Matthew 19:27-30

Sunday, July 30th, 2017

JESUS’ STATEMENT REGARDING

THE APOSTLES’ REWARD

INTRODUCTION:

 

The Problems of the King include the narrative about Jesus (19:3 - 23:39), the Olivet Discourse (24:1 - 25:46), and the concluding statement, Matthew 26:1-2(1) And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, (2) Ye know that after two days is the feast of the Passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

 

The Narrative about Jesus as seen in chapter 19 includes His teaching concerning divorce (19:3-12), His blessing the little children (19:13-15), His conversation with the rich young man (19:16-26), and His statement regarding the apostles’ reward (19:27-30).

 

In 19:27 Peter asked Jesus what he and the others who had left everything will have, to which Jesus responded that His disciples would judge the twelve tribes of Israel (19:28).

 

Everyone who has forsaken family or things for Jesus’ sake will be well rewarded and will inherit everlasting life (19:29).

 

Some who have nothing in this life will have much in the life to come, and others who have everything this world has to offer will have nothing in the life to come (19:30).

 

I direct your attention to the text we looked at last week, to Matthew 19:16-26 .

 

Matthew 19:16-26 – And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? [He thought he could earn eternal life; so Jesus shared with him the only way – though it was impossible to do – the only way for someone to gain eternal life without being saved.] 17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. [The only way anyone could possibly gain eternal life without being saved was to keep each of the Ten Commandments perfectly throughout his entire life. The problem is that no one can possibly do this. Just one slip, one time, would make him a sinner and keep him from gaining eternal life. Jesus’ purpose was to show the man that he had already disqualified himself.] 18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, 19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? [He apparently did not realize that he had already failed to keep the entire law; so, Jesus pointed out an area in this man’s life which was not perfect.] 21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me. 22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions. 23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly [i.e. with difficulty] enter into the kingdom of heaven [i.e. the realm of profession of salvation]. 24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle [i.e. of a sewing needle], than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God [i.e. the realm of possession of salvation – of course, this is impossible]. 25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? [Their question indicates that it was a sewing needle, that it was absolutely impossible rather than it was difficult.] 26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.

We see –

    I.     PETER’S QUESTION – 19:27

 

Matthew 19:27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore?

 

In view of the fact that the rich young man was unwilling to sell what he had, give to the poor, and follow Jesus, it raised a question in Peter’s mind. Peter asked Jesus what he and the others who had left everything would have. They had in fact left everything; whereas, the rich young man left nothing.

 

Then suggests thereupon.

 

Answered Peter and said unto him indicates that Peter answered and said to Jesus.

 

Behold is you see and is intended to gain Jesus’ attention.

 

We is emphatic and refers to Jesus’ disciples including Peter himself.

 

We have forsaken all is we left all things or we left everything, and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

 

And (we have) followed thee is and (we) followed You (i.e. Jesus). It means we became Your disciples.

 

It has likewise been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

 

Peter then asks, What then shall we have? It means, What then will be for us? and implies, What then will we have?

 

Throughout the course of history, many believers have also left everything and followed Jesus as His disciples. This is what we should all do. It does not necessarily mean going to far distant lands as missionaries. It means instead that we should allow no one or no thing in our lives which is more important to us than Jesus and that we should be pursuing Him with all our hearts, souls, minds, and strengths.

We also see –

  II.     JESUS’ RESPONSE – 19:28-30

 

Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

 

And Jesus said unto them is and Jesus said to them (i.e. to His disciples, to His apostles).

 

The fact that He said this to His disciples in response to Peter’s question suggests that on this occasion Peter was the spokesman for the group of disciples.

 

Verily I say unto you suggests, Truly, I (i.e. Jesus) am saying (i.e. am asserting or am declaring) to you (disciples).

 

What Jesus is declaring to His disciples begins with that and continues through the end of this chapter.

 

Ye is you (plural) and is emphatic.

 

Ye which have followed me is you who followed Me, where Me refers to Jesus Himself; and it has been translated in a way which emphasizes the result of its action.

 

In the regeneration refers to Christ’s coming millennial kingdom.

 

When the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory means when Christ is reigning over the earth on His glorious throne.

 

When is whenever.

 

It will definitely happen in the future, but its actual time is uncertain because no one knows the time of Christ’s return to set up His kingdom.

 

The Son of man is Jesus.

 

Shall sit is sits down.

 

On the throne of his glory may imply that it is the throne on which the glorified King of kings, the glorified Messiah, sits in all His glory, splendor, or majesty or that this glory, splendor, or majesty is transferred to the throne on which He sits because He is sitting there.

