Hebrews 10:9-18

Sunday, May 28th, 2017

CHRIST’S ONE SACRIFICE ENDED THE NEED

FOR THE SACRIFICES UNDER THE LAW

INTRODUCTION:

 

Hebrews was written to Jews professing faith in Christ. As a result of severe persecution, some of them were contemplating abandoning Christ and Christianity and returning to Judaism and living under the law. Hebrews was written to warn them not to do this but to persevere in their faith in Christ.

 

We have seen in chapters 1-7:

 

    I.    that Christ is superior to angels - 1:4 - 2:18

   II.    that Christ is worthy of more glory than Moses – 3:1 - 4:13

  III.    and that Christ’s ministry is more excellent than the Levitical Priests’ ministry – 4:14 - 7:28

 

We are in the process of studying Hebrews 8:1-10:18 where Christ is shown to be the mediator of a better covenant.

 

In this section of Hebrews we have already seen:

 

A summary of what the writer has said thus far – 8:1-6

The promise of a new covenant – 8:7-9

A description of this new covenant – 8:10-12

That this new covenant has made the old covenant (i.e. the law) obsolete – 8:13

That the ordinances of divine service of the first covenant (or the law) were types – 9:1-10

That the types of the first covenant (i.e. the types of the law) were fulfilled by the offering of Christ’s blood in the heavenly sanctuary – 9:11-28

And that the sacrifices under the law made nothing perfect – 10:1-8

 

In this message as we consider Hebrews 10:9-18 , we see that Christ’s one sacrifice for sins is all that is necessary forever. There never needs to be another sacrifice. The one sacrifice of Christ ended the necessity for the old sacrifices under the law.

We see that –

    I.     CHRIST CAME TO ACCOMPLISH GOD THE FATHER’S WILL – 10:9A

 

Hebrews 10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. . . .

 

Then is in reference to when he (i.e. Christ) said in verse 8.

 

Whereas verses 5-6 refer to the first portion of the quotation from Psalms 40:6-8 , verse 9 refers to the last portion of this same quotation from Psalms 40:6-8 .

 

Said he is He (i.e. Jesus) has said.

 

Its tense indicates an action which has been completed in past time with its result continuing on.

 

He refers to Christ.

 

Lo is behold.

 

I come to do thy will, O God.

 

I come is I have come or I am present.

 

Again I is Christ.

 

To do expresses purpose and is understood in the sense of for the purpose of doing or in order that I might do.

 

What Christ has come to do is indicated by thy will which refers to God the Father’s will.

 

By O God, Jesus refers to God the Father as God.

We also see that –

  II.     CHRIST ABOLISHED THE OLD COVENANT IN ORDER THAT HE MIGHT PUT THE NEW COVENANT INTO EFFECT – 10:9B

 

Hebrews 10:9 a – Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

 

By He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second the writer is saying that Christ removes the first covenant (i.e. the law) in order that He may put the second covenant into effect, thereby accomplishing the will of God the Father.

 

He taketh away is He takes away or He is taking away.

 

Its present tense is understood as a historical present, He was taking away.

 

Taketh away is a word which means does away with, destroys, or abolishes.

 

The first suggests the first thing and in this context suggests the first covenant or the law.

 

That He may establish the second is a purpose clause which indicates the reason He takes away the first covenant.

 

That is understood in the sense of in order that or for the purpose that.

 

He is Christ Who is doing the Father’s will.

 

May establish is may confirm or may make valid.

 

The second implies the second covenant.

Next, we see that –

 III.     THE WILL OF GOD THE FATHER SENT CHRIST TO DIE ON THE CROSS IN PAYMENT FOR SIN IN ORDER TO BRING ABOUT THE SANCTIFICATION OF BELIEVERS – 10:10

 

Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

 

By the which will refers to the will of God mentioned in verse 9.

 

By the which will is simply by means of which will.

 

We are sanctified, where we refers to believers, is we have been sanctified, we have been set apart, or we have been dedicated.

 

Through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ, once for all indicates the means by which believers have been sanctified.

 

It is the offering of Jesus Christ’s body on the cross that brought about their sanctification.

 

The offering is a sacrificial term meaning the presentation or the bringing of an offering.

 

The offering brought was the body of Jesus Christ and implies that it was Jesus Christ Who was actually offered rather than an animal sacrifice.

 

When the body of Jesus Christ was offered as a sacrifice, His blood was shed in order to atone for sin.

 

Once for all suggests once for all time. It does not mean once for all people even though this is taught elsewhere in Scripture. This was a never-to-be-repeated sacrifice.

In addition, we see that –

 IV.     EVERY PRIEST STANDS DAILY WHILE OFFERING THE SAME SACRIFICES WHICH CAN NEVER TAKE AWAY SINS – 10:11

 

Hebrews 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.

 

Verse 11 continues the contrast between each Levitical priest and the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

And may be emphatic and understood in the sense of indeed, in fact, certainly, verily, or yea.

 

Every priest is each priest and includes every one of them in general.

 

Standeth is stands.

 

Its tense indicates a present reality.

 

Daily is every day, day by day, or day after day.

 

What He is doing while standing is ministering and offering.

