Zechariah 12:10 - 14:21

Wednesday, February 8th, 2017

Zechariah 12


 IV.     The Oracles Concerning the Future (continued), 9:1 - 14:21

            B.  The Second Oracle, 12:1 - 14:21

                        1.   The Lord’s care for Jerusalem, 12:1-14


We have already seen –

(BKC) God will deliver Israel physically from her enemies – 12:1-9.


We move on to –

(BKC) God will deliver Israel spiritually – 12:10 - 13:9.


Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me [i.e. upon Jesus] whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him [i.e. for Jesus], as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him [i.e. and grieve for Him], as one that is in bitterness [i.e. as one that grieves] for his firstborn.


(BKC) The divine spirit of grace and supplication . . . is most probably a reference to the Holy Spirit . . ., so called because He will minister graciously to Israel in her sinful condition and will lead her to supplication and repentance.


(BKC) The change to the third person (mourn for Him) rather than “mourn for Me” is common in prophetic literature.


Rather than receiving Jesus as their Messiah at His first coming, the Jews rejected Him and crucified Him.


12:10 – (RSB) At the second coming of Christ, Israel will recognize Jesus as her Messiah, acknowledging with deep contrition that He was the One whom their forefathers pierced (John 19:37 ).


John 19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.


Revelation of Jesus Christ 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail [i.e. mourn] because of him. Even so, Amen.


Zechariah 12:11 In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.


12:11 – (RSB) The reference is to the slaying of good King Josiah by Pharaoh Nechoh (2 Kings 23:29).


(BKC) Hadadrimmon was a village in the valley of Megiddo.


II Kings 23:29 In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he [i.e. Pharaohnechoh] slew him [i.e. Josiah] at Megiddo, when he had seen him.


Zechariah 12:12 And the land shall mourn [i.e. wail, lament], every family apart [i.e. by itself]; the family of the house of David apart [i.e. by itself], and their wives apart [i.e. by themselves]; the family of the house of Nathan apart [i.e. by itself], and their wives apart [i.e. by themselves];


Zechariah 12:13 The family of the house of Levi apart [i.e. by itself], and their wives apart [i.e. by themselves]; the family of Shimei apart [i.e. by itself], and their wives apart [i.e. by themselves];


Zechariah 12:14 All the families that remain, every family apart [i.e. by itself], and their wives apart [i.e. by themselves].


12:12-14 – (RSB) All, both high and low, shall mourn individually when they see the rejected Messiah.


(RSB) Nathan, son of David, illustrates prominent families, whereas Shimei represents all ordinary families. . . .

Zechariah 13


 IV.     The Oracles Concerning the Future (continued), 9:1 - 14:21

            B.  The Second Oracle (continued), 12:1 - 14:21

                        2.   The Lord’s cleansing of Jerusalem 13:1-9


(BKC) This section discusses the provision for Israel’s cleansing (v. 1) and the removal of idolatry and false prophecy (vv. 2-6).


Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David [i.e. the political leaders] and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem [i.e. all the people of the land] for sin and for uncleanness [i.e. impurity].


13:1 – (RSB) Cleansing from sin follows the mourning mentioned in the preceding chapter.


(RSB) fountain. Calvary, now opened for the salvation of all living at the time of the return of Christ (Rom. 11:26-27).


Romans 11:25-2725 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. 26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: 27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.


Zechariah 13:2 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets [i.e. the false prophets] and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.


(RSB) All idolatry will be uprooted and all false prophesying will cease.


(BKC) Associated with the extinction of idolatry will be the extinguishing of false prophecy which includes human false prophets and the (superhuman) spirit of impurity . . ., probably to be understood as a personal agency of evil, in contrast with the Spirit of grace, that will inspire false prophets. [Remember that Satan will be chained in the bottomless pit at this time.]


Zechariah 13:3 And it shall come to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy [i.e. still prophesies], then his father and his mother that begat him shall say unto him, Thou shalt not live; for thou speakest lies in the name of the LORD: and his father and his mother that begat him shall thrust him through when he prophesieth.


