Matthew 15:21-39

Sunday, March 26th, 2017

JESUS CASTS OUT A DEMON FROM THE

SYROPHENICIAN WOMAN’S DAUGHTER,

HEALS MANY NEAR THE SEA OF GALILEE,

AND FEEDS FOUR THOUSAND MEN

INTRODUCTION:

 

The Destiny of the King includes the narrative about Jesus (13:54 - 17:27), the meaning and greatness of forgiveness (18:1-35), and the concluding statement, (1) And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan. (2) And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there (19:1-2).

 

In the narrative about Jesus in chapter 15 we have already seen His comments on God’s commandments and man’s traditions (15:1-9) and His diagnosis of man’s heart (15:10-20). As we move on, we also see His casting out a demon from the Syrophenician woman’s daughter (15:21-28), His healing of many near the Sea of Galilee (15:29-31), and His feeding of the four thousand (15:32-39). It is these three events we are going to consider in this message.

We see that –

    I.     JESUS CASTS OUT A DEMON FROM THE SYROPHENICIAN WOMAN’S DAUGHTER – 15:21-28

 

Matthew 15:21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

 

Then Jesus went thence and departed suggests then Jesus went out from there and withdrew.

 

Into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon is into the regions (or districts) of Tyre and Sidon. Tyre and Sidon are located on the Mediterranean coast north of Galilee.

 

Matthew 15:22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.

 

And behold is used to gain the reader’s attention.

 

A woman of Canaan is a Canaanite woman. She is a Gentile.

 

Came out of the same coasts suggests came out of those regions (or districts) and refers to the regions of Tyre and Sidon.

 

And cried unto him is and cried out to Him (i.e. to Jesus) and implies cried out loudly. Its tense implies and was saying or and kept crying.

 

What she was crying comprises the rest of this verse.

 

Have mercy on me is have compassion (or pity) on me.

 

The tense of have mercy urges Jesus to do this at once and without delay.

 

She addresses Jesus as O Lord, thou Son of David, which implies that she believed that Jesus was the Messiah.

 

She then advised Jesus of her need: my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil, which suggests, My daughter is severely demon-possessed. She is begging Him to have mercy on her because her daughter was demon-possessed.

 

Matthew 15:23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us.

 

But He (i.e. Jesus) answered her not a word indicates that Jesus did not say anything to the Canaanite woman.

 

And his (i.e. Jesus’) disciples came and besought him indicates that Jesus’ disciples came to Jesus (or approached Jesus) and were beseeching Him (i.e. were asking Him or and were urging Him).

 

Saying introduces what the disciples were urging Jesus to do: send her away, which implies that they wanted Jesus to get rid of her.

 

For is the word ordinarily translated because and introduces the reason the disciples were urging Jesus to get rid of the woman: because she crieth after us.

 

She is the Canaanite woman.

 

Crieth after us suggests is crying out (in a loud voice) from behind us. It implies that she was behind them, following them as they were walking along.

 

Matthew 15:24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

 

But introduces a statement in mild contrast to the disciples’ request to get rid of the Canaanite woman.

 

But He answered and said; and what He said is, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

 

Inasmuch as the woman is the next one to respond, it suggests that He either spoke these words primarily to the Canaanite woman or that she overheard them.

 

I am not sent is I was not sent and implies that He was not sent on a mission by God the Father.

 

But suggests except and introduces the people for whom Christ had been sent: it was unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel, which means to the unsaved Israelites.

 

Matthew 15:25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.

 

The woman, however, did not give up but begged Jesus to help her.

 

Then came she and worshipped indicates that the Canaanite woman came to Jesus and suggests that she fell down and worshiped Him or prostrated herself before Him.

 

Saying suggests and was saying, and what she was repeatedly or continually saying is, Lord, help me.

 

By addressing Jesus as Lord, she recognized His authority and ability to help her.

 

Matthew 15:26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs.

 

But He answered and said introduces Jesus’ response to the woman.

 

It is not meet is it is not good.

 

What is not good is to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs.

 

To take the children’s bread speaks of bread or food intended for the children.

 

And to cast it to the dogs is and to throw (it) to the little dogs, i.e. to the little house dogs or lap dogs in contrast to the dogs of the street or farm.