 

Ministering is the term for religious service or worship of God. It means worshiping or serving.

 

Offering is the term meaning bringing or presenting gifts or sacrifices.

 

What the priest was offering is indicated by the same sacrifices.

 

Oftentimes is many times, frequently, or over and over again. A priest would repeatedly offer the same sacrifices.

 

However, there was a problem with the sacrifices as is indicated by which can never take away sins.

 

Which is which to be sure and refers to the same sacrifices.

 

Can never is are never able.

 

What these sacrifices offered by the Levitical priests are never able to do is take away sins, i.e. they are never able to remove sins.

 

Thus, while the priest would stand daily serving God in the tabernacle (and later in the temple) and offering on behalf of sins, there was never any possibility of forgiveness of sins through these sacrifices they were making.

 

By contrast to the Levitical priests standing while repeatedly offering sacrifices which can never take away sins, we see that –

   V.     AFTER OFFERING ONE SACRIFICE FOR SINS FOREVER, JESUS SAT DOWN ON THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD – 10:12

 

Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God.

 

But introduces the contrast with verse 11.

 

This man is simply this One or He and refers to Christ.

 

After He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever indicates something which occurred before He sat down.

 

One is placed in a position of emphasis in the Greek text.

 

This one sacrifice was His own self, and it was forever or for all time.

 

One sacrifice for sins forever suggests that it would never be repeated. The use of forever means that there will never need to be another sacrifice for sins.

 

At that point in time (i.e. after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever) He sat down on the right hand of God.

 

This is reminiscent of Hebrews 1:3 which reads, When He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

 

To sit on the right hand of God means that He is co-reigning with God the Father.

 

The fact that He sat down suggests that His work was finished. He will never have to offer another sacrifice for sins.

 

This is in contrast to the Levitical priests who stood daily offering the same sacrifices for sins, indicating that their work was not finished.

 

By contrast Christ offered one sacrifice for sins forever and then sat down. He will never offer another sacrifice for sins because it is not necessary.

Next, we see that –

 VI.     WHILE SITTING ON THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, JESUS IS WAITING UNTIL ALL HIS ENEMIES HAVE BEEN SUBDUED – 10:13

 

Hebrews 10:13 13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

 

From henceforth implies from then on or from that time on.

 

Expecting is waiting, and till is until.

 

Jesus is waiting until the time when his enemies will be made his footstool.

 

His enemies is literally the enemies of Him, and the before enemies indicates that the sum total of all of Christ’s enemies is included. Not a single one will be excepted.

 

His footstool is literally the footstool of His feet.

 

The time when His enemies will be made His footstool is the time when He will be placed in complete authority over them.

 

It is a reminder of what was written in Hebrews 1:13 quoting Psalms 110:1 , Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

 

Jesus finished the work of redemption and is presently awaiting the time when His enemies will have been made completely submissive to Him. This has not yet occurred, but it will. It is just a matter of time.

Moreover, we see that –

VII.     BY HIS ONE OFFERING JESUS HAS PERFECTED BELIEVERS FOREVER – 10:14

 

Hebrews 10:14 14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

 

For introduces an explanation.

 

By one offering refers to the offering Jesus made of Himself one time for sins forever.

 

He is Christ.

 

Hath perfected is has completed, has brought to an end, has brought to its goal, has finished, or has brought to accomplishment.

 

The tense of hath perfected indicates action completed in the past whose result has continued on.

 

He has accomplished forever or for all time what the animal sacrifices under the Levitical system could never accomplish.

 

Them that are sanctified is those who are dedicated, those who are consecrated, or those who are set apart and refers to those who are saved.

We furthermore see that –

VIII.   AS A RESULT OF ESTABLISHING THE NEW COVENANT IN CHRIST’S BLOOD, GOD WILL NO LONGER REMEMBER THE SINS AND INIQUITIES OF BELIEVERS – 10:15-17

 

Hebrews 10:15 15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before.

 

Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us is now (or and) the Holy Spirit also testifies to us.

 

The testimony of the Holy Spirit is found in verse 16 and is again a quotation from Jeremiah 31 .

 

For after that he had said before indicates how the Holy Spirit has testified to the readers of this epistle.

 

For is understood in the sense of because.

 

After that he had said before refers to the statement made in verse 16 and also to the statement made in verse 17.

 

He is the Holy Spirit.

 

The purpose of these verses is to indicate that the Holy Spirit is testifying that the new covenant will bring about the complete remission of sins. This will result in no further need of sacrifice.

 

It is a statement written in advance by Jeremiah as the human writer but by the Holy Spirit as the Divine Author.

 

Before indicates that the Holy Spirit was testifying in advance of what the writer has said in verses 11 and 14, i.e. that every priest offered often the same sacrifices which could never take away sin but that Jesus offered one sacrifice for sins forever and then sat down at the right hand of God because His one offering had perfected forever those He had sanctified.

 

Hebrews 10:16 16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.

 

Verse 16 refers to Jeremiah 31:33 , and verse 17 quotes from the end of Jeremiah 31:34 .