(BKC) The death penalty enjoined against false prophets in Deuteronomy 18:20 (cf. Deut. 13:6-11) will be exacted by the nearest of kin, one’s parents, to remove false prophets from the land.


(RSB) . . . In their zeal to obey the law of God, parents will put to death any child who is involved in false prophesying . . .; cf. Deut. 13:6-10).


Deuteronomy 13:6-106 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; 7 Namely, of the gods of the people which are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; 8 Thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him: 9 But thou shalt surely kill him; thine hand shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people. 10 And thou shalt stone him with stones, that he die; because he hath sought to thrust thee away from the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.


Zechariah 13:4 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the prophets shall be ashamed every one of his vision, when he hath prophesied; neither shall they wear a rough garment [i.e. a garment of coarse hair] to deceive [i.e. they will forego the deception of wearing prophet’s garb]:


False prophets will not wear a rough garment . . ., which true prophets often did (cf. . . . Matt. 3:4).


Matthew 3:4 And the same John [i.e. John the Baptist] had his raiment of camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat [i.e food] was locusts and wild honey.


Zechariah 13:5 But he shall say, I am no prophet, I am an husbandman [i.e. a farmer]; for man taught me to keep cattle from my youth.


(RSB) False prophets will pretend to be farmers.


Zechariah 13:6 And one shall say unto him, What are these wounds in thine hands [i.e. between your arms]? Then he shall answer, Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.


(BKC) These wounds (or scars) no doubt will be from self-inflicted wounds associated with idol-worship.


(RSB) False prophets will . . . lie concerning wounds received in ecstatic frenzy associated with idolatrous rituals (cf. I Kings 18:28 ), pretending they were received as part of parental punishment or from friendly fighting.


I Kings 18:25-2825 And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your gods, but put no fire under. 26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made. 27 And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud: for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked. 28 And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them.


Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd [i.e. the true prophet, the Messiah], and against the man that is my fellow [i.e. my companion], saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.


13:7 – (RSB) A reference to the death of Christ and the scattering of the disciples (cf. Matt. 26:31).


Matthew 26:31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.


(BKC) The basic idea . . . is that the Lord will direct the death of His Shepherd.


Zechariah 13:8 And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the LORD, two parts therein [i.e. two-thirds] shall be cut off and die; but the third [i.e. one third] shall be left therein [i.e. in the land].


Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part [i.e. one third] through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God.


13:8-9 – (RSB) God’s judgment of Israel at the return of Christ will weed out all but one-third of them. These will constitute the “all Israel” that will then be saved (Rom. 11:26).


Romans 11:26 26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

Zechariah 14


 IV.     The Oracles Concerning the Future (continued), 9:1 - 14:21

            B.  The Second Oracle (continued), 12:1 - 14:21

                        3.   The Lord’s second coming to Jerusalem, 14:1-21


14:1-5 – (RSB) A description of one of the last battles of the campaign of Armageddon. . . . Jerusalem will be taken and the spoil divided. Just when the armies of the nations seem undefeatable, Jerusalemites will receive supernatural strength (12:8) and Jesus Christ personally and visibly will return to the mount of Olives, causing it to split and provide a valley through which survivors may flee.


(BKC) The deliverance of Jerusalem from the nations – 14:1-3


Zechariah 14:1 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee [i.e. your possessions will be plundered right in front of you].


Zechariah 14:2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled [i.e. ransacked, plundered], and the women ravished [i.e. raped]; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue [i.e. rest, remnant] of the people shall not be cut off [i.e. taken] from the city.


Zechariah 14:3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.


(BKC) The return of the Deliverer – 14:4-5.


Zechariah 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof [i.e. will be split in two] toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.


Zechariah 14:5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains [i.e. through my mountain valley]; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee [i.e. and all the holy ones with Him].


(RSB) The location of Azal is uncertain, perhaps a village near Jerusalem.


(RSB) saints, or holy ones. Perhaps believers who, having been previously taken to heaven, return with Christ, or angels who accompany Him, or both.


