Hebrews 9:11-18

Sunday, April 16th, 2017

THE TYPES OF THE FIRST COVENANT ARE

FULFILLED BY THE OFFERING OF CHRIST’S

BLOOD IN THE HEAVENLY SANCTUARY

INTRODUCTION:

 

Chapter 9 continues the section in the Book of Hebrews which began in 8:1 and extends through 10:18 where Christ is seen as the mediator of a better covenant.

 

In verses 1-10 we have already seen that the ordinances of divine service of the first covenant were types of what would come later.

 

In verses 11-28 it is shown that the types of the first covenant were fulfilled by the offering of Christ’s blood in the heavenly sanctuary.

 

In this message we will be considering verses 11-18.

 

We will see that in contrast to the high priests of the Levitical system, Christ is the high priest of things to come which pertain to the new covenant and heavenly sanctuary (verse 11).

 

Accordingly, He entered once into the sanctuary and obtained eternal redemption for believers (verse 12).

 

We will also see that His offering will cleanse the believers’ consciences from dead works and enable them to serve the living God (verses 13-14).

 

In addition, we will see that Christ is the mediator of the new covenant, enabling those who are called to receive the promise of eternal inheritance (verse 15).

 

This necessitated His death by the shedding of His blood to dedicate the new covenant (verses 16-23). Today we’ll only be looking at verses 16-18 in this section.

We see that –

    I.     IN CONTRAST TO THE HIGH PRIESTS OF THE LEVITICAL SYSTEM, CHRIST IS THE HIGH PRIEST OF THINGS TO COME WHICH PERTAIN TO THE NEW COVENANT AND HEAVENLY SANCTUARY – 9:11

 

Hebrews 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building.

 

Verse 11 forms a contrast to verses 9 and 10. This contrast is introduced by but.

 

Christ being come suggests after (or because) Christ appeared as (or came as).

 

What Christ appeared as (or came as) is an high priest of good things to come, i.e. of the coming good things.

 

Good things to come refers to the things of the second tabernacle, the heavenly sanctuary, by which salvation has been provided.

 

Christ is not a high priest in accordance with the things of the first tabernacle, i.e. of the earthly tabernacle constructed by Moses; instead, He is a high priest of the heavenly tabernacle.

 

The good things to come are those things which pertain to the new covenant rather than to the old covenant.

 

By a greater and more perfect tabernacle is by or through the greater and more perfect tabernacle. It is the heavenly sanctuary or tabernacle that is greater and more perfect than the earthly one which was in use beginning in the days of Moses.

 

This greater and more perfect tabernacle is described as not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building.

 

Not made with hands suggests not made with human hands, and not of this building is not of this creation, which refers to this world.

 

By contrast, the earthly tabernacle was made with hands and was of this world.

We also see that –

  II.     CHRIST ENTERED ONCE INTO THE SANCTUARY AND OBTAINED ETERNAL REDEMPTION FOR BELIEVERS – 9:12

 

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

 

Verse 12 goes on to describe the sacrificial system found in the new tabernacle, i.e. the greater and more perfect tabernacle.

 

Neither means and not or nor. It introduces additional comments regarding Christ and His high priesthood.

 

By the blood of goats and calves is through (the) blood of goats and calves or by means of (the) blood of goats and calves. It shows the means by which Jesus did not enter the heavenly sanctuary.

 

But indicates a contrast and introduces the means by which Jesus did enter the heavenly sanctuary.

 

It is by his own blood.

 

By is used in the sense of by means of.

 

His own blood is in contrast to the blood of animals by which the earthly high priest entered the earthly holy of holies.

 

He refers to Christ.

 

Entered is went in.

 

Once is once for all time.

 

Where He entered was into the holy place or into the sanctuary. It refers to the heavenly sanctuary.

 

The tense of having obtained eternal redemption indicates its action prior to or before the action of entered. It suggests that He obtained eternal redemption for believers at the cross before He entered into the holy place in heaven.

 

Redemption suggests ransoming or release by payment of a ransom. Previously, people had been held in bondage to sin, but this was no longer the case. Believers were now set free. They were released by payment of a ransom, and the payment was Christ’s own blood.

