Matthew 10:29 - 11:1

Sunday, October 23rd, 2016

THE COMMISSION TO THE TWELVE

INTRODUCTION:

 

The deeds of the King include the narrative about Jesus (8:1 - 9:38) and the commission of the twelve (10:1-42) followed by the concluding statement, And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence (11:1).

 

We have already seen –

      1.   THE CALL OF THE TWELVE DISCIPLES – 10:1-4

 

We are in the process of seeing –

      2.   THE MISSION OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES TO ISRAEL – 10:5-33

 

So far in this section we have seen that Jesus sent His twelve apostles out but instructed them not to go into the way of the Gentiles or into a Samaritan city. Rather than going to the Gentiles or Samaritans, however, they were to go to the Israelites. Their message was to proclaim that the kingdom of heaven had come near. They were to heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, and cast out devils; and they were to do it without charging for their services. They were not to take money in their money belts, a traveler’s bag, two coats, shoes, or staffs. As a workman, each of the twelve apostles was worthy of his food. They were to stay in homes with those who are worthy. Upon entering a house, they were to greet its occupants, and their peace should come only upon the households of those who were worthy or deserving.

 

When leaving a household or city where they were not welcomed or where their words were rejected, the twelve apostles were to shake off the dust of their feet. As bad as Sodom and Gomorrah were, it will be better for them in the judgment than for the city in Christ’s day which rejects the message brought by these apostles. The apostles were being sent into places which were dangerous; so, they were to be wise but harmless; and they were to watch out for people because some people will hand them over for punishment. As a result, they will be tried before governors and kings in order that they might testify against them, but they should not plan in advance what they will say when brought for Jesus’ sake before these governors and kings because the words they will need to say will be given to them at the time they need them. They must remember that they will not be doing the speaking; rather, God the Holy Spirit will speak through them. Family members will turn over other family members to be put to death, and Jesus’ apostles will be hated of all persons for His sake. However, the one who endures until the end will be delivered when Christ returns. When persecuted, the apostles were to go elsewhere; but they will not be able to get to all places before Christ returns. They are not better than Christ; so, they should not expect any special treatment. They can expect the same treatment Christ received, but they should not fear those who would persecute them. Everything will be made clear in the end. What the apostles learn from the Lord should be proclaimed openly. They are not to fear people or what people can do to them; rather, they are to fear God.

We continue with –

    I.     GOD IS CONCERNED FOR THE SPARROWS – 10:29

 

Matthew 10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.

 

Although the price of sparrows is very little, God the Father keeps track of them.

 

The question are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? expects the positive answer, Yes, they are.

 

Are . . . sold is are being sold and suggests that a farthing is the going price for two sparrows.

 

A farthing is a copper Roman coin worth about one-sixteenth of a denarius, i.e. it was worth one-sixteenth of a laborer’s daily wage. It means that two sparrows do not have much worth.

 

And one of them refers to one of the sparrows.

 

Shall not fall on the ground is will not fall on the ground.

 

Without your Father suggests without God the Father’s knowledge and consent.

We see that –

  II.     GOD IS ALSO CONCERNED FOR THE APOSTLES – 10:30

 

Matthew 10:30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.

 

God also is concerned with the apostles even to the hairs on their heads.

 

But the very hairs of your head are all numbered is but even all the hairs of your head are numbered.

 

It demonstrates that God the Father is extremely interested in every detail of believers and their lives.

Next, we see that –

 III.     GOD ESTIMATES THE VALUE OF THE APOSTLES AS BEING MUCH GREATER THAN THE VALUE OF MANY SPARROWS – 10:31

 

Matthew 10:31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.

 

What was implied in verse 30 is stated in verse 31.

 

Therefore introduces an inference drawn from the fact that the very hairs of your head are all numbered in verse 30. It is understood in the sense of consequently, accordingly, then, or so.

 

The tense and mood of fear ye not forbids its action in its very beginning and is understood in the sense of do not begin to fear or never fear.

 

Ye are of more value than many sparrows suggests you are worth more than many sparrows.

 

The implication is that if God is so interested in one sparrow’s fall so that it cannot happen without His knowledge and approval, there is no reason for the apostles ever to fear because God’s interest in them is even greater than His interest in many sparrows. Furthermore, what is true for the apostles is also true for all believers. Nothing will ever harm any of them without God’s knowledge and approval.

In addition, we see that –

 IV.     JESUS WILL ACKNOWLEDGE BEFORE HIS FATHER EVERYONE WHO ACKNOW-LEDGES HIM BEFORE PEOPLE – 10:32

 

Matthew 10:32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.

 

Therefore introduces an inference drawn from the previous verse.

 

Whosoever is everyone who.

 

Shall confess me before men suggests will acknowledge me before human beings or before people.

