Matthew 16:21-28

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

JESUS’ PREDICTION OF HIS DEATH AND

RESURRECTION AND HIS STATEMENT

REGARDING THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP

INTRODUCTION:

 

The Destiny of the King includes the narrative about Jesus (13:54 - 17:27), the meaning and greatness of forgiveness (18:1-35), and the concluding statement, (1) And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan. (2) And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there (19:1-2).

 

The narrative about Jesus in chapter 16 includes His rebuke of the Pharisees and Sadducees seeking a sign from heaven (16:1-4), His explanation of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees (16:5-12), and Jesus’ question and Peter’s confession (16:13-20) which we have already considered in our last two messages. In this message we want to study Jesus’ prediction of His death and resurrection (16:21-23) and His statement regarding the cost of discipleship (16:24-28).

We see –

    I.     JESUS’ PREDICTION OF HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION – 16:21-23

 

We note –

            A.  JESUS’ STATEMENT – 16:21

 

Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.

 

Jesus began to prepare His disciples for His crucifixion and resurrection.

 

From that time forth suggests from then (on).

 

Began Jesus to shew unto his disciples is Jesus began to show (i.e. to make known, to point out, or to explain) to His disciples.

 

It indicates that a change took place in His ministry. Although He had been proclaiming that the kingdom of heaven was near for Israel at that time, He instead began to prepare His disciples for His death.

 

How that he must go unto Jerusalem is that He go to Jerusalem was necessary or that it was necessary that He go to Jerusalem.

 

In addition to His going to Jerusalem, it was also necessary that He suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes.

 

This suffering would come from the religious leaders in Jerusalem, the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes.

 

In addition, Jesus must also be killed or put to death.

 

Finally, He must also be raised again the third day.

 

Be raised again means be raised from the dead; and it is passive, which means that Jesus did not raise Himself from the dead; God the Father raised Him.

 

The third day means that Jesus would be raised from the dead on the third day, not after three days. This clearly demonstrates that Jesus would not spend 72 hours in the tomb and indicates that He could not have been crucified on a Wednesday as some teach since He was raised on a Sunday.

 

We also note –

            B.  PETER’S REACTION TO JESUS’ STATEMENT – 16:22

 

Matthew 16:22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.

 

Peter reacted to Jesus’ statement of His coming crucifixion and resurrection by rebuking Jesus, telling Him that it will never happen to Him.

 

Then Peter took him suggests then Peter took Jesus aside.

 

And began to rebuke him means and began to reprove Jesus.

 

Saying introduces what Peter said to Jesus when he rebuked Him.

 

Be if far from thee, Lord is literally gracious to You, Lord or merciful to You, Lord and implies may God be gracious (or merciful) to You, Lord (and spare You this) or may God forbid it, Lord.

 

This shall not be unto thee includes the strongest negative in the Greek language and means that what Jesus has said about going to Jerusalem, suffering many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, being killed, and being raised again the third day will absolutely never take place under any circumstances.

 

He had no idea that this was all God’s will for Jesus and that any attempt on his part to stop it would place himself in opposition to God’s plan for the redemption of sinners.

 

Next, we note –

            C.  JESUS’ RESPONSE TO PETER’S REACTION – 16:23

 

Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

 

Jesus then reacted to Peter’s rebuke of Him by basically telling Peter to stay out of the way because he was seeing things from a human point of view rather than from God’s point of view.

 

But transitions to Jesus’ response to Peter’s statement.

 

He turned is literally He (i.e. Jesus) having turned, He having turned around, or He having turned toward (Peter).

 

Said to Peter suggests declared to Peter or asserted to Peter.

 

Get thee behind me, Satan suggests go away, Satan; begone, Satan; get behind me, Satan; or get out of my sight, Satan.

 

Jesus is referring to Peter as Satan, which means enemy or adversary because Peter, like Satan, was attempting to turn Jesus from His God-appointed purpose of providing for the salvation of all humanity by shedding His blood on the cross.

