Matthew 12:14-27

Sunday, January 8th, 2017

INTRODUCTION:

 

We are in the process of studying the program of the King which includes the narrative about Jesus (11:2 - 12:50), the parables of the kingdom (13:1-52), and the concluding statement, And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence (13:53).

 

In our last message we saw Jesus’ Lordship over the sabbath and His healing on the sabbath of a man with a withered hand.

 

In this message we will see Jesus’ healing of the multitudes and His healing of a blind and dumb demoniac, and we will begin to look at the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit.

We see –

    I.     JESUS’ HEALING OF THE MULTITUDES – 12:14-21

 

We take note that –

            A.  The Pharisees gathered to plot Jesus’ death – 12:14

 

Matthew 12:14 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.

 

Then transitions to the next thought in the context in the sense of and.

 

The Pharisees were undoubtedly the leaders in this Jewish synagogue where Jesus healed the man with the withered hand.

 

Went out indicates a fact in addition to held. It indicates that they went out of the synagogue where they had observed Jesus healing the man with the withered hand on the sabbath day.

 

Held a council against him is took council against Him (i.e. against Jesus).

 

Took and council, when used together, mean planned, purposed, formed a plan, consulted, decided, or plotted.

 

What these Pharisees plotted is how they might destroy him which suggests in order that they might destroy Him (i.e. in order that they might destroy Jesus). They were doing this because Jesus had healed a man with a withered hand on the sabbath.

 

We also take note that –

            B.  In reaction to the Pharisees plotting His death, Jesus, followed by great crowds, left the area and healed all who needed healing in the multitudes following Him – 12:15

 

Matthew 12:15 But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to the fact that the Jews plotted to destroy Him.

 

When Jesus knew it has been translated as indicating time, but it might instead be understood as indicating cause in the sense of because Jesus knew (it).

 

Withdrew himself from thence is withdrew from there.

 

And great crowds followed him indicates that, in spite of the Pharisees’ opposition, Jesus remained very popular with the people.

 

And he healed them all implies that, in the crowds who were following Him, Jesus healed all of those who needed to be healed from something, regardless of what it was. Likewise, Jesus will heal everyone spiritually who will come to Him, regardless of the sins they have committed.

 

And he healed them all does not suggest that He healed others who were not present in these crowds following Him.

 

We furthermore note that –

            C.  Jesus warned those He healed not to make Him known – 12:16

 

Matthew 12:16 And charged them that they should not make him known.

 

And charged them suggests and He warned them.

 

What He warned them was that they should not make him known, which suggests that they should not reveal His identity. He had already been rejected by the nation, and their revealing His identity as the Messiah would only make the opposition worse than it already was.

 

Finally, we note that –

            D.  Jesus’ ministry fulfilled a prophecy found in ???-21

 

Matthew 12:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying.

 

This prophecy is quoted from Isaiah 42:1-4 .

 

That is in order that.

 

It might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet is the thing spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled.

 

Spoken by Esaias is spoken through Isaiah and indicates that the Old Testament prophet Isaiah was the intermediate agent but that God the Holy Spirit was the Direct Agent and that the words spoken through Isaiah originated with God the Holy Spirit.

 

Saying introduces what Isaiah the prophet wrote.

 

Jesus’ warning His followers not to make Him known is consistent with and fulfills what Isaiah wrote about Him. Whereas the Pharisees were plotting and seeking opportunities to kill Jesus, He was not engaging in the same sort of behavior against them. He was not going around plotting to kill them or seeking to discredit them by attacking them publicly. They were discrediting themselves and not need His help in doing so. He was holy, harmless, and undefiled.

 

Matthew 12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.

 

Verse 18 quotes Isaiah 42:1 ,

 

Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

 

Behold is used to gain the reader’s attention and is understood in the sense of see or look.

 

My servant refers to Christ.

 

Whom I have chosen speaks of God the Father having chosen Christ.

 

Jesus is also referred to as my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased, which suggests My beloved, in whom My soul takes delight, where my refers to God the Father and beloved refers to Christ.

 

I will put my spirit upon him speaks of the Trinity.

 

I refers to God the Father, my spirit refers to God the Holy Spirit, and him refers to Christ.

 

And he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles suggests and He (i.e. Christ) will announce (or declare) judgment (or justice) to the Gentiles.

 

Matthew 12:19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.