 

Matthew 15:27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.

 

The woman agreed with what Jesus said but reminded Him that the little house dogs eat the crumbs which fall off the table.

 

And she said introduces the response of the Canaanite woman.

 

Truth, Lord is Yes, Lord; certainly, Lord; or indeed, Lord. She is acknowledging that she agrees with the truth Jesus stated in verse 26.

 

Yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table is but the little dogs eat from the crumbs (or from the very little bits) of the things falling from the table of their owners.

 

Matthew 15:28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.

 

Jesus acknowledged that the woman had great faith and granted her request.

 

Then or thereupon introduces Jesus’ response to the Canaanite woman.

 

Jesus answered and said unto her suggests Jesus answered and declared to the Canaanite woman.

 

Jesus addresses her as O woman.

 

Great is thy faith indicates that this lady had much (or strong) faith. Her faith, belief, or trust was great.

 

Be it unto thee is let it be to you or it must be to you.

 

Even as thou wilt is as (or just as) you wish (or desire).

 

It was her desire that Jesus help her because her daughter was grievously vexed with a demon, and Jesus granted her desire.

 

And her daughter was made whole from that very hour indicates that the demon was cast out and her daughter was healed or cured instantly.

We also see that –

  II.     JESUS HEALS MANY NEAR THE SEA OF GALILEE – 15:29-31

 

Matthew 15:29 And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.

 

And Jesus departed from thence means and Jesus went from there. It implies that Jesus went from the region of Tyre and Sidon.

 

He came nigh unto the sea of Galilee is He came to the side of (or to the edge of) the Sea of Galilee.

 

And went up into a mountain is and went into the mountain. It was a particular mountain near the Sea of Galilee.

 

And sat down there suggests and sat down on the mountain.

 

Matthew 15:30 And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus’ feet; and he healed them.

 

Jesus healed the physically disabled people brought to Him by great numbers of people.

 

And great multitudes is and great crowds and suggests a lot of people.

 

Came unto him suggests came to Him.

 

Having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others indicates that the crowds brought many people with them who needed to be healed.

 

Lame persons are crippled.

 

Blind persons are unable to see.

 

Dumb people are unable to speak or mute, and maimed people are people who have at least one limb which is in some way abnormal or incapable of being used. Maimed may also be translated crippled or deformed.

 

And many others speaks of people who had different kinds of physical limitations other than being lame, blind, dumb, or maimed.

 

And cast them down at Jesus’ feet suggests and lay them down (or put them down) near (or at) the feet of Jesus.

 

And he healed them implies that Jesus healed all of them or each of them without exception.

 

Matthew 15:31 Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.

 

The people were amazed and glorified God.

 

Insomuch that introduces the result of the crowds of people seeing Jesus heal the many who had been brought to him in verse 30 in the sense of so that or with the result that.

 

The multitude wondered is the crowds were astonished (or the crowds were amazed).

 

When they saw suggests while they were seeing or because they were seeing.

 

What they were seeing is the dumb to speak, i.e. dumb (ones) speaking, those unable to speak speaking, or mute (ones) speaking.

 

They also saw the maimed to be whole, i.e. the crippled or deformed (ones) sound (or healthy).

 

In addition, they saw the lame to walk, i.e. the lame (or crippled) (ones) walking.

 

And they saw the blind to see, i.e. blind (ones) seeing.

 

And they glorified the God of Israel means that the multitudes of people glorified the God of Israel.

Finally, we see that –

 III.     JESUS FEEDS THE FOUR THOUSAND – 15:32-39

 

Matthew 15:32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.

 

Jesus advised His disciples of His compassion on the large number of people.

 

They had been with Him for three days and had nothing to eat.

 

He further advised the disciples that He would not send them away to their homes without eating in order that they not faint on their way home.

 

Then Jesus called his disciples unto him suggests that Jesus summoned His disciples.

 

And said suggests and stated, and declared, or and asserted.

 

What Jesus stated comprises the rest of this verse.

 

I have compassion on the multitude suggests I have pity for (or I have sympathy for) the crowd.

 

The reason Jesus has compassion on the multitude is because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat.