 

For us has been supplied by the translators in order to complete the idea implied by the context.

Next, we see that –

 III.     CHRIST’S OFFERING WILL CLEANSE THE BELIEVERS’ CONSCIENCES FROM DEAD WORKS AND ENABLE THEM TO SERVE THE LIVING GOD – 9:13-14

 

Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh.

 

Verses 13 and 14 form a conditional sentence.

 

The condition, which, for the sake of discussion, is assumed to be true, is expressed in verse 13; and the conclusion is expressed in verse 14.

 

For is explanatory and is used in sense of now.

 

Inasmuch as the condition in verse 13 is actually true, if is understood in the sense of because, since, or inasmuch as.

 

What is true is that the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh.

 

The blood of bulls and of goats is the blood which comes from bulls and goats when they are sacrificed, and the blood is then sprinkled on the altar.

 

The ashes of an heifer would come as a result of burning that heifer as a burnt offering.

 

Sprinkling the unclean is sprinkling the impure ones or sprinkling the ceremonially defiled ones.

 

Sanctifieth is sanctifies, makes clean, or makes holy.

 

To the purifying of the flesh is to (or toward) the cleansing of the flesh (the purity of the flesh or the cleanness of the flesh).

 

The application of the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of a heifer to the ceremonially unclean persons did sanctify or purify the flesh.

 

Ceremonial defilement was removed, but the cleansing was only external.

 

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

 

Verse 14 is the conclusion of the condition expressed in verse 13.

 

How much more is by how much rather.

 

Shall . . . purge is the verb form of the word translated purifying in verse 13; and it means will cleanse, will purify, or will make clean.

 

The subject of shall . . . purge is the blood of Christ. It is used in contrast to the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of an heifer in verse 13.

 

Who refers to Christ.

 

Through the eternal Spirit refers to the Holy Spirit of God.

 

Offered means brought or presented and is used of gifts and sacrifices.

 

Himself indicates that the sacrifice of Christ, which He brought to God the Father, was Himself.

 

Without spot indicates how Christ offered Himself and suggests unblemished or without blemish. He was without spot or unblemished because He never committed a single sin.

 

To God indicates that the offering was presented to God the Father.

 

What this offering of the blood of Christ, which Christ Himself made, will cleanse, purge, or purify is your conscience or your moral consciousness; and it will cleanse it from dead works.

 

Your is plural and refers to the readers of the Book of Hebrews.

 

Whereas the sprinkling of the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of a heifer were able to cleanse the flesh, they were not able to cleanse the conscience.

 

However, the blood of Christ is able to cleanse the conscience and remove the guilt produced by sin.

 

This contrast has already been pointed out in verse 9 where it was shown that the gifts and sacrifices did not make the worshiper perfect as pertaining to his conscience.

 

To serve the living God modifies shall purge and suggests in order that he might serve the living God.

 

All the works which the worshiper had done prior to his salvation were dead. However, once he has been saved by the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, he is free in order that he might serve God.

In addition, we see that –

 IV.     CHRIST IS THE MEDIATOR OF THE NEW COVENANT, ENABLING THOSE WHO ARE CALLED TO RECEIVE THE PROMISE OF ETERNAL INHERITANCE – 9:15

 

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

 

And for this cause is and because of this, and the content of this is that the blood of Christ cleanses the conscience from dead works; whereas, the animal sacrifices under the law could only cleanse the worshipers from ceremonial defilement.

 

He refers to the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

Is indicates that something is a timeless truth, something which is true at all times.

 

Mediator is arbitrator.

 

Of the new testament indicates what Jesus mediates or arbitrates.

 

The new testament refers to the new covenant that has been described in Hebrews 8:10-12 , which is quoted from Jeremiah 31 .

 

That is in order that or for the purpose that. It is to be connected with they which are called might receive the promise of an eternal inheritance.

 

By means of death is literally death having taken place and is used in the sense of having died or death having occurred.

 

By means of death is used to show cause, time, or means.

 

Its tense indicates that its action occurs before the action of receive which it modifies.

 

It is understood in the sense of after death occurred or after He died, because death occurred or because He died, or by means of His death having come to pass or by means of His having died.