(BKC) All the holy ones are probably angels as well as the souls of the redeemed.


(BKC) The establishment of the messianic kingdom – 14:6-11.


Zechariah 14:6 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark [i.e. that there will be no light; the lights will diminish]:


14:6 – (RSB) the light shall not be clear suggests there shall be no light. Cosmic disturbances will affect day and night when Christ returns (cf. Acts 2:19-20 ).


Acts 2:19-2019 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: 20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come.


Zechariah 14:7 But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.


Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from [i.e. flow from] Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea [i.e. the Dead Sea], and half of them toward the hinder sea [i.e. the Mediterranean Sea]: in summer and in winter shall it be [i.e. it will occur].


14:8 – (RSB) living waters. Both natural (for the land) and spiritual (for the people) refreshment.


(BKC) The absolute Lordship of Messiah – 14:9.


Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.


(BKC) He has always been the one Lord (Deut. 6:4) in His unique, solitary, incomparable being. . . . When He establishes His millennial kingdom, He will be universally recognized as such and worshiped as the one true God. . . . With idolatry and false worship cut off from the land . . . His name will be the only name . . . recognized in worship by people.


Deuteronomy 6:4-54 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: 5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.


(BKC) The renovation of Judah and the security of Jerusalem – 14:10-11.


Zechariah 14:10 All the land shall be turned as [i.e. will be turned into or will be changed into] a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it [i.e. Jerusalem] shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin’s gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king’s winepresses.


(BKC) The whole land of Judah – from Geba on its northern border . . . to Rimmon, probably on its southern border, 35 miles southwest of Jerusalem . . . – will be miraculously leveled to a broad plain stretching from below Mount Hermon down the Jordan River Valley and the Dead Sea on the Gulf of Aqabah. This will help make Jerusalem more prominent . . ., as the capital city of the great King. Mention of the city’s gates indicate the whole city.


Zechariah 14:11 And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more [i.e. never again be] utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.


14:12-16 – (RSB) As Israel’s enemies (v. 12) and the enemies’ animals (v. 15) are struck with a plague, Israel will resume the fight in Jerusalem and take the spoil (v. 14), reversing the earlier looting (v. 2).


Zechariah 14:12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away [i.e. will rot] while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes [i.e. will rot in their sockets], and their tongue shall consume away [i.e. will rot] in their mouth.


Zechariah 14:13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult [i.e. panic] from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on [i.e. everyone shall seize] the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour [i.e. and raise his hand against his neighbor’s hand, i.e. they will attack each other].


Zechariah 14:14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.


Zechariah 14:15 And so shall be the plague of [i.e. So will the plague be on] the horse, of [i.e. on] the mule, of [i.e. on] the camel, and of [i.e. on] the ass [i.e. donkey], and of [i.e. on] all the beasts [i.e. animals, cattle] that shall be in these tents, as this plague.


Zechariah 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.


(BKC) . . . These survivors are from nonmilitary personnel of those nations whose armies were destroyed by Messiah in the attack on Jerusalem. . . . The armies in the Campaign of Armageddon will be destroyed, but not the people of the nations they will represent. Furthermore, they will be the survivors of the divine judgment on the Gentile nations who will enter the kingdom of Christ as “sheep,” the “goats” having been barred from entrance into the Millennium (Matt. 25:31-46).


Zechariah 14:17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.


Zechariah 14:18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.


Zechariah 14:19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.


14:16-19 – (RSB) Feast of Tabernacles. See Lev. 23:33-43. During this millennial period, God, in Christ the King, will live among men. Those who do not keep the feast will experience drought, except Egypt, which will experience plague.


Zechariah 14:20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD’S house shall be like the bowls before the altar.


Zechariah 14:21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein [i.e. boil (or cook) in them]: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite [i.e. unscrupulous unbelievers] in the house of the LORD of hosts.


14:20-21 – (RSB) In the Millennium everything (down to the bells on the horses’ harnesses) will be holy.


(RSB) Canaanite. Symbol of all unscrupulous unbelievers.


(BKC) Holiness will characterize millennial life.