 

Verse 19 quotes Isaiah 42:2 ,

 

Isaiah 42:2 He shall not cry, nor lift up [i.e. nor raise (his voice)], nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.

 

He shall not strive refers to Christ and means He will not quarrel (or wrangle). He will not be publicly quarreling.

 

Nor cry again refers to Christ and means He will not cry out (i.e. cry for help or scream excitedly). He will not be shouting or screaming at those who oppose Him.

 

Neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets also refers to Christ and means and someone will not hear His voice (or no one will hear His voice) in the streets (or wide roads). He will not go around publicly attacking His enemies.

 

Matthew 12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.

 

Verse 20 quotes Isaiah 42:3 ,

 

Isaiah 42:3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

 

In spite of the opposition, Jesus will remain tender, compassionate, and caring for the spiritually weak and helpless people as He continues to carry out His purpose in coming, which was to die on the cross in payment for the sins of all humanity. He will also accomplish what He set out to accomplish.

 

A . . . reed is a grass-like plant found in wetlands.

 

A bruised reed suggests a bent reed.

 

Bruised suggests a state of having been bruised or having been bent.

 

A bruised reed shall he not break means that Christ will not break a reed which has been bent.

 

And smoking flax shall he not quench means a smoldering lamp-wick He will not extinguish (or put out).

 

Smoking suggests a state of having been smoldering.

 

A bruised reed and smoking flax speak of spiritually weak or feeble people who are unable to help themselves. He did not come to oppress them like the Pharisees were doing.

 

Till is until the time when.

 

He (i.e. Christ) send forth judgment unto victory suggests He leads justice unto victory. It speaks of the completion of God’s program of salvation.

 

Matthew 12:21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.

 

Verse 21 refers to the last part of Isaiah 42:4 ,

 

Isaiah 42:4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.

 

And in his name suggests and in Christ’s name, where his name implies everything He is as well as everything He represents. It is equivalent to saying in Him.

 

In his name shall the Gentiles trust suggests in Him will (the) Gentiles be hoping or in Him will the Gentiles be putting their confidence.

Next we see –

  II.     JESUS’ HEALING OF A BLIND AND DUMB DEMONIAC – 12:22-23

 

Although Jesus healed a demon-possessed man who was both blind and unable to speak, the astonished people were still doubting that He was the Messiah.

 

Matthew 12:22 Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw.

 

Then suggests thereupon.

 

Was brought unto him one possessed with a devil is a demon-possessed (man) was brought to Him.

 

Blind, and dumb describes the demon-possessed man. As a result of his demon possession, he was blind in that he was unable to see; and he was also dumb in that he was unable to speak.

 

And he healed him means that Jesus healed the demon-possessed man.

 

Insomuch that introduces the result of the demon-possessed man’s healing in the sense of with the result that: the blind and dumb both spake and saw, i.e. the blind and dumb (man) was both speaking and seeing.

 

Matthew 12:23 And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?

 

According to verse 23, the astonished people were doubting whether Jesus was the Messiah.

 

And all the people were amazed is and all the crowds were confused (or astounded).

 

Amazed is used of people who are in a state where things seem to make little or no sense.

 

And said is and were saying, and its tense indicates ongoing or repeated action in past time.

 

What they were saying is, Is not this the son of David? Although the structure of this question in the English translation seems to anticipate a yes answer, its structure in the Greek text indicates that it is expecting a negative answer. As such, it is understood in the sense of Surely this (one) is not the son of David, is He? and implies No, He is not; or Surely this (one) cannot be the son of David, can He? and implies No, He cannot be.

 

Although the people saw Jesus heal a demon-possessed man who was both blind and unable to speak, they were still doubting that He was the Messiah. They were blinded and prejudiced against Jesus’ being the Messiah by the teaching of the Pharisees.

Finally, we begin to look at –

 III.     THE BLASPHEMY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT – 12:24-27

 

We take note that –

            A.  The Pharisees accused Jesus of casting out demons by the power of Satan – 12:24

 

Matthew 12:24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.

 

As always, the Pharisees were seeking to ensure that the people would continue in their unbelief of Jesus being the Messiah.

 

But implies that a statement in mild contrast to the people’s question in verse 23 is being introduced.

 

When the Pharisees heard it is understood in the sense of after the Pharisees heard (it).

 

It might instead be used to show cause in the sense because the Pharisees heard (it).

 

The Pharisees said is the Pharisees declared or the Pharisees asserted.