 

Whosoever . . . shall confess me before men is equivalent to saying if anyone will confess (or acknowledge) Me before people.

 

Him refers to whoever will confess or acknowledge Jesus before people.

 

Him will I confess also is him I also will confess (or acknowledge), where I refers to Jesus and is emphatic.

 

Before my Father which is in heaven is in the presence of My Father, the One (Who is) in heaven.

Moreover, we see that –

   V.     JESUS WILL DENY BEFORE HIS FATHER EVERYONE WHO DENIES HIM BEFORE PEOPLE – 10:33

 

Matthew 10:33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.

 

Except for the change from confess to deny, the wording in verse 33 is very similar to the wording in verse 32.

 

But introduces this verse in mild contrast to verse 32.

 

Whosoever is whoever.

 

Shall deny me before men, where men is the generic term for human beings, is will deny (i.e. will repudiate or will disown) Me in the presence of (or before) people.

 

Whosoever shall deny me before men is equivalent to saying if anyone will deny Me before people.

 

Him will I also deny, where I is emphatic and refers to Christ, is I will also deny (i.e. repudiate or disown).

 

Before my Father which is in heaven is before (i.e. in the presence of) My Father, the One (Who is) in heaven.

We furthermore see that –

 VI.     CHRIST CAME TO BRING A SWORD – 10:34-39

 

Pursuing after Christ will bring division among family members. Believers will even have enemies within their own families. Jesus’ apostles must love Him even more than they love members of their immediate families and must willingly follow Him all the way up to and including physical death.

 

Someone who seeks to live his life apart from Jesus will forfeit his life; whereas, someone who invests his life in living for Jesus will find his life.

 

Matthew 10:34-39 – (34) Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. (35) For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. (36) And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household. (37) He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. (38) And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me. (39) He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.

 

At His first coming, Christ did not come to bring peace but a sword.

 

The tense and mood of think not forbid its action in its very beginning in the sense of do not begin to think (i.e. do not begin to consider or do not begin to believe) or never think (i.e. never consider or never believe.

 

What believers are not even to begin to think is that I am come to send peace on earth.

 

I (i.e. Christ) am come is I came, and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

 

To send suggests to bring or to bring about.

 

What Jesus did not come to do was to bring peace on earth.

 

This was true at His first coming, but He will bring peace on earth at His second coming.

 

Except for the word not, I came not to send peace is identical in the Greek text to I am come to send peace.

 

By this statement Jesus asserts that His first coming was never intended to bring peace.

 

But introduces a strong contrast to Jesus coming to bring peace.

 

Jesus came to bring a sword, which suggests a war, the opposite of peace. Jesus explains this in verses 35-36.

 

Matthew 10:35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

 

Pursuing after Christ will bring division among family members.

 

For introduces Jesus’ explanation of why He came to bring a sword.

 

I am come, where I is Jesus, is I came; and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

 

To set at variance is to turn against.

 

Jesus came to turn a man . . . against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

 

Unbelievers who reject Christ will turn against even their closest relatives who accept Christ and seek to live for Him.

 

Matthew 10:36 And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household.

 

Believers will have enemies within their own families.

 

A man’s foes is a man’s enemies, where man’s is the generic term for human being’s and includes females as well as males. It implies a person’s enemies.

 

As indicated by the italics, shall be has been supplied by the translators. It is implied in the context in the sense of will be.

 

Shall be they of his own household indicates that the members of someone’s own family will be his enemies.

 

Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

 

Jesus’ apostles must love Him even more than they love members of their immediate families, and the same is true for all other believers.

 

He that loveth is the one who loves in the sense of the one who is fond of, the one who likes, or the one who has affection for. It is the term from which the name Philadelphia comes.

 

Father or mother refers to the person’s parents.

 

More than me means more than (he loves) Me, i.e. more than (he loves) Jesus.

 

It means that someone who puts his parents ahead of Jesus is not worthy of me, i.e. is not deserving of Jesus.

 

The second half of verse 37 is identical to the first half except that son or daughter is substituted for father or mother. It means that the parents who are more fond of their children than they are of Jesus are not deserving of Him.

 

Matthew 10:38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.

 

Jesus’ apostles must willingly follow Him all the way up to and including physical death.

 

And continues the thought from verse 37.

 

He that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me refers to anyone who is not willing to follow Christ all the way up to and including crucifixion with Him.

 

When someone was about to be crucified, he was forced to carry his cross to the place where he would be crucified.

 

Is not worthy of me is the identical phrase used two times in verse 37. It means is not deserving of Me.

 

Matthew 10:39 He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.

 

Someone who seeks to live his life apart from Jesus will forfeit his life; whereas, someone who invests his life in living for Jesus will find his life even if he is crucified on behalf of Jesus because he is a believer.