 

For the redemption is simply for redemption, where redemption is simply the buying back of a slave or captive, making him free by payment of a ransom.

 

Of the transgressions that were under the first testament indicates what the people were being redeemed from.

 

Transgressions is oversteppings or violations of the law.

 

That were under the first testament suggests over the first covenant or over the first testament, meaning over the law. They transgressed or crossed over the law. The law was put up as a barrier to tell them what they should not do, and they crossed over this barrier.

 

They which are called is simply the ones who have been called and functions as the subject of might receive.

 

It refers to their effectual call by which God the Father drew them to Himself.

 

What they might receive is the promise of eternal inheritance.

 

Might receive is might get or might obtain.

 

The promise is the pledge.

 

Of eternal inheritance is what has been promised. In the Greek text it is the promise of the eternal inheritance. An eternal inheritance has been promised to saved people, and Christ’s death has provided the means by which this eternal inheritance might be received.

Finally, we see that –

   V.     THIS NECESSITATED CHRIST’S DEATH BY THE SHEDDING OF HIS BLOOD TO DEDICATE THE NEW COVENANT – 9:16-23

 

Although this section extends through verse 23, in this message, we will only take time to consider verses 16-18; and we will leave the rest of this chapter until next time.

 

Hebrews 9:16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

 

The writer’s line of reasoning continues in verse 16.

 

For is used in the sense of now.

 

Where a testament is suggests where a last will and testament is.

 

There must also of necessity be the death of the testator indicates that the last will and testament of an individual is only a piece of paper until the individual who made it dies. When he dies, his last will and testament becomes a valid, legal, and binding document.

 

Until he dies, he is free to change it; but once he dies, it is put in force.

 

There must of necessity be is simply it is necessary that there be, it is unavoidable that there be, or there must be.

 

The death of the testator is the death of the one who has made a will or the death of the one who is disposing of property by means of a will.

 

What is necessary is that the person who made the will must die.

 

This means that the death of the testator must be borne (i.e. uttered, announced, or established).

 

 

Hebrews 9:17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.

 

Verse 17 explains the reason there must also of necessity be the death of the testator as is indicated by for.

 

A testament is a last will and testament.

 

As indicated by the italics, is has been supplied by the translators. It is implied by the context.

 

Of force literally means firm or permanent and is used as a legal technical term with last will and testament, meaning to be valid.

 

Hence, it is saying that a last will and testament is valid after men are dead or over dead ones.

 

Otherwise means because, since, or for.

 

It is of no strength at all is it is never (or not at any time) strong (or powerful) and is used as a legal technical term meaning it is never (or not at any time) valid or it never has (or does not at any time have) meaning.

 

While the testator liveth is when (or while) the one making a will is living (i.e. lives or is alive) or when (or while) the one disposing of his property by a will is living (i.e. lives or is alive).

 

In other words, while the person who has made his last will and testament is still alive, the document carries no force.

 

It is merely a piece of paper which he is free to change if he so desires.

 

However, upon his death, this document becomes legally binding; and people are obligated to enforce his will.

 

Hebrews 9:18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

 

Whereupon is for which reason, therefore, or hence and refers to the fact that a last will and testament does not have force until the one who made the will dies.

 

Neither is not even.

 

The first testament or the first (covenant) refers to the law.

 

It is in contrast to the new covenant.

 

Was dedicated is has been dedicated with a solemn right or has been inaugurated.

 

Without blood suggests without death caused by the shedding of an animal’s blood. The fact that the first (testament) was not dedicated without blood means that the first (testament) was dedicated with blood.

 

Blood was not merely drawn from a live animal. The animal had to be slain, and its blood was then used in the dedication of the law.

 

The blood was obtained by killing the animal by shedding its blood [i.e. death had to come by shedding the animal’s blood rather than by some other means], and the first testament was dedicated with this blood.

 

The implication is that the second covenant will also be dedicated with blood, but this time with the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ.

CONCLUSION:

 

We will continue next time with verses 19-28 where we will see that Christ has now entered into the very presence of God to appear on behalf of believers, having been once, for all time, offered to bear the sins of many.