 

The writer of Hebrews has already referred to Jeremiah 31:34 in Hebrews 8:8-12 where His purpose was to show that a new covenant would follow the old covenant.

 

Here, however, his purpose is to show that in this new covenant there will be an offering made for sin that will satisfy God, so that it will result in the need of no further offering for sins.

 

Verse 16 reminds the readers that God is speaking of the new covenant that He is going to make with the nation of Israel which will also include all those who place their trust in Christ as Savior.

 

This is introduces the discussion regarding the new covenant.

 

The covenant is the testament.

 

That I will make, where I is the Lord, is that I will decree or that I will ordain.

 

With them in the context of the Book of Jeremiah suggests with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

 

After those days suggests in the future.

 

In the context of Jeremiah it will be the days in which God has dealt in judgment with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah where He has watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict . . . . Thus, after the Lord has afflicted the nation of Israel, He will bring about this new covenant.

 

Saith the Lord is the Lord said. In Jeremiah 31:33 Lord is Yahweh or Jehovah.

 

In this new covenant the Lord said, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them.

 

I will put my laws refers to things the Lord will put into His people’s hearts. These are things He wants His people to do.

 

Whereas the law had been given on tablets of stone, these laws will be put into their hearts.

 

The Israelites, however, did not desire to obey the law.

 

However, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them is another way of stating that there will be a genuine desire on the part of believers to do what God wants and that they will know and understand His laws.

 

And introduces a statement parallel to I will put my laws into their hearts: in their minds will I write them. Both statements mean the same thing. I is the Lord, i.e. Yahweh or Jehovah.

 

And in their minds indicates where the Lord will write His laws.

 

Their includes all those who place their trust in Christ.

 

Will I write is predictive of a future event which is definitely going to take place; and them refers to my laws, i.e. to the Lord’s laws.

 

Hebrews 10:17 17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

 

The reader is reminded that the content of what the Holy Spirit had said before is found in verse 16.

 

Then the writer skips a portion of Jeremiah 31:33 and quotes from the end of Jeremiah 31:34 .

 

Something must be supplied in the mind of the reader in order to understand the logic of the text of verse 16, which is understood with after that He had said before in verse 15.

 

What the reader must supply in his thinking is something such as He also said or He later said where He refers to the Holy Spirit and what He later said was and their sins . . . will I remember no more.

 

What He will no longer remember is their sins, which is the word for missing the mark.

 

He will also not remember their iniquities or their lawlessnesses.

 

And iniquities is not a part of this quote from Jeremiah but was inserted into the quote by the writer of Hebrews.

 

The inclusion of the before both sins and iniquities in the Greek text indicates that the sum total of all their sins and of all their iniquities is being considered.

 

Not so much as a single sin or a single iniquity which they have committed will ever under any circumstances be remembered by the Lord.

 

I [i.e. the Lord, Yahweh, or Jehovah] will remember no more is emphatic and suggests I will absolutely not remember more, i.e. I will not remember longer, I will not remember yet, or I will not remember still; I will absolutely not think of more; or I will absolutely not be concerned about more.

 

In other words, the Lord is going to forget their sins and iniquities and intentionally fail to remember them.

 

This demonstrates that the offering of Jesus Christ once for all time for all men was adequate to forgive sins because this sacrifice of Christ never needs to be repeated.

 

It is in contrast to verse 3 which states regarding the sacrifices made by the Levitical high priests, But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

Finally, we see that –

 IX.     THERE IS NO LONGER A NEED FOR AN OFFERING TO PAY FOR SIN BECAUSE IT HAS BEEN FORGIVEN – 10:18

 

Hebrews 10:18 18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

 

Verse 18 draws the conclusion the author intended.

 

Where remission of these is describes is in (there is) no more offering for sin.

 

Remission means forgiveness, pardon, or cancellation.

 

Of these refers to their sins and iniquities mentioned in verse 17.

 

Thus, the writer is saying that where their sins and iniquities have been forgiven and will never again be remembered, there is no more offering for sin.

 

No more is no longer or no further.

 

Offering is the act of sacrificing, and for sin is concerning sin.

 

The reason there is no more offering for sin is that there is no need for another offering to be made for sin. The offering Christ made has taken care of all the sin that ever has been committed or ever will be committed.

 

The need for sacrificing for sin is over forever.

 

Sacrificing has been brought to an end because Jesus, in the shedding of His blood, has totally satisfied the wrath of God forever.

CONCLUSION:

 

In His crucifixion on the cross at Calvary, Jesus completely paid for the sins of all humanity. It is the only sacrifice which will take away anyone’s sin and bring about God’s forgiveness. God demonstrated that He accepted Jesus’ sacrifice by raising Him from the dead. God’s forgiveness is available to you, but it must be on God’s terms.

 

You must understand that you are a sinner and that you deserve to spend eternity in hell in order to pay for your sins.

 

You must understand that Jesus Christ died as your substitute on the cross at Calvary where He shed His blood to pay for your sins.

 

For the forgiveness of your sins, you must believe the gospel message, i.e. place your trust in the good news that Christ died on the cross for your sins and that God raised Him from the dead. If you will do this, God will forgive your sins and will someday admit you into His heaven.