Study of Matthew

Sermons

Introduction to the Gospel of Matthew

Matthew, also called Levi, the son of Alpheus, was a tax collector for the Roman government. One day Jesus passed by the tax office and said, Follow me. Matthew did just that. Luke’s Gospel states that he left all and followed Jesus. Matthew made a great feast in his home to which he invited Jesus and, among others, a great company of tax collectors (Mt. 9:1,10; Mk. 2:13-15; Lk. 5:27-29). He is listed with the twelve apostles (Mt. 10:3; Mk. 3:18; Lk. 6:15; and Acts 1:13). Practically nothing else is known about him.

Matthew is usually dated between A.D. 50 and A.D. 70, but precise dating is almost impossible.

From its content it is apparent that Matthew wrote primarily for a Jewish audience in order to present Jesus as the Messiah by linking the Old Testament prophecies of the coming Messiah with their fulfillment by Christ. This is apparent in the opening verse, The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham.

In keeping with his overall purpose of presenting Jesus as the Messiah, the King of the Jews, Matthew makes approximately 129 Old Testament references. According to William Graham Scroggie, 53 of these are citations and 76 are allusions. Christ is pictured as the king in such passages as the genealogy (1:1-17, esp. v. 1), the visit of the Wise Men (2:1-12, esp. v. 2), the triumphal entry into Jerusalem (21:1-11, esp. v. 5), the judgment of the nations (25:31-46, esp. v. 31, 40), and the superscription over the cross, This is Jesus , the King of the Jews (27: 37).

Whereas Mark’s Gospel is chronological in nature, Matthew’s is not. He assembles events into a series of groups. Each group consists of narrative about Christ followed by a discourse and followed in turn by the expression When Jesus had finished which marks the end of each major section of the Gospel. This expression is found in Mt. 7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; and 26:1. It provides the outline of the Gospel when coupled with the introduction (1:1 - 4:11) and with the two concluding sections ( 26:3 - 28:15 and 28:16-20).

The main points of the following outline are found in New Testament Survey written by Walter M. Dunnett and published by the Evangelical Teacher Training Association. I have filled in the details of it - Dr. Qurollo.

 

I.   The Introduction of the King – 1:1 - 4:11

     A.  His Genealogy – 1:1-17

     B.  His Conception and Birth – 1:18-25

     C.  His Visit by the Wise Men – 2:1-12

                                       D.  His Flight into Egypt and His Return from Egypt – 2:13-23

                                       E.  His Forerunner, John the Baptist – 3:1-12

                                       F.  His Baptism – 3:13-17

                                       G.  His Temptation – 4:1-11

 

II.                                   The Demands of the King – 4:12 - 7:29

                                       A.  Narrative about Jesus – 4:12-25

                                             1.   His Public Ministry Beginning in Capernaum – 4:12-17

                                             2.   His Call of Peter, Andrew, James, and John – 4:18-22

                                             3.   His Early Ministry in Galilee – 4:23-25

                                       B.  Discourse by Jesus: The Sermon on the Mount – 5:1 - 7:29

                                       C.  Concluding Statement: When Jesus had finished – Matthew 7:28 – And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine.

 

III.                                  The Deeds of the King – 8:1 - 11:1

                                       A.  Narrative about Jesus – 8:1 - 9:38

                                              1.  His Cleansing of a Leper – 8:1-4

                                              2.  His Healing of the Centurion’s servant – 8:5-13

                                              3.  His Healing of Peter’s Mother-in-law – 8:14-17

                                              4.  His Test for Discipleship – 8:18-22

                                              5.  His Stilling of the Winds and Waves – 8:23-27

                                              6.  His Casting Out Demons at Gadara – 8:28-34

                                              7.  His Healing of a Paralytic Man – 9:1-8

                                              8.  His Call of Matthew – 9:9

                                              9.  His Answer to the Pharisees about Eating with Tax Collectors and Sinners – 9:10-13

                                            10.  His Answer to the Pharisees about Fasting – 9:14-17

                                            11.  His Healing of Jairus’ Daughter and the Woman with the Issue of Blood – 9:18-26

                                            12.  His Healing of Two Blind Men – 9:27-31

                                            13.  His Casting Out a Demon from a Dumb Man – 9:32-35

                                            14.  His Compassion for the Multitudes – 9:36-38

                                       B.  Discourse by Jesus: The Commission to the Twelve – 10:1-42

                                       C.  Concluding Statement: When Jesus had finished – Matthew 11:1 – And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.

 

IV.                                        The Program of the King – 11:2 - 13:53

 

                                       A.  Narrative about Jesus – 11:2 - 12:50

                                              1.  His Eulogy of John the Baptist – 11:2-19

                                              2.  His Upbraiding of Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum – 11:20-24

                                              3.  His New Message of Personal Discipleship – 11:25-30

            4.  His Lordship over the Sabbath – 12:1-8

            5.  His Healing on the Sabbath of a Man with a Withered Hand – 12:9-13

            6.  His Healing of the Multitudes – 12:14-21

            7.  His Healing of a Blind and Dumb Demoniac and the Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit – 12:22-37

            8.  His Statement of the Sign of the Prophet Jonah – 12:38-41

            9.  His Statement of the Sign of the Queen of the South – 12:42

          10.  His Statement of the Worthlessness of Self-reformation – 12:43-45

          11.  His Statement of New Relationships – 12:46-50

     B.  Discourse by Jesus: The Parables of the Kingdom – 13:1-53

     C.  Concluding Statement: When Jesus had finished – Matthew 13:53 – And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.