 

Thou art an offence unto me suggests you (Peter) are my temptation to sin or you are my stumbling block.

 

Jesus would be guilty of sin if He did not go to the cross to die for the sins of mankind.

 

For is the word ordinarily translated because and is to be understood in this sense in this verse.

 

Thou savourest not the things that be of God is, You are not setting your mind on the things of God.

 

But introduces a statement in strong contrast to thou savourest not the things that be of God.

 

The reader should supply you (Peter) are setting your mind on before the words those that be of men, i.e. you are setting your mind on the things of men.

 

Peter was not thinking of these things that Jesus had said to the disciples in the way God was thinking of them but in the way human beings would think of them.

 

One can be certain that Peter was shocked by Jesus’ response to his statement in the previous verse.

We also see –

  II.     JESUS’ STATEMENT REGARDING THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP – 16:24-28

 

We note that –

            A.  THOSE WHO FOLLOW JESUS MUST DENY THEMSELVES AND FOLLOW HIM ALL THE WAY UP TO AND INCLUDING DEATH – 16:24

 

Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

 

Then suggests thereupon.

 

Said Jesus unto his disciples is Jesus said (i.e. declared or asserted) to His disciples.

 

What Jesus said continues through verse 28.

 

If any man will come after me is a simple condition, which, for sake of discussion, is assumed to be true. It will actually be true for some but will not be true for others.

 

Any man is anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody and is not limited to adult males.

 

Will come after me is wills (i.e. wishes, desires, or wants) to come after Me (i.e. to come after Jesus). It implies to become Jesus’ disciple.

 

The conclusion of the condition is let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

 

These are three third person commands for which English has no equivalent.

 

They mean, He must deny himself, He must take up his cross, and He must follow Me.

 

Let him deny himself means that the person who wishes to come after Jesus must act in a completely selfless manner.

 

He is no longer first in his own life; Jesus is now first in this person’s life.

 

And take up his cross means that the person who wishes to come after Jesus must follow Him up to and including dying for Jesus.

 

The one being crucified was forced to carry his own cross to the place of his execution.

 

And follow me means that the person who wishes to come after Jesus must be willing to go with Jesus wherever it takes him, regardless of the cost, knowing that it may bring much hardship and misunderstanding in this life and even death.

 

We also note –

            B.  SAVING ONE’S LIFE VERSUS LOSING ONE’S LIFE FOR JESUS’ SAKE – 16:25

 

Matthew 16:25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.

 

For introduces the consequence of not following Jesus as stated in verse 24 as well as the benefit of following Him.

 

Whosoever will save his life is whoever wills (i.e. wishes, desires, or wants) to save his life.

 

It is equivalent to the conditional statement if anyone wills (i.e. wishes, desires, or wants) to save his life.

 

It suggests whoever wishes to save himself from denying himself, from taking up his cross, and from following Jesus so that he might avoid the hardships it might bring.

 

Shall lose it means will lose his life.

 

As a result of his failure to fully follow Jesus, he will not find himself in the will of God for his life and will not find fulfillment.

 

His earthly life will be wasted.

 

And whosoever will lose his life for my sake suggests and whoever will lose his life because of Me (i.e. because of Jesus).

 

It is likewise equivalent to the conditional statement if anyone will lose his life for My sake (i.e. because of Me or on account of Me).

 

It implies that his losing his life is because he has denied himself, taken up his cross, and followed Jesus.

 

Shall find it means will find his life.

 

As a result of his fully following Jesus, he will find himself in the will of God and will find fulfillment in his life. His earthly life will count for all eternity.

 

In addition, we note –

            C.  THE WORTH OF THE SOUL – 16:26

 

Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

 

In verse 26 Jesus asks two questions which indicate that the soul is worth more than anything else.

 

For introduces a further explanation of the consequence of not fully following the Lord Jesus wherever it might lead or whatever it might cost.

 

For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? is a conditional statement.

 

Its condition is if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul, and its conclusion is what is a man profited? Ordinarily the condition precedes the conclusion; but when the writer or speaker wishes to emphasize the conclusion, he reverses the normal order.

