakes are perceived as being clever like Satan was in the Garden of Eden. There would be danger, and the apostles would need to carefully avoid it if they could.

 

And harmless as doves indicates something else which is to characterize the twelve apostles. It suggests and pure (or innocent) as (or like) the doves. The apostles needed to be harmless and not needlessly creating situations which would bring the wrath of others upon themselves.

Finally, we see that the apostles are to –

 IX.     EXPECT PERSECUTION – 10:17-20

 

Matthew 10:17-2017 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; 18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. 19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. 20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.

 

The apostles are to watch out for people because some people will hand them over for punishment.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to be ye wise as serpents and harmless as doves.

 

Jesus tells His twelve apostles beware of men, which suggests be on your guard against men, the generic term for human beings. The tense of beware indicates ongoing action in the sense of keep on being on your guard against men.

 

For introduces the reason the apostles were to beware of men.

 

They (i.e. some men) will deliver you up to the councils is they will hand you over (or turn you over) to local courts (or to local councils).

 

And they will scourge you in their synagogues is and they will flog you in their synagogues.

 

Matthew 10:18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles.

 

The apostles will be tried before governors and kings in order that they might testify to the governors and kings.

 

And continues the sort of treatment the twelve apostles can expect.

 

Ye shall be brought speaks of legal proceedings being taken against them in their being arraigned and tried.

 

Before governors and kings speaks of governors in the provinces and kings ruling under the authority of the Roman emperor.

 

For my sake is because of Me (i.e. because of Christ).

 

For a testimony against them and the Gentiles is as a witness to them and to the Gentiles, which suggests in order to witness to them and to the Gentiles.

 

Matthew 10:19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.

 

This is not referring to pastors who believe it is unspiritual to prepare their messages in advance even though their preaching seems like they believe it does.

 

The apostles should not plan in advance what they will say when brought before governors and kings for Jesus’ sake because the words they will need to say will be given to them at the time they need them.

 

As translated, but introduces a statement in mild contrast to what is stated in verse 18. It might instead be understood in the sense of now.

 

When they deliver you up suggests whenever they hand you over or whenever they turn you over.

 

Take no thought suggests do not begin to have anxiety (i.e. to be anxious or to be unduly concerned) or never have anxiety (i.e. never be anxious or never be unduly concerned.

 

What the apostles should not be concerned about is how or what ye shall speak, i.e. how or what you should say.

 

For introduces the reason the apostles should not be concerned about what they are to say: it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.

 

The content of it is what ye shall speak, i.e. what you shall say will be given to you in that same hour.

 

It shall be given you suggests it will be given to you apostles; and in that same hour is in that hour, i.e. in the hour in which you apostles are delivered up or turned over.

 

Matthew 10:20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.

 

For introduces a further explanation of the reason the apostles should not be concerned about how or what they should say when they are turned over.

 

It is not ye that speak, where you is emphatic, is you are not the ones who are speaking.

 

But introduces a statement in strong contrast to it is not ye that speak.

 

The Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you is, The Spirit of your Father is the One Who is speaking in you. It refers to God the Holy Spirit.

CONCLUSION:

 

Jesus came to provide salvation for all humanity. His message went to the Jews first and would eventually go to the Gentiles.

 

He provided salvation for all humanity when He died on the cross where He shed His blood to pay for the sins of everyone including us.

 

Have you trusted Him as your personal Savior?

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