Matthew 10:21-28

Sunday, October 16th, 2016

THE COMMISSION TO THE TWELVE

INTRODUCTION:

 

The deeds of the King include the narrative about Jesus (8:1 - 9:38) and the commission of the twelve (10:1-42) followed by the concluding statement, And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence (11:1).

 

We have already seen –

      1.   THE CALL OF THE TWELVE DISCIPLES – 10:1-4

 

We are in the process of seeing –

      2.   THE MISSION OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES TO ISRAEL – 10:5-33

 

So far in this section we have seen –

Matthew 10:5-205 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. 9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses [i.e. in your money belts], 10 Nor scrip [i.e. nor knapsack] for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves [i.e. staffs]: for the workman is worthy of his meat [i.e. of his food]. 11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy [i.e. who is deserving]; and there abide till ye go thence [i.e. until you leave]. 12 And when ye come into an house [i.e. household], salute it [i.e. greet it]. 13 And if the house be worthy [i.e. if the household is deserving], let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy [i.e. deserving], let your peace return to you. 14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet. 15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city. 16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. 17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; 18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. 19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. 20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.

 

We move on to –

    I.     FAMILY MEMBERS WILL TURN OVER OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS TO BE PUT TO DEATH. – 10:21

 

Matthew 10:21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

 

Beware of men in verse 17 comes even closer to home in verse 21. Jesus’ instructions no longer seem to be limited to the apostles.

 

And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death is simply and brother will deliver up (i.e. will hand over or will turn over) brother to death.

 

And the father the child suggests and father (will deliver up {i.e. will turn over or will hand over}) child (to death).

 

And the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death is and children will rise up in rebellion against parents and will cause them to be put to death.

Next, we see that –

II. YOU WILL BE HATED BY ALL PEOPLE BECAUSE OF ME – 10:22A

 

Matthew 10:22 a – And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake. . . .

 

And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake is and you will be hated by all because of My name, where Jesus’ name represents Jesus Himself and all that He is. It is as if Jesus said, You shall be hated by all men because of Me.

 

What is true of the apostles will also be true of other believers throughout the ages.

In addition, we see that –

 III.     THE ONE WHO ENDURES TO THE END WILL BE SAVED – 10:22B

 

Matthew 10:22 b – . . . But he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to ye shall be hated of all (men) for my name’s sake.

 

He that endureth is the one who stands his ground, holds out, or endures and implies in spite of the opposition.

 

Unto the end suggests in the end or finally.

 

Shall be saved is will be saved.

 

Whatever this means, it cannot mean that someone can earn his salvation by holding out to the end because the Bible clearly indicates that it is by grace that we are saved through faith, that it is the gift of God, and that it is not by works (Ephesians 2:8-9 ).

 

It cannot mean that holding out to the end is a condition for salvation. It likely means that holding out to the end will be the proof or evidence that the individual disciple has been genuinely saved.

 

Hebrews 3:6 and 14 indicate the same thing.

 

Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

 

But if we do not hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end, then we are not Christ’s house.

 

Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end.

 

And, if we do not hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end, then we have not been made partakers of Christ.

 

Although Jesus is specifically addressing His twelve apostles, one of whom is Judas Iscariot who is unsaved, His statement seems to transcend these twelve and refer at least in principle to believers throughout the ages who demonstrate their salvation by holding out to the end in spite of the persecution they are called upon to endure. This is demonstrated by the quotations we have looked at from Hebrews 3:6 and 14.

 

Judas Iscariot would demonstrate his unsaved condition by not enduring to the end and by betraying Christ.

 

The same statement is also made in Matthew 24:13 in reference to saved Jews being persecuted during the tribulation, But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.

Moreover, we see that –

 IV.     WHEN PERSECUTED IN ONE CITY, THE APOSTLES MUST FLEE TO ANOTHER – 10:23

 

Matthew 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.

 

As translated, but introduces a statement in mild contrast to ye shall be hated of all (men) for my name’s sake. It might instead be understood as continuing the thought in the sense of now.

 

When suggests whenever.

 

They persecute you in this city introduces the likelihood that the twelve apostles will experience some persecution on their mission. It is the equivalent of saying if they persecute you in this city.

 

The tense of persecute indicates ongoing or repeated action and is understood in the sense of whenever people are persecuting you.

 

Persecute suggests that people may harass the twelve apostles, including physically abusing them.

 

Flee ye into another suggests be fleeing into another (city). They are to be seeking safety by going quickly to another city.

 

Verily I say unto you suggests, Truly, I am saying to you or, Truly, I am solemnly declaring to you.

 

What Jesus is declaring is, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.

 

Ye is you, and its primary reference is to the twelve apostles Jesus is sending out; but it includes their ministries throughout the period following His ascension and extends to the tribulation when saved Jews will be persecuted as they witness for Christ until His second coming at the conclusion of the tribulation.

 

Shall not have gone over is will absolutely not finish (or complete) going through. It represents the strongest negative possible in Greek.

 

The cities of Israel are cities throughout the nation of Israel.

 

Till the Son of man be come refers to Jesus’ second coming at the end of the tribulation. It is until the Son of man comes.

Furthermore, we see that the apostles should –

   V.     EXPECT TO BE TREATED LIKE CHRIST IS TREATED – 10:24-25

 

Matthew 10:24-2524 The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord. 25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?