 

What is a man profited? suggests what is a man benefitted? or what good will it do a man?; and it implies that it will not profit him, benefit him, or do him any good.

 

Man is the generic term for human being and would be true of a female as well as of a male.

 

If he shall gain the whole world implies if he should gain the sum total of all the world’s riches.

 

And may indicate a continuation of the thought or a statement in mild contrast to the first half of this condition in the sense of but.

 

And (or but) lose his own soul suggests and (or but) suffer damage to (i.e. suffer loss to, forfeit, or sustain injury to) his own soul, where soul is the same term translated life in the previous verse but is used in this verse in the sense of the seat and center of life that transcends the earthly life.

 

An unsaved person’s soul will spend eternity in the lake of fire. How terrible would this loss be!

 

A saved person may neglect his spiritual life and miss life’s greatest blessings in this life and not receive the rewards he might otherwise have received at the judgment seat of Christ.

 

Or introduces a second question: what shall a man give in exchange for his soul? It implies that there is nothing he could give for his soul which would be of equal value to his soul. Nothing will compensate for the loss of his soul.

 

Man is the generic term for human being and may refer to a female or to a male.

We furthermore note that –

            D.  JESUS WILL REWARD EACH ONE ACCORDING TO HIS WORKS – 16:27

 

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

 

For introduces the reason it is important that every believer take up his cross and follow Jesus and that no one lose his own soul.

 

The Son of man is Jesus.

 

Shall come is is about to come.

 

Christ’s coming in the glory of his Father stands in stark contrast to His humiliation and suffering in His death on the cross.

 

With his angels indicates that in His return, Christ will be accompanied by His angels.

 

And then he shall reward every man according to his works suggests and at that time (i.e. at the time of His coming in the glory of His Father) He (i.e. Christ) will reward each according to his activity (or work, i.e. according to what he has done in his life).

 

The rewards will be distributed on an individual basis as earned by the individual’s faithfulness in living his life for the Lord.

 

The unsaved individual will also be rewarded according to his works when he is cast into the lake of fire following the great white throne judgment.

 

Finally, we note that –

            E.  SOME STANDING WITH HIM WILL SEE THE SON OF MAN COMING IN HIS KINGDOM – 16:28

 

Matthew 16:28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.

 

This statement, that some standing there with Jesus will not die before they see Christ coming in His kingdom, will be fulfilled in the transfiguration in the next chapter.

 

Verily is truly.

 

I say unto you is I am saying (i.e. I am declaring or I am asserting) to you (disciples).

 

There be some standing here is there are some of the ones who are standing here. Those standing there were the disciples.

 

Which shall not taste of death suggests such ones who will (absolutely) not partake of (i.e. experience or come to know) death.

 

Not is the strongest negative found in the Greek language.

 

Till they see is until they see, until they witness, or until they experience.

 

What they will see is the Son of man (i.e. Jesus) coming in his kingdom.

 

According to Matthew 17:1 , Jesus will take Peter, James, and John up to a high mountain where the transfiguration will take place.

 

On this mountain Peter, James, and John will see Jesus transfigured before them, appearing in His royal reign as the glorified King.

CONCLUSION:

 

We have seen that Jesus predicted His death on the cross and His subsequent resurrection from the dead. If you believe that Jesus died for your sins and that God raised Him from the dead, God will save you from sin and its consequences. Please, believe this; and if you haven’t already done so, call upon God and ask Him to save you from your sins so that you might spend eternity in heaven rather than in the lake of fire.

 

We have also seen that those who invest their lives in living for the Lord will find true fulfillment in their lives and will be appropriately rewarded at the judgment seat of Christ. Be one of these. The choice is yours.

 

We have also seen that those believers who do not invest their lives in living for the Lord will not find the fulfillment in their lives which they might otherwise have experienced, and they will lose whatever rewards they might have received at the judgment seat of Christ. Don’t be one of these.

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