 

He that findeth his life is the one who finds his soul.

 

The soul is used to refer, not only to the physical life of the individual, but also to his life after death.

 

Following Jesus may result in his being given the choice of living if he denies Jesus or of dying. If he denies Jesus in order to preserve his life, he shall lose it, i.e. he will lose a better life for his soul than his physical life was.

 

And continues the thought of the first half of this verse. It may instead introduce a contrast with the first half of this verse and be understood in the sense of but.

 

He that loses his life for my sake is the one who loses his soul because of Me (or on account of Me).

 

Shall find it indicates that he will find a better life (than his physical life was).

Moreover, we see that –

VII.     WHOEVER RECEIVES ONE OF GOD’S SERVANTS WILL BE APPROPRIATELY REWARDED – 10:40-42

 

Those who receive the apostles are the same ones who receive both Jesus and God the Father. Someone who welcomes a prophet as a prophet will be rewarded like the prophet, and someone who receives a righteous man will be rewarded like the righteous man. Someone who provides as little as a cup of water for one of Jesus’ apostles will be rewarded.

 

Matthew 10:40-42 – (40) He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. (41) He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. (42) And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

 

Those who receive the apostles also receive Jesus as well as God the Father.

 

He that receiveth you is the one who receives you and suggests, the one who receives (or welcomes) you (as a guest).

 

Receiveth me, i.e. receives Jesus. It means that they are viewed in God’s sight the same as if they had received His beloved Son.

 

And he that receiveth me is and the one who receives (or welcomes) Me. The one who receives or welcomes Jesus is the one who has received or welcomed the apostles.

 

Receiveth him that sent me means receives (or welcomes) the One Who sent Me, i.e. receives God the Father.

 

Thus, the person who receives or welcomes the apostles receives both Christ and God the Father. This is also true for other believers.

 

Matthew 10:41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward.

 

Someone who welcomes a prophet as a prophet will be rewarded like the prophet, and the one who receives a righteous man will be rewarded like the righteous man.

 

He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet is the one who receives a prophet as a prophet (or because he is a prophet). He is a prophet because he has received divine revelation which he is going to share with others.

 

The apostles received divine revelation from Jesus Christ. Therefore, they were prophets.

 

Shall receive a prophet’s reward indicates that this will definitely happen at some time in the future. They will receive this reward from God because of what they have done. Their deed will not go unnoticed by God the Father. This means that they will receive the same reward the prophet receives.

 

And he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man is the one who receives (or welcomes) a righteous man as a righteous man (or because he is a righteous man).

 

Shall receive a righteous man’s reward indicates that this will definitely happen at some time in the future. Once again, they will receive this reward from God because of what they have done. Their deed will not go unnoticed by God the Father.

 

This means that they will receive the same reward the righteous man receives.

 

Matthew 10:42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

 

Someone who provides as little as a cup of water for a disciple will be rewarded.

 

And whosoever is and whoever.

 

Shall give to drink is gives to drink.

 

Unto one of these little ones means one of these insignificant (or unimportant) ones. He may appear insignificant in the eyes of people, but he is significant in God’s eyes.

 

A cup of cold water only is only a cup of cold water, which is an apparently insignificant gift.

 

In the name of a disciple suggests as a disciple or because he is a disciple.

 

Verily I say unto you suggests I (Jesus) am solemnly declaring to you (twelve apostles).

 

He shall in no wise lose his reward features the strongest negative possible in the Greek language. It means that he will absolutely never under any circumstance lose his reward or that he will certainly receive his reward.

Finally, we see –

VIII.   THE CONCLUDING STATEMENT – 11:1

 

In Matthew 11:1 , Matthew draws his section on the Deeds of the King to a close. Jesus is pictured as moving on to teach and preach in the cities of Israel.

 

Matthew 11:1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding his twelve apostles, he departed thence to teach and to preach in their cities.

 

According to verse 1, after Jesus had finished His instruction of His twelve apostles, He left to teach and preach in the cities of Israel.

 

And it came to pass is and it happened.

 

When Jesus had made an end of is when Jesus finished.

 

Commanding his twelve apostles is giving orders to (or giving instructions to) His twelve apostles.

 

He departed thence is He went from there.

 

The purpose of Jesus’ going was to teach (i.e. to be instructing) and to preach (i.e. to be proclaiming aloud) in their cities.

CONCLUSION:

 

This brings us to the end of the second major division in the gospel of Matthew in which we have seen the Deeds of the King. Next time we will begin the third major division in which we will see the Program of the King. It extends through Matthew 13:53 .

 

So, what have you done with Jesus?

 

Have you received Him as your Savior from sin and its consequences?

 

Have you surrendered your life to live for Him?

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