 

V.  The Destiny of the King – 13:54 - 19:2

     A.  Narrative about Jesus – 13:54 - 17:27

            1.  His Last Visit to Nazareth – 13:54-58

            2.  His Hearing of the Murder of John the Baptist – 14:1-14

            3.  His Feeding of the 5,000 – 14:15-21

            4.  His Walking on the Water – 14:22-33

            5.  His Healing of many in Genessaret – 14:34-36

            6.  His Comments on God’s Commandments and Man’s Traditions – 15:1-9

            7.  His Diagnosis of Man’s Heart – 15:10-20

            8.  His Casting Out a Demon from the Syrophenician woman’s daughter – 15:21-28

            9.  His Healing Many Near the Sea of Galilee – 15:29-31

          10.  His Feeding of the Four Thousand – 15:33-39

          11.  His Rebuke of the Pharisees and Sadducees Seeking a Sign from Heaven – 16:1-5

          12.  His Explanation of the Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees – 16:6-12

          13.  His Question and Peter’s Confession – 16:13-20

          14.  His Prediction of His Death and Resurrection – 16:21-23

          15.  His Statement Regarding the Cost of Discipleship – 16:24-28

          16.  His Transfiguration – 17:1-9

          17.  His Explanation of Elijah’s Coming First – 17:10-13

          18.  His Casting Out a Demon Which the Disciples Could Not Cast Out – 17:14-21

          19.  His Prediction of His Death and Resurrection – 17:22-23

          20.  His Answer Regarding the Tribute Money – 17:24-27

     B.  Discourse by Jesus: The Meaning of Greatness and Forgiveness – 18:1-35

                                       C.  Concluding Statement: When Jesus had finished – Matthew 19:1-2 – 1 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan. 2 And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there.

 

VI.                                        The Problems of the King – 19:3 - 26:2

                                       A.  Narrative about Jesus – 19:3 - 23:39

                                              1.  His Teaching Concerning Divorce – 19:3-12

                                              2.  His Blessing of the Little Children – 19:13-15

                                              3.  His Conversation with the Rich Young Ruler – 19:16-26

                                              4.  His Statement Regarding the Apostles’ Reward – 19:27-30

                                              5.  His Parable Concerning the Laborers – 20:1-16

                                              6.  His Prediction of His Death and Resurrection – 20:17-19

                                              7.  His Response to the Request of James’ and John’s Mother – 20:20-28

                                              8.  His Restoring Sight to Two Blind Men – 20:29-34

                                              9.  His Triumphal Entry – 21:1-11

                                            10.  His Driving the Traders from the Temple – 21:12-17

                                            11.  His Comments Regarding the Barren Fig Tree – 21:18-22

                                            12.  His Authority Challenged by the Chief Priests and Elders – 21:23-27

                                            13.  His Parable of the Two Sons – 21:28-32

                                            14.  His Parable of the Householder Who Planted a Vineyard – 21:33-46

                                            15.  His Parable of the Marriage Feast – 22:1-14

                                            16.  His Answer to the Herodians – 22:15-22

                                            17.  His Answer to the Sadducees – 22:23-33

                                            18.  His Answer to the Pharisees – 22:34-40

                                            19.  His Question of the Pharisees Concerning the Messiah – 22:41-46

                                            20.  His Comments Regarding the Marks of a Pharisee – 23:1-12

                                            21.  His Pronouncing of Eight Woes upon the Pharisees – 23:13-36

                                            22.  His Lament over Jerusalem – 23:37-39

                                       B.  Discourse by Jesus: The Olivet Discourse – 24:1 - 25:46

                                       C.  Concluding Statement: When Jesus had finished – Matthew 26:1-2 – (1) And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, (2) Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

 

VII.                                       The First Conclusion: The Death and Resurrection of the King – 26:3 - 28:15

                                       A.  His Death Plotted by the Jewish Authorities – 26:3-5

                                       B.  His Anointing for Burial by Mary of Bethany – 26:6-13

     C.  His Betrayal Agreed upon by Judas Iscariot and the Chief Priests – 26:14-16

     D.  His Appointment of Two Disciples to Prepare the Last Passover – 26:17-19

     E.  His Observance of the Passover with His Disciples – 26:20-25

     F.  His Institution of the Lord’s Supper – 26:26-29

     G.  His Prediction of Peter’s Denial – 26:30-35

     H.  His Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane – 26:36-46

     I.   His Betrayal and Arrest – 26:47-56

     J.   His Trial before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin – 26:57-68

     K.  His Denial by Peter – 26:69-75

     L.  His Appearance before Pilate – 27:1-2

     M. His Betrayer’s unavailing Remorse – 27:3-10

     N.  His Examination by Pilate – 27:11-25

     O.  His Deliverance to be Crucified – 27:26-33

     P.  His Crucifixion – 27:34-38

     Q.  His Agony Upon the Cross – 27:39-49

     R.  His Death and Accompanying Events – 27:50-56

     S.  His Burial – 27:57-61

     T.  His Sepulcher Sealed and Guarded – 27:62-66

     U.  His Resurrection and Events of the Day – 28:1-10

     V.  His Sepulcher’s Guards Bribed – 28:11-15

 

VIII.    The Second Conclusion: The Final Commission by the King – 28:16-20

 

1.  The Sermon on the Mount (5:1 - 7:29)

2.  The Commission to the Twelve (10:1-42)

3.  The Parables of the Kingdom (13:1-53)

4.  The Meaning of Greatness and Forgiveness (18:1-35)

5.  The Olivet Discourse (24:1 - 25:46)