 

The disciples are not better than Christ; so, they should not expect to be treated better than He was treated.

 

Verse 24 is a general statement.

 

The disciple is a pupil or a student.

 

Is indicates that this is a timeless truth, something which is true at all times under all circumstances.

 

Not negates this timeless truth so that the statement indicates something which is never true.

 

Above his master suggests superior to the teacher (or to the instructor).

 

Nor is and not.

 

(And) the servant (is not) above his lord suggests And a slave is not superior to his lord (or to his owner).

 

Matthew 10:25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?

 

The apostles can expect the same treatment Christ received.

 

It is enough suggests it is sufficient or it is adequate. It places a limit on the level the student can rise in his relation to his teacher in the sense of it must be enough, it must be sufficient, or it must be adequate.

 

For the disciple that he be as his master suggests for the student (or pupil) that he be like his teacher (or like his instructor).

 

It is also enough (i.e. sufficient or adequate) that the servant be as his lord, i.e. that the slave (be) like his owner (or like his master). Again, it places a limit on the level the slave can rise in his relation to his owner in the sense of it must be enough, it must be sufficient, or it must be adequate.

 

If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household? is a conditional statement. The condition is if they have called the master of the house Beelzebub. It is a simple condition, which, for sake of discussion, is assumed to be true; and it is actually true.

 

Even though it is not recorded in the gospels that Jesus had actually been called Beelzebub until after this verse was spoken, inasmuch as the tense and mood of have called indicate that its action has actually taken place, it appears that Jesus has already been called Beelzebub.

 

However, it may be a hypothetical question pointing to something which will become a reality in the near future.

 

To be on the safe side, if should be understood in the sense of assuming that.

 

The master of the house is the householder.

 

Beelzebub was originally a Philistine deity whose name means lord of flies, but it is used in the New Testament as a reference to Satan himself.

 

The conclusion of the condition is how much more shall they call them of his household? The implication is that they will do the same for those who belong to Jesus, i.e. for the apostles.

 

How much more suggests how much more surely or how much more certainly.

 

Shall they call them of his household is (will they call) the members of Christ’s household, i.e. (will they call) the twelve apostles Jesus is sending on this mission.

 

Although the apostles are not actually from one family unit, they are closely associated and can be referred to as His extended family.

We also see that the apostles are told –

 VI.     DO NOT FEAR THOSE WHO PERSECUTE YOU – 10:26

 

Matthew 10:26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.

 

Fear them not means do not begin to fear them or never fear them. Its tense indicates that it forbids an action from ever starting.

 

Them refers to those who would persecute the apostles.

 

Therefore introduces an inference drawn from Jesus’ statement in verse 25 and is understood in the sense of accordingly, consequently, so, or then.

 

For introduces the reason the apostles should not even begin to fear their persecutors.

 

There is nothing covered is nothing is hidden and implies nothing is unknown.

 

That shall not be revealed is which will not be revealed (i.e. which will not be disclosed, which will not be brought to light, or which will not be made known).

 

And hid suggests and (there is nothing) secret.

 

That shall not be known suggests which will not be found out, which will not be learned, or which will not be ascertained.

 

The apostles should not fear those who would persecute them. Everything will be made clear in the end.

Next, we see that –

VII.     WHATEVER THE LORD TEACHES YOU SHOULD BE PROCLAIMED PUBLICLY – 10:27

 

Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.

 

What I (i.e. Jesus) tell you (i.e. you twelve apostles) in darkness is what I say (or declare) to you in the darkness and suggests what I say (or declare) to you in secret. It indicates what the apostles were to proclaim.

 

That refers to what I tell you in darkness.

 

Speak in the light suggests proclaim in the open or proclaim publicly. Proclaim publicly what I tell you in secret.

 

And introduces a second statement: what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.

 

What ye hear in the ear is supposed to be proclaimed on the housetops.

 

That refers to what ye hear in the ear.

 

Preach suggests proclaim or proclaim aloud.

 

Upon the housetops suggests that the proclamation was to be done publicly, out in the open where everyone can hear it.

 

What the apostles learn from the Lord should be proclaimed openly. Proclaim openly what you hear in the ear.

Finally, we see that the apostles must –

VIII.   FEAR GOD RATHER THAN MEN – 10:28

 

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

 

And fear not forbids its action in its very beginning in the sense of do not begin to be afraid of or never be afraid of.

 

Them which kill the body is the ones who are killing the body and refers to those who would be taking the lives of Christ’s followers. The most these persecutors could do would be to put the apostles’ bodies to death.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to them which kill the body: they are not able to kill the soul. It speaks of an ongoing inability, which means that they are never able to harm the soul of the one they are persecuting.

 

The soul speaks of the immaterial part of a human being which is immortal.

 

Another but introduces a statement in mild contrast to not fearing those who kill the body.

 

Rather suggests instead and serves to correct the idea of anyone fearing someone who can only kill the body.

 

Fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell suggests that God is the only One Who should be feared. He alone is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna, the lake of fire, where He will confine all unbelievers forever and ever.

CONCLUSION:

 

Some of what the Jesus told the apostles is applicable to believers today. Let’s learn from what He has said.

 

How does the statement, He that endures to the end shall be saved, apply? If you are in the process of pulling away from trusting Christ as your Savior, it is an indication that you may never have been genuinely saved in the first place. Be sure of your salvation.

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