 

Ye is you (plural). It is emphatic and refers to the disciples.

 

Of course, it will not be true of Judas Iscariot; but it apparently will be true of Matthias who will replace Judas in Acts 1 .

 

Also suggests that the disciples will be doing this in addition to Jesus sitting on His throne.

 

Shall sit upon twelve thrones is will sit on twelve thrones, and the tense and mood of shall sit indicates that this will definitely happen in the future when Christ is sitting on His throne in the millennium.

 

The fact that there are twelve apostles and twelve thrones implies that each of the apostles will have his own throne.

 

Judging the twelve tribes of Israel indicates what the twelve disciples of Jesus will be doing while sitting on their thrones.

 

Although all that this will entail is not clear, what is clear is that the twelve apostles will have positions of great responsibility in the millennial kingdom involving the nation of Israel.

 

Matthew 19:29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name’s sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.

 

Everyone who has forsaken family or things for Jesus’ sake will be well rewarded and will inherit everlasting life.

 

And continues the statement made to the disciples which Jesus began in verse 28.

 

Every one that hath forsaken is individualized as each one who left, and it has been translated as emphasizing the result of its action.

 

Houses, or brethren (i.e. brothers), or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands indicate some things which those who follow Jesus leave in order to follow Him.

 

It may not necessarily mean that these things have been left physically but that they have not been more important in their lives than Christ, that Christ is first in their lives.

 

Whereas the wealthy young man in verses 16-22 put his wealth ahead of following the Lord, others have surrendered everything in their pursuit of the Lord, making Him more important than anything or anyone else in their lives.

 

No matter how much a man loves his brothers, sisters, father, mother, wife, or children, he must love the Lord Jesus even more than he loves those closest to him in this life or than he loves his possessions.

 

As a godly man, he must love his family; but he must love the Lord more.

 

For my name’s sake is for the sake of (i.e. because of or on account of) My name and refers to Jesus Himself and all that He represents. Thus, for my name’s sake implies because of Me or on account of Me.

 

The tense and mood of shall receive (or will receive) indicates that it will definitely happen in the future. Shall receive suggests will get or will obtain.

 

What he will receive is an hundredfold, i.e. one hundred times as much (as he left).

 

And shall inherit everlasting life is reminiscent of verse 16 where the young man asked what good thing he might do that he might have eternal life.

 

The same two words translated eternal life in verse 16 are translated everlasting life in this verse.

 

The tense and mood of shall inherit indicates that it will definitely happen in the future.

 

Shall inherit is understood in the sense of will acquire, will obtain, will come into possession of, will receive, or will share in.

 

Everlasting life means that he will live throughout eternity.

 

Verse 29 does not mean that a person earns or gains everlasting life by leaving everything for the sake of the Lord’s name; instead, it means that he demonstrates the reality or genuineness of his salvation by putting the Lord first in every aspect of his life.

 

By contrast, the rich young man demonstrated that he was unsaved by his unwillingness to forsake everything and follow Jesus.

 

Similar statements have been made by Jesus in Luke 14 .

 

Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.

 

Luke 14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

 

Luke 14:33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

 

Matthew 19:30 But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.

 

Some who have nothing in this life will have much in the life to come; and others, who in this life have everything this world has to offer, will have nothing in the life to come.

 

But introduces a mild contrast between people like the young man who put his wealth ahead of following the Lord and becoming His disciple with those who left everything to follow the Lord as His disciples.

 

Many that are first shall be last implies many who are first in this life will be last in the life to come.

 

Many implies many people.

 

It is indefinite but represents a large number of people.

 

As indicated by the italics, that are has been supplied by the translators. It is implied in the statement.

 

First is first ones and implies that these many put themselves before the Lord in their lives.

 

In eternity, however, they will lose everything and will be last.

 

The tense and mood of shall be indicates that this will definitely happen in the future.

 

Last is simply last ones.

 

And the last shall be first is and last ones (will be) first ones.

 

It implies that those who put themselves last in this life will find themselves first in the life to come.

 

The last refers to those who have put the Lord first in their lives and placed everything else in their lives after where they have placed the Lord in terms of importance.

 

Everything they have, are, or do is subservient to the Lord.

 

As indicated by the italics, shall be has been supplied by the translators. It is implied in the statement.

 

First is simply first ones.

 

Although they have given up everything in this life for the Lord, they will be abundantly blessed in the life to come.

 

Romans 12:1-2 – I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

 

I Corinthians 3:10-1510 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. 11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is. 14 If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

CONCLUSION:

 

Are you saved?

 

Have you given your life to the Lord?

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