 

What they asserted is, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.

 

This fellow refers to Jesus.

 

Doth not cast out devils is, This (one) is not casting out the demons.

 

But by Beelzebub the prince of the devils is except by Beelzeboul, (the) prince (i.e. the ruler or the lord) of the demons. The Pharisees were saying that Satan is the one who is enabling Jesus to cast out demons.

 

Beelzebub was originally a Philistine deity whose name means Baal lord of (the) flies. It is used here of Satan.

 

Next, we take note that –

            B.  Jesus taught that a kingdom divided against itself cannot stand – 12:25

 

Matthew 12:25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.

 

And Jesus knew their thoughts has been translated as a fact in addition to said. It might instead have been translated as showing cause in the sense because He knew their thoughts.

 

Knew suggests understood or recognized.

 

Their thoughts refers to the Pharisees’ thoughts or ideas. Jesus knowing their thoughts speaks of His omniscience.

 

Said means that Jesus declared or asserted something.

 

What He said begins in this verse and continues through verse 37. In this message, we will only go through verse 27.

 

Unto them is to them and refers to the Pharisees.

 

Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation suggests every kingdom divided against itself is being made uninhabitable (i.e. is being laid waste or is being depopulated). It is a general statement and a timeless truth.

 

Divided describes kingdom.

 

And every city or house divided against itself shall not stand repeats the thought of the previous phrase.

 

This time, however, it is every city or house rather than every kingdom, and it is shall not stand rather than is brought to desolation.

 

Shall not stand suggests will not stand firm so as to remain stable, which suggests that they will fall apart.

 

Every . . . house divided against itself shall not stand suggests that every household or (every family) divided against itself will fall apart. It speaks of the necessity of unity within the family.

 

In addition, we take note that –

            C.  Jesus taught that if Satan is divided against himself, he cannot stand – 12:26

 

Matthew 12:26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?

 

In verse 26 Jesus applied the principle He taught in verse 25 to Satan and his kingdom.

 

And if Satan cast out Satan is a simple condition which, for sake of discussion, is assumed to be true. However, it is a hypothetical situation which is not true. Satan does not cast out Satan.

 

If is, therefore, understood in the sense of assuming that, i.e. assuming that Satan is casting out Satan.

 

The conclusion of this condition is he is divided against himself, i.e. Satan is divided against himself. Inasmuch as the condition is not true even though it is assumed to be true for the purpose of this illustration, the conclusion is also not true. Satan is not divided against himself.

 

Based on the assumption that this conditional statement is actually true even though it is not true, the question is then asked, How shall then his kingdom stand? How would the realm over which Satan rules be able to stand firm and, therefore, remain stable? The answer is that it would not be able to stand and that it would fall if Satan were divided against himself.

 

Finally, we take note that –

            D.  Jesus asks the Pharisees by whose power the Jewish exorcists cast out demons – 12:27

 

Matthew 12:27 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.

 

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils is another simple question which is assumed, for sake of discussion, to be true. It is not actually true but is merely hypothetical. Jesus is not casting out demons by Satan. If is, therefore, understood in the sense of assuming that.

 

I refers to Christ and is emphatic.

 

By Beelzebub cast out devils is am casting out demons by Beelzebub. In verse 24 Beelzebub is stated to be the prince of devils (or demons).

 

The conclusion of this condition is the question by whom do your children cast them out?, i.e. by whom are your sons casting them out? It refers to Jewish exorcists who were casting out demons but were not being accused of casting them out by Beelzebub.

 

Therefore means because of this.

 

They, i.e. the Jewish exorcists, will be your judges. It is predictive of something which will definitely occur in the future.

 

Your judges implies that the Jewish exorcists will judge you Pharisees. It implies that their casting out demons by the power of God shows that the Pharisees are wrong in asserting that Jesus is casting out demons by Beelzebub rather than by the power of God.

 

Next time we will continue with verses 28-37 –

Matthew 12:28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.

 

Matthew 12:29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man’s house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.

 

Matthew 12:30 He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.

 

Matthew 12:31 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.

 

Matthew 12:32 And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.

 

Matthew 12:33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.

 

Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.

 

Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.

 

Matthew 12:36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.

 

Matthew 12:37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.

CONCLUSION:

 

Be certain that you have received Jesus Christ as your personal Savior by believing that He died on the cross in payment for your sins and believing that God the Father raised Him from the dead.

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