 

They continue with me suggests they are remaining with Me or they are staying with Me, and its tense indicates ongoing action.

 

Now suggests already or by this time.

 

Three days means throughout three days. The people were not with Him periodically for three days; they were with Him throughout three days.

 

And have nothing to eat is and they do not have anything they may eat, and its tense indicates that this is an ongoing situation.

 

And I will not send them away fasting is and I will not to send them away not eating, I am not willing (or wanting) to send them away hungry, or I am not wanting to send them away hungry.

 

Lest they faint on the way suggests in order that they not faint (i.e. become weary or give out) on the way home.

 

Matthew 15:33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?

 

And his disciples say to him (i.e. to Jesus) introduces a question the disciples asked Jesus.

 

What they asked is, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude?

 

Whence? suggests from where?

 

Should we have so much bread in the wilderness suggests (is there) so much bread for us in the desert.

 

Bread is loaves or loaves of bread. The same word is translated loaves in the next verse.

 

As to fill implies so that we might feed, so that we might fill, or so that we might satisfy.

 

So great a multitude suggests so large a crowd.

 

It is apparent that not enough food would even be available in that deserted region even if they had the money to pay for it. Did no one remember the feeding of the 5,000?

 

Matthew 15:34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.

 

In order to spur their thinking, Jesus asked how many loaves were available for feeding the crowd.

 

And Jesus saith unto them means and Jesus answered His disciples.

 

How many loaves have ye? is how many loaves of bread do you have? or how much bread do you have? The word translated loaves was translated bread in the previous verse.

 

And they said introduces the disciples’ answer: seven, and a few little fishes.

 

It was hardly enough to feed a large crowd.

 

Matthew 15:35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.

 

And he (i.e. Jesus) commanded the multitude is and He directed (or ordered) the crowds.

 

What Jesus directed them to do was to sit down on the ground, i.e. to recline on the ground.

 

Sit down is a term used especially of sitting down at a meal.

 

Matthew 15:36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.

 

And he took the seven loaves and the fishes and gave thanks and brake them is He (i.e. Jesus) took the seven loaves and the fish and broke (them).

 

As indicated by the italics, the translators have supplied them in reference to the loaves of bread and the fish.

 

And gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude indicates that Jesus distributed the broken pieces of bread and fish to the disciples and the disciples distributed them to the crowd.

 

Matthew 15:37 And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full.

 

And they did all eat, and were filled is all (i.e. all the persons comprising the crowd of people as well as Jesus and His disciples) ate and were filled (or were satisfied).

 

And they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full is and they carried away (or removed) what was left over of the fragments (i.e. of the pieces or the crumbs) seven full baskets.

 

The term used for baskets suggests large baskets or hampers.

 

The same term is used in Acts 9:25 of the basket in which the Apostle Paul was let down the outside of the city wall when the Jewish leaders in Damascus were plotting to kill him. As a result, the city gates were being watched carefully in order to capture him. However, . . . the disciples took him by night, and let (him) down by the wall in a basket.

 

There was far more food left over than they had started with.

 

Matthew 15:38 And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women and children.

 

The number of men who ate that day was 4,000 in addition to women and children.

 

After sending the crowd away, Jesus went by boat to the region of Magdala.

 

And they that did eat were four thousand men is and the ones who were eating were four thousand men.

 

The women and children who may have been present were not counted.

 

As a result, no one knows how many women and children were present; and attempts to guess their number are futile.

 

Beside women and children suggests in addition to women and children.

 

Matthew 15:39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala.

 

And he (i.e. Jesus) sent away the multitude is and Jesus dismissed the crowd or and Jesus sent the crowd away.

 

And took ship is He embarked on the boat.

 

And came into the coasts of Magdala is and He came into the region (i.e. borders or country) of Magdala. It is a place located on the western side of the Sea of Galilee about 3 miles south of Tiberias. It is called Dalmanutha in Mark 8:10 .

CONCLUSION:

 

Consider the needs you have. Jesus can meet every one of them.

 

The biggest need anyone can have is the need for salvation from sin and its consequences. Have you trusted Christ as your personal Savior? We can help you with this. Please give us the opportunity to do so.

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